Vinay±nisa½sakath±vaººan±

Ett±vat± ca “ken±bhatan”ti ima½ pañha½ vitth±rato vibhajitv± id±ni“kattha patiµµhitan”ti ima½ pañha½ vissajjento ±ha “kattha patiµµhitan”ti-±di.Tattha telamiv±ti s²hatelamiva. Adhimattasatigatidh²timantes³ti ettha sat²ti buddhavacana½uggahetv± dh±raºakasati. Gat²ti uggaºhanakagati. Dh²t²ti sanniµµh±na½ katv±gaºhanakañ±ºa½. Gat²ti v± paññ±gati. Dh²t²ti buddhavacana½ uggaºhanav²riya½ sajjh±yanav²riya½dh±raºav²riyañca. Lajj²s³ti p±pajigucchanakalakkhaº±ya lajj±ya samann±gatesu. Kukkuccakes³tiaºumattesupi vajjesu dosadass±vit±ya kappiy±kappiya½ niss±ya kukkuccak±r²su.Sikkh±k±mes³ti adhis²la-a-acitta-adhipaññ±vasena tisso sikkh± k±mayam±nesusampiy±yitv± sikkhantesu.
Akattabbato niv±retv± kattabbesu patiµµh±panato m±t±pituµµh±niyoti vutta½. ¾c±ragocarakusalat±tive¼ud±n±dimicch±j²vassa k±yap±gabbhiy±d²nañca akaraºena sabbaso an±c±ra½ vajjetv±“k±yiko av²tikkamo v±casiko av²tikkamo”ti (vibha. 511) eva½ vuttabhikkhus±ruppa-±c±rasampattiy±vesiy±di-agocara½ vajjetv± piº¹ap±t±di-attha½ upasaªkamitu½ yuttaµµh±nasaªkh±tagocarena casampannatt± samaº±c±resu ceva samaºagocaresu ca kusalat±. Apica yo bhikkhu sattharisag±ravo sappatisso sabrahmac±r²su sag±ravo sappatisso hirottappasampanno sunivatthosup±ruto p±s±dikena abhikkantena paµikkantena ±lokitena vilokitena samiñjitenapas±ritena okkhittacakkhu iriy±pathasampanno indriyesu guttadv±ro bhojane mattaññ³j±gariyamanuyutto satisampajaññena samann±gato appiccho santuµµho ±raddhav²riyo pavivittoasa½saµµho ±bhisam±c±rikesu sakkaccak±r² garucitt²k±rabahulo viharati, aya½vuccati ±c±ro.
Gocaro pana upanissayagocaro ±rakkhagocaro upanibandhagocaroti tividho. Tattha dasakath±vatthuguºasamann±gatokaly±ºamitto, ya½ niss±ya assuta½ suº±ti, suta½ pariyod±peti, kaªkha½ vitarati diµµhi½ uju½ karoti, citta½ pas±deti, yassa v± pana anusikkham±nosaddh±ya va¹¹hati, s²lena, sutena, c±gena, paññ±ya va¹¹hati, aya½ upanissayagocaro. Yopana bhikkhu antaraghara½ paviµµho v²thipaµipanno okkhittacakkhu yugamattadass±v² sa½vuto gacchati,na hatthi½ olokento, na assa½, na ratha½, na patti½, na itthi½, na purisa½ olokento,na uddha½ olokento, na adho olokento, na dis±vidisampi pekkham±no gacchati,aya½ ±rakkhagocaro. Upanibandhagocaro pana catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, yattha bhikkhu attanocitta½ upanibandhati. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “ko ca, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno gocarosako pettiko visayo, yadida½ catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti. Aya½ upanibandhagocaro.Iti imin± ca ±c±rena imin± ca gocarena samann±gatatt± ±c±ragocarakusalat±. Eva½an±c±ra½ agocarañca vajjetv± saddh±pabbajit±na½ yath±vutta-±c±ragocaresu kusalabh±vovinayadhar±yattoti ayam±nisa½so vinayapariyattiy± dassitoti veditabbo.
Vinayapariyatti½ niss±y±ti vinayapariy±puºana½ niss±ya. Attano s²lakkhandhosugutto hoti surakkhitoti kathamassa attano s²lakkhandho sugutto hoti surakkhito?¾pattiñhi ±pajjanto chah±k±rehi ±pajjati alajjit±, aññ±ºat±, kukkuccapakatat±,akappiye kappiyasaññit±, kappiye akappiyasaññit±, satisammos±ti. Vinayadharopana imehi chah±k±rehi ±patti½ n±pajjati.
Katha½ alajjit±ya n±pajjati? So hi “passatha bho, aya½ kappiy±kappiya½ j±nantoyevapaººattiv²tikkama½ karot²”ti ima½ par³pav±da½ rakkhantopi akappiyabh±va½ j±nantoyevamadditv± v²tikkama½ na karoti. Eva½ alajjit±ya n±pajjati. Sahas± ±pannampi desan±g±mini½desetv± vuµµh±nag±miniy± vuµµhahitv± suddhante patiµµh±ti, tato–
“Sañcicca ±patti½ n±pajjati, ±patti½ na parig³hati;
agatigamanañca na gacchati, ediso vuccati lajjipuggalo”ti. (Pari. 359)–

Imasmi½ lajjibh±ve patiµµhitova hoti.

Katha½ aññ±ºat±ya n±pajjati? So hi kappiy±kappiya½ j±n±ti,tasm± kappiya½yeva karoti, akappiya½ na karoti. Eva½ aññ±ºat±ya n±pajjati.
Katha½ kukkuccapakatat±ya n±pajjati? Kappiy±kappiya½ niss±ya kukkucce uppannevatthu½ oloketv± m±tika½ padabh±jana½ antar±patti½ an±patti½ oloketv± kappiya½ce hoti, karoti, akappiya½ ce, na karoti. Uppanna½ pana kukkucca½ avinicchinitv±va“vaµµat²”ti madditv± na v²tikkamati. Eva½ kukkuccapakatat±ya n±pajjati.
Katha½ akappiye kappiyasaññit±d²hi n±pajjati? So hi kappiy±kappiya½ j±n±ti,tasm± akappiye kappiyasaññ² na hoti, kappiye akappiyasaññ² na hoti, supatiµµhit±cassa sati hoti, adhiµµh±tabba½ adhiµµheti, vikappetabba½ vikappeti. Iti imehi chah±k±rehi±patti½ n±pajjati, ±patti½ an±pajjanto akhaº¹as²lo hoti parisuddhas²lo. Evamassaattano s²lakkhandho sugutto hoti surakkhito.
Kukkuccapakat±nanti kappiy±kappiya½ niss±ya uppannena kukkuccena abhibh³t±na½.Katha½ pana kukkuccapakat±na½ paµisaraºa½ hoti? Tiroraµµhesu tirojanapadesu ca uppannakukkucc±bhikkh³ “asukasmi½ kira vih±re vinayadharo vasat²”ti d³ratopi tassa santika½±gantv± kukkucca½ pucchanti. So tehi katakammassa vatthu½ oloketv± ±patt±n±patti½garukalahuk±dibheda½ sallakkhetv± desan±g±mini½ des±petv± vuµµh±nag±miniy± vuµµh±petv±suddhante patiµµh±peti. Eva½ kukkuccapakat±na½ paµisaraºa½ hoti.
Vis±rado saªghamajjhe voharat²ti vigato s±rado bhaya½ etass±ti vis±rado,abh²toti attho. Avinayadharassa hi saªghamajjhe kathentassa bhaya½ s±rajja½ okkamati,vinayadharassa ta½ na hoti. Kasm±? “Eva½ kathentassa doso hoti, eva½ na doso”tiñatv± kathanato.
Paccatthike sahadhammena suniggahita½ niggaºh±t²ti ettha dvidh±paccatthik± n±ma attapaccatthik± ca s±sanapaccatthik± ca. Tattha mettiyabhummajak± cabhikkh³ va¹¹ho ca licchav² am³lakena antimavatthun± codesu½, ime attapaccatthik±n±ma. Ye v± panaññepi duss²l± p±padhamm±, sabbe te attapaccatthik±. Vipar²tadassan±pana ariµµhabhikkhukaºµakas±maºeraves±likavajjiputtak± mah±saªghik±dayo ca abuddhas±sana½“buddhas±sanan”ti vatv± katapaggah± s±sanapaccatthik± n±ma. Te sabbepi sahadhammenasahak±raºena vacanena yath± ta½ asaddhamma½ patiµµh±petu½ na sakkonti, eva½ suniggahita½katv± niggaºh±ti.
Saddhammaµµhitiy± paµipanno hot²ti ettha pana tividho saddhammo pariyattipaµipatti-adhigamavasena.Tattha tipiµaka½ buddhavacana½ pariyattisaddhammo n±ma. Terasa dhutaªgaguº± cuddasa khandhakavatt±nidve-as²ti mah±vatt±n²ti aya½ paµipattisaddhammo n±ma. Catt±ro magg± ca catt±ri phal±nica, aya½ adhigamasaddhammo n±ma. Tattha keci ther± “yo vo, ±nanda, may± dhammoca vinayo ca desito paññatto, so vo mamaccayena satth±”ti (d². ni. 2.216)imin± suttena “s±sanassa pariyatti m³lan”ti vadanti. Keci ther± “ime ca,subhadda, bhikkh³ samm± vihareyyu½, asuñño loko arahantehi ass±”ti imin±suttena (d². ni. 2.214) “s±sanassa paµipatti m³lan”ti vatv± “y±va pañca bhikkh³samm± paµipann± sa½vijjanti, t±va s±sana½ µhita½ hot²”ti ±ha½su. Itare pana ther±“pariyattiy± antarahit±ya suppaµipannassapi dhamm±bhisamayo natth²”ti vatv± ±ha½su.Sacepi pañca bhikkh³ catt±ri p±r±jik±ni rakkhaºak± honti, te saddhe kulaputtepabb±jetv± paccantime janapade upasamp±detv± dasavaggagaºa½ p³retv± majjhimajanapadepi upasampada½karissanti. Etenup±yena v²sativaggasaªgha½ p³retv± attanopi abbh±nakamma½ katv±s±sana½ vu¹¹hi½ viru¼hi½ gamayissanti. Evamaya½ vinayadharo tividhassapi saddhammassa ciraµµhitiy±paµipanno hot²ti. Evamaya½ vinayadharo ime pañc±nisa½se paµilabhat²ti veditabbo.
Vinayo sa½varatth±y±ti-±d²su (pari. aµµha. 366) vinayoti vinayassa pariy±puºana½,vinayoti v± vinayapaññatti vutt±, tasm± sakal±pi vinayapaññatti vinayapariy±puºana½ v± k±yavac²dv±rasa½varatth±y±ti attho, ±j²vap±risuddhipariyos±nassa s²lassaupanissayapaccayo hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Avippaµis±roti p±papuññ±na½ kat±kat±nusocanavasenapavattacittavippaµis±r±bh±vo. P±mojjanti dubbal± taruºap²ti. P²t²ti balavap²ti.Passaddh²ti k±yacittadarathapaµippassaddhi. Sukhanti k±yika½ cetasikañca sukha½.Tañhi duvidhampi sam±dhissa upanissayapaccayo hoti. Sam±dh²ti cittekaggat±. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassanantisappaccayan±mar³papariggaho. Nibbid±ti vipassan±. Atha v± yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½taruºavipassan±, udayabbayañ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Cittekaggat± hi taruºavipassan±ya upanissayapaccayohoti. Nibbid±ti sikh±ppatt± vuµµh±nag±minibalavavipassan±. Vir±goti ariyamaggo.Vimutt²ti arahattaphala½. Catubbidhopi hi ariyamaggo arahattassa upanissayapaccayohoti. Vimuttiñ±ºadassananti paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½. Anup±d±parinibb±natth±y±tikañci dhamma½ aggahetv± anavasesetv± parinibb±natth±ya, appaccayaparinibb±natth±y±tiattho. Appaccayaparinibb±nassa hi vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ paccayo hoti tasmi½ anuppatteavassa½ parinibb±yitabbato, na ca paccavekkhaºañ±ºe anuppanne antar± parinibb±na½hoti.
Etadatth± kath±ti aya½ vinayakath± n±ma etadatth±ya, anup±d±parinibb±natth±y±ti attho.Eva½ sabbatthapi. Mantan±pi vinayamantan±-eva, “eva½ kariss±ma, na kariss±m±”tivinayapaµibaddhasa½sandan±. Etadatth± upanis±ti upanis²dati ettha phala½ tappaµibaddhavuttit±y±tiupanis± vuccati k±raºa½ paccayoti. “Vinayo sa½varatth±y±”ti-±dik± k±raºaparampar±etadatth±ti attho. Etadattha½ sot±vadh±nanti imiss± paramparapaccayakath±ya sot±vadh±na½ima½ katha½ sutv± ya½ uppajjati ñ±ºa½, tampi etadattha½. Yadida½ anup±d±cittassavimokkhoti yadidanti nip±to. Sabbaliªgavibhattivacanesu t±disova tattha tattha atthatopariº±metabbo, tasm± evamettha attho veditabbo– yo aya½ cat³hi up±d±nehi anup±diyitv±cittassa arahattaphalasaªkh±to vimokkho, sopi etadatth±ya anup±d±parinibb±natth±y±tievamettha sambandho veditabbo. Yo aya½ anup±d±cittassa vimokkhasaªkh±to maggo,heµµh± vutta½ sabbampi etadatthamev±ti. Evañca sati imin± mahuss±hato s±dhitabba½ niyatappayojana½ dassita½ hoti. Heµµh± “vir±go…pe… nibb±natth±y±”tiimin± pana labbham±n±nisa½saphala½ dassitanti veditabba½. ¾yogoti uggahaºacintan±divasenapunappuna½ abhiyogo.

Vinay±nisa½sakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya s±ratthad²paniya½

B±hiranid±navaººan± samatt±.