Atha v± attan± ca appiccho hot²ti attattha½, appicch±kathañca paresa½ katt± hot²tiparattha½ s³ceti. Eva½ “attan± ca p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hot²”ti-±d²ni (a.ni. 4.99) sutt±ni yojetabb±ni. Vinay±bhidhammehi ca visesetv± suttasaddassa atthovattabbo, tasm± veneyyajjh±sayavasappavatt±ya desan±ya attahitaparahit±d²ni s±tisaya½ pak±sit±nihonti tappadh±nabh±vato, na ±º±dhammasabh±vavasappavatt±y±ti idameva atth±na½ s³canatosuttanti vutta½. Evañca katv± “ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±pannan”ti(p±ci. 655) ca “sakav±de pañca suttasat±n²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) ca evam±d²susuttasaddo upacaritoti gahetabbo.
Suttesu ±º±dhammasabh±v± ca veneyyajjh±saya½ anuvattanti, na vinay±bhidhammesu viya veneyyajjh±sayo±º±dhammasabh±ve, tasm± veneyy±na½ ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik± suttantadesan±hot²ti “suvutt± cettha atth±”ti-±di vutta½. “Ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik±suttantadesan±”ti idampi veneyy±na½ hitasamp±pane suttantadesan±ya tapparabh±va½yevasandh±ya vutta½. Tapparabh±vo ca veneyyajjh±say±nulomato daµµhabbo. Tenev±ha “veneyyajjh±say±nulomenavuttatt±”ti Vinayadesana½ viya issarabh±vato ±º±patiµµh±panavasenaadesetv± veneyy±na½ ajjh±say±nulomena cariy±nur³pa½ vuttatt± desitatt±ti attho.
Anupubbasikkh±divasena k±lantare abhinipphatti½ dassento ±ha “sassamiva phalan”ti.Pasavat²ti phalati, nipph±det²ti attho. Up±yasamaªg²na½yeva nipphajjanabh±va½ dassento“dhenu viya kh²ran”ti ±ha. Dhenutopi hi up±yavant±na½yeva kh²rapaµil±bho hoti.Anup±yena hi ak±le aj±tavaccha½ dhenu½ dohanto k±lepi v± vis±ºa½ gahetv± dohantoneva kh²ra½ paµilabhati. “Sutt±º±”ti etassa attha½ pak±setu½ “suµµhu ca net±yat²”ti vutta½.
Suttasabh±ganti suttasadisa½. Suttasabh±gata½yeva dassento ±ha “yath± h²”ti-±di.Tacchak±na½ suttanti va¹¹hak²na½ k±¼asutta½. Pam±ºa½ hot²ti tadanus±rena tacchanato.Evametampi viññ³nanti yath± k±¼asutta½ pas±retv± saññ±ºe kate gahetabba½ vissajjetabbañcapaññ±yati, eva½ viv±desu uppannesu sutte ±n²tamatte “ida½ gahetabba½, ida½ vissajjetabban”tiviññ³na½ p±kaµatt± viv±do v³pasammat²ti etampi sutta½ viññ³na½ pam±ºa½ hot²tiattho. Id±ni aññath±pi suttasabh±gata½ dassento ±ha “yath± c±”ti-±di. Sutta½viya pam±ºatt± saªg±hakatt± ca suttamiva suttanti vutta½ hoti. Ettha ca attatth±dividh±nesuttassa pam±ºabh±vo attatth±d²na½yeva ca saªg±hakatta½ yojetabba½ tadatthappak±sanapadh±natt±suttassa. Vinay±bhidhammehi visesattañca pubbe vuttanayeneva yojetabba½. Etanti“atth±na½ s³canato”ti-±dika½ atthavacana½. Etass±ti suttassa.
Yanti yasm±. Etth±ti abhidhamme. Abhikkamant²ti ettha abhi-saddo kamanakiriy±yavu¹¹hibh±va½ atirekata½ d²pet²ti ±ha “abhikkamant²ti-±d²su vu¹¹hiya½ ±gato”ti.Abhiññ±t±ti a¹¹hacand±din± kenaci saññ±ºena ñ±t± paññ±t± p±kaµ±ti attho. A¹¹hacand±dibh±vohi rattiy± upalakkhaºavasena saññ±ºa½ hoti, yasm± a¹¹ho cando, tasm± aµµham², yasm± ³no, tasm± c±tuddas², yasm± puººo, tasm± pannaras²ti. Abhilakkhit±ti etth±pi ayamevattho veditabbo. Abhilakkhitasaddapariy±yo abhiññ±tasaddoti ±ha “abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±ti-±d²sulakkhaºe”ti. Ettha ca v±cakasaddantarasannidh±nena nip±t±na½ tadatthajotakamattatt± lakkhitasaddatthajotakoabhisaddo lakkhaºe vattat²ti vutto. R±j±bhir±j±ti r±j³hi p³jetu½ araho r±j±.P³jiteti p³j±rahe.
Abhidhammeti “supinantena sukkavissaµµhiy± an±pattibh±vepi akusalacetan± upalabbhat²”ti-±din±vinayapaññattiy± saªkaravirahite dhamme. “Pubb±paravirodh±bh±vato dhamm±na½yeva ca aññamaññasaªkaravirahitedhamme”tipi vadanti. “P±º±tip±to akusalan”ti evam±d²su ca maraº±dhipp±yassaj²vitindriyupacchedakapayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± akusala½, na p±ºasaªkh±taj²vitindriyassaupacchedasaªkh±to atip±to, tath± adinnassa parasantakassa ±d±nasaªkh±t± viññatti aby±katodhammo, ta½viññattisamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± akusalo dhammoti evam±din±pi aññamaññasaªkaravirahitedhammeti attho veditabbo. Abhivinayeti ettha “j±tar³parajata½ na paµiggahetabban”tivadanto vinaye vineti n±ma. Ettha “eva½ paµiggaºhato p±cittiya½, eva½ dukkaµantivadanto ca abhivinaye vineti n±m±”ti vadanti. Tasm± j±tar³parajata½ theyyacittenaparasantaka½ gaºhantassa yath±vatthu p±r±jikathullaccayadukkaµesu aññatara½, bhaº¹±g±rikas²senagaºhantassa p±cittiya½, attatth±ya gaºhantassa nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½. Kevala½lolat±ya gaºhantassa an±m±sadukkaµa½, r³piyacha¹¹akassa sammatassa an±patt²ti eva½ aññamaññasaªkaravirahitevinaye paµibalo vinetunti attho veditabbo. Abhikkanten±ti ettha kantiy±adhikatta½ abhisaddo d²pet²ti ±ha “adhike”ti.
Nanu ca “abhikkamant²”ti ettha abhisaddo kamanakiriy±ya vu¹¹hibh±va½ atirekata½ d²peti,“abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti ettha ñ±ºalakkhaºakiriy±na½ sup±kaµatt± visesa½, “abhikkanten±”tiettha kantiy± adhikatta½ visiµµhata½ d²pet²ti ida½ t±va yutta½ kiriy±visesakatt±upasaggassa, “abhir±j± abhivinayo”ti pana p³jitaparicchinnesu r±javinayesu abhisaddovattat²ti kathameta½ yujjeyy±ti ce? Idh±pi natthi doso p³janaparicchedanakiriy±d²panato,t±hi ca kiriy±hi r±javinay±na½ yuttatt±, tasm± ettha atim±l±d²su atisaddo viyaabhisaddo saha s±dhanena kiriya½ vadat²ti abhir±ja-abhivinayasadd± siddh±, eva½ abhidhammasaddeabhisaddo saha s±dhanena vu¹¹hiy±dikiriya½ d²pet²ti ayamattho dassitoti daµµhabba½.
Ettha ti abhidhamme. Bh±vet²ti cittassa va¹¹hana½ vutta½. Pharitv±ti ±rammaºassava¹¹hana½ vutta½. Vu¹¹himantoti bh±van±pharaºavu¹¹h²hi vu¹¹himantopi dhamm± vutt±tiattho. ¾rammaº±d²h²ti ±rammaºasampayuttakammadv±rapaµipad±d²hi. Lakkhaº²yatt±tisañj±nitabbatt±. Ekantato lokuttaradhamm±na½yeva p³j±rahatt± “sekkh± dhamm±”ti-±din±lokuttar±yeva p³jit±ti dassit±. Sabh±vaparicchinnatt±ti phusan±disabh±venaparicchinnatt±. Adhik±pi dhamm± vutt±ti ettha k±m±vacarehi mahantabh±vato mahaggat±dhamm±pi adhik± n±ma hont²ti tehi saddhi½ adhik± dhamm± vutt±.
Ya½ panettha avisiµµhanti ettha vinay±d²su t²su aññamaññavisiµµhesu ya½ avisiµµha½ sam±na½,ta½ piµakasaddanti attho. Vinay±dayo hi tayo sadd± aññamañña½ as±dh±raºatt± visiµµh±n±ma, piµakasaddo pana tehi t²hipi s±dh±raºatt± avisiµµhoti vuccati. M± piµakasampad±nen±tip±¼isampad±navasena m± gaºhath±ti vutta½ hoti. Kud±lañca piµakañca kud±lapiµaka½.Tattha ku vuccati pathav², tass± d±lanato vid±lanato ayomayo upakaraºaviseso kud±la½n±ma, t±lapaººavettalat±d²hi kato bh±janaviseso piµaka½ n±ma, ta½ ±d±ya gahetv±tiattho. Yath±vutten±ti “eva½ duvidhatthen±”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena.
Desan±s±sanakath±bhedanti ettha kathetabb±na½ atth±na½ desak±yattena ±º±dividhin±abhisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±. S±sitabbapuggalagatena yath±par±dh±din± s±sitabbabh±venaanus±sana½ vinayana½ s±sana½ Kathetabbassa sa½var±sa½var±dino atthassakathana½ vacanapaµibaddhat±karaºa½ kath±ti vuccati. Tasm± desit±ra½ bhagavantamapekkhitv± desan±,s±sitabbapuggalavasena s±sana½, kathetabbassa atthassa vasena kath±ti evamettha desan±d²na½n±n±karaºa½ veditabba½. Ettha ca kiñc±pi desan±dayo desetabb±dinirapekkh± na honti,±º±dayo pana visesato desak±di-adh²n±ti ta½ta½visesayogavasena desan±d²na½ bhedovutto. Tath± hi ±º±vidh±na½ visesato ±º±rah±dh²na½ tattha kosallayogato. Eva½ voh±raparamatthavidh±n±nica vidh±yak±dh²n±n²ti ±º±dividhino desak±yattat± vutt±. Apar±dhajjh±say±nur³pa½viya dhamm±nur³pampi s±sana½ visesato, tath± vinetabbapuggal±pekkhanti s±sitabbapuggalavasenas±sana½ vutta½. Sa½var±sa½varan±mar³p±na½ viya viniveµhetabb±ya diµµhiy±pi kathana½ sativ±c±vatthusmi½ n±sat²ti visesato tadadh²nanti kathetabbassa atthassa vasena kath± vutt±.Bhedasaddo visu½ visu½ yojetabbo “desan±bheda½ s±sanabheda½ kath±bhedañca yath±raha½parid²paye”ti. Bhedanti ca n±nattanti attho. Tesu piµakesu sikkh± ca pah±n±ni ca gambh²rabh±vo ca sikkh±pah±nagambh²rabh±va½, tañca yath±raha½ parid²payeti attho. Pariyattibhedañcavibh±vayeti sambandho.
Pariyattibhedanti ca pariy±puºanabhedanti attho. Yahinti yasmi½ vinay±dike piµake.Ya½ sampattiñca vipattiñca yath± p±puº±ti, tampi sabba½ vibh±vayeti sambandho. Athav± ya½ pariyattibheda½ sampattiñca vipattiñc±pi yahi½ yath± p±puº±ti, tampi sabba½vibh±vayeti yojetabba½. Ettha yath±ti yehi up±rambh±dihetupariy±puºan±dippak±rehiup±rambhanissaraºadhammakosakarakkhaºahetupariy±puºana½ suppaµipatti duppaµipatt²ti etehipak±reh²ti vutta½ hoti.
Parid²pan± vibh±van± c±ti heµµh± vuttassa anur³pato vutta½, atthato panaekameva. ¾º±rahen±ti ±ºa½ µhapetu½ arahat²ti ±º±raho, bhagav±. So hi samm±sambuddhat±yamah±k±ruºikat±ya ca avipar²tahitopadesakabh±vena pam±ºavacanatt± ±ºa½ paºetu½ arahati,voh±raparamatth±nampi sambhavato ±ha “±º±b±hullato”ti. Ito paresupi esevanayo.
Paµhamanti vinayapiµaka½. Pacur±par±dh± seyyasakatther±dayo. Te hidosab±hullato “pacur±par±dh±”ti vutt±. Pacuro bahuko bahulo apar±dho dosov²tikkamo yesa½ te pacur±par±dh±. Anekajjh±say±ti-±d²su ±sayova ajjh±sayo.So ca atthato diµµhi ñ±ºañca, pabhedato pana catubbidha½ hoti. Tath± hi pubbacariyavasena±yati½ sati paccaye uppajjam±n±rah± sassatucchedasaªkh±t± micch±diµµhi sacc±nulomikañ±ºakammassakataññ±ºasaªkh±t± samm±diµµhi ca “±sayo”ti vuccati. Vuttañheta½–
“Sassatucchedadiµµhi ca, khanti cev±nulomik±;
yath±bh³tañca ya½ ñ±ºa½, eta½ ±sayasaññitan”ti.
Idañca catubbidha½ ±sayanti ettha satt± nivasant²ti ±sayoti vuccati. Anusay±k±mar±gabhavar±gadiµµhipaµighavicikicch±m±n±vijj±vasena satta. M³sikavisa½ viya k±raºal±bheuppajjan±rah± an±gat± kiles±, at²t± paccuppann± ca tatheva vuccanti. Na hik±labhedena dhamm±na½ sabh±vabhedo atth²ti. Cariy±ti r±gacariy±dik± cha m³lacariy±,antarabhedena anekavidh±, sa½saggavasena pana tesaµµhi honti. Atha v± cariy±ti carita½,ta½ sucaritaduccaritavasena duvidha½. “Adhimutti n±ma ‘ajjeva pabbajiss±mi, ajjevaarahatta½ gaºhiss±m²’ti-±din± tanninnabh±vena pavattam±na½ sanniµµh±nan”ti gaºµhipadesuvutta½. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana “satt±na½ pubbacariyavasena abhiruc²”tivutta½. S± duvidh± h²napaº²tabhedena. Yath±nulomanti ajjh±say±d²na½ anur³pa½.Aha½ mam±ti saññinoti diµµhim±nataºh±vasena aha½ mam±ti eva½ pavattasaññino. Yath±dhammantinatthettha att± attaniya½ v±, kevala½ dhammamattametanti eva½ dhammasabh±v±nur³panti attho.