Sa½var±sa½varoti ettha sa½varaºa½ sa½varo, k±yav±c±hi av²tikkamo. Mahanto sa½varoasa½varo. Vu¹¹hi-attho hi aya½ a-k±ro yath± “asekkh± dhamm±”ti, tasm± khuddakomahanto ca sa½varoti attho. Diµµhiviniveµhan±ti diµµhiy± vimocana½. Adhis²lasikkh±d²na½vibh±go parato paµhamap±r±jikasa½vaººan±ya ±vi bhavissati. Suttantap±¼iya½ “viviccevak±meh²”ti-±din± sam±dhidesan±b±hullato “suttantapiµake adhicittasikkh±”tivutta½. V²tikkamappah±na½ kiles±nanti sa½kilesadhamm±na½ kammakiles±na½v± yo k±yavac²dv±rehi v²tikkamo, tassa pah±na½. Anusayavasena sant±ne anuvattant±kiles± k±raºal±bhe pariyuµµhit±pi s²labhedavasena v²tikkamitu½ na labhant²ti ±ha“v²tikkamapaµipakkhatt± s²lass±”ti. Pariyuµµh±nappah±nanti ok±sad±navasenakiles±na½ citte kusalappavatti½ pariy±diyitv± uµµh±na½ pariyuµµh±na½, tassa pah±na½cittasant±nesu uppattivasena kiles±na½ pariyuµµh±nassa pah±nanti vutta½ hoti. Anusayappah±nantiappah²nabh±vena sant±ne anu anu sayanak± k±raºal±bhe uppatti-arah± anusay±. Tepana anur³pa½ k±raºa½ laddh± uppajjan±rah± th±magat± k±mar±g±dayo satta kiles±, tesa½pah±na½ anusayappah±na½. Te ca sabbaso ariyamaggapaññ±ya pah²yant²ti ±ha “anusayapaµipakkhatt±paññ±y±”ti.
Tadaªgappah±nanti d²p±lokeneva tamassa d±n±dipuññakiriyavatthugatena tena tena kusalaªgenatassa tassa akusalaªgassa pah±na½ “tadaªgappah±nan”ti vuccati. Idha pana tena tenasus²lyaªgena tassa tassa duss²lyaªgassa pah±na½ “tadaªgappah±nan”ti veditabba½. Vikkhambhanasama-ucchedappah±n±n²tiettha upac±rappan±bhedena sam±dhin± pavattiniv±raºena ghaµappah±reneva jalatale sev±lassatesa½ tesa½ n²varaº±na½ dhamm±na½ vikkhambhanavasena pah±na½ vikkhambhanappah±na½. Catunna½ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± ta½ta½maggavato sant±ne samudayapakkhikassa kilesagaºassa accanta½appavattisaªkh±tasamucchedavasena pah±na½ samucchedappah±na½. Duccaritasa½kilesassapah±nanti k±yaduccarit±di duµµhu carita½, kilesehi v± d³sita½ caritanti duccarita½.Tadeva yattha uppanna½, ta½ sant±na½ samm± kileseti b±dhayati upat±peti c±ti sa½kileso,tassa pah±na½, k±yavac²duccaritavasena pavattasa½kilesassa tadaªgavasena pah±nanti vutta½hoti. Sam±dhissa k±macchandapaµipakkhatt± suttantapiµake taºh±sa½kilesassa pah±na½vutta½. Att±divinimuttasabh±vadhammappak±sanato abhidhammapiµake diµµhisa½kilesassapah±na½ vutta½.
Ekamekasmiñcetth±ti etesu t²su piµakesu ekamekasmi½ piµaketiattho daµµhabbo. Dhammoti p±¼²ti ettha pakaµµh±na½ ukkaµµh±na½ s²l±di-atth±na½ bodhanatosabh±vaniruttibh±vato buddh±d²hi bh±sitatt± ca pakaµµh±na½ vacanappabandh±na½ ±¼²ti p±¼i,pariyattidhammo. “Dhammoti p±¼²ti ettha bhagavat± vuccam±nassa atthassa voh±rassa cad²pano saddoyeva p±¼i n±m±”ti gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±ya likhites²ha¼agaºµhipade pana ida½ vutta½– sabh±vatthassa sabh±vavoh±rassa ca anur³pavasena bhagavat±manas± vavatth±pit± paº¹atti p±¼²ti vuccati. Yadi saddoyeva p±¼i siy±, p±¼iy±desan±ya ca n±nattena bhavitabba½. Manas± vavatth±pit±ya ca p±¼iy± vac²bhedakaraºamatta½ µhapetv±desan±ya n±natta½ natthi. Tath± hi desana½ dassentena manas± vavatth±pit±ya p±¼iy± desan±tivac²bhedakaraºamatta½ vin± p±¼iy± saha desan±ya anaññath± vutt±. Tath± ca upari “desan±tipaññatt²”ti vuttatt± desan±ya anaññabh±vena p±¼iy± paººattibh±vo kathito hoti.Apica yadi p±¼iy± aññ±yeva desan± siy±, “p±¼iy± ca p±¼i-atthassa ca desan±ya cayath±bh³t±vabodho”ti vattabba½ siy±, eva½ pana avatv± “p±¼iy± ca p±¼i-atthassa ca yath±bh³t±vabodho”tivuttatt± p±¼iy± desan±ya ca anaññabh±vo dassito hoti. Evañca katv± upari “desan±n±ma paññatt²”ti dassentena desan±ya anaññabh±vato p±¼iy± paººattibh±vo kathitovahot²ti.
Ettha ca “saddoyeva p±¼i n±m±”ti imasmi½ pakkhe dhammassapi saddasabh±vatt± dhammadesan±na½ko visesoti ce? Tesa½ tesa½ atth±na½ bodhakabh±vena ñ±to uggahaº±divasena ca pubbevavatth±pito saddappabandho dhammo, pacch± paresa½ avabodhanattha½ pavattito tadatthappak±sakosaddo desan±ti veditabba½. Atha v± yath±vuttasaddasamuµµh±pako cittupp±do desan±“des²yati samuµµh±p²yati saddo eten±”ti katv± mus±v±d±dayo viya. Tatth±pihi mus±v±d±disamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±d±disaddena vohar²yati.
T²supi cetesu ete dhammatthadesan±paµivedh±ti ettha p±¼i-attho p±¼idesan± p±¼i-atthapaµivedhoc±ti ime tayo p±¼ivisay± hont²ti vinayapiµak±d²na½ atthassa desan±ya paµivedhassa ca ±dh±rabh±vo yutto, piµak±ni pana p±¼iyoyev±ti tesa½ dhammassa ±dh±rabh±vo katha½ yujjeyy±ti ce? P±¼isamud±yassa avayavap±¼iy± ±dh±rabh±vato. Avayavassa hisamud±yo ±dh±rabh±vena vuccati yath± “rukkhe s±kh±”ti. Ettha ca dhamm±d²na½ dukkhog±habh±vatotehi dhamm±d²hi vinay±dayo gambh²r±ti vinay±d²nampi catubbidho gambh²rabh±vo vuttoyeva,tasm± dhamm±dayo eva dukkhog±hatt± gambh²r±, na vinay±dayoti na codetabbameta½ sammukhenavisayavisay²mukhena ca vinay±d²na½yeva gambh²rabh±vassa vuttatt±. Dhammo hi vinay±dayo,tesa½ visayo attho, dhammatthavisay± ca desan±paµivedh±ti. Tattha paµivedhassa dukkarabh±vatodhammatth±na½, desan±ñ±ºassa dukkarabh±vato desan±ya ca dukkhog±habh±vo veditabbo. Paµivedhassapana upp±detu½ asakkuºeyyatt± ta½visayañ±ºuppattiy± ca dukkarabh±vato dukkhog±hat±veditabb±. Dukkhena ogayhant²ti dukkhog±h±. Ekadesena og±hantehipi mandabuddh²hipatiµµh± laddhu½ na sakk±ti ±ha “alabbhaneyyapatiµµh± c±”ti. Ekamekasminti ekekasmi½piµake. Etth±ti etesu piµakesu. Niddh±raºe ceta½ bhummavacana½.
Id±ni hetuhetuphal±d²na½ vasenapi gambh²rabh±va½ dassento ±ha “aparo nayo”ti-±di.Het³ti paccayo. So hi attano phala½ dahati vidahat²ti dhammoti vuccati.Dhammasaddassa cettha hetupariy±yat± katha½ viññ±yat²ti ±ha “vuttañhetan”ti-±di.Nanu ca “hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti etena vacanena dhammassa hetubh±vokatha½ viññ±yat²ti ce? Dhammapaµisambhid±ti etassa sam±sapadassa avayavapadattha½ dassentena“hetumhi ñ±ºan”ti vuttatt±. “Dhamme paµisambhid± dhammapaµisambhid±”ti etthahi “dhamme”ti etassa attha½ dassentena “hetumh²”ti vutta½, “paµisambhid±”tietassa attha½ dassentena “ñ±ºan”ti, tasm± hetudhammasadd± ekatth± ñ±ºapaµisambhid±sadd±c±ti imamattha½ vadantena s±dhito dhammassa hetubh±vo. Hetuphale ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±tietena vacanena s±dhito atthassa hetuphalabh±vopi evameva daµµhabbo. Hetuno phala½ hetuphala½.Tañca yasm± hetu-anus±rena ar²yati adhigam²yati samp±puº²yati, tasm±atthoti vuccati.
Yath±dhammanti ettha dhammasaddo hetu½ hetuphalañca sabba½ saªgaºh±ti. Sabh±vav±cako hesadhammasaddo, na pariyattihetubh±vav±cako, tasm± yath±dhammanti yo yo avijj±disaªkh±r±didhammo,tasmi½ tasminti attho. Dhamm±nur³pa½ v± yath±dhamma½. Desan±pi hi paµivedho viyaavipar²tavisayavibh±vanato dhamm±nur³pa½ pavattati, tatoyeva ca avipar²t±bhil±poti vuccati.Dhamm±bhil±poti atthabyañjanako avipar²t±bhil±po. Ettha ca abhilappat²ti abhil±potisaddo vuccati. Etena “tatra dhammanirutt±bhil±pe ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±”ti(vibha. 718) ettha vutta½ dhammanirutti½ dasseti saddasabh±vatt± desan±ya. Tath± hi niruttipaµisambhid±yaparitt±rammaº±dibh±vo paµisambhid±vibhaªgap±¼iya½ (vibha. 718 ±dayo) vutto. Aµµhakath±yañca(vibha. aµµha. 718) “ta½ sabh±vanirutti½ sadda½ ±rammaºa½ katv±”ti-±din± sadd±rammaºat±dassit±. Tath± hi imassa atthassa aya½ saddo v±cakoti vacanavacanatthe vavatthapetv± ta½ta½vacanatthavibh±vanavasenapavattito saddo desan±ti vuccati. Adhipp±yoti etena “desan±ti paññatt²”tieta½ vacana½ dhammanirutt±bhil±pa½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tato vinimutta½ paññatti½ sandh±y±tiadhipp±ya½ dasseti. Des²yati attho eten±ti hi desan±, pak±rena ñ±p²yati etena,pak±rato ñ±pet²ti v± paññatt²ti dhammanirutt±bhil±po vuccati. Eva½ “desan±n±ma saddo”ti imasmi½ pakkhe ayamattho veditabbo. “Desan±ti paññatt²”ti etthapaññattiv±dino pana eva½ vadanti– kiñc±pi “dhamm±bhil±po”ti ettha abhilappat²tiabhil±poti saddo vuccati, na paººatti, tath±pi sadde vuccam±ne tadanur³pa½ voh±ra½gahetv± tena voh±rena d²pitassa atthassa j±nanato sadde kathite tadanur³p± paººattipik±raº³pac±rena kathit±yeva hoti. Atha v± “dhamm±bhil±poti attho”ti avatv± “dhamm±bhil±potiadhipp±yo”ti vuttatt± desan± n±ma saddo na hot²ti d²pitamev±ti.
Id±ni paµivedha½ niddisanto ±ha “paµivedhoti abhisamayo”ti. Paµivijjhat²ti ñ±ºa½paµivedhoti vuccati. Paµivijjhanti eten±ti v± paµivedho abhisamet²tiabhisamayo, abhisamenti eten±ti v± abhisamayo. Id±ni abhisamayappabhedato abhisamayappak±rato±rammaºato sabh±vato ca p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “so ca lokiyalokuttaro”ti-±dim±ha.Visayato asammohato ca avabodhoti sambandho. Tattha visayato atth±di-anur³pa½dhamm±d²su avabodho n±ma avijj±didhamm±rammaºo saªkh±r±di-atth±rammaºo tadubhayapaññ±pan±rammaºolokiyo avabodho. Asammohato atth±di-anur³pa½ dhamm±d²su avabodho pana nibb±n±rammaºomaggayutto yath±vuttadhammatthapaññatt²su sammohaviddha½sano lokuttaro abhisamayo. Tath±hi “aya½ hetu, idamassa phala½, aya½ tadubhay±nur³po voh±ro”ti eva½ ±rammaºakaraºavasenalokiyañ±ºa½ visayato paµivijjhati, lokuttarañ±ºa½ pana hetuhetuphal±d²su sammohassamaggañ±ºena samucchinnatt± asammohato paµivijjhati. Atth±nur³pa½ dhammes³ti avijj±hetu, saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±, saªkh±re upp±deti avijj±ti eva½ k±riy±nur³pa½k±raºes³ti attho. Atha v± puññ±bhisaªkh±ra-apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra-±neñj±bhisaªkh±resu t²suapuññ±bhisaªkh±rassa sampayutta-avijj± paccayo, itaresa½ yath±nur³panti-±din± k±riy±nur³pa½k±raºesu paµivedhoti attho. Dhamm±nur³pa½ atthes³ti “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±din±k±raº±nur³pa½ k±riyesu avabodhoti attho. Paññattipath±nur³pa½ paññatt²s³tipaññattiy± vuccam±nadhamm±nur³pa½ paººatt²su avabodhoti attho.
Yath±vuttehi dhamm±d²hi piµak±na½ gambh²rabh±va½ dassetu½ “id±ni yasm± etesu piµakes³”ti-±dim±ha.Dhammaj±tanti k±raºappabhedo k±raºameva v±. Atthaj±tanti k±riyappabhedo k±riyamevav±. Y± c±ya½ desan±ti sambandho. Yo cetth±ti et±su ta½ta½piµakagat±su dhammatthadesan±suyo paµivedhoti attho. Dukkhog±hanti ettha avijj±saªkh±r±d²na½ dhammatth±na½ duppaµivijjhat±yadukkhog±hat±. Tesa½ paññ±panassa dukkarabh±vato desan±ya paµivedhanasaªkh±tassa paµivedhassaca upp±danavisay²karaº±na½ asakkuºeyyat±ya dukkhog±hat± veditabb±. Evamp²ti pisaddopubbe vuttappak±rantara½ sampiº¹eti. Etth±ti etesu t²su piµakesu. Vuttatth±tivutto sa½vaººito attho ass±ti vuttatth±.