Tatiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan±

Imiss± pana saªg²tiy± dhammasaªg±hakattherehi nikka¹¹hit± te dasasahass± vajjiputtak±bhikkh³ pakkha½ pariyesam±n± attano attano anur³pa½ dubbalapakkha½ labhitv± visu½mah±saªghika½ ±cariyakula½ n±ma aka½su, tato bhijjitv± apar±ni dve ±cariyakul±nij±t±ni gokulik± ca ekabyoh±rik± ca. Gokulikanik±yato bhijjitv± apar±nidve ±cariyakul±ni j±t±ni paººattiv±d± ca b±huliy± ca. Bahussutik±tipi tesa½yevan±ma½, tesa½yeva antar± cetiyav±d± n±ma apare ±cariyav±d± uppann±. Eva½ mah±saªghik±cariyakulatodutiye vassasate pañc±cariyakul±ni uppann±ni, t±ni mah±saªghikehi saddhi½ cha honti.
Tasmi½yeva dutiye vassasate therav±dato bhijjitv± dve ±cariyav±d± uppann± mahis±sak±ca vajjiputtak± ca. Tattha vajjiputtakav±dato bhijjitv± apare catt±ro ±cariyav±d±uppann± dhammuttarik± bhadday±nik± chann±g±rik± samitik±ti. Puna tasmi½yeva dutiyevassasate mahis±sakav±dato bhijjitv± sabbatthiv±d± dhammaguttik±ti dve ±cariyav±d±uppann±. Puna sabbatthiv±dakulato bhijjitv± kassapik± n±ma j±t±, kassapikesupibhinnesu apare saªkantik± n±ma j±t±, saªkantikesu bhinnesu suttav±d± n±ma j±t±titherav±dato bhijjitv± ime ek±dasa ±cariyav±d± uppann±, te therav±dena saddhi½ dv±dasahonti. Iti ime ca dv±dasa mah±saªghik±nañca cha ±cariyav±d±ti sabbe aµµh±rasa ±cariyav±d±dutiye vassasate uppann±. Aµµh±rasa nik±y±tipi aµµh±ras±cariyakul±n²tipietesa½yeva n±ma½. Etesu pana sattarasa v±d± bhinnak±, therav±doveko asambhinnakotiveditabbo. Vuttampi ceta½ d²pava½se–
“Nikka¹¹hit± p±pabhikkh³, therehi vajjiputtak±;
añña½ pakkha½ labhitv±na, adhammav±d² bah³ jan±.
“Dasasahass± sam±gantv±, aka½su dhammasaªgaha½;
tasm±ya½ dhammasaªg²ti, mah±saªg²ti vuccati.
“Mah±saªg²tik± bhikkh³, viloma½ aka½su s±sane;
bhinditv± m³lasaªgaha½, añña½ aka½su saªgaha½.
“Aññatra saªgahita½ sutta½, aññatra akari½su te;
attha½ dhammañca bhindi½su, vinaye nik±yesu ca pañcasu.
“Pariy±yadesitañc±pi atho nippariy±yadesita½;
n²tatthañceva neyyattha½, aj±nitv±na bhikkhavo.
“Añña½ sandh±ya bhaºita½, añña½ attha½ µhapayi½su te;
byañjanacch±y±ya te bhikkh³, bahu½ attha½ vin±sayu½.
“Cha¹¹etv±na ekadesa½, sutta½ vinayagambhira½;
patir³pa½ sutta½ vinaya½, tañca añña½ kari½su te.
“Pariv±ra½ atthuddh±ra½, abhidhamma½ chappakaraºa½;
paµisambhidañca niddesa½, ekadesañca j±taka½;
ettaka½ vissajjetv±na, aññ±ni akari½su te.
“N±ma½ liªga½ parikkh±ra½, ±kappakaraº±ni ca;
pakatibh±va½ vijahitv±, tañca añña½ aka½su te.
“Pubbaªgam± bhinnav±d±, mah±saªg²tik±rak±;
tesañca anuk±rena, bhinnav±d± bah³ ahu.
“Tato aparak±lamhi, tasmi½ bhedo aj±yatha;
gokulik± ekabyoh±ri, dvidh± bhijjittha bhikkhavo.
“Gokulik±na½ dve bhed±, aparak±lamhi j±yatha;
bahussutik± ca paññatti, dvidh± bhijjittha bhikkhavo.
“Cetiy± ca punav±d², mah±saªg²tibhedak±;
pañca v±d± ime sabbe, mah±saªg²tim³lak±.
“Attha½ dhammañca bhindi½su, ekadesañca saªgaha½;
ganthañca ekadesañhi, cha¹¹etv± añña½ aka½su te.
“N±ma½ liªga½ parikkh±ra½, ±kappakaraº±ni ca;
pakatibh±va½ vijahitv±, tañca añña½ aka½su te.
“Visuddhattherav±damhi, puna bhedo aj±yatha;
mahis±sak± vajjiputtak±, dvidh± bhijjittha bhikkhavo.
“Vajjiputtakav±damhi, catudh± bhedo aj±yatha;
dhammatturik± bhadday±nik±, chann±g±rik± ca samiti.
“Mahis±sak±na½ dve bhed±, aparak±lamhi aj±yatha;
sabbatthiv±d± dhammagutt±, dvidh± bhijjittha bhikkhavo.
“Sabbatthiv±d±na½ kassapik±, saªkanti kassapikena ca;
saªkantik±na½ suttav±d², anupubbena bhijjatha.
“Ime ek±dasa v±d±, pabhinn± therav±dato;
attha½ dhammañca bhindi½su, ekadesañca saªgaha½;
ganthañca ekadesañhi, cha¹¹etv± añña½ aka½su te.
“N±ma½ liªga½ parikkh±ra½, ±kappakaraº±ni ca;
pakatibh±va½ vijahitv±, tañca añña½ aka½su te.
“Sattarasa bhinnav±d±, ekav±do abhinnako;
sabbevaµµh±rasa honti, bhinnav±dena te saha;
nigrodhova mah±rukkho, therav±d±namuttamo.
“An³na½ anadhikañca, kevala½ jinas±sana½;
kaºµak± viya rukkhamhi, nibbatt± v±dasesak±.
“Paµhame vassasate natthi, dutiye vassasatantare;
bhinn± sattarasa v±d±, uppann± jinas±sane”ti.
Apar±para½ pana hemavat± r±jagirik± siddhatthik± pubbaseliy± aparaseliy± v±jiriy±tiaññepi cha ±cariyav±d± uppann±. Purimak±na½ pana aµµh±rasanna½ ±cariyav±d±na½ vasenapavattam±ne s±sane asoko dhammar±j± paµiladdhasaddho divase divase buddhap³j±ya satasahassa½,dhammap³j±ya satasahassa½, saªghap³j±ya satasahassa½, attano ±cariyassa nigrodhattherassa satasahassa½,cat³su dv±resu bhesajjatth±ya satasahassanti pañca satasahass±ni pariccajanto s±sane u¼±ra½l±bhasakk±ra½ pavattesi. Tad± hatal±bhasakk±rehi titthiyehi upp±dita½ anekappak±ra½s±sanamala½ visodhetv± moggaliputtatissatthero tipiµakapariyattidhar±na½ pabhinnapaµisambhid±na½bhikkh³na½ sahassameka½ gahetv± yath± mah±kassapatthero ca yasatthero ca dhammañca vinayañcasaªg±yi½su, evameva saªg±yanto tatiyasaªg²ti½ ak±si. Id±ni ta½ tatiyasaªg²ti½ m³latopabhuti vitth±retv± dassento ±ha “tissopi kho mah±brahm± brahmalokato cavitv±moggalibr±hmaºassa gehe paµisandhi½ aggahes²”ti-±di.
Tattha gehe paµisandhi½ aggahes²ti moggalibr±hmaºassa gehe br±hmaºiy± kucchimhipaµisandhi½ aggahes²ti attho. Gehassa pana tannissayatt± nissite nissayavoh±ravasena“gehe paµisandhi½ aggahes²”ti vutta½ yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karonti, sabbog±mo ±gato”ti. Sattavass±n²ti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Aticchath±ti atikkamitv±icchatha, idha bhikkh± na labbhati, ito aññattha gantv± bhikkha½ pariyesath±ti adhipp±yo.“Bho pabbajit±”ti-±di br±hmaºo attano gehe bhikkh±l±bha½ anicchanto ±ha.Paµiy±ditabhattatoti samp±detv± µhapitabhattato. Tadupiyanti tadanur³pa½. Upasama½disv±ti therassa k±yacittav³pasama½ punappuna½ disv±, ñatv±ti attho. Iriy±pathav³pasamasandassanenahi tannibandhino cittassa yoniso pavatti-upasamopi viññ±yati. Bhiyyoso matt±yapas²ditv±ti punappuna½ visesato adhikatara½ pas²ditv±. Bhattavissaggakaraºatth±y±tibhattakiccakaraºatth±ya. Adhiv±setv±ti sampaµicchitv±.
So¼asavassuddesikoti so¼asavassoti uddisitabbo voharitabboti so¼asavassuddeso, soyevaso¼asavassuddesiko. So¼asavassoti v± uddisitabbata½ arahat²ti so¼asavassuddesiko,so¼asavass±ni v± uddisitabb±ni ass±ti so¼asavassuddesiko, so¼asavassoti uddesov± assa atth²ti so¼asavassuddesiko, atthato pana so¼asavassikoti vutta½ hoti.Tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ti iruvedayajuvedas±mavedasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ ved±na½paguºakaraºavasena p±ra½ gatoti p±rag³. P±rag³ti cettha niccas±pekkhat±ya sam±s±dika½veditabba½. Laggetv±ti olambetv±. Na ca k±c²ti ettha ca-saddo avadh±raºe,k±ci kath± neva uppajjat²ti attho. Pallaªkanti nis²ditabb±sana½. Uppajjissat²tietth±pi “kath±”ti ida½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Kupito anattamanoti kopenakupito, anattamano domanassena. Domanassasamaªg² hi puggalo p²tisukhehi na attamanona attacittoti anattamanoti vuccati. Na sakamanoti v± anattamano attano vase aµµhitacittatt±.
Caº¹ikkabh±veti caº¹iko vuccati caº¹o thaddhapuggalo, tassa bh±vo caº¹ikka½, thaddhabh±votiattho. Idha pana “caº¹ikkabh±ve”ti vuttatt± caº¹ikoyeva caº¹ikkanti gahetabba½,tena “caº¹ikkabh±ve”ti ettha thaddhabh±veti attho veditabbo. Kiñci mantanti kiñciveda½. Aññe ke j±nissant²ti na keci j±nissant²ti adhipp±yo. Pucchitv±sakk± j±nitunti attano padesañ±ºe µhitatt± thero evam±ha. Sabbaññubuddh± evahi “puccha, m±ºava, yad±kaªkhas²”ti-±din± paccekabuddh±d²hi as±dh±raºa½ sabbaññupav±raºa½pav±renti. S±vak± pana padesañ±ºe µhitatt± “sutv± vediss±m±”ti v± “pucchitv±sakk± j±nitun”ti v± vadanti.
T²su vedes³ti-±d²su tayo ved± pubbe vuttanay± eva. Nighaº¹³ti n±manighaº¹urukkh±d²na½vevacanappak±saka½ sattha½, vevacanappak±sakanti ca pariy±yasaddad²pakanti attho, ekekassaatthassa anekapariy±yavacanavibh±vakanti vutta½ hoti. Nidassanamattañceta½anekesa½ atth±na½ ekasaddassa vacan²yat±vibh±vanavasenapi tassa ganthassa pavattatt±. Vacan²yav±cakabh±venaattha½ saddañca nikhaº¹eti bhindati vibhajja dasset²ti nikhaº¹u, so eva idha kha-k±rassagha-k±ra½ katv± nighaº¹³ti vutto. Keµubhanti kiriy±kappavikappo kav²na½upak±rasattha½. Ettha ca kiriy±kappavikappoti vac²bhed±dilakkhaº± kiriy±kapp²yati vikapp²yati eten±ti kiriy±kappo, so pana vaººapadabandhapadatth±divibh±gatobahuvikappoti kiriy±kappavikappoti vuccati. Idañca m³lakiriy±kappagantha½sandh±ya vutta½. So hi satasahassaparim±ºo nay±dicariy±dika½ pakaraºa½. Vacanatthatopana kiµati gameti kiriy±divibh±ga½, ta½ v± anavasesapariy±d±nato gamento p³ret²tikeµubhanti vuccati, saha nighaº¹un± keµubhena ca sanighaº¹ukeµubh±, tayoved±. Tesu sanighaº¹ukeµubhesu. Ýh±nakaraº±divibh±gato nibbacanavibh±gato ca akkhar±pabhed²yanti eten±ti akkharappabhedo, sikkh± ca nirutti ca. Saha akkharappabheden±tis±kkharappabhed±, tesu s±kkharappabhedesu. Itih±sapañcames³ti athabbanaveda½catuttha½ katv± “itiha ±sa itiha ±s±”ti ²disavacanapaµisa½yutto pur±ºakath±saªkh±toitih±so pañcamo etesanti itih±sapañcam±, tayo ved±. Tesu itih±sapañcamesu.Neva attan± passat²ti neva saya½ passati, neva j±n±t²ti attho. Puccha, by±kariss±m²ti“sabb±pi pucch± vedesuyeva antogadh±”ti sallakkhento evam±ha.
Yassa cittanti-±dipañhadvaya½ cuticittasamaªgino kh²º±savassa cuticittassa upp±dakkhaºa½sandh±ya vutta½. Tattha paµhamapañhe uppajjat²ti upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya uppajjati. Nanirujjhat²ti nirodhakkhaºa½ appattat±ya na nirujjhati. Tassa cittanti tassa puggalassatato paµµh±ya citta½ nirujjhissati nuppajjissat²ti pucchati. Yassa v± pan±ti-±dikepana dutiyapañhe nirujjhissat²ti yassa citta½ bhaªgakkhaºa½ patv± nirujjhissati. Nuppajjissat²tibhaªgato parabh±ge saya½ v± añña½ v± nuppajjissati, tassa puggalassa citta½ uppajjatina nirujjhat²ti pucchati. Imesa½ pana pañh±na½ paµhamo pañho vibhajjaby±karaº²yo, tasm±“yassa citta½ uppajjati na nirujjhati, tassa citta½ nirujjhissati nuppajjissat²”ti(yama. 2.cittayamaka.63) eva½ puµµhena sat± evamaya½ pañho ca vissajjetabbo“pacchimacittassa upp±dakkhaºe tesa½ citta½ uppajjati na nirujjhati nirujjhissatina uppajjissati, itaresa½ cittassa upp±dakkhaºe tesa½ citta½ uppajjati na nirujjhati,nirujjhissati ceva uppajjissati c±”ti (yama. 2.cittayamaka.63). Yesañhi paricchinnavaµµadukkh±na½kh²º±sav±na½ sabbapacchimassa cuticittassa upp±dakkhaºe vattati, tesa½ tadeva cuticitta½nirujjhissati nuppajjissat²ti. Upp±dappattat±ya uppajjati n±ma, bhaªga½ appattat±yana nirujjhati. Bhaªga½ pana patv± ta½ tesa½ citta½ nirujjhissati, tato appaµisandhikatt±añña½ na uppajjissati. Ýhapetv± pana pacchimacittasamaªgikh²º±sava½ itaresa½ sekkh±sekkhaputhujjan±na½upp±dakkhaºasamaªgicitta½ upp±dappattat±ya uppajjati n±ma, bhaªga½ appattat±ya na nirujjhati.Bhaªga½ pana patv± nirujjhissateva, añña½ pana tasmi½ v± aññasmi½ v± attabh±ve uppajjissaticeva nirujjhissati ca. Dutiyo pana pañho arahato cuticittassa upp±dakkhaºe niyamitatt±eka½saby±karaº²yo, tasm± “yassa v± pana citta½ nirujjhissati na uppajjissati,tassa citta½ uppajjati na nirujjhat²”ti puµµhena “±mant±”ti vattabba½. Kh²º±savassahi upp±dakkhaºasamaªgicuticitta½ bhaªga½ patv± nirujjhissati n±ma, tato para½ nuppajjissati.Upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya pana uppajjati ceva bhaªga½ appattat±ya na nirujjhati c±ti vuccati.