Kiñc±pi avisesena sabbampi buddhavacana½ kilesavinayanena vinayo, yath±nusiµµha½paµipajjam±ne ap±yapatan±dito dh±raºena dhammo ca hoti idh±dhippete panadhammavinaye niddh±retu½ “tattha vinayapiµakan”ti-±dim±ha. Khandh±divasena sabh±vadhammadesan±b±hullato±ha “avasesa½ buddhavacana½ dhammo”ti. Atha v± yadipi dhammoyeva vinayo pariyatti-±dibh±vato,tath±pi vinayasaddasannidh±no abhinn±dhikaraºabh±vena payutto dhammasaddo vinayatantivipar²ta½tanti½ d²peti yath± “puññañ±ºasambh±ro, gobal²baddan”ti-±di.
Anekaj±tisa½s±ranti aya½ g±th± bhagavat± attano sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±na½ arahattappatti½paccavekkhantena ek³nav²satimassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa anantara½ bh±sit±. Ten±ha “ida½paµhamabuddhavacanan”ti. Ida½ kira sabbabuddhehi avijahita-ud±na½. Ayamassa saªkhepattho(dha. pa. aµµha. 2.154)– aha½ imassa attabh±vagehassa k±raka½ taºh±va¹¹haki½ gavesantoyena ñ±ºena ta½ daµµhu½ sakk±, tassa bodhiñ±ºassatth±ya d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±roettaka½ k±la½ anekaj±tisa½s±ra½ anekaj±tisatasahassasaªkhya½ sa½s±ravaµµa½ anibbisa½anibbisanto ta½ ñ±ºa½ avindanto alabhantoyeva sandh±vissa½ sa½sari½. Yasm±jar±by±dhimaraºamissat±ya j±ti n±mes± punappuna½ upagantu½ dukkh±, na ca s± tasmi½ adiµµhenivattati, tasm± ta½ gavesanto sandh±vissanti attho.
Diµµhos²ti id±ni may± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhantena diµµho asi. Puna gehantipuna ima½ attabh±vasaªkh±ta½ mama geha½ na k±hasi na karissasi. Tava sabb± anavases±kilesaph±suk± may± bhagg±. Imassa tay± katassa attabh±vagehassa k³µa½ avijj±saªkh±ta½kaººikamaº¹ala½ visaªkhata½ viddha½sita½. Visaªkh±ra½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºakaraºavasenagata½ anupaviµµha½ id±ni mama citta½, ahañca taºh±na½ khayasaªkh±ta½ arahattamagga½ arahattaphala½v± ajjhag± adhigato pattosm²ti attho. Gaºµhipadesu pana “visaªkh±ragatanti cittamevataºh±na½ khayasaªkh±ta½ arahattamagga½ arahattaphala½ v± ajjhag± adhigato patto”ti evampiattho vutto. Aya½ manas± pavattitadhamm±na½ ±di. “Yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±tiaya½ pana v±c±ya pavattitadhamm±na½ ±d²”ti vadanti. Antojappanavasena kira bhagav± “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti-±dim±ha.
Kec²ti khandhakabh±ºak±. Paµhama½ vutto pana dhammapadabh±ºak±na½ adhipp±yotiveditabbo. Ettha ca khandhakabh±ºak± vadanti “dhammapadabh±ºak±na½ g±th± manas± desitatt±tad± mahato janassa upak±r±ya na hoti, amh±ka½ pana g±th± vac²bheda½ katv± desitatt±tad± suºant±na½ devabrahm±na½ upak±r±ya ahosi, tasm± idameva paµhamabuddhavacanan”ti.Dhammapadabh±ºak± pana “desan±ya janassa upak±r±nupak±rabh±vo lakkhaºa½ na hoti, bhagavat±manas± desitatt±yeva ida½ paµhamabuddhavacanan”ti vadanti, tasm± ubhayampi aññamañña½ viruddha½na hot²ti veditabba½. Nanu ca yadi “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti manas± desita½, athakasm± dhammapada-aµµhakath±ya½ (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.153-154) “anekaj±tisa½s±ranti ima½dhammadesana½ satth± bodhirukkham³le nisinno ud±navasena ud±netv± aparabh±ge ±nandattherenapuµµho kathes²”ti vuttanti? Tatth±pi manas± ud±netv±ti evamattho gahetabbo. Athav± manas±va desitanti eva½ gahaºe ki½ k±raºanti ce? Yadi vac²bheda½ katv± desita½siy±, ud±nap±¼iya½ ±ru¼ha½ bhaveyya, tasm± ud±nap±¼iya½ an±ru¼habh±voyeva vac²bheda½akatv± manas± desitabh±ve k±raºanti vadanti.
Yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±ti ettha itisaddo ±di-attho. Tena “±t±pinojh±yato br±hmaºassa, athassa kaªkh± vapayanti sabb±. Yato paj±n±ti sahetudhamman”ti ±dig±th±ttaya½saªgaºh±ti. Ud±nag±thanti pana j±tiy± ekavacana½, tatth±pi paµhamag±tha½yeva v± gahetv±vuttanti veditabba½. Ettha pana ya½ vattabba½, ta½ khandhake ±vi bhavissati. P±µipadadivasetiida½ “sabbaññubh±vappattass±”ti na etena sambandhitabba½, “paccavekkhantassa uppann±”tietena pana sambandhitabba½. Vis±khapuººam±yameva hi bhagav± pacc³sasamaye sabbaññuta½ pattoti.Somanassamayañ±ºen±ti somanassasampayuttañ±ºena. ¾mantay±m²ti niveday±mi, bodhem²tiattho. Vayadhamm±ti aniccalakkhaºamukhena dukkh±nattalakkhaºampi saªkh±r±na½ vibh±veti“yadanicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15) vacanato.Lakkhaºattayavibh±vananayeneva tad±rammaºa½ vipassana½ dassento sabbatitthiy±na½ avisayabh³ta½buddh±veºika½ catusaccakammaµµh±n±dhiµµh±na½ avipar²ta½ nibb±nag±mini½ paµipada½ pak±set²tidaµµhabba½ Id±ni tattha samm±paµipattiya½ niyojeti “appam±dena samp±deth±”ti.Atha v± “vayadhamm± saªkh±r±”ti etena saªkhepena sa½vejetv± “appam±dena samp±deth±”tisaªkhepeneva niravasesa½ samm±paµipatti½ dasseti. Appam±dapadañhi sikkhattayasaªgahita½ kevalaparipuººa½s±sana½ pariy±diyitv± tiµµhat²ti. Antareti antar±¼e, vemajjheti attho.
Suttantapiµakanti ettha yath± kammameva kammanta½, eva½ suttameva suttantanti veditabba½.Asaªg²tanti saªg²tikkhandhakakath±vatthuppakaraº±di. Keci pana “subhasuttampipaµhamasaªg²tiya½ asaªg²tan”ti vadanti, ta½ na yujjati. “Paµhamasaªg²tito puretaramevahi ±yasmat± ±nandattherena jetavane viharantena subhassa m±ºavassa desitan”ti ±cariyadhammap±lattherenavutta½. Subhasutta½ pana “eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ ±yasm± ±nando s±vatthiya½viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me aciraparinibbute bhagavat²”ti-±din±(d². ni. 1.444) ±gata½. Tattha “eva½ me sutan”ti-±divacana½ paµhamasaªg²tiya½ ±yasmat±±nandatthereneva vattu½ yuttar³pa½ na hoti. Na hi ±nandatthero sayameva subhasutta½desetv± “eva½ me sutan”ti-±d²ni vadati. Eva½ pana vattabba½ siy± “ekamid±ha½,bhante, samaya½ s±vatthiya½ vihar±mi jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me”ti, tasm±dutiyatatiyasaªg²tik±rakehi “eva½ me sutan”ti-±din± subhasutta½ saªg²tim±ropita½viya dissati. Atha ±cariyadhammap±lattherassa evamadhipp±yo siy± “±nandattherenevavuttampi subhasutta½ paµhamasaªg²ti½ ±ropetv± tanti½ µhapetuk±mehi mah±kassapatther±d²hiaññesu suttesu ±gatanayeneva ‘eva½ me sutan’ti-±din± tanti µhapit±”ti, eva½sati yujjeyya. Atha v± ±yasm± ±nandatthero subhasutta½ saya½ desentopi s±maññaphal±d²subhagavat± desitanayeneva deses²ti bhagavato sammukh± laddhanaye µhatv± desitatt± bhagavat± desita½dhamma½ attani adahanto “eva½ me sutan”ti-±dim±h±ti evamadhipp±yo veditabbo.
Ubhay±ni p±timokkh±n²ti bhikkhubhikkhun²p±timokkhavasena. Dve vibhaªg±n²ti bhikkhubhikkhun²vibhaªgavasenevadve vibhaªg±ni. Dv±v²sati khandhak±n²ti mah±vaggac³¼avaggesu ±gat±ni dv±v²sati khandhak±ni.So¼asapariv±r±ti so¼asahi pariv±rehi upalakkhitatt± so¼asapariv±r±tivutta½. Tath± hi pariv±rap±¼iya½ “ya½ tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhenapaµhama½ p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti-±din± (pari. 1) paññattiv±ro, tato para½ “methuna½dhamma½ paµisevanto kati ±pattiyo ±pajjat²”ti-±din± (pari. 157) kat±pattiv±ro,“methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevantassa ±pattiyo catunna½ vipatt²na½ kati vipattiyo bhajant²”ti-±dippabhedo(pari. 182) vipattiv±ro, “methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevantassa ±pattiyo sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½katihi ±pattikkhandhehi saªgahit±”ti-±dippabhedo (pari. 183) saªgahav±ro, “methuna½dhamma½ paµisevantassa ±pattiyo channa½ ±pattisamuµµh±n±na½ katihi samuµµh±nehi samuµµhant²”ti-±din±(pari. 184) samuµµh±nav±ro, “methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevantassa ±pattiyo catunna½ adhikaraº±na½katama½ adhikaraºan”ti-±din± (pari. 185) adhikaraºav±ro, “methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevantassa±pattiyo sattanna½ samath±na½ katihi samathehi sammant²”ti-±dippabhedo (pari. 186)samathav±ro, tadanantara½ samuccayav±ro c±ti aµµha v±r± vutt±. Tato para½ “methuna½dhamma½ paµisevanapaccay± p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti-±din± (pari. 188) nayena punapaccayavasena eko paññattiv±ro, tassa vasena purimasadis± eva kat±pattiv±r±dayo sattav±r±ti eva½ aparepi aµµha v±r± vutt±. Iti im±ni aµµha, purim±nipi aµµh±ti mah±vibhaªgeso¼asa v±r± dassit±. Tato para½ teneva nayena bhikkhunivibhaªgepi so¼asa v±r± ±gat±tiimehi so¼asahi v±rehi upalakkhitatt± so¼asapariv±r±ti vuccati. Potthakesu panakatthaci “pariv±ro”ti ettakameva dissati, bah³su pana potthakesu d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½abhidhammaµµhakath±yañca “so¼asapariv±r±”ti evameva vuttatt± ayampi p±µho na sakk±paµib±hitunti tassevattho vutto.
Brahmaj±l±dicatutti½sasuttasaªgahoti brahmaj±lasutt±d²ni catutti½sa sutt±ni saªgayhantiettha, eten±ti v± brahmaj±l±dicatutti½sasuttasaªgaho. Vuttappam±º±na½ v± sutt±na½saªgaho etass±ti brahmaj±l±dicatutti½sasuttasaªgahoti. Eva½ sesesupi veditabba½.
Vividhavisesanayatt±ti imiss± g±th±ya attha½ vibh±vento ±ha “vividh±h²”ti-±di. Da¼h²kammasithilakaraºappayojan±ti yath±kkama½ lokavajjesu sikkh±padesuda¼h²kammappayojan±, paººattivajjesu sithilakaraºappayojan±ti veditabba½. Ajjh±c±ranisedhanatotisaññamavela½ atibhavitv± pavatto ±c±ro ajjh±c±ro, v²tikkamo, tassa nisedhanatotiattho. Ten±ti vividhanayatt±dihetun±. Etanti “vividhavisesanayatt±”ti-±dig±th±vacana½.Etass±ti vinayassa. Itara½ pan±ti sutta½.
Id±ni atth±na½ s³canatoti-±dig±th±ya attha½ pak±sento ±ha “tañh²”ti-±di.Attatthaparatth±dibhedeti yo ta½ sutta½ sajjh±yati suº±ti v±ceti cinteti desetica, suttena saªgahito s²l±di-attho tassapi hoti, tena parassa s±dhetabbato parassapi hot²titadubhaya½ ta½ sutta½ s³ceti d²peti. Tath± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthe lokiyalokuttaratthec±ti evam±dibhede atthe ±disaddena saªgaºh±ti. Atthasaddo c±ya½ hitapariy±yavacano,na bh±sitatthavacano. Yadi siy±, sutta½ attanopi bh±sitattha½ s³ceti parassap²ti ayamatthovutto siy±, suttena ca yo attho pak±sito, so tasseva hoti, na tena parattho s³citohot²ti. Tena s³cetabbassa paratthassa nivattetabbassa abh±v± attaggahaºañca na kattabba½.Attatthaparatthavinimuttassa bh±sitatthassa abh±v± ±diggahaºañca na kattabba½, tasm± yath±vuttassahitapariy±yassa atthassa sutte asambhavato sutt±dh±rassa puggalassa vasena attatthaparatth± vutt±.
Atha v± sutta½ anapekkhitv± ye attatth±dayo atthappabhed± “na haññadatthatthi pasa½sal±bh±”tietassa padassa niddese (mah±ni. 63) vutt± attattho, parattho, ubhayattho, diµµhadhammikoattho, sampar±yiko attho, utt±no attho, gambh²ro attho, gu¼ho attho, paµicchannoattho, neyyo attho, n²to attho, anavajjo attho, nikkileso attho, vod±no attho,paramatthoti, te atthe sutta½ s³cet²ti attho gahetabbo. Tath± hikiñc±pi suttanirapekkha½ attatth±dayo vutt± suttatthabh±vena aniddiµµhatt±, tesu panaekopi atthappabhedo suttena d²petabbata½ n±tikkamati, tasm± te atthe sutta½ s³cet²tivuccati. Imasmiñca atthavikappe attha-saddoya½ bh±sitatthapariy±yopi hoti. Etthahi purimak± pañca atthappabhed± hitapariy±y±, tato pare cha bh±sitatthabhed±, pacchimak±pana ubhayasabh±v±. Tattha duradhigamat±ya vibh±vane ag±dhabh±vo gambh²ro, na vivaµo gu¼ho,m³ludak±dayo viya pa½sun± akkharasannives±din± tirohito paµicchanno. Niddh±retv±ñ±petabbo neyyo, yath±rutavasena veditabbo n²to. Anavajjanikkilesavod±n± pariy±yavasenavutt±, kusalavip±kakiriyadhammavasena v±. Paramattho nibb±na½, dhamm±na½ avipar²tasabh±voeva v±.