“Pass±mi na½ manas± cakkhun±va,
rattindiva½ br±hmaºa appamatto;
namassam±no vivasemi ratti½,
teneva maññ±mi avippav±sa½.
“Saddh± ca p²ti ca mano sati ca,
n±pentime gotamas±sanamh±;
ya½ ya½ disa½ vajati bh³ripañño,
sa tena teneva natohamasm²”ti. (Su. ni. 1148-1149).
Teneva ca te añña½ satth±ra½ na uddisanti. Yath±ha–
“Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo añña½ satth±ra½ uddiseyya,neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.128; a. ni. 1.276).
Kaly±ºaputhujjan±pi yebhuyyena satthari niccalasaddh± eva honti. Iti suppaµipannehi purisavisesehiavirahitabbato tesañca avirahanato na santi etassa rah± pariccajanak±, natthi v± etassarah± s±dh³hi pariccajitabbat±ti araha½. Teneda½ vuccati–
“Ye sacchikatasaddhamm±, ariy± suddhagocar±;
na tehi rahito hoti, n±tho ten±raha½ mato”ti.
Rahoti ca gamana½ vuccati, bhagavato ca n±n±gat²su paribbhamanasaªkh±ta½ sa½s±re gamana½ natthikammakkhayakarena ariyamaggena bodhim³leyeva sabbaso sasambh±rassa kammavaµµassa viddha½sitatt±.Yath±ha–
“Yena dev³papatyassa, gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo;
yakkhatta½ yena gaccheyya½, manussattañca abbaje;
te mayha½ ±sav± kh²º±, viddhast± vina¼²kat±”ti. (A. ni. 4.36).

Eva½ natthi etassa raho gamana½ gat²su pacc±j±t²tipi araha½. Teneda½ vuccati–

“Raho v± gamana½ yassa, sa½s±re natthi sabbaso;
pah²naj±timaraºo, araha½ sugato mato”ti.
P±sa½satt± v± bhagav± araha½. Akkharacintak± hi pasa½s±ya½ arahasadda½ vaººenti.P±sa½sabh±vo ca bhagavato anaññas±dh±raºato yath±bhuccaguº±dhigato sadevake loke suppatiµµhito.Tath± hesa anuttarena s²lena anuttarena sam±dhin± anuttar±ya paññ±ya anuttar±ya vimuttiy± asamo asamasamo appaµimo appaµibh±go appaµipuggalotieva½ tasmi½ tasmi½ guºe vibhajitv± vuccam±ne paº¹itapurisehi devehi brahmehibhagavat± v± pana pariyos±petu½ asakkuºeyyar³po. Iti p±sa½satt±pi bhagav± araha½.Teneda½ vuccati–
“Guºehi sadiso natthi, yasm± loke sadevake;
tasm± p±sa½siyatt±pi, araha½ dvipaduttamo”ti.
Sabbasaªgahavasena pana–
¾rak± mandabuddh²na½, ±rak± ca vij±nata½;
rah±na½ suppah²natt±, vid³namaraheyyato;
bhavesu ca rah±bh±v±, p±sa½s± araha½ jinoti.

Ett±vat± ca “arahan”ti padassa sabbaso attho vibhatto hoti.

Id±ni samm±sambuddhoti imassa attha½ vibhajitv± dassento ±ha “samm± s±mañc±”ti-±di.Tattha samm±ti avipar²ta½. S±manti sayameva, aparaneyyo hutv±ti attho. Sambuddhotihi ettha sa½-saddo sayanti etassa atthassa bodhakoti daµµhabbo. Sabbadhamm±nanti anavases±na½neyyadhamm±na½. Katha½ panettha sabbadhamm±nanti aya½ viseso labbhat²ti? Ekadesassaaggahaºato. Padesaggahaºe hi asati gahetabbassa nippadesat±va viññ±yati yath± “dikkhitona dad±t²”ti. Evañca katv± atthavisesanapekkh± kattari eva buddhasaddasiddhi veditabb±kammavacanicch±ya abh±vato. “Samm± s±mañca buddhatt± samm±sambuddho”ti ettakamevahi idha saddato labbhati, “sabbadhamm±nan”ti ida½ pana atthato labbham±na½ gahetv± vutta½.Na hi bujjhanakiriy± avisay± yujjati.
Id±ni tass± visaya½ “sabbadhamme”ti s±maññato vutta½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “abhiññeyyedhamme”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha abhiññeyyeti anicc±dito lakkhaºaras±dito ca abhivisiµµhenañ±ºena j±nitabbe catusaccadhamme. Abhiññeyyato buddhoti abhiññeyyabh±vato bujjhi,pubbabh±ge vipassan±paññ±d²hi adhigamakkhaºe maggapaññ±ya aparabh±ge sabbaññutaññ±º±d²hiaññ±s²ti attho. Ito paresupi eseva nayo Pariññeyye dhammetianicc±divasena parij±nitabba½ dukkha½ ariyasaccam±ha. Pah±tabbeti samudayapakkhiye.Sacchik±tabbeti nibb±na½ sandh±y±ha. Bahuvacananiddeso panettha sop±dises±dika½pariy±yasiddha½ bhedamapekkhitv± kato, uddeso v± aya½ catusaccadhamm±nampi. Tath± hivakkhati “cakkhu dukkhasaccan”ti-±di. Uddeso ca avinicchitatthaparicchedassa dhammassavasena kar²yati. Uddesena hi uddisiyam±n±na½ atthit±matta½ vuccati, na paricchedotiaparicchedena bahuvacanena vutta½ yath± “appaccay± dhamm±, asaªkhat± dhamm±”ti. Sacchik±tabbetiv± phalavimutt²nampi gahaºa½, na nibb±nassev±ti bahuvacananiddeso kato. Evañca bh±vetabbetiettha jh±n±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Teneva c±h±ti selabr±hmaºassa attano buddhabh±va½s±dhento evam±ha.
Ki½ pana bhagav± sayameva attano samm±sambuddhabh±va½ s±dhet²ti? S±dheti mah±karuº±ya aññesa½avisayato. Tattha “ekomhi samm±sambuddho, sabb±bhibh³ sabbavid³hamasm²”ti-±d²ni(ma. ni. 2.341; mah±va. 11) suttapad±ni, idameva ca “abhiññeyyan”ti-±di suttapada½etassa atthassa s±dhaka½. Tattha abhiññeyyanti imin± dukkhasaccam±ha, bh±vetabbantimaggasacca½. Ca-saddo panettha avuttasamuccayattho, tena sacchik±tabbassa gahaºa½ veditabba½.Atha v± abhiññeyyanti imin±va p±risesañ±yena pariññeyyadhamme sacchik±tabbadhammeca dasseti. Tasm± buddhosm²ti yasm± catt±ri sacc±ni may± buddh±ni, saccavinimuttañcakiñci ñeyya½ natthi, tasm± sabbampi ñeyya½ buddhosmi, abbhaññ±sinti attho. Selasuttaµµhakath±ya½pana ida½ vutta½–
“Abhiññeyyanti vijj± ca vimutti ca. Bh±vetabba½ maggasacca½. Pah±tabba½ samudayasacca½.Hetuvacanena pana phalasiddhito tesa½ phal±ni nirodhasaccadukkhasacc±nipi vutt±neva honti.Eva½ sacchik±tabba½ sacchikata½, pariññ±tabba½ pariññ±tanti idampettha saªgahitamev±ticatusaccabh±vana½ catusaccabh±van±phalañca vimutti½ dassento ‘bujjhitabba½ bujjhitv± buddhoj±tosm²’ti yuttahetun± buddhabh±va½ s±dhet²”ti (ma. ni. aµµha. 2.399).
Tattha vijj±ti maggavijj± vutt± ukkaµµhaniddesena. Vimutt²tiphalavimutti. K±mañcettha maggavijj±pi bh±vetabbabh±vena gahit±, sabbepi pana sabh±vadhamm±abhiññeyy±ti vijj±ya abhiññeyyabh±vo vutto. Imin±va nayena sabbesampi abhiññeyyabh±vovutto ev±ti daµµhabba½. Phalena vin± hetubh±vasseva abh±vato hetuvacanena phalasiddhivutt±ti veditabba½. Nirodhassa hi samp±panena maggassa hetubh±vo, dukkhassa nibbattanenataºh±ya samudayabh±voti.
Eva½ saccavasena s±maññato vuttamattha½ dv±r±rammaºehi saddhi½ dv±rappavattadhammehi ceva khandh±d²hica saccavaseneva vibhajitv± dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. M³lak±raºabh±ven±tisantesupi avijj±d²su aññesu k±raºesu tesampi m³labh³tak±raºabh±vena. Taºh±hi kammassa vicittabh±vahetuto sah±yabh±v³pagamanato ca dukkhavicittat±ya padh±nak±raºa½.Samuµµh±pik±ti upp±dik±. Purimataºh±ti purimabhavasiddh± taºh±. Ubhinnanticakkhussa ta½samudayassa ca. Appavatt²ti appavattinimitta½. Nirodhappaj±nan±ti sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasenanirodhassa paµivijjhan±. Ekekapaduddh±ren±ti “cakkhu½ cakkhusamudayo cakkhunirodho”ti-±din±ekekakoµµh±saniddh±raºena. Taºh±yapi pariññeyyabh±vasabbh±vato up±d±nakkhandhogadhatt± saªkh±radukkhabh±vatoca dukkhasaccasaªgaha½ dassetu½ “r³pataºh±dayo cha taºh±k±y±”ti vutta½, tasm± vattam±nabhavetaºh± khandhapariy±pannatt± saªkh±radukkhabh±vato ca dukkhasacca½. Yasmi½ pana attabh±ve s±uppajjati, tassa attabh±vassa m³lak±raºabh±vena samuµµh±pik± purimabhavasiddh± taºh±samudayasaccanti gahetabb±.
Kasiº±n²ti kasiº±rammaºikajjh±n±ni. Dvatti½s±k±r±ti dvatti½sa koµµh±s±tad±rammaºajjh±n±ni ca. Nava bhav±ti k±mabhavo r³pabhavo ar³pabhavo saññ²bhavo asaññ²bhavonevasaññ²n±saññ²bhavo ekavok±rabhavo catuvok±rabhavo pañcavok±rabhavoti nava bhav±.Tattha bhavat²ti bhavo, k±mar±gasaªkh±tena k±mena yutto bhavo, k±masaªkh±to v± bhavok±mabhavo, ek±dasa k±m±vacarabh³miyo. K±me pah±ya r³par±gasaªkh±tena r³pena yuttobhavo, r³pasaªkh±to v± bhavo r³pabhavo, so¼asa r³p±vacarabh³miyo. K±mañcar³pañca pah±ya ar³par±gasaªkh±tena ar³pena yutto bhavo, ar³pasaªkh±to v± bhavo ar³pabhavo,catasso ±ruppabh³miyo. Saññ±vata½ bhavo saññ²bhavo, saññ± v± ettha bhave atth²tisaññ²bhavo, so k±mabhavo ca asaññ²bhavamutto r³pabhavo ca nevasaññ²n±saññ²bhavamuttoar³pabhavo ca hoti. Na saññ²bhavo asaññ²bhavo, so r³pabhavekadeso. O¼±rikatt±bh±vatonevasaññ±, sukhumattassa sabbh±vato n±saññ±ti nevasaññ±n±saññ±, t±ya yutto bhavonevasaññ±n±saññ±bhavo. Atha v± o¼±rik±ya saññ±ya abh±v± sukhum±ya ca bh±v±nevasaññ± n±saññ± asmi½ bhaveti nevasaññ±n±saññ±bhavo, so ar³pabhavekadeso. Ekenar³pakkhandhena vokiººo bhavo, ekena v± vok±ro assa bhavass±ti ekavok±rabhavo,so asaññ²bhavo. Cat³hi ar³pakkhandhehi vokiººo bhavo, cat³hi v± vok±roassa bhavass±ti catuvok±rabhavo, so ar³pabhavo eva. Pañcahi khandhehi vokiººo bhavo,pañcahi v± vok±ro assa bhavass±ti pañcavok±rabhavo, so k±mabhavo ca r³pabhavekadesoca hoti. Vok±roti v± khandh±nametamadhivacana½, tasm± eko vok±ro assa bhavass±tiekavok±rabhavoti evam±din±pettha attho veditabbo. Catt±ri jh±n±n²ti aggahit±rammaºavises±nicatt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni. Vip±kajjh±n±na½ v± eta½ gahaºa½. Ettha ca kusaladhamm±na½upanissayabh³t± taºh±samuµµh±pik± purimataºh±ti veditabb±. Kiriyadhamm±na½ panayattha te kiriyadhamm± uppajjanti, tassa attabh±vassa k±raºabh³t± taºh±. Anulomatotiettha “saªkh±r± dukkhasacca½, avijj± samudayasaccan”ti imin± anukkamena yojetabba½.
Anubuddhoti bujjhitabbadhammassa anur³pato buddho. Ten±ti yasm± s±maññato visesatoca ekekapaduddh±rena sabbadhamme buddho, tasm± vutta½. Ki½ vuttanti ±ha “samm±s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt±”ti, sabbassapi ñeyyassa sabb±k±rato avipar²ta½sayameva abhisambuddhatt±ti attho. Imin±ssa paropadesarahitassa sabb±k±rena sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthassa ±kaªkhappaµibaddhavuttino an±varaºañ±ºasaªkh±tassa sabbaññutaññ±ºassa adhigamodassito.
Nanu ca sabbaññutaññ±ºato añña½ an±varaºañ±ºa½, aññath± “cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni buddhañ±º±n²”tivacana½ virujjheyy±ti? Na virujjhati visayappavattibhedavasena aññehi as±dh±raºabh±vadassanattha½ekasseva ñ±ºassa dvidh± vuttatt±. Ekameva hi ta½ ñ±ºa½ anavasesasaªkhat±saªkhatasammutidhammavisayat±yasabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tattha ca ±varaº±bh±vato nissaªgac±ramup±d±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti vutta½.Yath±ha paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.119) “sabba½ saªkhatamasaªkhata½ anavasesa½ j±n±t²tisabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tattha ±varaºa½ natth²ti an±varaºañ±ºan”ti-±di. Tasm± natthi nesa½atthato bhedo, ekantena ceta½ evamicchitabba½. Aññath± sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±º±na½ s±dh±raºat±asabbadhamm±rammaºat± ca ±pajjeyya. Na hi bhagavato ñ±ºassa aºumattampi ±varaºa½ atthi,an±varaºañ±ºassa asabbadhamm±rammaºabh±ve yattha ta½ na pavattati, tatth±varaºasabbh±vato an±varaºabh±voyevana siy±. Atha v± pana hotu aññameva an±varaºañ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºato, idha pana sabbatthaappaµihatavuttit±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti sabbaññutaññ±ºameva adhippeta½, tassa c±dhigamanenabhagav± sabbaññ³ sabbavid³ samm±sambuddhoti ca vuccati na saki½yeva sabbadhamm±vabodhanato.Tath± ca vutta½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.162) “vimokkhantikameta½ buddh±na½bhagavant±na½ bodhiy± m³le saha sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paµil±bh± sacchik± paññatti yadida½buddho”ti. Sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthañ±ºasamadhigamena hi bhagavato sant±ne anavasesadhammepaµivijjhitu½ samatthat± ahos²ti.