“Suttantik±na½ vacan±namattha½, sutt±nur³pa½ parid²payant²”ti heµµh± vuttatt± visuddhimagge(visuddhi. 1.125-128) sabb±k±rato sa½vaººitampi attha½ idh±pi vitth±retv± dassetuk±motattha payojanam±ha “id±ni vinayadhar±nan”ti-±di. Tattha cittasampaha½sanatthanti cittasantosanattha½,cittappas±dajananatthanti vutta½ hoti. “¾rakatt±”ti-±d²su ±rakatt±ti suvid³ratt±.Ar²nanti kiles±r²na½. Ar±nanti sa½s±racakkassa ar±na½. Hatatt±ti viddha½sitatt±.Paccay±d²nanti c²var±dipaccay±nañceva p³j±vises±nañca.
Id±ni yath±vuttamevattha½ vibh±vento ±ha “±rak± hi so”ti-±di. D³rat± n±ma±sannat± viya up±d±yup±d±ya vuccat²ti paramukka½sagata½ d³rabh±va½ dassento “suvid³ravid³reµhito”ti ±ha, suµµhu vid³rabh±veneva vid³re µhitoti attho. So panassa kilesehid³re µhitabh±vo, na padesavasena, atha kho tesa½ sabbaso pah²natt±tidassento ±ha “maggena kiles±na½ viddha½sitatt±”ti. Nanu aññesampi kh²º±sav±na½te pah²n± ev±ti anuyoga½ manasi katv± vutta½ “sav±san±nan”ti. Na hi µhapetv±bhagavanta½ aññe saha v±san±ya kilese pah±tu½ sakkonti. Etena aññehi as±dh±raºa½bhagavato arahattanti dassita½ hoti. K± pan±ya½ v±san± n±ma? Pah²nakilesassapi appah²nakilesassapayogasadisapayogahetubh³to kilesanissito s±matthiyaviseso ±yasmato pilindavacchassavasalasamud±c±ranimitta½ viya. Katha½ pana “±rak±”ti vutte “kileseh²”tiayamattho labbhat²ti s±maññacodan±ya visese avaµµh±nato visesatthin± ca visesassa anupayujjitabbato“±rak±ssa honti p±pak± akusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²ni (ma. ni. 1.434) suttapad±netthaud±haritabb±ni. ¾rak±ti cettha ±-k±rassa rassatta½, ka-k±rassa ca hak±ra½s±nus±ra½ katv± niruttinayena “arahan”ti padasiddhi veditabb±. Yath±vuttassevatthassasukhaggahaºattha½ idamettha vuccati–
“So tato ±rak± n±ma, yassa yen±samaªgit±;
asamaªg² ca dosehi, n±tho ten±raha½ mato”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.125).
Anatthacaraºena kiles± eva arayoti kiles±rayo. Ar²na½ hatatt± arih±ti vattabbeniruttinayena “arahan”ti vutta½. Etth±pi yath±vuttassatthassa sukhaggahaºattha½ ida½veditabba½–
“Yasm± r±g±disaªkh±t±, sabbepi arayo hat±;
paññ±satthena n±thena, tasm±pi araha½ mato”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.126).
Yañceta½ sa½s±racakkanti sambandho. Rathacakkassa n±bhi viya m³l±vayavabh³ta½ anto bahica samavaµµhita½ avijj±bhavataºh±dvayanti vutta½ “avijj±bhavataºh±mayan±bh²”ti. N±bhiy±nemiy± ca sambaddha-arasadis± paccayaphalabh³tehi avijj±taºh±jar±maraºehi sambaddh± puññ±bhisaªkh±ra-apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra-±neñj±bhisaªkh±r±tivutta½ “puññ±di-abhisaªkh±r±ran”ti. Tattha tattha bhave pariyantabh±vena p±kaµa½ jar±maraºantita½ nemiµµh±niya½ katv± ±ha “jar±maraºanem²”ti. Yath± rathacakkappavattiy±padh±nak±raºa½ akkho, eva½ sa½s±racakkappavattiy± ±savasamudayoti ±ha “±savasamudayamayenaakkhena vijjhitv±”ti. ¾sav± eva avijj±d²na½ k±raºatt± ±savasamudayo. Yath±ha“±savasamuday± avijj±samudayo”ti (ma. ni. 1.103). Vip±kakaµatt±r³pappabhedok±mabhav±diko tibhavo eva ratho, tasmi½ tibhavarathe. Attano paccayehi sama½, sabbasov± ±dito paµµh±ya yojitanti sam±yojita½. ¾dirahita½ k±la½ pavattat²ti katv±an±dik±lappavatta½.
“Khandh±nañca paµip±µi, dh±tu-±yatan±na ca;
abbocchinna½ vattam±n±, sa½s±roti pavuccat²”ti. (Visuddhi. 2.619; d².ni. aµµha. 2.95 apas±dan±vaººan±; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.2.60; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.199)–

Eva½ vuttasa½s±rova sa½s±racakka½. Anen±ti bhagavat±. Bodhimaº¹eti bodhisaªkh±tassañ±ºassa maº¹abh±vappatte µh±ne k±le v±. Bodh²ti paññ±, s± ettha maº¹± pasann± j±t±tibodhimaº¹o. V²riyap±deh²ti sa½kilesavod±napakkhiyesu sannirumbhanasannikkhipanakiccat±yadvidh± pavatteti attano v²riyasaªkh±tehi p±dehi. S²lapathaviyanti patiµµh±naµµhenas²lameva pathav², tassa½. Patiµµh±y±ti samp±danavasena patiµµhahitv±. Saddh±hatthen±tianavajjadhamm±d±nas±dhanato saddh±va hattho, tena. Kammakkhayakaranti k±yakamm±dibhedassasabbassapi kammassa khayakaraºato kammakkhayakara½. ѱºapharasunti sam±dhisil±ya½ sunisita½maggañ±ºapharasu½ gahetv±.

Eva½ “ar±na½ hatatt±”ti ettha vutta½ arasaªkh±ta½ sa½s±ra½ cakka½ viya cakkantigahetv± atthayojana½ katv± id±ni paµiccasamupp±dadesan±kkamenapi ta½ dassetu½ “athav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha anamataggasa½s±ravaµµanti anu anu amatagga½ aviññ±tapubbakoµika½sa½s±ramaº¹ala½. Ses± dasa dhamm±ti saªkh±r±dayo j±tipariyos±n± dasa dhamm±. Katha½tesa½ saªkh±r±d²na½ arabh±voti ±ha “avijj±m³lakatt± jar±maraºapariyantatt± c±”ti.Tattha avijj± m³la½ padh±nak±raºa½ yesa½ saªkh±r±d²na½ te avijj±m³lak±, tesa½ bh±voavijj±m³lakatta½. Jar±maraºa½ pariyanta½ pariyos±nabh³ta½ etesantijar±maraºapariyant±, saªkh±r±dayo dasa dhamm±. Tesa½ bh±vo jar±maraºapariyantatta½. Saªkh±r±dij±tipariyos±n±na½dasadhamm±na½ avijj±m³lakatt± jar±maraºapariyos±natt± c±ti attho, n±bhibh³t±ya avijj±yam³lato nemibh³tena jar±maraºena antato saªkh±r±d²na½ sambandhatt±ti adhipp±yo.
Dukkh±d²s³ti dukkhasamudayanirodhamaggesu. Aññ±ºanti ñ±ºappaµipakkhatt± moho aññ±ºa½,na pana ñ±ºato añña½, napi ñ±ºassa abh±vamatta½. Tattha dukkh±d²su aññ±ºa½ yath±sabh±vappaµivedh±ppad±natotappaµicch±danavaseneva. Ettha hi kiñc±pi µhapetv± lokuttarasaccadvaya½ sesaµµh±nesu±rammaºavasenapi avijj± uppajjati, eva½ santepi paµicch±danavaseneva idha adhippet±.S± hi uppann± dukkhasacca½ paµicch±detv± tiµµhati, y±th±vasarasalakkhaºa½ paµivijjhitu½ nadeti, tath± samudaya½ nirodha½ magganti.
Dukkhanti cettha dukkha½ ariyasacca½ adhippetanti ta½ k±mabhav±divasena tidh± bhinditv±tath± tappaµicch±dikañca avijja½ tidh± katv± avijj±dipaccaye t²su bhavesu saªkh±r±dikepaµip±µiy± dassento “k±mabhave ca avijj±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha k±mabhave caavijj±ti k±mabhave ±d²navapaµicch±dik± avijj±. R³pabhave avijj± ar³pabhaveavijj±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. K±mabhave saªkh±r±nanti k±mabh³mipariy±pann±na½puññ±puññasaªkh±r±na½, k±mabhave v± nipph±detabb± ye puññ±puññasaªkh±r±, tesa½ k±mabhav³papattinibbattakasaªkh±r±nantiattho. Saªkh±r±ti cettha lokiyakusal±kusalacetan± veditabb±. Paccayo hot²tipuññ±bhisaªkh±r±na½ t±va ±rammaºapaccayena ceva upanissayapaccayena c±ti dvidh± paccayohoti, apuññ±bhisaªkh±resu sahaj±tassa sahaj±t±divasena, asahaj±tassa anantarasamanantar±divasena,an±nantarassa pana ±rammaºavasena ceva upanissayavasena ca paccayo hoti. Ar³pabhave saªkh±r±nanti±neñj±bhisaªkh±r±na½. Paccayo hot²ti upanissayapaccayavaseneva. Imasmiñca panattheettha vitth±riyam±ne atippapañco hoti, tasm± ta½ nayidha vitth±rayiss±ma. Itares³tir³p±r³pabhavesu.
Tiººa½ ±yatan±nanti cakkhusotaman±yatan±na½ gh±n±dittayassa tattha asambhavato.Ekass±ti man±yatanassa itaresa½ tattha asambhavato. Imin± nayena tiººa½ phass±nanti-±d²supiattho veditabbo. Chabbidhassa phassass±ti cakkhusamphassasotasamphassagh±nasamphassajivh±samphassak±yasamphassamanosamphass±na½vasena chabbidhassa phassassa. Channa½ vedan±nanti cakkhusamphassaj± vedan±, tath± sotasamphassaj±gh±nasamphassaj± jivh±samphassaj± k±yasamphassaj± manosamphassaj± vedan±ti im±sa½ channa½vedan±na½. Channa½ taºh±k±y±nanti r³pataºh± saddataºh± gandhataºh± rasataºh± phoµµhabbataºh±dhammataºh±ti imesa½ channa½ taºh±k±y±na½. Tattha tattha s± s± taºh±ti r³pataºh±dibhed±tattha tattha k±mabhav±d²su uppajjanakataºh±.
S± taºh±dim³lik± kath± atisa½khitt±ti ta½ up±d±nabhave ca vibhajitv± vitth±retv±dassetu½ “kathan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha k±me paribhuñjiss±m²ti imin±k±mataºh±pavattim±ha, tath± saggasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²ti-±d²hi. S± pana taºh±yasm± bhusam±d±navasena pavattam±n± k±mup±d±na½ n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “k±mup±d±napaccay±”ti.Tathev±ti k±mup±d±napaccay± eva. Brahmalokasampattinti r³p²brahmaloke sampatti½.“Sabbepi tebh³mak± dhamm± k±man²yaµµhena k±m±”ti vacanato bhavar±gopi k±mup±d±namev±tikatv± “k±mup±d±napaccay± eva metta½ bh±vet²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha metta½bh±vet²ti mijjati siniyhat²ti mett±, ta½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti attho. Atha v±mett± etassa atth²ti metta½, citta½, ta½sampayutta½ jh±na½ v±, ta½ bh±veti va¹¹hetiupp±deti v±ti attho. Karuºa½ bh±vet²ti-±d²supi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo.
Sesup±d±nam³lik±sup²ti diµµhup±d±nas²labbatup±d±na-attav±dup±d±nam³lik±supi yojan±sueseva nayoti attho. Tatth±ya½ yojan±– idhekacco “natthi paraloko”ti natthikadiµµhi½gaºh±ti, so diµµhup±d±napaccay± k±yena duccarita½ carat²ti-±di vuttanayena yojetabba½.Aparo “asukasmi½ sampattibhave att± ucchijjat²”ti ucchedadiµµhi½ gaºh±ti, sotatr³papattiy± k±yena sucarita½ carat²ti-±di vuttanayeneva yojetabba½. Aparo “r³p²manomayo hutv± att± ucchijjat²”ti r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±vetibh±van±p±rip³riy±ti sabba½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Aparopi “ar³pabhave uppajjitv±att± ucchijjat²”ti ar³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti bh±van±p±rip³riy±ti sabba½vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Et±hiyeva attav±dup±d±nam³lik±pi yojan± sa½vaººit±tidaµµhabba½. Eva½ diµµhadhammanibb±nav±davasenapi yojan± veditabb±. Aparo “s²lena suddhi,vatena suddh²”ti asuddhimagga½ “suddhimaggo”ti par±masanto s²labbatup±d±napaccay±k±yena duccarita½ carat²ti-±di sabba½ vuttanayeneva yojetabba½.
Id±ni yv±ya½ sa½s±racakka½ dassentena “k±mabhave avijj± k±mabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayohot²”ti-±din± avijj±d²na½ paccayabh±vo saªkh±r±d²na½ paccayuppannabh±vo ca dassito,tameva paµisambhid±maggap±¼i½ ±netv± nigamanavasena dassento “evamayan”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha yath± saªkh±r± hetunibbatt±, eva½ avijj±pi k±m±sav±din± sahetuk± ev±ti±ha “ubhopete hetusamuppann±”ti. Paccayapariggaheti n±mar³passa paccay±na½avijj±d²na½ paricchijja gahaºe. Nipph±detabbe bhumma½. Paññ±ti kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhisaªkh±t±pak±rato j±nan±. Dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti tiµµhanti ettha phaladhamm± tad±yattavuttit±y±tiµhiti, k±raºa½, dhamm±na½ µhiti dhammaµµhiti, dhammaµµhitiy± ñ±ºa½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, paccayañ±ºantiattho, paµiccasamupp±d±vabodhoti vutta½ hoti. K±mañcettha paccayapariggahe paññ±yevadhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, saªkh±resu pana adiµµhesu avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayabh±vo na sakk±daµµhunti “saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±”ti paccayuppannadhamm±nampi gahaºa½ katanti veditabba½.Ubhopete hetusamuppann±ti ida½ pana ubhinnampi paccayuppannabh±va½ dassetuk±mat±yavutta½. Idañca dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½ yasm± addhattaye kaªkh±malavitaraºavasena pavattati, tasm±“at²tampi addh±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Etena nayena sabbapad±ni vitth±retabb±n²tietena nayena “avijj± het³”ti-±din± avijj±ya½ vuttanayena “saªkh±r± hetu,viññ±ºa½ hetusamuppannan”ti-±din± sabbapad±ni vitth±retabb±ni.