Kusalatthik±na½ jan±na½ puññassa vuddhiy± khettasadisatt± khettanti ±ha “khetta½jan±na½ kusalatthik±nan”ti. Khitta½ b²ja½ mahapphalabh±vakaraºena t±yat²ti hi khetta½,pubbaºº±paraººaviruhanabh³mi, ta½sadisatt± ariyasaªghopi “khettan”ti vuccati. Imin±ariyasaªghassa anuttarapuññakkhettabh±va½ d²peti. “Anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokass±”tihi vutta½. Tanti pubbe “yo”ti aniyamena vuttassa niyamavacana½. Ariyasaªghantiettha ±rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato ariy± niruttinayena.Atha v± sadevakena lokena saraºanti araº²yato upagantabbato upagat±nañca tadatthasiddhitoariy±. Ariy±na½ saªgho sam³hoti ariyasaªgho. Atha v± ariyo ca so yath±vuttanayenasaªgho ca diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vatoti ariyasaªgho, aµµha ariyapuggal±. Ta½ ariyasaªgha½.Bhagavato aparabh±ge buddhadhammaratan±nampi samadhigamo saªgharatan±dh²noti ariyasaªghassa bah³pak±rata½dassetu½ idheva “siras± nam±m²”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Eva½ g±th±ttayena saªkhepato sakalaguºasa½kittanamukhena ratanattayassa paº±ma½katv± id±ni ta½ nipaccak±ra½ yath±dhippete payojane pariº±mento ±ha “icceva”micc±di.Icceva½ yath±vuttanayena accanta½ ekantena namassaneyya½ namassitabba½ ratanattaya½namassam±no k±yav±c±cittehi vandam±no aha½ vipula½ ya½ puññ±bhisanda½ alatthantisambandho. Tattha buddh±dayo ratijananaµµhena ratana½. Tesañhi “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din±yath±bh³taguºe ±vajjentassa amat±dhigamahetubh³ta½ anappaka½ p²tip±mojja½ uppajjati.Yath±ha–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samayer±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na mohapariyuµµhita½citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti, ujugatacitto kho pana,mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½,pamuditassa p²ti j±yat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 11.11).
Citt²kat±dibh±vo v± ratanaµµho. Vuttañheta½–
“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 2.33).

Citt²katabh±v±dayo ca anaññas±dh±raº± buddh±d²suyeva labbhant²ti.

“Puññ±bhisandanti puññar±si½ puññappavatta½ v±”ti mah±gaºµhipade vutta½. Majjhimagaºµhipadepana c³¼agaºµhipade ca “puññ±bhisandanti puññ±bhinisa½san”tipi attho vutto.Puññ±bhisandanti puññanadi½, puññappav±hanti eva½ panettha attho veditabbo. Avicchedenapavattiyam±nañhi puñña½ abhisandanaµµhena “puññ±bhisando”ti vuccati. Teneva s±ratthapak±siniy±sa½yuttanik±yaµµhakath±ya (sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.1027)–
“Catt±rome, bhikkhave, puññ±bhisand± kusal±bhisand± sukhass±h±r±. Katamecatt±ro? Idha, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gato hoti ‘itipi so bhagav±…pe… buddho bhagav±’ti, aya½ paµhamo puññ±bhisando kusal±bhisandosukhass±h±ro”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1027)–

Evam±dik±ya p±¼iy± attha½ dassento “puññ±bhisand± kusal±bhisand±ti puññanadiyokusalanadiyo”ti vutta½. Ya½ pana gaºµhipade vutta½ “puññ±bhisandanti puññaphalan”ti,ta½ na sundara½ Na hi ratanattaya½ namassam±no tasmi½ khaºe puññaphala½ alattha, kintuanappaka½ puññar±si½ tad± alabhi, tassa ca phala½ paralokabh±g², diµµhadhamme tu antar±yavigh±totassa ca puññassa ±nisa½samattaka½, “tass±nubh±vena hatantar±yo”ti ca vutta½, na capuññaphale anuppanne tass±nubh±vena hatantar±yabh±vo na sijjhati, na ceta½ tasmi½yevakhaºe diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ ahosi. Tasm± tassa mahato puññappav±hassa ±nubh±vena hatantar±yotiayameva attho yujjati. Ath±pi paº±makiriy±ya janitatt± puññameva puññaphalanti tass±dhipp±yosiy±, eva½ sati yujjeyya. So ca puññappav±ho na appamattako, atha kho mahantoyev±tidassento ±ha “vipulan”ti, mahanta½ anappakanti vutta½ hoti. Alatthantialabhi½, p±puºinti attho.

Tass±nubh±ven±ti tassa yath±vuttassa puññappav±hassa ±nubh±vena balena. Hatantar±yotita½ta½sampattiy± vibandhanavasena sattasant±nassa antare vemajjhe eti ±gacchat²ti antar±yo,diµµhadhammik±di-anattho. Paº±mapayojane vuttavidhin± hato viddhasto antar±yo upaddavo ass±tihatantar±yo. Assa “vaººayissa½ vinayan”ti imin± sambandho, hatantar±yo hutv±vinaya½ vaººayissanti vutta½ hoti. Etena tassa puññappav±hassa attano pas±dasampattiy±ratanattayassa ca khettabh±vasampattiy± atthasa½vaººan±ya upagh±taka-upaddav±na½ hanane samatthata½ d²peti.
Eva½ ratanattayassa nipaccak±rakaraºe payojana½ dassetv± id±ni yassa vinayapiµakassa attha½sa½vaººetuk±mo, tassa t±va bhagavato s±sanassa m³lapatiµµh±nabh±va½ dassetv± tampi thomento±ha “yasmi½ µhite”ti-±di. Aµµhitassa susaºµhitassa bhagavato s±sana½ yasmi½ µhite patiµµhita½ hot²ti yojetabba½. Tattha yasminti yasmi½ vinayapiµake.Ýhiteti p±¼ito ca atthato ca an³na½ hutv± lajj²puggalesu pavattanaµµhena µhiteti attho.S±sananti adhis²la-adhicitta-adhipaññ±saªkh±tasikkhattayasaªgahita½ s±sana½. Aµµhitass±tik±masukhallikattakilamath±nuyogasaªkh±te antadvaye aµµhitass±ti attho. “Appatiµµha½ khv±ha½,±vuso, an±y³ha½ oghamatarin”ti (sa½. ni. 1.1) hi vutta½. Ayañcattho t²supis²ha¼agaºµhipadesu vuttoyeva. Gaºµhipade pana “aµµhitass±ti parinibbutassapibhagavato”ti vutta½.
Patiµµhita½ hot²ti tesuyeva lajj²puggalesu pavattanaµµhena patiµµhita½ hoti. Susaºµhitass±tiettha t±va t²supi gaºµhipadesu ida½ vutta½ “dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanehisamann±gamanavasena susaºµh±nass±ti attho. Anena assa r³pak±yasampatti½ nidasset²”ti.Gaºµhipade pana “yath±µh±ne patiµµhitehi lakkhaºehi samann±gatatt± r³pak±yena susaºµhito,k±yavaªk±dirahitatt± t±dilakkhaºasamann±gatatt± ca n±mak±yenap²”ti vutta½. Kenacipana “catubrahmavih±ravasena sattesu suµµhu samm± ca µhitass±ti atthavasena v± susaºµhitassa.Susaºµhitatt± hesa kevala½ satt±na½ dukkha½ apanetuk±mo hita½ upasa½harituk±mosampattiy± ca pamudito apakkhapatito ca hutv± vinaya½ deseti. Tasm± imasmi½ vinayasa½vaººan±dhik±res±rupp±ya thutiy± thomento ±ha ‘susaºµhitass±”’ti vatv± “gaºµhipadesu vuttatthoadhippet±dhik±r±nur³po na hot²”ti vutta½. Aya½ panettha amh±ka½ khanti– yath±vuttak±masukhallik±di-antadvayeaµµhitatt±yeva majjhim±ya paµipad±ya samm± µhitatt± susaºµhitass±ti evamattho gahetabboti.Evañhi sati ±rambh±nur³pathoman± kat± hoti yath±vutta-antadvaya½ vivajjetv± majjhim±yapaµipad±ya vinayapaññattiy±yeva yebhuyyena pak±sanato.
Tanti pubbe “yasmin”ti aniyametv± vuttassa niyamavacana½, tassa “vinayan”ti imin±sambandho. Asammissanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, nik±yantaraladdh²hi asammissa½ katv±an±kula½ katv± vaººayissanti vutta½ hoti. Sikkh±padapaññattiy± anur³passa k±lamattassapidhammasen±patis±riputtattherasadisenapi duviññeyyabh±vato kevala½ buddhavisaya½ vinayapiµaka½attano balena vaººayiss±m²ti vacanamattampi aññehi vattumasakkuºeyyatt±“niss±ya pubb±cariy±nubh±van”ti ±ha. Pubb±cariy±nubh±vo n±ma atthatopubb±cariyehi sa½vaººit± aµµhakath±, tatoyeva ca “pubb±cariy±nubh±vo aµµhakath±”tisabbattha gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Tasm± pubb±cariyehi sa½vaººita½ aµµhakatha½ niss±yavaººayissa½, na attanoyeva bala½ niss±y±ti vutta½ hoti.
Atha “por±ºaµµhakath±su vijjam±n±su puna vinayasa½vaººan±ya ki½ payojanan”ti yo vadeyya,tassa por±ºaµµhakath±ya an³nabh±va½ attano ca sa½vaººan±ya payojana½ dassento “k±mañc±”ti-±dim±ha.K±manti ekantena, yathicchaka½ v±, sabbasoti vutta½ hoti, tassa “sa½vaººito”tiimin± sambandho. K±ma½ sa½vaººitoyeva, no na sa½vaººitoti attho. Kehipana so vinayo sa½vaººitoti ±ha “pubb±cariy±sabheh²”ti. Mah±kassapatther±dayopubb±cariy± eva akampiyaµµhena uttamaµµhena ca ±sabh±, tehi pubb±cariy±sabheh²ti vutta½hoti. K²dis± panete pubb±cariy±ti ±ha “ñ±ºamb³”ti-±di. Aggamaggañ±ºasaªkh±tenaambun± salilena niddhot±ni nissesato ±yati½ anuppattidhammat±p±danena dhot±nivikkh±lit±ni visodhit±ni r±g±d²ni t²ºi mal±ni k±m±sav±dayo ca catt±ro ±sav±yehi te ñ±ºambuniddh±tamal±sav±, teh²ti attho. Imin± ca na kevala½ etesu±cariyabh±voyeva, atha kho r±g±dimalarahit± kh²º±sav± visuddhasatt± eteti dasseti.
Kh²º±savabh±vepi na ete sukkhavipassak±, atha kho evar³pehipi ±nubh±vehi samann±gat±tidassento ±ha “visuddhavijj±paµisambhideh²”ti. Visuddh± accantaparisuddh± vijj±catasso ca paµisambhid± yesa½ te visuddhavijj±paµisambhid±, tehi. Ekadesena paµisambhida½appatt±na½ ariy±nameva abh±vato etehi adhigatapaµisambhid± paµutaraladdhappabhed±ti dassetu½visuddhaggahaºa½ kata½. Vijj±ti tisso vijj±, aµµha vijj± v±. Tattha dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ ±savakkhayañ±ºañc±ti im± tisso vijj±. Aµµha vijj± pana–
“Vipassan±ñ±ºamanomayiddhi
iddhippabhedopi ca dibbasota½;
parassa cetopariy±yañ±ºa½,
pubbeniv±s±nugatañca ñ±ºa½;
dibbañca cakkh±savasaªkhayo ca,
et±ni ñ±º±ni idhaµµha vijj±”ti.–

Eva½ vipassan±ñ±ºamanomayiddh²hi saddhi½ pariggahit± cha abhiññ±yeva. Atthapaµisambhid±dhammapaµisambhid± niruttipaµisambhid± paµibh±napaµisambhid±ti catasso paµisambhid±. Tatthasaªkhepato hetuphale ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±, hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±, hetuhetuphal±nur³pa½voh±resu ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±, ida½ ñ±ºa½ imamattha½ jotayat²ti imin± ±k±renaheµµh± vuttesu t²su ñ±ºesu pavattañ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±. Et±sa½ pana vitth±rakath±atipapañcabh±vato idha na vuccati. Paµisambhid±ppatt±na½ saddhammesu chekabh±vato ±ha “saddhammasa½vaººanakovideh²”ti.“Paµisambhid±ppatt±nampi dhammesu abhiyogavasena viseso hot²ti laddhapaµisambhid±sus±tisayata½ dassetu½ ±h±”tipi vadanti. Saddhammasa½vaººanakovideh²ti piµakattayasaªkh±tassasaddhammassa sa½vaººane sabbaso atthappak±sane kovidehi chekehi, kusaleh²ti attho.

Kilesaj±la½ parikkh±rab±hulla½ v± sa½likhati tanu½ karot²ti sallekho. Idha panakh²º±sav±dhik±ratt± parikkh±rab±hullassa sallikhanavaseneva attho gahetabbo, tatoyeva cagaºµhipade “sallekhiye parimitaparikkh±ravuttiy±”ti attho vutto. Sallekhassabh±vo sallekhiya½, tasmi½ sallekhiye, sallekhapaµipattiyanti vutta½ hoti. Nosulabh³pameh²tiasulabh³pamehi sallekhapaµipattiy± asukasadis±ti tesa½ upam±ya anucchavikapuggal±na½dullabhatt± natthi sulabh± upam± etesanti nosulabh³pam±. Mah±vih±rass±ti cittalapabbata-abhayagirisesanik±yadvaya½paµikkhipati. Dhaj³pameh²ti rathassa sañj±nanahetuka½ rathe baddhadhaja½ viya aj±nant±na½ “asukehica asukehi ca therehi niv±sito mah±vih±ro n±m±”ti eva½ mah±vih±rassasañj±nanahetutt± mah±vih±rassa dhaj³pamehi. Sa½vaººitoti samm± an³na½ katv±vaººito. Sa½vaººito aya½ vinayoti padacchedo k±tabbo. Cittehi nayeh²ti anekappabhedanayatt±vicittehi nayehi. Sambuddhavaranvayeh²ti sabbaññubuddhavara½ anugatehi, bhagavato adhipp±y±nugatehinayeh²ti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± buddhavara½ anugatehi pubb±cariy±sabheh²ti sambandhok±tabbo.