Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±ti ettha bindus±rassa kira ekasataputtesu moriyava½saj±ya dhammadeviy±asokatissan±m±na½ dvinna½ putt±na½ majjhe jeµµho asokakum±ro avantiraµµha½ bhuñjati.Pitar± pesito p±µaliputtato paññ±sayojanamatthake viµaµ³bhabhay±gat±na½ s±kiy±nam±v±sa½veµisa½ n±ma nagara½ patv± tattha veµisa½ n±ma seµµhidh²tara½ ±d±ya ujjen²r±jadh±niya½rajja½ karonto mahinda½ n±ma kum±ra½ saªghamittañca kum±rika½ labhitv± tehi saddhi½rajjasukhamanubhavanto pituno gil±nabh±va½ sutv± ujjeni½ pah±ya s²gha½ p±µaliputta½ upagantv±pitu upaµµh±na½ katv± tassa accayena rajja½ aggahesi. Ta½ sutv± yuvar±j± suman±bhidh±nokujjhitv± “ajja me maraºa½ v± hotu rajja½ v±”ti aµµhanavutibh±tikaparivutosa½vaµµas±gare jalataraªgasaªgh±to viya ajjhottharanto upagacchati. Tato asoko ujjen²r±j±saªg±ma½ pakkhanditv± sattumaddana½ karonto sumana½ n±ma r±jakum±ra½ gahetv± gh±tesi.Tena vutta½ “bindus±rarañño kira dubbalak±leyeva asokakum±ro attan±laddha½ ujjen²rajja½ pah±ya ±gantv± sabbanagara½ attano hatthagata½ katv± sumana½ n±mar±jakum±ra½ aggahes²”ti.
Paripuººagabbh±ti paripakkagabbh±. Eka½ s±lanti sabbaparicchanna½ eka½ p±s±da½.“Devat±ya pana ±nubh±vena tasmi½ p±s±de mah±janena adissam±n± hutv± v±sa½kappes²”ti vadanti. Nibaddhavattanti “ekassa divasassa ettakan”ti niy±metv±µhapitavatta½. Hetusampadanti arahatt³panissayapuññasampada½. Khuraggeyev±ti khurakammapariyos±neyeva,tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ta½ pariggaºhanto antim±ya kesavaµµiy± voropan±ya samak±lamevaca arahatta½ p±puº²ti vutta½ hoti. Sar²ra½ jaggitv±ti dantakaµµhakh±danamukhadhovan±d²hisar²raparikamma½ katv±.
S²hapañjare caªkamat²ti s²hapañjarasam²pe apar±para½ caªkamati. Taªkhaºaññev±ti tasmi½ khaºeyeva.Aya½ janoti r±jaªgaºe caram±na½ jana½ disv± vadati. Bhantamigappaµibh±gotianavaµµhitatt± k±yac±pallena samann±gatatt± bhantamigasadiso. Ativiya sobhat²ti sambandho.¾lokitavilokitanti ettha ±lokita½ n±ma puratopekkhana½. Abhimukholokanañhi“±lokitan”ti vuccati. Vilokitanti anudis±pekkhana½, ya½ dis±bhimukha½oloketi, tadanugatadis±pekkhananti attho. Samiñjana½ pabbasaªkocana½. Pas±raºañcatesa½yeva pas±raºa½. Lokuttaradhammoti sesajanesu avijjam±no visiµµhadhammo.Pema½ saºµhah²ti pema½ patiµµh±si, uppajj²ti attho. V±ºijako ahos²timadhuv±ºijako ahosi.
At²te kira tayo bh±taro madhuv±ºijak± ahesu½. Tesu kaniµµho madhu½ vikkiº±ti,itare araññato ±haranti. Tad± eko paccekabuddho paº¹ukarog±turo ahosi. Aparopana paccekabuddho tadattha½ madhubhikkh±ya caram±no nagara½ p±visi. Paviµµhañca ta½ ek±kumbhad±s² udakaharaºattha½ tittha½ gaccham±n± addasa. Disv± ca pucchitv± ±gatak±raºañcañatv± “ettha, bhante, madhuv±ºijak± vasanti, tattha gacchath±”ti hattha½ pas±retv± madhu-±paºa½dassesi. So ca tattha agam±si. Ta½ disv± kaniµµho madhuv±ºijo sañj±tap²tisomanasso“ken±gat±ttha, bhante”ti pucchitv± tamattha½ viditv± patta½ gahetv± madhuno p³retv±dadam±no pattapuººa½ madhu½ uggantv± mukhato vissanditv± bh³miya½ patam±na½ disv±pasannam±naso “imin±ha½, bhante, puññakammena jambud²pe ekarajja½ kareyya½, ±º±ca me ±k±se pathaviyañca yojanappam±ºe µh±ne pharat³”ti patthanamak±si. Paccekabuddhoca “eva½ hotu up±sak±”ti vatv± gandham±dana½ gantv± paccekabuddhassa bhesajjamak±si.
Kaniµµho pana madhuv±ºijo madhu½ datv± gehe nisinno itare araññato ±gate disv± evam±ha“tumh±ka½ bh±taro citta½ pas±detha, mamañca tumh±kañca madhu½ gahetv± ²disassan±ma paccekabuddhassa patta½ p³retv± ad±sin”ti. Tesu jeµµho kujjhitv± evam±ha“caº¹±l±pi k±s±vaniv±sino honti, nanu tava hatthato madhu½ paµiggahetv± gatocaº¹±lo bhavissat²”ti. Majjhimo pana kujjhitv± “tava paccekabuddha½ gahetv± parasamuddenikkhip±h²”ti ±ha. Pacch± pana tepi dve bh±taro kaniµµhena vuccam±na½ ±n±nisa½sapaµisa½yuttakatha½ sutv± anumodi½suyeva. S±pi ca kumbhad±s² “tassamadhud±yakassa aggamahes² bhaveyyan”ti patthanamak±si. Tesu kaniµµho asoko dhammar±j±ahosi, s± ca kumbhad±s² ativiya r³pasobhaggappatt± asandhimitt± n±ma tassa aggamahes²ahosi. Parasamuddav±d² pana majjhimo imasmi½yeva tambapaººid²pe dev±na½piyatisso n±mamah±nubh±vo r±j± ahosi. Jeµµho pana caº¹±lav±dit±ya caº¹±lag±me j±to nigrodhon±ma s±maºero ahosi. Tena vutta½ “pubbe hi kira puññakaraºak±le esarañño jeµµhabh±t± v±ºijako ahos²”ti.
Pubbe va sanniv±sen±ti ettha (j±. aµµha. 2.2.174) g±th±bandhavasena -saddassa rassatta½katanti veditabba½, pubbe sanniv±sena v±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha pubbeti at²taj±tiya½.Sanniv±sen±ti sahav±sena. Sahasaddattho hi aya½ sa½saddo. Paccuppannahitena v±tipaccuppanne vattam±nabhave hitacaraºena v±. Eva½ imehi dv²hi k±raºehi sinehasaªkh±ta½ pema½j±yate uppajjati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– pema½ n±meta½ dv²hipi k±raºehi j±yati,purimabhave m±t± v± pit± v± dh²t± v± putto v± bh±t± v± bhagin² v± pati v± bhariy±v± sah±yo v± mitto v± hutv± yo yena saddhi½ ekaµµh±ne nivutthapubbo, tassa imin±pubbe v± sanniv±sena bhavantarepi anubandhanto so sineho na vijahati, imasmi½attabh±ve katena paccuppannena hitena v±ti eva½ imehi dv²hi k±raºehi ta½ pema½n±ma j±yat²ti. Ki½ viy±ti ±ha “uppala½ va yathodake”ti. Etth±pi -saddassavuttanayeneva rassatta½ katanti daµµhabba½. Avuttasampiº¹anattho cettha v±saddo. Tena padum±dayosaªgaºh±ti. Yath±-saddo upam±ya½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± uppalañca sesañca padum±diudake j±yam±na½ dve k±raº±ni niss±ya j±yati udakañceva kalalañca, tath± etehi dv²hik±raºehi pema½ j±yat²ti.
Rañño hattheti santika½ upagatassa rañño hatthe. Rañño anur³panti ek³nasatabh±tuk±na½gh±titatt± caº¹apakatit±ya rajje µhitatt± ca “pam±davih±r² ayan”ti maññam±notadanur³pa½ dhammapade appam±davagga½ desetu½ ±rabhi. Tattha (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.23)appam±doti satiy± avippav±so, nicca½ upaµµhit±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Amatapadantiamata½ vuccati nibb±na½. Tañhi aj±tatt± na j²yati na m²yati, tasm± “amatan”tivuccati. Amatassa pada½ amatapada½, amatassa adhigamup±yoti vutta½ hoti. Pam±dotipamajjanabh±vo, muµµhassaccasaªkh±tassa satiy± vossaggasseta½ n±ma½. Maccunoti maraºassa.Padanti up±yo maggo. Pamatto hi j±ti½ n±tivattati, j±to pana j²yati cevam²yati c±ti pam±do maccuno pada½ n±ma hoti, maraºa½ upanet²ti vutta½ hoti.
Aññ±ta½ t±ta, pariyos±peh²ti imin± “sad± appam±dena hutv± vattitabbanti ettakenevamay± ñ±ta½, tumhe dhammadesana½ niµµhapeth±”ti tasmi½ dhamme attano paµipajjituk±mata½d²pento dhammadesan±ya pariyos±na½ p±petv± kathane uss±ha½ janeti. Keci pana“abh±s²ti ettha ‘bh±siss±mi vitakkem²’ti attha½ gahetv± ‘sabba½ appam±davagga½bh±siss±m²’ti sallakkhitatt± abh±s²ti vutta½, raññ± pana a¹¹hag±tha½ sutv±va ‘aññ±ta½t±ta, pariyos±peh²’ti vuttatt± ‘upari na kathes²”’ti vadanti. “Ta½ pana yutta½na hot²”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Dhuvabhatt±n²ti niccabhatt±ni. Vajj±vajja½upanijjh±yat²ti upajjh±yoti ±ha “vajj±vajja½ disv± codet± s±ret± c±”ti.Tattha vajj±vajjanti khuddaka½ mahantañca vajja½. Codet±ti “ida½ tay± dukkaµa½,ida½ dubbh±sitan”ti-±d²ni vatv± codet±. S±ret±ti attano vajja½ assarantassasati½ upp±det±, samm±paµipattiya½ v± s±ret±, pavattet±ti attho.
“Eva½ tay± buddhavacana½ sajjh±yitabba½, eva½ abhikkamitabba½, eva½ paµikkamitabban”ti-±din±±c±rassa sikkh±panato ±cariyo n±m±ti ±ha “imasmi½ s±sane sikkhitabbakadhammesupatiµµh±pet±”ti. Tattha sikkhitabbakadhammo n±ma sakala½ buddhavacana½ s²l±dayo cadhamm±. “Pabbajj± ca upasampad± c±”ti ida½ labbham±navasena vutta½ ¾cariyupajjh±y±nanti imin± pabbajj± upasampad± ca yojetabb±, mama c±tiimin± pana pabbajj±va. Tad± s±maºerabh³miya½ µhitatt± nigrodhassa bh±vini½ v± upasampada½sandh±ya ubhayampi yojetabba½. Saraºagamanavasena pabbajj±siddhito bhikkhusaªghassapi pabbajj±yanissayabh±vo veditabbo. Bhaº¹ukammavasenapi nissayabh±vo labbhatev±ti gahetabba½. Divasedivase va¹¹h±pentoti vuttanayeneva divase divase tato tato diguºa½ katv± va¹¹h±pento.Pothujjaniken±ti puthujjanabh±v±nur³pena. Nigrodhattherassa ±nubh±vakittan±dhik±ratt±pubbe vuttampi pacch± vattabbampi sampiº¹etv± ±ha “puna r±j± asok±r±ma½n±ma mah±vih±ra½ k±retv±”ti-±di Cetiyapaµimaº¹it±n²ti ettha cayitabba½p³jetabbanti cetiya½, iµµhak±d²hi citatt± v± cetiya½, cetiyehi paµimaº¹it±nivibh³sit±n²ti cetiyapaµimaº¹it±ni. Dhammen±ti dhammato anapetena.
Vuttamevattha½ vitth±rato vibh±vento ±ha “ekadivasa½ kir±”ti-±di. Asok±r±memah±d±na½ datv±ti ettha kate ±r±me pacch± k±r±pakassa rañño n±mavasena niru¼ha½n±mapaººatti½ sandh±ya vutta½ “asok±r±me”ti. Keci pana “tasmi½ divaser±j± attano ghareyeva sabba½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nis²d±petv± bhojetv± ima½ pañha½ pucch²”tivadanti. Mah±d±na½ datv±ti bhojetv± sabbaparikkh±rad±navasena mah±d±na½ datv±.Vuttañheta½ d²pava½se
“Nivesana½ pavesetv±, nis²d±petv±na ±sane;
y±gu½ n±n±vidha½ khajja½, bhojanañca mah±raha½;
ad±si payatap±ºi, y±vadattha½ yadicchaka½.
“Bhutt±vibhikkhusaªghassa, on²tapattap±ºino;
ekamekassa bhikkhuno, ad±si yugas±µaka½.
“P±da-abbhañjana½ tela½, chattañc±pi up±hana½;
sabba½ samaºaparikkh±ra½, ad±si ph±ºita½ madhu½.
“Abhiv±detv± nis²di, asokadhammo mah²pati;
nisajja r±j± pav±resi, bhikkhusaªghassa paccaya½.
“Y±vat± bhikkh³ icchanti, t±va demi yadicchaka½;
santappetv± parikkh±rena, pav±retv±na paccaye;
tato apucchi gambh²ra½, dhammakkhandha½ sudesitan”ti.
Aªgato, mah±r±ja, nava aªg±n²ti-±di moggaliputtatissattherena vuttanti vadanti. Navakamm±dhiµµh±yaka½ad±s²ti catur±s²tivih±rasahassesu kattabbassa navakammassa adhiµµh±yaka½ vidh±yaka½katv± ad±si. Ekadivasameva sabbanagarehi paºº±ni ±gami½s³ti sabbavih±resukira r±hun± candassa gahaºadivase navakamma½ ±rabhitv± puna r±hun± candassa gahaºadivaseyevaniµµh±pesu½, tasm± ekadivasameva paºº±ni ±gami½s³ti vadanti. Aµµha s²laªg±n²tiaµµha uposathaªgas²l±ni. “Sabb±laªk±ravibh³sit±y±”ti ida½ asam±dinnuposathaªg±na½vasena vutta½. Amaravatiy± r±jadh±niy±ti t±vati½sadevanagare. Alaªkatapaµiyattantialaªkatakaraºavasena sabbasajjita½.