M³la-saddo ettha sam²pavacano adhippeto, na m³lam³l±d²su vattam±noti dassento ±ha“m³lanti sam²pan”ti-±di. Nippariy±yena s±kh±dimato saªgh±tassa suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhaneavayavavisese pavattam±no m³lasaddo yasm± ta½sadisesu tannissaye padese ca ru¼h²vasenapariy±yato pavattati, tasm± “m³l±ni uddhareyy±”ti ettha nippariy±yato m³la½ adhippetantiekena m³lasaddena visesetv± ±ha “m³lam³le dissat²”ti yath± “dukkhadukkha½,r³par³pan”ti ca. As±dh±raºahetumh²ti as±dh±raºak±raºe. Lobho hi lobhasahagata-akusalacittupp±dassevahetutt± as±dh±raºo, tasm± lobhasahagatacittupp±d±nameva ±veºike nesa½ suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanatom³laµµhena upak±rake paccayadhammaviseseti attho. Atha v± yath± alobh±dayo kusal±by±katas±dh±raº±,lobh±dayo pana tath± na honti akusalasseva s±dh±raºatt±ti as±dh±raºak±raºa½. Atha v±±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena alobh±d²nampi kusal±by±katam³l±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.Tesupi hi alobh±dikusalam³la½ akusal±by±katehi as±dh±raºatt± as±dh±raºak±raºa½,tath± alobh±di-aby±katam³lampi itaradvayehi as±dh±raºatt±ti. Niv±teti v±tarahitepadese, v±tassa abh±ve v±. Patant²ti nipatanti, ayameva v± p±µho. Ramaº²yotimanuñño. P±s±dikoti pas±d±vaho, pas±dajanakoti attho. ¾dhipacca½ kurum±noviy±ti sambandho.
Tatth±ti “tena samayena buddho bhagav± verañj±ya½ viharati na¼erupucimandam³le”tiya½ vutta½, tattha. Siy±ti kassaci eva½ parivitakko siy±, vakkham±n±k±renakad±ci codeyya v±ti attho. Yadi t±va bhagav±ti-±d²su codakass±yamadhipp±yo– “p±µaliputtep±s±de vasat²”ti-±d²su viya adhikaraº±dhikaraºa½ yadi bhaveyya, tad± “verañj±ya½ viharatina¼erupucimandam³le”ti adhikaraºadvayaniddeso yutto siy±, imesa½ pana bhinnadesatt±na yutto ubhayaniddesoti. Atha tattha viharat²ti yadi na¼erupucimandam³le viharati.Na vattabbanti n±n±µh±nabh³tatt± verañj±na¼erupucimandam³l±na½ “tena samayen±”tica vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni codako tameva attano adhipp±ya½ “na hi sakk±”ti-±din±vivarati. Verañj±na¼erupucimandam³l±na½ bh³mibh±gavasena bhinnatt±yeva hi na sakk±ubhayattha teneva samayena viharitu½, “ubhayattha teneva samayen±”ti ca vuttatt± n±n±samayevih±ro av±ritoti veditabbo.
Itaro sabbameta½ avipar²tamattha½ aj±nantena tay± vuttanti dassento “na kho paneta½ eva½daµµhabban”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha etanti “verañj±ya½ viharati na¼erupucimandam³le”tieta½ vacana½. Evanti “yadi t±va bhagav±”ti-±din± ya½ ta½ bhavat± codita½, ta½ atthatoeva½ na kho pana daµµhabba½, na ubhayattha apubba½ acarima½ vih±radassanatthanti attho. Id±niattan± yath±dhippeta½ avipar²tamattha½ tassa ca paµikacceva vuttabh±va½ tena ca appaµividdhata½pak±sento “nanu avocumha sam²patthe bhummavacanan”ti-±dim±ha. Goy³th±n²tigomaº¹al±ni. Evampi na¼erupucimandam³le viharaticceva vattabba½, na verañj±yanti,tasm± sam²p±dhikaraºatthavasena ubhayath± nid±nakittane ki½ payojananti codana½ manasi nidh±y±ha“gocarag±manidassanatthan”ti-±di. Ass±ti bhagavato.
Avassañcettha gocarag±makittana½ kattabba½. Yath± hi na¼erupucimandam³lakittana½ pabbajit±nuggahakaraº±di-anekappayojana½,eva½ gocarag±makittanampi gahaµµh±nuggahakaraº±divividhappayojananti dassento “verañj±kittanen±”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha gahaµµh±nuggahakaraºanti tesa½ tattha paccayaggahaºena upasaªkamanapayirup±san±d²na½ ok±sad±nenadhammadesan±ya saraºesu s²lesu ca patiµµh±panena yath³panissaya½ uparivises±dhigam±vahanenaca gahaµµh±na½ anuggahakaraºa½. Pabbajit±nuggahakaraºanti uggahaparipucch±na½ kammaµµh±n±nuyogassaca anur³pavasanaµµh±napariggahenettha pabbajit±na½ anuggahakaraºa½.
Paccayaggahaºeneva paccayaparibhogasiddhito ±ha “tath± purimena…pe… vivajjananti.Tattha purimen±ti verañj±vacanena. ¾hito aha½m±no etth±ti att±, attabh±vo.Tassa kilamatho kilantabh±vo attakilamatho, attap²¼± attadukkhanti vutta½ hoti,tassa anuyogo karaºa½ attakilamath±nuyogo, upav±sakaºµak±passayaseyy±din± attanodukkhupp±dananti vutta½ hoti. Tassa vivajjana½ attakilamath±nuyogavivajjana½.Antog±me vasant±na½ anicchant±nampi visabh±gar³p±di-±rammaºadassan±disambhavato bahig±mepatir³paµµh±ne vasant±na½ tadabh±vato ±ha “pacchimena vatthuk±mappah±nato”ti-±di. Tatthapacchimen±ti na¼erupucimandam³lavacanena. Kilesak±massa vatthubh³tatt± r³p±dayo pañcak±maguº± vatthuk±mo, tassa pah±na½ vatthuk±mappah±na½. K±masukhallik±nuyogavivajjanup±yadassanantivatthuk±mesu kilesak±masa½yuttassa sukhassa yogo anuyogo anubhavo, tassa parivajjaneup±yadassana½.
Sayameva gocarag±ma½ upasaªkamitv± attano dhammassavan±nur³pabhabbapuggal±na½ dassanato dhammadesan±yak±lo sampatto n±ma hot²ti dhammadesan±ya abhiyogo viññ±yat²ti ±ha “purimenaca dhammadesan±bhiyogan”ti. Dhammadesan±ya sa-uss±habh±vo dhammadesan±bhiyogo. Bahig±mevivittok±se vasantassa ±kiººavih±r±bh±vato k±yavivek±d²su adhimutti tappoºat±viññ±yat²ti ±ha “pacchimena vivek±dhimuttin”ti.
Dhammadesan±bhiyogavivek±dhimutt²na½ hetubh³t± eva karuº±paññ± dhammadesan±ya upagamanassatato apagamanassa k±raºabh³t± hont²ti ±ha “purimena karuº±ya upagamanan”ti-±di.Karuº±paññ±yeva hi anantaradukassa het³ honti. Etena ca karuº±ya upagamana½ nal±bh±dinimitta½ paññ±ya apagamana½ na virodh±dinimittanti upagaman±pagaman±na½nirupakkilesata½ vibh±vibhanti daµµhabba½. Adhimuttatanti tanninnabh±va½. Nirupalepanantianupalepana½ anall²yana½.
Dhammikasukh±paricc±ganimittanti ettha dhammikasukha½ n±ma anavajjasukha½. Tañhi dhammika½l±bha½ paµicca uppannatt± “dhammikasukhan”ti vuccati. Uttarimanussadhamm±bhiyoganimitta½ph±suvih±ranti sambandho. Manuss±na½ upak±rabahulatanti paccayapaµiggahaºadhammadesan±divasenaupak±rabahulata½. Devat±na½ upak±rabahulata½ janavivittat±ya. Pacurajanavivittañhiµh±na½ dev± upasaªkamitabba½ maññanti. Loke sa½va¹¹habh±vanti ±misopabhogenasa½va¹¹hitabh±va½.
Ekapuggaloti ettha (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.170) ekoti dutiy±dipaµikkhepattho gaºanaparicchedo.Puggaloti sammutikath±, na paramatthakath±. Buddhassa hi bhagavato duvidh± desan± sammutidesan±paramatthadesan± c±ti. Ayamattho pana heµµh± vitth±ritov±ti idha na vuccati. Ekoca so puggalo c±ti ekapuggalo. Kenaµµhena ekapuggalo? Asadisaµµhena guºavisiµµhaµµhenaasamasamaµµhena. So hi dasanna½ p±ram²na½ paµip±µiy± ±vajjana½ ±di½ katv± bodhisambh±raguºehiceva buddhaguºehi ca sesamah±janena asadisoti asadisaµµhenapi ekapuggalo. Yecassa te guº±, tepi aññasatt±na½ guºehi visiµµh±ti guºavisiµµhaµµhenapi ekapuggalo.Purimak± samm±sambuddh± sabbasattehi asam±, tehi saddhi½ ayameva eko r³pak±yaguºehiceva n±mak±yaguºehi ca samoti asamasamaµµhenapi ekapuggalo. Loketi sattaloke.
Uppajjam±no uppajjat²ti ida½ pana ubhayampi vippakatavacanameva. Uppajjanto bahujanahitatth±yauppajjati, na aññena k±raºen±ti eva½ panettha attho veditabbo. Evar³pañcettha lakkhaºa½na sakk± eta½ aññena saddalakkhaºena paµib±hitu½. Apica uppajjam±no n±ma, uppajjatin±ma, uppanno n±m±ti ayamettha bhedo veditabbo. Esa hi d²paªkarap±dam³lato laddhaby±karaºobuddhak±rakadhamme pariyesanto dasa p±ramiyo disv± “ime dhamm± may± p³retabb±”tikatasanniµµh±no d±nap±rami½ p³rentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. S²lap±rami½…pe…upekkh±p±raminti im± dasa p±ramiyo p³rentopi, dasa upap±ramiyo p³rentopi uppajjam±non±ma. Dasa paramatthap±ramiyo p³rentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajantopiuppajjam±no n±ma. ѱtatthacariya½ lokatthacariya½ buddhatthacariya½ p³rayam±nopi uppajjam±non±ma. Kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni buddhak±rake dhamme matthaka½p±pentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Vessantarattabh±va½ pah±ya tusitapure paµisandhi½ gahetv±saµµhivassasatasahass±dhik± sattapaºº±sa vassakoµiyo tiµµhantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Devat±hiy±cito pañca mah±vilokan±ni viloketv± m±y±deviy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½gaºhantopi, an³n±dhike dasa m±se gabbhav±sa½ vasantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Ek³nati½savass±ni ag±ramajjhe tiµµhantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. K±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca±nisa½sa½ disv± r±hulabhaddassa j±tadivase channasah±yo kaº¹aka½ assavaram±ruyha nikkhamantopiuppajjam±no n±ma. T²ºi rajj±ni atikkamanto anomanadit²re pabbajantopi uppajjam±non±ma. Chabbass±ni mah±padh±na½ karontopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Parip±kagate ñ±ºe o¼±rika½±h±ra½ ±harantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. S±yanhasamaye vis±khapuººam±ya½ mah±bodhimaº¹a½±ruyha m±rabala½ vidhametv± paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv± majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½parisodhetv± pacchimay±masamanantare dv±dasaªga½ paµiccasamupp±da½ anulomapaµilomato sammasitv±sot±pattimagga½ paµivijjhantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Sot±pattiphalakkhaºepi sakad±g±miphalakkhaºepian±g±miphalakkhaºepi uppajjam±no n±ma. Arahattamaggakkhaºe pana uppajjati n±ma.Arahattaphalakkhaºe uppanno n±ma. Buddh±nañhi s±vak±na½ viya na paµip±µiy± iddhividhañ±º±d²niuppajjanti, saheva pana arahattamaggena sakalopi sabbaññutaññ±º±di guºar±si ±gatovan±ma hoti, tasm± nibbattasabbakiccatt± arahattaphalakkhaºe uppanno n±ma hoti. Imasmimpisutte arahattaphalakkhaºa½yeva sandh±ya “uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Uppanno hot²ti ayañhetthaattho.
Bahujanahit±y±ti mah±janassa hitatth±ya uppajjati. Bahujanasukh±y±ti mah±janassasukhatth±ya uppajjati. Lok±nukamp±y±ti sattalokassa anukampa½paµicca uppajjati. Katarasattalokass±ti? Yo tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv± amatap±na½pivi, dhamma½ paµivijjhi, tassa. Bhagavat± hi mah±bodhimaº¹e sattasatt±ha½ v²tin±metv±bodhimaº¹± isipatana½ ±gamma “dveme, bhikkhave, ant± pabbajitena na sevitabb±”tidhammacakkappavattanasuttante (sa½. ni. 3.5; mah±va. 13) desite ±yasmat± aññ±sikoº¹aññattherenasaddhi½ aµµh±rasakoµisaªkh± brahm±no amatap±na½ pivi½su, etassa sattalokassa anukamp±yauppanno. Pañcamadivase anattalakkhaºasuttantapariyos±ne pañcavaggiyatther± arahatte patiµµhahi½su,etassapi sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppanno. Tato yasad±rakappamukhe pañcapaºº±sa purisearahatte patiµµh±pesi, tato kapp±sikavanasaº¹e ti½sa bhaddavaggiye tayo magge ca phal±ni casamp±pesi, etassapi sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppanno. Gay±s²se ±dittapariy±yapariyos±ne(sa½. ni. 4.28; mah±va. 54) jaµilasahassa½ arahatte patiµµh±pesi, tato laµµhivane bimbis±rappamukh±ek±dasa nahut± br±hmaºagahapatik± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi½su,eka½ nahuta½ saraºesu patiµµhita½. Tirokuµµa-anumodan±vas±ne (khu. p±. 7. 1 ±dayo)catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahassehi amatap±na½ p²ta½. Sumanam±l±k±rasam±game catur±s²tiy±,dhanap±lasam±game dasahi p±ºasahassehi, khadiraªg±raj±takasam±game catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahassehi,jambuka-±j²vakasam±game catur±s²tiy±va, ±nandaseµµhisam±game catur±s²tiy±va p±ºasahassehiamatap±na½ p²ta½. P±s±ºakacetiye p±r±yanasuttakath±divase (su. ni. 982 ±dayo)cuddasa koµiyo amatap±na½ pivi½su. Yamakap±µih±riyadivase v²sati p±ºakoµiyo, t±vati½sabhavanepaº¹ukambalasil±ya½ nis²ditv± m±tara½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± sattappakaraºa½ abhidhamma½desentassa as²ti p±ºakoµiyo, devorohaºe ti½sa p±ºakoµiyo, sakkapañhasuttante(d². ni. 2.344 ±dayo) as²ti devasahass±ni amatap±na½ pivi½su. Mah±samayasuttante(d². ni. 2.331 ±dayo) maªgalasutte (khu. p±. 5.1 ±dayo; su. ni. maªgalasutta)c³¼ar±hulov±de (ma. ni. 3.416 ±dayo) samacittapaµipad±y±ti (a. ni. 2.33)imesu cat³su µh±nesu abhisamayappattasatt±na½ paricchedo natthi, etassapi sattalokassaanukamp±ya uppannoti. Y±vajjadivas± ito parampi an±gate ima½ s±sana½niss±ya saggamokkhamagge patiµµhahant±na½ vasenapi ayamattho veditabbo.