¾k±sena ±gantv± nis²d²tipi eketi ettha pana tesa½ tesa½ tath± tath± gahetv±±gatamatta½ µhapetv± visu½ visu½ vacane añña½ visesak±raºa½ natth²ti vadanti.Upatissatthero pan±ha “sattam±sa½ kat±ya dhammasaªg²tiy± kad±ci pathaviya½ nimujjitv±±gatatt± ta½ gahetv± eke vadanti. Kad±ci ±k±sena ±gatatt± ta½ gahetv± ekevadant²”ti.

Bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti bhikkh³ ±lapi abh±si sambodhes²ti ayametthaattho. Aññatra pana ñ±panepi hoti. Yath±ha– “±mantay±mi vo, bhikkhave, (d². ni.2.218) paµiveday±mi vo, bhikkhave”ti (a. ni. 7.72). Pakkosanepi dissati.Yath±ha “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, mama vacanena s±riputta½ ±manteh²”ti (a. ni. 9.11).¾vusoti ±mantan±k±rad²pana½. Ka½ dhura½ katv±ti ka½ jeµµhaka½ katv±.Ki½ ±nando nappahot²ti aµµhakath±cariyehi µhapitapucch±. Nappahot²ti nasakkoti. Etadagganti eso aggo. Liªgavipall±sena hi aya½ niddeso. Yadidantica yo ayanti attho, yadida½ khandhapañcakanti v± yojetabba½. Sammann²ti sammata½ak±si. Up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyyanti pucchadh±tussa dvikammakatt± vutta½. B²jani½gahetv±ti ettha b²jan²gahaºa½ dhammakathik±na½ dhammat±ti veditabba½. Bhagav±pi hi dhammakathik±na½dhammat±dassanatthameva vicittab²jani½ gaºh±ti. Na hi aññath± sabbassapi lokassa alaªk±rabh³ta½paramukka½sagatasikkh±sa½yam±na½ buddh±na½ mukhacandamaº¹ala½ paµicch±detabba½ hoti. “Paµhama½,±vuso up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu tassa saªg²tiy±purimak±le paµhamabh±vo na yuttoti? No na yutto bhagavat± paññatt±nukkamena p±timokkhuddes±nukkamenaca paµhamabh±vassa siddhatt±. Yebhuyyena hi t²ºi piµak±ni bhagavato dharam±nak±le µhit±nukkamenevasaªg²t±ni, visesato vinay±bhidhammapiµak±n²ti daµµhabba½. Kismi½ vatthusmi½ methunadhammetica nimittatthe bhummavacana½.
Vatthumpi pucch²ti-±di “kattha paññattan”ti-±din± dassitena saha tato avasiµµhampisaªgahetv± dassanavasena vutta½. Ki½ panettha paµhamap±r±jikap±¼iya½ kiñci apanetabba½v± pakkhipitabba½ v± ±si n±s²ti? Buddhassa bhagavato bh±site apanetabba½ n±ma natthi.Na hi tath±gat± ekabyañjanampi niratthaka½ vadanti, s±vak±na½ pana devat±na½ v± bh±siteapanetabbampi hoti, ta½ dhammasaªg±hakatther± apanayi½su, pakkhipitabba½ pana sabbatth±piatthi, tasm± ya½ yattha pakkhipitu½ yutta½, ta½ tattha pakkhipi½suyeva. Ki½ pana tantice? “Tena samayen±”ti v± “tena kho pana samayen±”ti v± “atha kho”iti v± “eva½vutte”ti v± “etadavoc±”ti v± evam±dika½ sambandhavacanamatta½. Eva½ pakkhipitabbayutta½pakkhipitv± pana ida½ paµhamap±r±jikanti µhapesu½ Paµhamap±r±jike saªgaham±ru¼hepañca arahantasat±ni saªgaha½ ±ropitanayeneva gaºasajjh±yamaka½su. “Tena samayena buddho bhagav±verañj±ya½ viharat²”ti ca nesa½ sajjh±y±rambhak±leyeva s±dhuk±ra½ dadam±n± viyamah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± kampittha. Te eteneva nayena sesap±r±jik±nipi saªgaha½±ropetv± “ida½ p±r±jikakaº¹an”ti µhapesu½. Eva½ terasa saªgh±dises±ni “terasakan”ti-±d²nivatv± v²s±dhik±ni dve sikkh±padasat±ni “mah±vibhaªgo”ti kittetv± µhapesu½.Mah±vibhaªg±vas±nepi purimanayeneva mah±pathav² akampittha. Tato bhikkhunivibhaªge aµµhasikkh±pad±ni “p±r±jikakaº¹a½ n±m±”ti-±d²ni vatv± t²ºi sikkh±padasat±ni catt±rica sikkh±pad±ni “bhikkhunivibhaªgo”ti kittetv± “aya½ ubhatovibhaªgo n±ma catusaµµhibh±ºav±ro”tiµhapesu½. Ubhatovibhaªg±vas±nepi vuttanayeneva pathav² akampittha. Etenevup±yenaas²tibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ khandhaka½ pañcav²satibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ pariv±rañca saªgaha½ ±ropetv±“ida½ vinayapiµaka½ n±m±”ti µhapesu½. Vinayapiµak±vas±nepi vuttanayeneva pathav²kampoahosi. Ta½ ±yasmanta½ up±litthera½ paµicch±pesu½ “±vuso, ida½ tuyha½ nissitakev±ceh²”ti evamettha avuttopi viseso veditabbo.
Eva½ vinayapiµaka½ saªgaham±ropetv± suttantapiµaka½ saªg±yi½su. Id±ni ta½ dassento±ha “vinaya½ saªg±yitv±”ti-±di. Mah±kassapatthero ±nandatthera½ dhamma½pucch²ti ettha ayamanukkamo veditabbo– ±nandatthere dantakhacita½ b²jani½ gahetv±dhamm±sane nisinne ±yasm± mah±kassapatthero bhikkh³ pucchi “katara½, ±vuso, piµaka½paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti? “Suttantapiµaka½, bhanteti. Suttantapiµake catasso saªg²tiyo,t±su paµhama½ katara½ saªg²tinti? D²ghasaªg²ti½, bhanteti. D²ghasaªg²tiya½ catutti½sa sutt±ni,tayo ca vagg±, tesu paµhama½ katara½ vagganti. S²lakkhandhavagga½, bhanteti. S²lakkhandhavaggeterasa suttant±, tesu paµhama½ katara½ suttanti? Brahmaj±lasutta½ n±ma bhante tividhas²l±laªkata½n±n±vidhamicch±j²vakuhanalapan±dividdha½sana½ dv±saµµhidiµµhij±laviniveµhana½ dasasahassilokadh±tupakampana½,ta½ paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca“brahmaj±la½, ±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti?
Antar± ca bhante r±jagaha½ antar± ca n±¼andanti ettha antar±-saddok±raºakhaºacittavemajjhavivar±d²su dissati. Tath± hi “tadantara½ ko j±neyya aññatra tath±gat±”ti(a. ni. 6.44; 10.75) ca, “jan± saªgamma mantenti, mañca tañca kimantaran”ti(sa½. ni. 1.228) ca ±d²su k±raºe antar±saddo vattati. “Addasa ma½ bhante aññatar±itth² vijjantarik±ya bh±jana½ dhovant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.149) khaºe. “Yassantaratona santi kop±”ti-±d²su (ud±. 20) citte. “Antar± vos±nam±p±d²”ti-±d²suvemajjhe. “Api c±ya½ tapod± dvinna½ mah±niray±na½ antarik±ya ±gacchat²”ti-±d²su(p±r±. 231) vivare. Sv±yamidha vivare vattati, tasm± r±jagahassa ca n±¼and±ya ca vivaretievamettha attho daµµhabbo, antar±saddena pana yuttatt± upayogavacana½ kata½. ¿disesu caµh±nesu akkharacintak± “antar± g±mañca nadiñca y±t²”ti eva½ ekameva antar±sadda½payujjanti, so dutiyapadenapi yojetabbo hoti. Ayojiyam±ne upayogavacana½ na p±puº±tis±mivacanappasaªge antar±saddayogena upayogavacanassa icchitatt±. Idha pana yojetv± eva½ vutto.R±j±g±raketi tattha rañño k²¼anattha½ paµibh±nacittavicitra½ ag±ra½ aka½su,ta½ r±j±g±rakanti pavuccati, tasmi½. Ambalaµµhik±ti rañño uyy±na½. Tassakira dv±rasam²pe taruºo ambarukkho atthi, ta½ ambalaµµhik±ti vadanti. Tassa avid³rabhavatt±uyy±nampi ambalaµµhik±tveva saªkhya½ gata½ “varuº±nagaran”ti-±d²su viya.
Suppiyañca paribb±jakanti ettha suppiyoti tassa n±ma½, paribb±jakoti sañjayassaantev±s² channaparibb±jako. Brahmadattañca m±ºavakanti ettha brahmadattoti tassan±ma½. M±ºavoti sattopi coropi taruºopi vuccati. Tath± hi–
“Codit± devad³tehi, ye pamajjanti m±ºav±;
te d²gharatta½ socanti, h²nak±y³pag± nar±”ti. (Ma. ni. 3.271; a. ni.3.36)–

¾d²su satto m±ºavoti vutto. “M±ºavehipi sam±gacchanti katakammehipi akatakammehip²”ti-±d²su(ma. ni. 2.149) coro. “Ambaµµham±ºavo aªgako m±ºavo”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.258-261,316) taruºo m±ºavoti vutto. Idh±pi ayameva adhippeto. Ida½ vutta½hoti “brahmadatta½ n±ma taruºapurisa½ ±rabbh±”ti. J²vakambavaneti j²vakassakom±rabhaccassa ambavane. Atha “ka½ ±rabbh±”ti avatv± “kenasaddhin”ti kasm±vutta½? Na eta½ sutta½ bhagavat± eva vutta½, raññ±pi “yath± nu kho im±ni puthusipp±yatan±n²”ti-±din±kiñci kiñci vutta½ atthi, tasm± eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Vedehiputten±tiaya½ kosalarañño dh²t±ya putto, na videharañño, “vedeh²”ti pana paº¹it±dhivacanameta½.Vidanti eten±ti vedo, ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Vedena ²hati ghaµati v±yamat²tivedeh², vedehiy± putto vedehiputto, tena.

Etenevup±yena pañca nik±ye pucch²ti ettha ayamanukkamo veditabbo. Vuttanayenabrahmaj±lassa pucch±visajjan±vas±ne pañca arahantasat±ni sajjh±yamaka½su. Vuttanayenevaca pathav²kampo ahosi. Eva½ brahmaj±la½ saªg±yitv± tato para½ “s±maññaphala½ pan±vuso±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti-±din± pucch±visajjan±nukkamena saddhi½ brahmaj±lena terasasuttanta½saªg±yitv± “aya½ s²lakkhandhavaggo n±m±”ti kittetv± µhapesu½. Tadanantara½ mah±vagga½,tadanantara½ p±thikavagganti eva½ tivaggasaªgaha½ catutti½sasuttantapaµimaº¹ita½ catusaµµhibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½tanti½ saªg±yitv± “aya½ d²ghanik±yo n±m±”ti vatv± ±yasmanta½ ±nandatthera½ paµicch±pesu½“±vuso, ima½ tuyha½ nissitake v±ceh²”ti. Tato anantara½ as²tibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½majjhimanik±ya½ saªg±yitv± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa nissitake paµicch±pesu½“ima½ tumhe pariharath±”ti. Tadanantara½ bh±ºav±rasataparim±ºa½ sa½yuttanik±ya½ saªg±yitv±mah±kassapatthera½ paµicch±pesu½ “bhante, ima½ tumh±ka½ nissitake v±ceth±”ti.Tadanantara½ v²satibh±ºav±rasatapa-am±ºa½ aªguttaranik±ya½ saªg±yitv± anuruddhatthera½paµicch±pesu½ “ima½ tumh±ka½ nissitake v±ceth±”ti.
Tadanantara½–
“Dhammasaªgaºi½ vibhaªgañca, kath±vatthuñca puggala½;
dh±tuyamaka½ paµµh±na½, abhidhammoti vuccat²”ti.–

Eva½ sa½vaººita½ sukhumañ±ºagocara½ tanti½ saªg±yitv± “ida½ abhidhammapiµaka½n±m±”ti vatv± pañca arahantasat±ni sajjh±yamaka½su. Vuttanayeneva pathav²kampo ahosi.Tato para½ j±taka½ mah±niddeso paµisambhid±maggo apad±na½ suttanip±to khuddakap±µhodhammapada½ ud±na½ itivuttaka½ vim±navatthu petavatthu therag±th± ther²g±th±ti ima½tanti½ saªg±yitv± “khuddakagantho n±ma ayan”ti ca vatv± abhidhammapiµakasmi½yeva saªgaha½±ropayi½s³ti d²ghabh±ºak± vadanti. Majjhimabh±ºak± pana “cariy±piµakabuddhava½sehi saddhi½sabbampi ta½ khuddakagantha½ suttantapiµake pariy±pannan”ti vadanti. Ayamettha adhipp±yo–j±tak±dike khuddakanik±yapariy±panne yebhuyyena ca dhammaniddesabh³te t±dise abhidhammapiµakesaªgaºhitu½ yutta½, na pana d²ghanik±y±dippak±re suttantapiµake, n±pi paññattiniddesabh³tevinayapiµaketi. D²ghabh±ºak± “j±tak±d²na½ abhidhammapiµake saªgaho”ti vadanti.Cariy±piµakabuddhava½s±nañcettha aggahaºa½ j±takagatikatt±. Majjhimabh±ºak± pana aµµhuppattivasenadesit±na½ j±tak±d²na½ yath±nulomadesan±bh±vato t±dise suttantapiµake saªgaho yutto,na pana sabh±vadhammaniddesabh³te yath±dhammas±sane abhidhammapiµaketi j±tak±d²na½ suttapariy±pannata½vadanti. Tattha yutta½ vic±retv± gahetabba½. Khuddakanik±yassa sesanik±y±na½ viyaap±kaµatt± sese µhapetv± khuddakanik±ya½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassento “tattha khuddakanik±yon±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tatth±ti tesu nik±yesu. Tatth±ti khuddakanik±ye.

Eva½ nimittapayojanak±ladesak±rakakaraºappak±rehi paµhamamah±saªg²ti½ dassetv± id±ni tatthavavatth±pitesu dhammavinayesu n±nappak±rakosallattha½ ekavidh±dibhede dassetu½ “tadeta½sabbamp²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha anuttara½ samm±sambodhinti ettha an±varaºañ±ºapadaµµh±na½maggañ±ºa½ maggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca an±varaºañ±ºa½ “samm±sambodh²”ti vuccati. Paccavekkhantenav±ti ud±n±divasena pavattadhamma½ sandh±y±ha. Vimuttirasanti arahattaphalass±da½vimuttisampattika½ v± aggaphalanipph±danato, vimuttikicca½ v± kiles±na½ accantavimuttisamp±danato.