Devamanuss±nanti na kevala½ devamanuss±na½yeva, avases±na½ n±gasupaºº±d²nampiatth±ya hit±ya sukh±yeva uppanno. Sahetukapaµisandhike pana maggaphalasacchikiriy±yabhabbe puggale dassetu½ eva½ vutta½. Tasm± etesampi atthatth±ya hitatth±ya sukhatth±yevauppannoti veditabbo.
Katamo ekapuggaloti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Id±ni t±ya pucch±ya puµµha½ ekapuggala½vibh±vento “tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti ±ha. Tadatthaparinipph±danantilokatthanipph±dana½, buddhakiccasamp±dananti attho. Paµhama½ lumbin²vane dutiya½ bodhimaº¹etilumbin²vane r³pak±yena j±to, bodhimaº¹e dhammak±yena. Evam±din±ti ±di-saddenaverañj±kittanato r³pak±yassa anuggaºhana½ dasseti, na¼erupucimandam³lakittanato dhammak±yassa.Tath± purimena par±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½, dutiyena att±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½. Purimenav± karuº±kicca½, itarena paññ±kicca½ purimena cassa param±ya anukamp±ya samann±gama½,pacchimena param±ya upekkh±ya samann±gamanti evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti.
Pacchimakoti guºena pacchimako. ¾nandatthera½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Saªkhy±yap²tigaºanatopi. Diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatatt± saªghoti imamattha½ vibh±vento ±ha “diµµhis²las±maññasaªkh±tasaªgh±tenasamaºagaºen±”ti. Ettha pana “y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassasamm± dukkhakkhay±ya, tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324,356, ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54) eva½ vutt±ya diµµhiy±, “y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±niacchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni bhujiss±ni viññuppasatth±ni apar±maµµh±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni,tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324; 356; ma. ni.1.492; 3.54) eva½ vutt±nañca s²l±na½ s±maññasaªkh±tena saªghato saªghaµito sametoti diµµhis²las±maññasaªkh±tasaªgh±to,samaºagaºo. Diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatoti vutta½ hoti. Tath± hi “aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave,anavak±so, ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo sañcicca p±ºa½ j²vit± voropeyya, neta½ µh±na½vijjat²”ti ±divacanato diµµhis²l±na½ niyatasabh±vatt± sot±pann±pi aññamañña½diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hat±, pageva sakad±g±mi-±dayo. Ariyapuggal± hi yattha katthacid³re µhit±pi attano guºas±maggiy± sa½hat±yeva. “Tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagatoviharati (d². ni. 3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54), tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±maññagatoviharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54) vacanato puthujjan±nampidiµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vo labbhatiyeva, idha pana ariyasaªghoyeva adhippeto “yo tatthapacchimako, so sot±panno”ti vacanato. Eten±ti “pañcamattehi bhikkhusateh²”tietena vacanena. Ass±ti pañcamattassa bhikkhusatassa. Nirabbudoti-±d²na½ vacanatthoparato eva ±vi bhavissati.
Assos²ti ettha savanamupalabbhoti ±ha “assos²ti suºi upalabh²”ti, aññ±s²tiattho. So c±yamupalabbho savanavasenev±ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha “sotadv±rasampattavacananigghos±nus±renaaññ±s²”ti. Avadh±raºaphalatt± saddappayogassa sabbampi v±kya½ antogadh±vadh±raºanti ±ha“khoti padap³raºamatte nip±to”ti. Avadh±raºattheti pana imin± antogadh±vadh±raºepisabbasmi½ v±kye iµµhatovadh±raºattha½ khosaddaggahaºanti dasseti. Tameva iµµhatovadh±raºa½ dassento±ha “tattha avadh±raºatthen±”ti-±di. Atha padap³raºatthena khosaddena ki½payojananti ±ha “padap³raºena pana byañjanasiliµµhat±mattamev±”ti. “Assos²”ti hi pada½ khosaddegahite tena phullitamaº¹itavibh³sita½ viya honta½ p³rita½ n±ma hoti, tena ca purimapacchimapad±nisiliµµh±ni honti, na tasmi½ aggahite, tasm± padap³raºena byañjanasiliµµhat±mattameva payojana½.Matta-saddo cettha visesanivatti-attho, tenassa anatthantarad²panata½ dasseti, eva-saddenapana byañjanasiliµµhat±ya ekantikata½.
Verañjoti ettha saddalakkhaº±nus±rena attha½ dassento ±ha “verañj±ya½ j±to”ti-±di.Brahma½ aºat²ti ettha brahmanti vedo vuccati, so pana mantabrahmakappavasena tividho.Tattha mant± padh±nam³labh±vatoyeva aµµhak±d²hi pavutt±, itare pana tannissayena j±t±,tena padh±nasseva gahaºa½. Mante sajjh±yat²ti iruved±dike mantasatthesajjh±yat²ti attho. Iruved±dayo hi guttabh±sitabbat±ya “mant±”ti vuccanti.Idameva h²ti avadh±raºena brahmato j±toti-±dika½ nirutti½ paµikkhipati. J±tibr±hmaº±nantiimin± aññepi br±hmaº± atth²ti dasseti. Duvidh± hi br±hmaº± j±tibr±hmaº± visuddhibr±hmaº±c±ti. Id±ni tattha visuddhibr±hmaº±na½ nirutti½ dassento ±ha “ariy± pan±”ti-±di.
Samitap±patt±ti accanta½ anavasesato sav±sana½ samitap±patt±. Evañhi b±hiraka-av²tar±gasekkh±sekkhap±pasamaºatobhagavato p±pasamaºa½ visesita½ hoti. Vuttamevattha½ ud±haraºena vibh±vento ±ha “vuttañhetan”ti-±di.Ettha pana “b±hitap±poti br±hmaºo, samitap±patt± samaºoti vuccat²ti ida½ bhinnag±th±sannissitapadadvaya½ekato gahetv± vuttan”ti vadanti. Vuttañheta½ t²supi gaºµhipadesu “samitatt±hi p±p±na½, samaºoti pavuccat²ti ida½ vacana½ gahetv± ‘samitatt± samaºoti vuccat²’tivutta½. B±hitap±poti br±hmaºoti ida½ pana aññasmi½ g±th±bandhe vuttavacanan”ti.Anekatthatt± nip±t±na½ idha anussavanatthe adhippetoti ±ha “khal³ti anussavanatthenip±to”ti. J±tisamud±gatanti j±tiy± ±gata½, j±tisiddhanti vutta½ hoti.¾lapanamattanti piy±l±pavacanamatta½. Piyasamud±h±r± hete bhoti v± ±vusotiv± dev±nampiy±ti v±. Bhov±d² n±ma so hot²ti yo ±mantan±d²su “bho bho”tivadanto vicarati, so bhov±d² n±ma hot²ti attho. Sakiñcanoti r±g±d²hi kiñcanehisakiñcano. R±g±dayo hi satte kiñcenti maddanti palibundhant²ti “kiñcan±n²”tivuccanti. Manuss± kira goºehi khala½ madd±pent± “kiñcehi kapila, kiñcehik±¼ak±”ti vadanti, tasm± maddanaµµho kiñcanaµµhoti veditabbo.
Gottavasen±ti ettha ga½ t±yat²ti gotta½. Gosaddena cettha abhidh±na½ buddhi ca vuccati,tasm± evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Gotamoti pavattam±na½ abhidh±na½ buddhiñca eka½sikavisayat±yat±yati rakkhat²ti gotta½. Yath± hi buddhi ±rammaºabh³tena atthena vin± na vattati, eva½abhidh±na½ abhidheyyabh³tena, tasm± so gottasaªkh±to attho t±ni buddhi-abhidh±n±nit±yati rakkhat²ti vuccati. So pana aññakulaparampar±ya as±dh±raºa½ tassa kulassa ±dipurisasamud±gata½ta½kulapariy±pannas±dh±raºa½ s±maññar³panti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca samaºoti imin± sarikkhakajanehibhagavato bahumatabh±vo dassito samitap±pat±kittanato, gotamoti imin± lokiyajanehiu¼±rakulasambh³tat±d²panato. Sakyassa suddhodanamah±r±jassa putto sakyaputto. Imin±ca uditoditavipulakhattiyakulavibh±vanato vutta½ “ida½ pana bhagavato ucc±kulapa-ad²panan”ti.Sabbakhattiy±nañhi ±dibh³tamah±sammatamah±r±jato paµµh±ya asambhinna½ u¼±ratama½ sakyar±jakula½.Kenaci p±rijuññena anabhibh³toti ñ±tip±rijuññabhogap±rijuññ±din± kenacip±rijuññena parih±niy± anabhibh³to anajjhotthaµo. Tath± hi lokan±thassa abhij±tiya½tassa kulassa na kiñci p±rijuñña½, atha kho va¹¹hiyeva. Abhinikkhamane ca tato samiddhatamabh±voloke p±kaµo paññ±to. Tena “sakyakul± pabbajito”ti ida½ vacana½ bhagavatosaddh±pabbajitabh±vaparid²panattha½ vutta½ mahanta½ ñ±tiparivaµµa½ mahantañca bhogakkhandha½ pah±yapabbajitabh±vasiddhito. Tato paranti “verañj±ya½ viharat²”ti-±di.
Itthambh³t±khy±natthe upayogavacananti ittha½ ima½ pak±ra½ bh³to ±pannoti ittambh³to,tassa ±khy±na½ itthambh³t±khy±na½, soyeva attho itthambh³t±khy±nattho. Atha v± ittha½eva½ pak±ro bh³to j±toti eva½ kathanattho itthambh³t±khy±nattho, tasmi½ upayogavacanantiattho. Ettha ca abbhuggatoti ettha abhi-saddo itthambh³t±khy±natthajotako abhibhavitv±uggamanappak±rassa d²panato. Tena yogato “ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotaman”ti ida½ upayogavacana½s±mi-atthepi sam±na½ itthambh³t±khy±nad²panato “itthambh³t±khy±natthe”ti vutta½. Tenev±ha“tassa kho pana bhoto gotamass±ti attho”ti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± “s±dhudevadatto m±taramabh²”ti ettha abhisaddayogato itthambh³t±khy±ne upayogavacana½ kata½, evamidh±pita½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotama½ abhi eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddo uggatoti abhisaddayogato itthambh³t±khy±ne upayogavacananti. “S±dhu devadatto m±taramabh²”ti etthahi “devadatto m±taramabhi m±tari visaye m±tuy± v± s±dh³”ti eva½ adhikaraºatthe s±mi-atthev± bhummavacanassa v± s±mivacanassa v± pasaªge itthambh³t±khy±natthajotakena abhisaddena yogeupayogavacana½ kata½. Yath± cettha “devadatto m±tu visaye m±tusambandh² v± s±dhuttappak±rappatto”tiayamattho viññ±yati evamidh±pi “bhoto gotamassa sambandh² kittisaddo abbhuggatoabhibhavitv± uggamanappak±rappatto”ti ayamattho viññ±yati. Tattha hi devadattaggahaºa½viya idha kittisaddaggahaºa½, tath± tattha “m±taran”ti vacana½ viya idha “ta½ kho pana bhavanta½gotaman”ti vacana½, tattha s±dhusaddaggahaºa½ viya idha uggatasaddaggahaºa½ veditabba½.
Kaly±ºoti bhaddako. Kaly±ºabh±vo cassa kaly±ºaguºavisayat±y±ti ±ha “kaly±ºaguºasamann±gato”ti,kaly±ºehi guºehi samann±gato ta½visayat±ya yuttoti attho. Ta½visayat± hettha samann±gamokaly±ºaguºavisayat±ya tannissitoti adhipp±yo. Seµµhoti etth±pi eseva nayo.Seµµhaguºavisayat±ya eva hi kittisaddassa seµµhat± “bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµhan”ti-±d²su viya.“Bhagav± arahan”ti-±din± guº±na½ sa½kittanato saddan²yato ca kittisaddo vaººoti±ha “kittisaddoti kitti ev±”ti. Vaººoyeva hi kittetabbato kittisaddan²yatosaddoti ca vuccati. Kittipariy±yo hi saddasaddo yath± “u¼±rasadd± isayo, guºavantotapassino”ti. Abhitthavanavasena pavatto saddo thutighoso, abhitthavud±h±ro.
“Abbhuggato”ti pana etassa attho aµµhakath±ya½ na dassito, tasm± tassattho eva½ veditabbo–abbhuggatoti abhibhavitv± uggato, anaññas±dh±raºaguºe ±rabbha pavattatt± sadevaka½loka½ ajjhottharitv± pavattoti vutta½ hoti. Kinti saddo abbhuggatoti ±ha“itipi so bhagav±”ti-±di. Ito para½ pana ²disesu µh±nesu yattha yattha p±¼ip±µhassaattho vattabbo siy±, tattha tattha “p±¼iya½ pan±”ti vatv± attha½ dassayiss±ma, id±nitattha padayojan±pubbaka½ attha½ dassento ±ha “itipi so bhagav±ti-±d²su pana aya½ t±va yojan±”ti-±di. So bhagav±ti yo so samati½sa p±ramiyop³retv± sabbakilese bhañjitv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho dev±na½atidevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm± lokan±tho bh±gyavantat±d²hi k±raºehibhagav±ti laddhan±mo, so bhagav±. Bhagav±ti hi ida½ satthu n±makittana½. Ten±ha ±yasm±dhammasen±pati “bhagav±ti neta½ n±ma½ m±tar± katan”ti-±di (mah±ni. 84). Paratopana bhagav±ti guºakittanameva. Yath± kammaµµh±nikena “arahan”ti-±d²su navasu µh±nesupacceka½ itipisadda½ yojetv± buddhaguº± anussar²yanti, eva½ buddhaguºasa½kittakenap²tidassento “itipi araha½ itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±”ti±ha. Evañhi sati “arahan”ti-±d²hi navahi padehi ye sadevake loke ativiyap±kaµ± paññ±t± buddhaguº±, te n±nappak±rato vibh±vit± honti. “Itipeta½ bh³ta½,itipeta½ tacchan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.6) viya hi idha iti-saddo ±sannapaccakkhak±raºattho pi-saddo sampiº¹anattho, tena ca tesa½ guº±na½ bahubh±vo d²pito, t±ni ca guºasallakkhaºak±raº±nisaddh±sampann±na½ viññuj±tik±na½ paccakkh±ni hont²ti t±ni sa½kittentena viññun±cittassa sammukh²bh³t±neva katv± sa½kittetabb±n²ti dassento “imin± caimin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha.