Verañjakaº¹avaººan±

. Seyyathidanti ta½ katama½, ta½ kathanti v± attho. Aniyamaniddesavacananti natthi etassa niyamoti aniyamo, niddis²yati attho eten±ti niddeso, vuccati eten±ti vacana½, niddesoyeva vacana½ niddesavacana½, aniyamassa niddesavacana½ aniyamaniddesavacana½,paµhama½ aniyamitassa samayassa niddesavacananti attho. “Yen±ti avatv± ten±ti vuttatt±aniyama½ katv± niddiµµhavacana½ aniyamaniddesavacanan”tipi vadanti. Ya½ta½sadd±na½ niccasambandhabh±vato±ha “tassa sar³pena avuttenap²”ti-±di. Tattha tass±ti “ten±”ti etassa.Sar³pena avuttenap²ti “yen±”ti eva½ sar³pato p±¼iya½ avuttenapi. Atthatosiddhen±ti parabh±ge s±riputtattherassa uppajjanakaparivitakkasaªkh±ta-atthato siddhena.Parivitakke hi siddhe yena samayena parivitakko udap±d²ti ida½ atthato siddhameva hoti.Tenev±ha “aparabh±ge hi vinayapaññattiy±canahetubh³to ±yasmato s±riputtassaparivitakko siddho”ti-±di. “Ten±”ti vatv± tato tadatthameva “yen±”tiatthato vuccam±natt± “yen±”ti aya½ “ten±”ti etassa paµiniddeso n±ma j±to.Paµiniddesoti ca vitth±raniddesoti attho.
Aparabh±ge h²ti ettha hi-saddo hetumhi, yasm±ti attho. Vinayapaññattiy±canahetubh³toti“etassa bhagav± k±lo, etassa sugata k±lo, ya½ bhagav± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapeyya,uddiseyya p±timokkha½. Yathayida½ brahmacariya½ addhaniya½ assa ciraµµhitikan”ti eva½ pavattassavinayapaññattiy±canassa k±raºabh³toti attho. Parivitakkoti “katames±na½ kho buddh±na½bhagavant±na½ brahmacariya½ na ciraµµhitika½ ahosi, katames±na½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ brahmacariya½ciraµµhitika½ ahos²”ti eva½ pavatto parivitakko. Ya½ta½sadd±na½ niccasambandhoti±ha “tasm± yena samayen±”ti-±di. Pubbe v± pacch± v± atthato siddhen±tipubbe v± pacch± v± uppanna-atthato siddhena. Paµiniddeso kattabboti etassa “yadidan”tiimin± sambandho. “Paµiniddeso kattabbo”ti yadida½ ya½ ida½ vidh±na½, aya½sabbasmi½ vinaye yutt²ti attho. Atha v± “paµiniddeso kattabbo”ti yadida½ y±aya½ yutti, aya½ sabbasmi½ vinaye yutt²ti attho.
Tatrida½ mukhamattanidassananti tass± yath±vuttayuttiy± parid²pane ida½mukhamattanidassana½, up±yamattanidassananti attho. Mukha½ dv±ra½ up±yoti hi atthatoeka½. “Tena hi bhikkhave bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññapess±m²”ti p±¼i½ dassetv±tattha paµiniddesam±ha “yena sudinno”ti-±din±. Ten±ti hetu-atthe karaºavacanatt±tassa paµiniddesopi t±disoyev±ti ±ha “yasm± paµisev²”ti. Pubbe atthatosiddhen±ti pubbe uppannamethunadhammapaµisevanasaªkh±ta-atthato siddhena. Pacch± atthatosiddhen±ti raññ± adinna½ d±r³na½ ±diyanasaªkh±tapacch±-uppanna-atthato siddhena. Samayasaddotietassa “dissat²”ti imin± sambandho.
Samav±yeti paccayas±maggiya½, k±raºasamav±yeti attho. Khaºeti ok±se. Ass±tiassa samayasaddassa samav±yo atthoti sambandho. Appeva n±ma svepi upasaªkameyy±mak±lañca samayañca up±d±y±ti ettha k±lo n±ma upasaªkamanassa yuttapayuttak±lo. Samayon±ma tasseva paccayas±magg², atthato tadanur³pa½ sar²rabalañceva tappaccayaparissay±bh±vo ca.Up±d±na½ n±ma ñ±ºena tesa½ gahaºa½ sallakkhaºa½, tasm± k±lañca samayañca paññ±ya gahetv±upadh±retv±ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sace amh±ka½ sve gamanassa yuttak±lo bhavissati,k±ye balamatt± ceva pharissati, gamanapaccay± ca añño aph±suvih±ro na bhavissati, atheta½k±lañca gamanak±raºasamav±yasaªkh±ta½ samayañca upadh±retv± api eva n±ma sve ±gaccheyy±m±ti.
Khaºoti ok±so. Tath±gatupp±d±diko hi maggabrahmacariyassa ok±so tappaccayapaµil±bhahetutt±,khaºo eva ca samayo. Yo khaºoti ca samayoti ca vuccati, so ekov±ti hi attho. Mah±samayotimah±sam³ho. Pavuddha½ vana½ pavana½, tasmi½ pavanasmi½, vanasaº¹eti attho. Samayopikho te bhadd±li appaµividdho ahos²ti ettha samayoti sikkh±padap³raºassa hetu. Bhadd±l²titassa bhikkhuno n±ma½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– bhadd±li tay± paµivijjhitabbayuttaka½ eta½k±raºa½ atthi, tampi te na paµividdha½ na sallakkhitanti. Ki½ ta½ k±raºanti ±ha “bhagav±kho”ti-±di.
Ugg±ham±no ti-±d²su m±noti tassa paribb±jakassa pakatin±ma½,kiñci kiñci pana uggahetu½ samatthat±ya “ugg±ham±no”ti na½ sañj±nanti, tasm±“ugg±ham±no”ti vuccati Samaºamuº¹ik±ya putto samaºamuº¹ik±putto. Sokira devadattassa upaµµh±ko. Samaya½ diµµhi½ pavadanti etth±ti samayappav±dako, tasmi½samayappav±dake, diµµhippav±daketi attho. Tasmi½ kira µh±ne caªk²t±rukkhapokkharas±tipabhutayobr±hmaº± nigaºµh±celakaparibb±jak±dayo ca paribb±jak± sannipatitv± attano attanosamaya½ diµµhi½ pavadanti kathenti d²penti, tasm± so ±r±mo “samayappav±dako”tivuccati, sveva tinduk±c²rasaªkh±t±ya timbarurukkhapantiy± parikkhittatt± “tinduk±c²ran”tivuccati. Ek± s±l± etth±ti ekas±lako. Yasm± panettha paµhama½ ek± s±l±kat± ahosi, pacch± mah±puñña½ poµµhap±daparibb±jaka½ niss±ya bah³ s±l± kat±, tasm±tameva eka½ s±lamup±d±ya laddhan±mavasena “ekas±lako”ti vuccati. Mallik±ya panapasenadirañño deviy± uyy±nabh³to so pupphaphalasañchanno ±r±moti katv± “mallik±ya±r±mo”ti saªkhya½ gato. Tasmi½ samayappav±dake tinduk±c²re ekas±lake mallik±ya±r±me. Paµivasat²ti tasmi½ v±saph±sut±ya vasati.
Diµµhe dhammeti paccakkhe attabh±ve. Atthoti vu¹¹hi. Sampar±yikoti kammakilesavasenasamparetabbato samp±puºitabbato sampar±yo, paraloko. Tattha niyutto sampar±yiko,paralokattho. Atth±bhisamay±ti yath±vutta-ubhayatthasaªkh±tahitapaµil±bh±. Sampar±yikopihi attho k±raºassa nipphannatt± paµiladdho n±ma hot²ti tamatthadvaya½ ekato katv± “atth±bhisamay±”tivutta½. Dhiy± paññ±ya r±ti gaºh±t²ti dh²ro. Atha v± dh² paññ± etassa atth²tidh²ro.
Samm± m±n±bhisamay±ti m±nassa samm± pah±nena. Samm±ti imin± m±nassa aggamaggañ±ºenasamucchedappah±na½ vutta½. Dukkhassa p²¼anaµµhoti-±d²su dukkhasaccassa p²¼ana½ ta½samaªginohi½sana½ avipph±rikat±karaºa½, p²¼anameva attho p²¼anaµµho, tthak±rassa µµhak±ra½ katv±vutta½. Eva½ sesesupi. Samecca paccayehi katabh±vo saªkhataµµho. Sant±po dukkhadukkhat±divasenasant±pana½ paridahana½. Vipariº±mo jar±ya maraºena c±ti dvidh± vipariº±metabbat±.Abhisametabbo paµivijjhitabboti abhisamayo, abhisamayova attho abhisamayaµµho, p²¼an±d²ni.T±ni hi abhisametabbabh±vena ek²bh±va½ upanetv± “abhisamayaµµho”ti vutt±ni, abhisamayassav± paµivedhassa visayabh³to attho abhisamayaµµhoti t±neva p²¼an±d²ni abhisamayassa visayabh±v³pagamanas±maññatoekattena vutt±ni.
Ettha ca upasagg±na½ jotakamattatt± tassa tassa atthassa v±cako samayasaddo ev±ti samayasaddassa atthuddh±repi sa-upasaggo abhisamayasaddo vutto. Tattha sahak±r²k±raºasannijjha½ sameti samavet²tisamayo, samav±yo. Sameti sam±gacchati maggabrahmacariya½ ettha tad±dh±rapuggaleh²ti samayo,khaºo. Samenti ettha, etena v± sa½gacchanti dhamm± sahaj±tadhammehi upp±d±d²hi v±ti samayo,k±lo. Dhammappavattimattat±ya atthato abh³topi hi k±lo dhammappavattiy± adhikaraºa½k±raºa½ viya ca parikappan±mattasiddhena r³pena vohar²yati. Sama½, saha v± avayav±na½ayana½ pavatti avaµµh±nanti samayo, sam³ho yath± “samud±yo”ti. Avayavena sah±vaµµh±namevahi sam³ho. Paccayantarasam±game eti phala½ etasm± uppajjati pavattati c±ti samayo,hetu yath± “samudayo”ti. Sameti sa½yojanabh±vato sambandho eti attano visayepavattati, da¼haggahaºabh±vato v± ta½sa½yutt± ayanti pavattanti satt± yath±bhinivesa½ eten±tisamayo, diµµhi. Diµµhisa½yojanena hi satt± ativiya bajjhanti. Samiti saªgati samodh±nantisamayo, paµil±bho. Samassa nirodhassa y±na½, samm± v± y±na½ apagamo appavatt²ti samayo,pah±na½. ѱºena abhimukha½ samm± etabbo adhigantabboti abhisamayo, dhamm±na½ avipar²tosabh±vo. Abhimukhabh±vena samm± eti gacchati bujjhat²ti abhisamayo, dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±v±vabodho.Eva½ tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe samayasaddassa pavatti veditabb±.
Nanu ca atthamatta½ paµicca sadd± abhinivisanti, na ekena saddena aneke atth± abhidh²yant²ti?Saccameta½ saddavisese apekkhite. Saddavisese hi apekkhiyam±ne ekena saddena anekatth±bhidh±na½na sambhavati. Na hi yo k±lattho samayasaddo, soyeva sam³h±di-attha½ vadati. Ettha panatesa½ tesa½ atth±na½ samayasaddavacan²yat±s±maññamup±d±ya anekatthat± samayasaddassavutt±. Eva½ sabbattha atthuddh±re adhipp±yo veditabbo. Idha panassa k±lo atthotiassa samayasaddassa idha k±lo attho samav±y±d²na½ atth±na½ idha asambhavato desadesak±d²na½viya nid±nabh±vena k±lassa apadisitabbato ca.
Upayogavacanena bhummavacanena ca niddesamakatv± idha karaºavacanena niddese payojana½ niddh±retuk±moparammukhena codana½ samuµµh±peti “etth±h±”ti-±di. Ettha “tena samayen±”tiimasmi½ µh±ne vitaº¹av±d² ±h±ti attho. Ath±ti codan±ya kattuk±mata½ d²peti,nan³ti imin± sam±nattho. Kasm± karaºavacanena niddeso katoti sambandho. Bhummavacanenaniddeso katoti yojetabba½. Etth±pi “yath±”ti ida½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tatth±titesu sutt±bhidhammesu. Tath±ti upayogabhummavacanehi. Idh±ti imasmi½ vinaye.Aññath±ti karaºavacanena. Accantamev±ti ±rambhato paµµh±ya y±va desan±niµµh±na½, t±vaaccantameva, nirantaramev±ti attho. Karuº±vih±ren±ti parahitapaµipattisaªkh±tenakaruº±vih±rena. Tath± hi karuº±nid±natt± desan±ya idha parahitapaµipatti “karuº±vih±ro”tivutt±, na pana karuº±sama-±pattivih±ro. Na hi desan±k±le desetabbadhammavisayassadesan±ñ±ºassa sattavisay±ya mah±karuº±ya sahuppatti sambhavati bhinnavisayatt±, tasm±karuº±vasena pavatto parahitapa-apattisaªkh±to vih±ro idha karuº±vih±roti veditabbo.Tadatthajotanatthanti accantasa½yogatthad²panattha½ upayoganiddeso kato yath± “m±sa½ ajjhet²”ti.
Adhikaraºatthoti ±dh±rattho. Bh±vo n±ma kiriy±, kiriy±ya kiriyantaralakkhaºa½bh±venabh±valakkhaºa½, soyevattho bh±venabh±valakkhaºattho. Katha½ pana abhidhamme yath±vutta-atthadvayasambhavoti±ha “adhikaraºañh²”ti-±di. Tattha k±lasaªkh±to attho k±lattho, sam³hasaªkh±toattho sam³hattho. Atha v± k±lasaddassa attho k±lattho, sam³hasaddassa attho sam³hattho.Ko so? Samayo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– k±lattho sam³hattho ca samayo tattha abhidhammevutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½ adhikaraºa½ ±dh±roti yasmi½ k±le dhammapuñje v± k±m±vacara½kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti, tasmi½yeva k±le puñje ca phass±dayopi hont²tiayañhi tattha attho.