“G±th±satasam±kiººo geyyaby±karaºaªkito;
kasm± suttanip±toti, saªkhamesa gatoti ce”ti. (Su. ni. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±)–

Sakalassapi suttanip±tassa geyyaveyy±karaºaªgasaªgaho kasm± coditoti? N±ya½ virodho.Kevalañhi tattha codakena sag±thakatta½ katthaci pucch±visajjanamattañca gahetv± codan±matta½katanti gahetabba½. Aññath± suttanip±te nigg±thakassa suttasseva abh±vato veyy±karaºaªgasaªgahona codetabbo siy±ti. Sag±th±vaggo geyyanti yojetabba½. “Aµµhahi aªgehi asaªgahita½n±ma paµisambhid±d²”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Keci pana paµisambhid±maggassageyyaveyy±karaºaªgadvayasaªgaha½ vadanti. Vuttañheta½ paµisambhid±maggaµµhakath±ya½ (paµi.ma. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±) “navasu satthus±sanaªgesu yath±sambhava½ geyyaveyy±karaºaªgadvayasaªgahitan”ti.

Nosuttan±mik±ti asuttan±mik±. “Suddhikag±th± n±ma vatthug±th±”ti t²sugaºµhipadesu vutta½. Tattha vatthug±th±ti–
“Kosal±na½ pur± ramm±, agam± dakkhiº±patha½;
±kiñcañña½ patthay±no, br±hmaºo mantap±rag³”ti. (Su. ni. 982)–

¾din± p±r±yanavaggassa nid±na½ ±ropentena ±yasmat± ±nandattherena saªg²tik±levutt± chappaññ±sa ca g±th±yo, ±nandatthereneva saªg²tik±le n±lakasuttassa nid±na½±ropentena vutt±–

“¾nandaj±te tidasagaºe pat²te,
sakkañca inda½ sucivasane ca deve;
dussa½ gahetv± atiriva thomayante,
asito isi addasa div±vih±re”ti. (Su. ni. 684)–

¾dik± v²satimatt± g±th±yo ca vuccanti. Tattha “n±lakasuttassa vatthug±th±yo n±lakasuttasaªkhya½yevagacchant²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Vuttañheta½ suttanip±taµµhakath±ya½ (su. ni.aµµha. 2.685)–

“Parinibbute pana bhagavati saªg²ti½ karontena ±yasmat± mah±kassapena ±yasm± ±nandotameva moneyyapaµipada½ puµµho yena yad± ca sam±dapito n±lako bhagavanta½pucchi, ta½ sabba½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetuk±mo ‘±nandaj±te’ti-±dik± v²sativatthug±th±yo vatv± abh±si. Ta½ sabbampi n±lakasuttanti vuccat²”ti.
Tasm± n±lakasuttassa vatthug±th±yo n±lakasuttaggahaºeneva saªgahit±ti p±r±yanikavaggassavatthug±th±yo idha suddhikag±th±ti gahetabba½. Tattheva panassa p±r±yaniyavagge ajitam±ºavak±d²na½so¼asanna½ br±hmaº±na½ pucch±g±th± bhagavato visajjanag±th± ca idha suddhikag±th±ti evampivattu½ yujjati. T±pi hi p±¼iya½ suttan±mena avatv± “ajitam±ºavakapucch± tissamettayyam±ºavakapucch±”ti-±din±(su. ni. 1038-1048) ±gatatt± cuººiyaganthehi amissatt± ca nosuttan±mik±suddhikag±th± n±m±ti vattu½ vaµµati.
Id±ni ud±na½ sar³pato vavatthapento ±ha “somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±paµisa½yutt±”ti-±di.Kenaµµhena (ud±. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) paneta½ “ud±nan”ti vuccati? Ud±nanaµµhena.Kimida½ ud±na½ n±ma? P²tivegasamuµµh±pito ud±h±ro. Yath± hi ya½ tel±di minitabbavatthum±na½ gahetu½ na sakkoti, vissanditv± gacchati, ta½ “avaseko”ti vuccati, yañcajala½ ta¼±ka½ gahetu½ na sakkoti, ajjhottharitv± gacchati, ta½ “mahogho”ti vuccati,evameva ya½ p²tivegasamuµµh±pita½ vitakkavipph±ra½ hadaya½ sandh±retu½ na sakkoti,so adhiko hutv± anto asaºµhahitv± bahi vac²dv±rena nikkhanto paµigg±hakanirapekkhoud±h±raviseso “ud±nan”ti vuccati. Dhammasa½vegavasenapi ayam±k±ro labbhateva.Tayida½ katthaci g±th±bandhavasena katthaci v±kyavasena pavatta½. Tath± hi–
“Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± bhikkh³ nibb±napaµisa½yutt±ya dhammiy± kath±ya sandassetisam±dapeti samuttejeti sampaha½seti. Tedha bhikkh³ aµµhi½ katv± manasi katv± sabba½cetas± samann±haritv± ohitasot± dhamma½ suºanti. Atha kho bhagav± etamattha½ viditv±t±ya½ vel±ya½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi ‘atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatana½,yattha neva pathav² na ±po”’ti (ud±. 71-72)–

¾d²su somanassañ±ºasamuµµhitav±kyavasena pavatta½.

Nanu ca ud±na½ n±ma p²tisomanassasamuµµh±pito dhammasa½vegasamuµµh±pito v± dhammapaµigg±hakanirapekkhoud±h±ro tath± ceva sabbattha ±gata½, idha kasm± bhagav± ud±nento bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti?Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ saññ±panattha½. Nibb±napaµisa½yuttañhi bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ dhamma½desetv± nibb±naguº±nussaraºena uppannap²tisomanassena ud±na½ ud±nento “idha nibb±navajjosabbo sabh±vadhammo paccay±yattavuttikova upalabbhati, na paccayanirapekkho, aya½ pana nibb±nadhammokathamappaccayo upalabbhat²”ti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya tesa½ ñ±petuk±mo“atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatanan”ti (ud±. 71)-±dim±ha. Na ekantato te paµigg±hakekatv±ti veditabba½.
“Sace bh±yatha dukkhassa, sace vo dukkhamappiya½;
m±kattha p±paka½ kamma½, ±vi v± yadi v± raho”ti. (Ud±. 44)–

Evam±dika½ pana dhammasa½vegavasappavatta½ ud±nanti veditabba½.

“Sukhak±m±ni bh³t±ni, yo daº¹ena vihi½sati;
attano sukhames±no, pecca so na labhate sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 131; ud±.13)–

Idampi dhammasa½vegavasappavatta½ ud±nanti vadanti. Tath± hi ekasmi½ samaye sambahul±gop±lak± antar± ca s±vatthi½ antar± ca jetavana½ ahi½ daº¹ehi hananti. Tenaca samayena bhagav± s±vatthi½ piº¹±ya gacchanto antar±magge te d±rake ahi½ daº¹ena hanantedisv± “kasm± kum±rak± ima½ ahi½ daº¹ena hanath±”ti pucchitv± “¹a½sanabhayenabhante”ti ca vutte “ime ‘attano sukha½ kariss±m±’ti ima½ paharant± nibbattaµµh±nedukkha½ anubhavissanti, aho avijj±ya nikatikosallan”ti dhammasa½vega½ upp±desi.Teneva ca dhammasa½vegena ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi. Evameta½ katthaci g±th±bandhavasenakatthaci v±kyavasena katthaci somanassavasena katthaci dhammasa½vegavasena pavattantiveditabba½. Tasm± aµµhakath±ya½ “somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±paµisa½yutt±n²”ti ya½ud±nalakkhaºa½ vutta½, ta½ yebhuyyavasena vuttanti gahetabba½. Yebhuyyena hi ud±na½g±th±bandhavasena bh±sita½ p²tisomanassasamuµµh±pitañca.

Tayida½ sabbaññubuddhabh±sita½ paccekabuddhabh±sita½ s±vakabh±sitanti tividha½ hoti.Tattha paccekabuddhabh±sita½–
“Sabbesu bh³tesu nidh±ya daº¹a½,
aviheµhaya½ aññatarampi tesan”ti.–

¾din± khaggavis±ºasutte (su. ni. 35) ±gatameva. S±vakabh±sit±nipi–

“Sabbo r±go pah²no me, sabbo doso sam³hato;
sabbo me vihato moho, s²tibh³tosmi nibbuto”ti.–

¾din± therag±th±su (therag±. 79),

“K±yena sa½vut± ±si½, v±c±ya uda cetas±;
sam³la½ taºhamabbhuyha, s²tibh³t±mhi nibbut±”ti.–

Therig±th±su (ther²g±. 15) ca ±gat±ni. Aññ±nipi sakk±d²hi devehi bh±sit±ni“aho d±na½ paramad±na½ kassape supatiµµhitan”ti-±d²ni (ud±. 27), soºadaº¹abr±hmaº±d²himanussehi ca bh±sit±ni “namo tassa bhagavato”ti-±d²ni (d². ni. 2.371; ma. ni.1.290) tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼h±ni ud±n±ni santi eva, na t±ni idha adhippet±ni.Y±ni pana samm±sambuddhena s±ma½ ±haccabh±sit±ni jinavacanabh³t±ni, t±neva ca dhammasaªg±hakehi“ud±nan”ti saªg²ta½. Et±niyeva ca sandh±ya bhagavato pariyattidhamma½ navavidh± vibhajitv±uddisantena ud±nanti vutta½.

Y± pana “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti-±dig±th± bhagavat± bodhiy± m³le ud±navasena pavattit±anekasatasahass±na½ samm±sambuddh±na½ ud±nabh³t± ca, t± aparabh±ge dhammabhaº¹±g±rikassa bhagavat±desitatt± dhammasaªg±hakehi ud±nap±¼iya½ saªgaha½ an±ropetv± dhammapadesaªgahit±. Yañca “aññ±si vata bho koº¹añño”ti ud±navacana½ dasasahassilokadh±tuy±devamanuss±na½ pavedanasamatthanigghosavipph±ra½ bhagavat± bh±sita½, tadapi paµhamabodhiya½ sabbesa½eva bhikkh³na½ samm±paµipattipaccavekkhaºahetuka½ “±r±dhayi½su vata ma½ bhikkh³ eka½samayan”ti-±divacana½ (ma. ni. 1.225) viya dhammacakkappavattanasuttadesan±pariyos±ne attan±adhigatadhammekadesassa yath±desitassa ariyamaggassa s±vakesu sabbapaµhama½ therena adhigatatt±attano parissamassa saphalabh±vapaccavekkhaºahetuka½ p²tisomanassajanita½ ud±h±ramatt±½,na “yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±”ti-±divacana½ (mah±va. 1-3; ud±. 1-3) viya pavattiy±nivattiy± v± pak±sananti na dhammasaªg±hakehi ud±nap±¼iya½ saªg²tanti daµµhabba½.
Ud±nap±¼iyañca bodhivagg±d²su aµµhasu vaggesu dasa dasa katv± as²tiyeva suttant± saªg²t± tatoyeva ca ud±naµµhakath±ya½ (ud±. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½–
“As²ti eva suttant±, vagg± aµµha sam±sato;
g±th± ca pañcanavuti, ud±nassa pak±sit±.
“A¹¹h³nanavamatt± ca, bh±ºav±r± pam±ºato;
ek±dhik± tath±s²ti, ud±nass±nusandhayo.
“Ekav²sasahass±ni, satameva vicakkhaºo;
pad±net±nud±nassa, gaºit±ni viniddise.–

G±th±p±dato pana–

“Aµµhasahassamatt±ni, catt±reva sat±ni ca;
pad±net±nud±nassa, tev²sati ca niddise.
“Akkhar±na½ sahass±ni, saµµhi satta sat±ni ca;
t²ºi dv±s²ti ca tath±, ud±nassa pavedit±”ti.

Idha pana “dv±s²ti suttant±”ti vutta½, ta½ na sameti, tasm± “as²ti suttant±”tip±µhena bhavitabba½.

Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “vuttamarahat±ti me suta½. Ekadhamma½, bhikkhave,pajahatha, aha½ vo p±µibhogo an±g±mit±ya. Katama½ ekadhamma½? Lobha½, bhikkhave,ekadhamma½ pajahatha, aha½ vo p±µibhogo an±g±mit±y±”ti evam±din± ekakadukatikacatukkavasenaitivuttakap±¼iya½ (itivu. 1) saªgaham±ropit±ni dv±dasuttarasatasuttant±ni itivuttaka½n±m±ti dassento ±ha “vuttañhetan”ti-±di. Dasuttarasatasuttant±ti etth±pi“dv±dasuttarasatasuttant±”ti p±µhena bhavitabba½. Tath± hi ekakanip±te t±va sattav²satisutt±ni, dukanip±te dv±v²sati, tikanip±te paññ±sa, catukkanip±te teras±tidv±dasuttarasatasuttant±neva itivuttakap±¼iya½ ±gat±ni. Tatoyeva ca p±¼iya½–
“Lobho doso ca moho ca,
kodho makkhena pañcama½;
m±no sabba½ puna m±no,
lobho dosena terasa.
“Moho kodho puna makkho,
n²varaº± taºh±ya pañcama½;
dve sekkhabhed± s±magg²,
paduµµhanirayena terasa.
“Pasann± ekam±bh±yi, puggala½ at²tena pañcama½;
evañce opadhika½ puñña½, sattav²sa pak±sit±”ti.–

Evam±din± udd±nag±th±hi dv±dasuttarasatasutt±ni gaºetv± dassit±ni. Teneva ca aµµhakath±yampi(itivu. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±)–

“Suttato ekakanip±te t±va sattav²sati sutt±ni, dukanip±te dv±v²sati, tikanip±tepaññ±sa, catukkanip±te teras±ti dv±das±dhikasatasuttasaªgahan”ti–

Vutta½. K±mañcettha appaka½ ³namadhika½ v± gaºan³paga½ na hot²ti katv± “dv±s²tikhandhakavatt±n²”ti vattabbe “as²ti khandhakavatt±n²”ti vuttavacana½ viya “dv±dasuttarasatasuttant±”tivattabbe “dasuttarasatasuttant±”ti vuttantipi sakk± vattu½, tath±pi²dise µh±ne pam±ºa½ dassentena y±th±vatova niyametv± dassetabbanti “dv±dasuttarasatasuttant±”icceva p±µhena bhavitabba½.