Dutiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan±

“Yad± nibb±yi½s³”ti sambandho. Jotayitv± ca sabbadh²ti tameva saddhamma½ sabbatthapak±sayitv±. “Jutimanto”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhavasena “jut²manto”ti vutta½,paññ±jotisampann±ti attho, tejavantoti v±, mah±nubh±v±ti vutta½ hoti. Nibb±yi½s³tianup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi½su. Pah²nasabbakilesatt± natthi etesa½katthaci ±layo taºh±ti an±lay±, v²tar±g±ti vutta½ hoti.
Vassasataparinibbute bhagavat²ti vassasata½ parinibbutassa ass±ti vassasataparinibbuto,bhagav±, tasmi½ parinibb±nato vassasate atikkanteti vutta½ hoti. Ves±lik±tives±l²niv±sino. Vajjiputtak±ti vajjiraµµhe ves±liya½ kul±na½ putt±.Kappati siªg²loºakappoti siªgena loºa½ pariharitv± pariharitv± aloºakapiº¹ap±tenasaddhi½ bhuñjitu½ kappati, na sannidhi½ karot²ti adhipp±yo. Kappati dvaªgulakappotidvaªgula½ atikkant±ya ch±y±ya vik±le bhojana½ bhuñjitu½ kappat²ti attho.Kappati g±mantarakappoti “g±mantara½ gamiss±m²”ti pav±ritena anatirittabhojana½bhuñjitu½ kappat²ti attho. Kappati ±v±sakappoti ekas²m±ya½ n±n±sen±sanesuvisu½ visu½ uposath±d²ni saªghakamm±ni k±tu½ vaµµat²ti attho. Kappati anumatikappoti“an±gat±na½ ±gatak±le anumati½ gahess±m²”ti tesu an±gatesuyeva vaggena saªghenakamma½ katv± pacch± anumati½ gahetu½ kappati, vaggakamma½ na hot²ti adhipp±yo.Kappati ±ciººakappoti ±cariyupajjh±yehi ±ciººo kappat²ti attho. Sopana ekacco kappati dhammiko, ekacco na kappati adhammikoti veditabbo. Kappatiamathitakappoti ya½ kh²ra½ kh²rabh±va½ vijahita½ dadhibh±va½ asampatta½, ta½ bhutt±vin±pav±ritena anatiritta½ bhuñjitu½ kappat²ti attho. Kappati jalogi½ p±tunti etthajalog²ti taruºasur±. Ya½ majjasambh±ra½ ekato kata½ majjabh±vamasampatta½, ta½ p±tu½vaµµat²ti adhipp±yo. J±tar³parajatanti sarasato vik±ra½ an±pajjitv± sabbad± j±ta½r³pameva hot²ti j±ta½ r³pametass±ti j±tar³pa½, suvaººa½. Dhavalasabh±vat±ya r±jat²ti rajata½,r³piya½. Susun±gaputtoti susun±gassa putto.
K±kaº¹akaputtoti k±kaº¹akabr±hmaºassa putto. Vajj²s³ti janapadavacanatt± bahuvacana½kata½. Ekopi hi janapado ru¼h²saddatt± bahuvacanena vuccati. Yena ves±l²,tadavasar²ti yena dis±bh±gena ves±l² avasaritabb±, yasmi½ v± padese ves±l²,tadavasari, ta½ pattoti attho. Mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±yanti ettha mah±vana½ n±masaya½j±tamaropima½ sapariccheda½ mahanta½ vana½. Kapilavatthus±mant± pana mah±vana½ himavantenasaha ek±baddha½ apariccheda½ hutv± mah±samudda½ ±hacca µhita½, ida½ t±disa½ na hot²tisapariccheda½ mahanta½ vananti mah±vana½. K³µ±g±ras±l± pana mah±vana½ niss±yakate ±r±me k³µ±g±ra½ anto katv± ha½savaµµakacchannena ha½samaº¹al±k±rena kat±.
Tadahuposatheti ettha tadah³ti tasmi½ ahani, tasmi½ divaseti attho. Upavasantietth±ti uposatho, upavasitabbadivaso. Upavasant²ti ca s²lena v± sabbaso ±h±rassaca abhuñjanasaªkh±tena anasanena v± kh²rap±namadhup±n±dimattena v± upet±hutv± vasant²ti attho. So panesa divaso aµµham²c±tuddas²pannaras²bhedena tividho.Katthaci pana p±timokkhepi s²lepi upav±sepi paññattiyampi uposathasaddo ±gato. Tath±hesa “±y±m±vuso kappina, uposatha½ gamiss±m±”ti-±d²su p±timokkhuddese ±gato.“Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gato kho vis±khe uposatho upavuttho”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.43)s²le. “Suddhassa ve sad± pheggu, suddhassuposatho sad±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.79)upav±se. “Uposatho n±ma n±gar±j±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.246; ma. ni. 3.258)paññattiyañca ±gato. Tattha upecca vasitabbato uposatho p±timokkhuddeso. Upetenasamann±gatena hutv± vasitabbato sant±ne v±setabbato uposatho s²la½. Asan±disa½yam±di½v± upecca vasant²ti uposatho upav±so. Tath±r³pe hatthi-assavisese uposathoti samaññ±mattatouposatho paññatti. Idha pana “na, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe sabhikkhuk± ±v±s±”ti-±d²su(mah±va. 181) viya uposathadivaso adhippeto, tasm± tadahuposatheti tasmi½ uposathadivasetiattho. Ka½sap±tinti suvaººap±ti½. Kah±paºamp²ti-±d²su kah±paºassa samabh±goa¹¹ho. P±do catutthabh±go. M±sakoyeva m±sakar³pa½. Sabba½ t±va vattabbantiimin± sattasatikakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 446 ±dayo) ±gat± sabb±pi p±¼i idha ±netv±vattabb±ti dasseti. S± kuto vattabb±ti ±ha “y±va im±ya pana vinayasaªg²tiy±”ti-±di.Saªg±yitasadisameva saªg±yi½s³ti sambandho.
Pubbe kata½ up±d±y±ti pubbe kata½ paµhamasaªg²timup±d±ya. S± pan±ya½ saªg²t²tisambandho. Tes³ti tesu saªg²tik±rakesu theresu. Vissut±ti gaºap±mokkhat±yavissut± sabbattha p±kaµ±. Tasmiñhi sannip±te aµµheva gaºap±mokkh± mah±ther± ahesu½,tesu ca v±sabhag±m² sumanoti dve ther± anuruddhattherassa saddhivih±rik±, avases± cha±nandattherassa. Ete pana sabbepi aµµha mah±ther± bhagavanta½ diµµhapubb±. Id±ni te theresar³pato dassento ±ha “sabbak±m² c±”ti-±di. S±ºasambh³toti s±ºadesav±s²sambh³tatthero Dutiyo saªgahoti sambandho. Pannabh±r±ti patitakkhandhabh±r±.“Bh±r± have pañcakkhandh±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.22) hi vutta½. Katakicc±ti cat³susaccesu cat³hi maggehi kattabbassa pariññ±pah±nasa-achakiriy±bh±van±saªkh±tassa so¼asavidhassapikiccassa pariniµµhitatt± katakicc±.
Abbudanti upaddava½ vadanti corakammampi bhagavato vacana½ thenetv± attano vacanassa d²panato Gaºµhipade pana “abbuda½ gaº¹o”ti vutta½. Imanti vakkham±nanidassana½. Sandissam±n± mukh± sammukh±. Uparibrahmalok³papattiy± bh±vitamagganti uparibrahmaloke upapattiy±upp±ditajjh±na½. Jh±nañhi tatr³papattiy± up±yabh±vato idha “maggo”ti vutta½. Up±yohi “maggo”ti vuccati. Vacanattho panettha– ta½ ta½ upapatti½ maggati gavesati janetinipph±det²ti maggoti eva½ veditabbo. Atthato c±ya½ maggo n±ma cetan±pi hoticetan±sampayuttadhamm±pi tadubhayampi. “Nirayañc±ha½, s±riputta, j±n±mi nirayag±miñcamaggan”ti (ma. ni. 1.153) hi ettha cetan± maggo n±ma.
“Saddh± hiriya½ kusalañca d±na½,
dhamm± ete sappuris±nuy±t±;
etañhi magga½ diviya½ vadanti,
etena hi gacchati devalokan”ti. (A. ni. 8.32; kath±. 479)–

Ettha cetan±sampayuttadhamm± maggo n±ma. “Aya½ bhikkhave maggo aya½ paµipad±”tisaªkh±r³papattisutt±d²su (ma. ni. 3.161) cetan±pi cetan±sampayuttadhamm±pi maggon±ma. Imasmi½ µh±ne jh±nassa adhippetatt± cetan±sampayuttadhamm± gahetabb±.

Moggalibr±hmaºass±ti lokasammatassa aputtakassa moggalin±mabr±hmaºassa. Nanu ca kathameta½n±ma vutta½ “moggalibr±hmaºassa gehe paµisandhi½ gahessat²”ti. Ki½ upar³papattiy±paµiladdhasam±patt²nampi k±m±vacare uppatti hot²ti? Hoti. S± ca kat±dhik±r±na½mah±puññ±na½ cetopaºidhivasena hoti, na sabbesanti daµµhabba½. Atha mahaggatassa garukakammassavip±ka½ paµib±hitv± parittakamma½ kathamattano vip±kassa ok±sa½ karot²ti?Ettha ca t±va t²supi gaºµhipadesu ida½ vutta½ “nikantibaleneva jh±n±parih±yati, tato parih²najjh±n± nibbattant²”ti. Keci pana “an²varaº±vatth±ya nikantiy±jh±nassa parih±ni v²ma½sitv± gahetabb±”ti vatv± evamettha k±raºa½ vadanti “satipimahaggatakammuno vip±kapaµib±hanasamatthassa parittakammassapi abh±ve ‘ijjhati, bhikkhave,s²lavato cetopaºidhi visuddhatt±’ti (d². ni. 3.337; a. ni. 8.35; sa½. ni.4.352) vacanato k±mabhave cetopaºidhi mahaggatakammassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± parittakammunovip±kassa ok±sa½ karot²”ti.
S±dhu sappuris±ti ettha s±dh³ti ±y±canatthe nip±to, ta½ y±c±m±ti attho.Haµµhapahaµµhoti cittap²ºanavasena punappuna½ santuµµho. Udaggudaggoti sar²ravik±rupp±danap²tivasenaudaggudaggo. P²tim± hi puggalo k±yacitt±na½ uggatatt± abbhuggatatt± “udaggo”tivuccati. S±dh³ti paµissuºitv±ti “s±dh³”ti paµivacana½ datv±. T²retv±tiniµµhapetv±. Puna pacc±gami½s³ti puna ±gami½su. Tena kho pana samayen±ti yasmi½samaye dutiyasaªg²ti½ aka½su, tasmi½ samayeti attho. Navak±ti vuttamevattha½ vibh±vetu½“daharabhikkh³”ti vutta½. Ta½ adhikaraºa½ na samp±puºi½s³ti ta½ vajjiputtakehiupp±dita½ adhikaraºa½ vinicchinitu½ na samp±puºi½su n±gami½su. No ahuvatth±tisambandho. Ida½ daº¹akammanti id±ni vattabba½ sandh±ya vutta½. Y±vat±yuka½ µhatv±parinibbut±ti sambandho, y±va attano attano ±yuparim±ºa½, t±va µhatv± parinibbut±tiattho.
Ki½ pana katv± te ther± parinibbut±ti ±ha “dutiya½ saªgaha½ katv±”ti-±di.An±gatepi saddhammavu¹¹hiy± hetu½ katv± parinibbut±ti sambandho. Id±ni “tepin±ma eva½ mah±nubh±v± ther± aniccat±ya vasa½ gat±, kimaªga½ pana aññe”ti sa½vejetv±ovadanto ±ha “kh²º±sav±”ti-±di. Aniccat±vasanti aniccat±vasatta½, aniccat±yattabh±va½aniccat±dh²nabh±vanti vutta½ hoti. Jammi½ l±maka½ durabhisambhava½ anabhibhavan²ya½atikkamitu½ asakkuºeyya½ aniccata½ eva½ ñatv±ti sambandho. Keci pana “durabhisambhavan”tiettha “p±puºitu½ asakkuºeyyan”ti imamattha½ gahetv± “ya½ durabhisambhava½ nicca½amata½ pada½, ta½ pattu½ v±yame dh²ro”ti sambandha½ vadanti. Sabb±k±ren±tisabbappak±rena vattabba½ kiñcipi asesetv± dutiyasaªg²ti sa½vaººit±ti adhipp±yo.

Iti samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya s±ratthad²paniya½

Dutiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan± samatt±.