T²su piµakes³ti ettha “ekekasmin”ti adhik±rato pakaraºatov± veditabba½. Pariyattibhedoti pariy±puºana½ pariyatti. Pariy±puºanav±cako hetthapariyattisaddo, na p±¼ipariy±yo, tasm± evamettha attho daµµhabbo “t²su piµakesuekekasmi½ pariy±puºanappak±ro daµµhabbo ñ±tabbo”ti. Tatoyeva ca “pariyattiyo pariy±puºanappak±r±”tit²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Atha v± t²hi pak±rehi pariy±puºitabb± p±¼iyo evapariyatt²ti vuccanti, tatoyeva ca “pariyattiyo p±¼ikkam±”ti abhidhammaµµhakath±ya likhites²ha¼agaºµhipade vutta½. Evampi hi alagadd³pam±pariy±puºanayogato alagadd³pam± pariyatt²tip±¼ipi sakk± vattu½, evañca katv± “duggahit± up±rambh±dihetu pariy±puµ±alagadd³pam±”ti parato niddesavacanampi upapanna½ hoti. Tattha hi p±¼iyeva duggahit±pariy±puµ±ti vattu½ vaµµati. Alagadd³pam±ti alagaddo alagaddaggahaºa½ upam± etiss±tialagadd³pam±. Alagaddassa gahaºañhettha alagaddasaddena vuttanti daµµhabba½. “¾p³piko”ti etthaap³pasaddena ap³pakh±dana½ viya alagaddaggahaºena gahitapariyatti upam²yati, na pana alagaddena.“Alagaddaggahaº³pam±”ti v± vattabbe majjhepadalopa½ katv± “alagadd³pam±”ti vutta½“oµµhamukho”ti-±d²su viya. Alagaddoti cettha ±s²viso vuccati. Gadoti hi visassan±ma½. Tañca tassa ala½ paripuººa½ atthi, tasm± ala½ pariyatto paripuººo gado ass±tianun±sikalopa½ dak±r±gamañca katv± “alagaddo”ti vuccati. Atha v± ala½ j²vitaharaºesamattho gado ass±ti alagaddo. Nissaraºatth±ti vaµµadukkhato nissaraºa½ attho payojana½etiss±ti nissaraºatth±. Bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatt²ti ettha bhaº¹±g±re niyutto bhaº¹±g±riko,bhaº¹±g±riko viya bhaº¹±g±riko, dhammaratan±nup±lako. Añña½ attha½ anapekkhitv±bhaº¹±g±rikasseva sato pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti.
Duggahit±ti duµµhu gahit±. Duggahitabh±vameva vibh±vento ±ha “up±rambh±dihetupariy±puµ±”ti, up±rambh± itiv±dappamokkh±dihetu uggahit±ti attho. L±bhasakk±r±dihetupariy±puºanampi ettheva saªgahitanti daµµhabba½. Vuttañheta½ alagaddasuttaµµhakath±ya½ (ma. ni.aµµha. 1.239)–
“Yo hi buddhavacana½ ‘eva½ c²var±d²ni v± labhiss±mi, catuparisamajjhev± ma½ j±nissant²’ti l±bhasakk±r±dihetu pariy±puº±ti, tassa s± pariyatti alagaddapariyattin±ma. Eva½ pariy±puºanato hi buddhavacana½ apariy±puºitv± niddokkamana½ varataran”ti.
Nanu ca alagaddaggahaº³pam± pariyatti alagadd³pam±ti vuccati, evañca sati suggahit±pipariyatti alagadd³pam±ti vattu½ vaµµati tatth±pi alagaddaggahaºassa upam±bh±vena p±¼iya½vuttatt±. Vuttañheta½–
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso alagaddatthiko alagaddagaves² alagaddapariyesana½ caram±no,so passeyya mahanta½ alagadda½, tamena½ ajapadena daº¹ena suniggahita½ niggaºheyya,ajapadena daº¹ena suniggahita½ niggahetv± g²v±ya suggahita½ gaºheyya. Kiñc±piso, bhikkhave, alagaddo tassa purisassa hattha½ v± b±ha½ v± aññatara½ v± aªgapaccaªga½ bhogehipaliveµheyya, atha kho so neva tatonid±na½ maraºa½ v± nigaccheyya maraºatta½ v± dukkha½.Ta½ kissa hetu, suggahitatt±, bhikkhave, alagaddassa, evameva kho, bhikkhave, idhekaccekulaputt± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti sutta½ geyyan”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.239).

Tasm± idha duggahit± eva pariyatti alagadd³pam±ti aya½ viseso kuto viññ±yati,yena duggahit± up±rambh±dihetu pariy±puµ± alagadd³pam±ti vuccat²ti? Saccameta½,ida½ pana p±risesañ±yena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi nissaraºatthabhaº¹±g±rikapariyatt²na½visu½ gahitatt± p±risesato alagaddassa duggahaº³pam± pariyatti alagadd³pam±ti viññ±yati.Suggahaº³pam± hi pariyatti nissaraºatth± v± hoti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti v±, tasm±suvuttameta½ “duggahit± up±rambh±dihetu pariy±puµ± alagadd³pam±”ti. Ya½sandh±y±ti ya½ pariyattiduggahaºa½ sandh±ya. Vuttanti alagaddasutte vutta½.

Alagaddatthikoti ±s²visatthiko. Alagadda½ gavesati pariyesati s²len±ti alagaddagaves².Alagaddapariyesana½ caram±noti alagaddapariyesanattha½ caram±no. Bhogeti sar²re. Hatthev± b±h±ya ti ettha maºibandhako y±va agganakh± “hattho”tiveditabbo, saddhi½ aggab±h±ya avases± “b±h±”ti. Katthaci pana “kapparato paµµh±yapiy±va agganakh± hattho”ti vuccati. Aññatarasmi½ v± aªgapaccaªgeti vuttalakkhaºa½ hatthañcab±hañca µhapetv± avasesa½ sar²ra½ “aªgapaccaªgan”ti veditabba½. Tatonid±nanti ta½nid±na½,ta½k±raº±ti vutta½ hoti. Purimapade hi vibhatti-alopa½ katv± niddeso. Ta½ hatth±d²su¹a½sana½ nid±na½ k±raºa½ etass±ti ta½nid±nanti hi vattabbe “tatonid±nan”ti purimapadepaccatte nissakkavacana½ katv± tassa ca lopa½ akatv± niddeso. Ta½ kissa het³tiya½ vutta½ hatth±d²su ¹a½sana½ ta½nid±nañca maraº±di-upagamana½, ta½ kissa hetu kenak±raºen±ti ce. Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Ekacce moghapuris±ti ekacce tucchapuris±.Dhammanti p±¼idhamma½. Pariy±puºant²ti uggaºhant²ti attho, sajjh±yanti ceva v±cuggat±karont± dh±renti c±ti vutta½ hoti. Atthanti yath±bh³ta½ bh±sitattha½ payojanatthañca.Na upaparikkhant²ti na pariggaºhanti na vic±renti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “imasmi½µh±ne s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dhi, idha paññ± kathit±, mayañca ta½ p³ress±m±”tieva½ bh±sitattha½ payojanatthañca “s²la½ sam±dhissa k±raºa½, sam±dhi vipassan±y±”ti-±din±na pariggaºhant²ti. Anupaparikkhatanti anupaparikkhant±na½. Na nijjh±na½ khamant²tinijjh±napañña½ nakkhamanti, nijjh±yitv± paññ±ya disv± rocetv± gahetabb± na hont²tiadhipp±yo. Tena imamattha½ d²peti “tesa½ paññ±ya attha½ anupaparikkhant±na½ tedhamm± na upaµµhahanti, ‘imasmi½ µh±ne s²la½, sam±dhi, vipassan±, maggo, phala½, vaµµa½,vivaµµa½ kathitan’ti eva½ j±nitu½ na sakk± hont²”ti.
Te up±rambh±nisa½s± cev±ti te paresa½ v±de dos±ropan±nisa½s± hutv± pariy±puºant²tiattho. Itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s± c±ti iti eva½ et±ya pariyattiy± v±dappamokkh±nisa½s±,attano upari parehi ±ropitav±dassa niggahassa pamokkhappayojan± hutv± dhamma½ pariy±puºant²tiattho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– parehi sakav±de dose ±ropite ta½ dosa½ evañca evañcamocess±m±ti imin± ca k±raºena pariy±puºant²ti. Atha v± so so v±do itiv±do,itiv±dassa pamokkho itiv±dappamokkho, itiv±dappamokkho ±nisa½so etesanti itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s±,ta½ta½v±dappamocan±nisa½s± c±ti attho Yassa catth±ya dhamma½ pariy±puºant²tiyassa ca s²l±dip³raºassa maggaphalanibb±nassa v± atth±ya imasmi½ s±sane kulaputt± dhamma½pariy±puºanti. Tañcassa attha½ n±nubhont²ti tañca assa dhammassa s²l±diparip³raºasaªkh±ta½attha½ ete duggahitag±hino n±nubhonti na vindanti.
Atha v± yassa up±rambhassa itiv±dappamokkhassa v± atth±ya ye moghapuris± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti,te parehi “ayamattho na hot²”ti vutte duggahitatt±yeva soyevatthoti paµip±danakkham±na hont²ti parassa v±de up±rambha½ ±ropetu½ attano v±d± ta½ mocetuñca asakkont±pita½ attha½ n±nubhontiyev±ti evamattho daµµhabbo. D²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²titesa½ te dhamm± duggahitatt± up±rambham±nadappamakkhapal±s±dihetubh±vena d²gharatta½ ahit±yadukkh±ya sa½vattanti. Ettha hi k±raºe phalavoh±rena “te dhamm± ahit±ya dukkh±yasa½vattant²”ti vutta½. Tath± hi kiñc±pi na te dhamm± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti,tath±pi vuttanayena pariy±puºant±na½ sajjh±yak±le viv±dasamaye ca ta½m³lak±na½ up±rambh±d²na½anekesa½ akusal±na½ uppattisabbh±vato “te dhamm± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²”tik±raºe phalavoh±rena vutta½. Ta½ kissa het³ti ettha tanti yath±vuttassatthassaanabhisambhuºana½ tesañca dhamm±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattana½ par±masati.
S²lakkhandh±dip±rip³ri½yev±ti ettha ±disaddena sam±dhivipassan±d²na½ saªgaho veditabbo.Yo hi buddhavacana½ uggaºhitv± s²lassa ±gataµµh±ne s²la½ p³retv± sam±dhino ±gataµµh±nesam±dhigabbha½ gaºh±petv± vipassan±ya ±gataµµh±ne vipassana½ paµµhapetv± maggaphal±na½ ±gataµµh±nemagga½ bh±vess±mi, phala½ sacchikariss±m²ti uggaºh±ti, tasseva s± pariyatti nissaraºatth±n±ma hoti. Ya½ sandh±ya vuttanti ya½ pariyattisuggahaºa½ sandh±ya alagaddasutte vutta½.D²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²ti s²l±d²na½ ±gataµµh±ne s²l±d²ni p³rent±nampiarahatta½ patv± parisamajjhe dhamma½ desetv± dhammadesan±ya pasannehi upan²te catt±ropaccaye paribhuñjant±nampi paresa½ v±de sahadhammena up±rambha½ ±ropent±nampi sakav±datodosa½ harant±nampi d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattanti. Tath± hi nakevala½ suggahitapariyatti½ niss±ya maggabh±van±phalasacchikiriy±d²neva, parav±daniggahasakav±dapatiµµh±pan±nipiijjhanti. Tath± ca vutta½ “uppanna½ parappav±da½ sahadhammena suniggahita½ niggahetv±”ti-±di(d². ni. 2.168).
Pariññ±takkhandhoti dukkhaparij±nanena pariññ±takkhandho. Pah²nakilesoti samudayappah±nenapah²nakileso. Paµividdh±kuppoti paµividdha-arahattaphalo. Na kuppat²ti akuppantihi arahattaphalasseta½ n±ma½. Satipi hi catunna½ magg±na½ catunnañca phal±na½ akuppasabh±vesattanna½ sekkh±na½ sakasakan±maparicc±gena upar³pari n±mantarappattito tesa½ maggaphal±ni“akupp±n²”ti na vuccanti, arah± pana sabbad±pi arah±yeva n±m±ti tasseva phala½“akuppan”ti vutta½. Imin± ca imamattha½ dasseti “kh²º±savasseva pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattin±m±”ti. Tassa hi apariññ±ta½ appah²na½ abh±vita½ asacchikata½ v± natthi, tasm±buddhavacana½ pariy±puºanto tantidh±rako paveº²p±lako va½s±nurakkhako ca hutv± uggaºh±ti.Tenev±ha “paveº²p±lanatth±y±”ti-±di. Tattha paveº²ti dhammasantati, dhammassa avicchedenapavatt²ti attho. Va½s±nurakkhaºatth±y±ti buddhassa bhagavato va½s±nurakkhaºattha½. Tassava½sopi atthato paveº²yev±ti veditabba½.
Nanu ca yadi paveº²p±lanatth±ya buddhavacanassa pariy±puºana½ bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti, kasm±“kh²º±savo”ti visesetv± vutta½. Ekaccassa puthujjanassapi hi aya½ nayo labbhati.Tath± hi ekacco bhikkhu ch±takabhay±d²su ganthadharesu ekasmi½ µh±ne vasitu½ asakkontesusaya½ bhikkh±c±rena akilamam±no atimadhura½ buddhavacana½ m± nassatu, tanti½ dh±ress±mi,va½sa½ µhapess±mi, paveºi½ p±less±m²ti pariy±puº±ti, tasm± tassapi pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattin±ma kasm± na hot²ti? Vuccate– eva½ santepi puthujjanassa pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattin±ma na hoti. Kiñc±pi hi puthujjano “paveºi½ p±less±m²”ti ajjh±sayena pariy±puº±ti,attano pana bhavakant±rato anittiººatt± tassa pariyatti nissaraºapariyatti n±ma hoti,tasm± puthujjanassa pariyatti alagadd³pam± v± hoti nissaraºatth± v±, sattanna½ sekkh±na½nissaraºatth±va, kh²º±sav±na½ bhaº¹±g±rikapariyattiyev±ti veditabba½. Kh²º±savo a bhaº¹±g±rikasadisatt± bhaº¹±g±rikoti vuccati. Yath± hi bhaº¹±g±riko alaªk±rabhaº¹a½paµis±metv± pas±dhanak±le tadupiya½ alaªk±rabhaº¹a½ rañño upan±metv± alaªkaroti,eva½ kh²º±savopi dhammaratanabhaº¹a½ sampaµicchitv± mokkh±dhigamassa bhabbar³pe sahetuke sattepassitv± tadanur³pa½ dhammadesana½ va¹¹hetv± maggaªgabojjhaªg±disaªkh±tena lokuttarena alaªk±renaalaªkarot²ti bhaº¹±g±rikoti vuccati.