Tatr±ti tassa½ s±vatthiya½. Sudanti nip±tamatta½. Aniccat±dipaµisa½yutt±y±ti“sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya. Asamucchinnataºh±nusayatt± avijj±taºh±bhisaªkhatenakammun± bhavayonigatiµhitisatt±v±sesu khandhapañcakasaªkh±ta½ attabh±va½ janeti abhinibbattet²tijano, kilese janeti, ajani, janissat²ti v± jano, mahanto janoti mah±jano,ta½ mah±jana½, bahujananti attho. Saññ±petv±ti samass±setv±. Gandhakuµiy±dv±ra½ vivaritv±ti paribhogacetiyabh±vato gandhakuµi½ vanditv± gandhakuµiy± dv±ra½vivar²ti veditabba½. Teneva d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±)“gandhakuµi½ vanditv±”ti vutta½. Mil±ta½ m±l±kacavara½ mil±tam±l±kacavara½.Yath±µh±ne µhapetv±ti paµhamaµhitaµµh±na½ anatikkamitv± yath±µhitaµµh±neyevaµhapetv±ti attho. Bhagavato µhitak±le karaº²ya½ vatta½ sabbamak±s²ti sen±sanekattabbavatta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Karonto ca nh±nakoµµhake sammajjana-udak³paµµh±n±dik±lesugandhakuµi½ gantv± “nanu bhagav± aya½ tumh±ka½ nh±nak±lo, aya½ dhammadesan±k±lo,aya½ bhikkh³na½ ov±dad±nak±lo, aya½ s²haseyya½ kappanak±lo, aya½ mukhadhovanak±lo”ti-±din±nayena paridevam±nova ak±si. Tamena½ aññatar± devat± “bhante ±nanda, tumhe eva½paridevam±n± katha½ aññe ass±sayissath±”ti sa½vejesi. So tass± vacanena sa½viggahadayosanthambhitv± tath±gatassa parinibb±nato pabhuti µh±nanisajjabahulat±ya ussannadh±tuka½ k±ya½ samass±setu½ kh²ravirecana½ pivi. Id±ni ta½ dassento “atha thero”ti-±dim±ha.
Ussannadh±tukanti upacitasemh±didh±tuka½ k±ya½. Samass±setunti santappetu½.Dutiyadivaseti devat±ya sa½vejitadivasato. “Jetavanavih±ra½ paviµµhadivasato v±dutiyadivase”ti vadanti. Viriccati eten±ti virecana½, osadhaparibh±vita½ kh²ramevavirecananti kh²ravirecana½. Ya½ sandh±y±ti ya½ bhesajjap±na½ sandh±ya. Aªgasubhat±yasubhoti eva½ laddhan±matt± subhena m±ºavena. Pahita½ m±ºavakanti “satth± parinibbuto±nandatthero kirassa pattac²vara½ gahetv± ±gato, mah±jano ca ta½ dassan±ya upasaªkamat²”tisutv± “vih±ra½ kho pana gantv± mah±janamajjhe na sakk± sukhena paµisanth±ra½ v± k±tu½dhammakatha½ v± sotu½, geha½ ±gata½yeva na½ disv± sukhena paµisanth±ra½ kariss±mi,ek± ca me kaªkh± atthi, tampi na½ pucchiss±m²”ti cintetv± subhena m±ºavena pesita½m±ºavaka½. Etadavoc±ti eta½ “ak±lo kho”ti-±dika½ ±nandatthero avoca.Ak±lo khoti ajja gantu½ yuttak±lo na hoti. Kasm±ti ce ±ha “atthime ajj±”ti-±di. Bhesajjamatt±ti appamattaka½ bhesajja½. Appattho hi aya½ matt±saddo“matt± sukhaparicc±g±”ti-±d²su viya.
Dutiyadivaseti kh²ravirecana½ p²tadivasato dutiyadivase. Cetakattheren±ti cetiyaraµµhej±tatt± “cetako”ti eva½laddhan±mena. Subhena m±ºavena puµµhoti “yesu dhammesubhava½ gotamo ima½ loka½ patiµµh±pesi, te tassa accayena naµµh± nukho, dharanti, sace dharanti, ±nando j±nissati, handa na½ pucch±m²”ti eva½ cintetv±“yesa½ so bhava½ gotamo dhamm±na½ vaººav±d² ahosi, yattha ca ima½ janata½ sam±dapesinivesesi patiµµh±pesi, katames±na½ kho bho ±nanda dhamm±na½ so bhava½ gotamo vaººav±d²ahos²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.448) subhena m±ºavena puµµho. Athassa thero t²ºipiµak±ni s²lakkhandh±d²hi t²hi khandhehi saªgahetv± dassento “tiººa½ kho, m±ºava,khandh±na½ so bhagav± vaººav±d²”ti-±din± subhasuttamabh±si. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “d²ghanik±yesubhasutta½ n±ma dasama½ suttamabh±s²”ti.
Khaº¹aphullapaµisaªkharaºanti ettha khaº¹anti chinna½. Phullanti bhinna½. Tesa½paµisaªkharaºa½ puna samm± p±katikakaraºa½, abhinavakaraºanti vutta½ hoti. R±jagahantieva½n±maka½ nagara½. Tañhi mandhatumah±govind±d²hi pariggahitatt± “r±jagahan”ti vuccati.Cha¹¹itapatita-ukl±p±ti cha¹¹it± ca patit± ca ukl±p± ca ahesunti attho. Ida½ vutta½hoti– bhagavato parinibb±naµµh±na½ gacchantehi bhikkh³hi cha¹¹it± vissaµµh±, tatoyeva caupacik±d²hi kh±ditatt± ito cito ca patit±, sammajjan±bh±vena ±kiººakacavaratt± ukl±p±ca ahesunti. Imamevattha½ dassento ±ha “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Paricchedavasenaveºiyati dissat²ti pariveºa½. Tatth±ti tesu vih±resu. Khaº¹aphullapaµisaªkharaºantiimin± sambandho. Paµhama½ m±santi vass±nassa paµhama½ m±sa½, accantasa½yoge ceta½upayogavacana½. Sen±sanavatt±na½ paññattatt± sen±sanakkhandhake ca sen±sanapaµibaddh±na½ bah³na½vacanato “bhagavat±…pe… vaººitan”ti vutta½.
Dutiyadivaseti “khaº¹aphullapaµisaªkharaºa½ karom±”ti cintitadivasato dutiyadivase.So ca vass³pan±yikadivasato dutiyadivasoti veditabbo. Te hi ther± ±s±¼h²puººam±yauposatha½ katv± p±µipade sannipatitv± vassa½ upagantv± eva½ cintesu½. Aj±tasattur±j±ti aj±to hutv± pituno paccatthiko j±toti “aj±tasatt³”ti laddhavoh±ror±j±. Tasmi½ kira kucchigate deviy± evar³po doha¼o uppajji “aho vat±ha½ raññodakkhiºab±huto lohita½ piveyyan”ti Atha tass± kathetu½ asakkontiy±kisabh±va½ dubbaººabh±vañca disv± r±j± sayameva pucchitv± ñatv± ca vejje pakkos±petv±suvaººasatthakena b±hu½ ph±letv± suvaººasarakena lohita½ gahetv± udakena sambhinditv±p±yesi. Nemittak± ta½ sutv± “esa gabbho rañño sattu bhavissati, imin± r±j±haññissat²”ti by±kari½su, tasm± “aj±toyeva rañño sattu bhavissat²”ti nemittakehiniddiµµhatt± aj±tasattu n±ma j±to. Kinti k±raºapucchanatthe nip±to, kasm±tiattho. Paµivedesunti nivedesu½, j±n±pesunti attho. Vissatth±ti nir±saªkacitt±.¾º±cakkanti ±º±yeva appaµihatavuttiy± pavattanaµµhena cakkanti ±º±cakka½. Sannisajjaµµh±nantisannipatitv± nis²danaµµh±na½.
R±jabhavanavibh³tinti r±jabhavanasampatti½. Avahasantamiv±ti avah±sa½ kurum±na½viya. Siriy± niketamiv±ti siriy± vasanaµµh±namiva. Ekanip±tatitthamiva cadevamanussanayanavihaªg±nanti ekasmi½ p±n²yatitthe sannipatant± pakkhino viya sabbesa½jan±na½ cakkh³ni maº¹apeyeva nipatant²ti devamanuss±na½ nayanasaªkh±tavihaªg±na½ ekanip±tatitthamivaca. Lokar±maºeyyakamiva sampiº¹itanti ekattha sampiº¹ita½ r±sikata½ lokeramaº²yabh±va½ viya. Yadi loke vijjam±na½ ramaº²yatta½ sabbameva ±netv± ekatthasampiº¹ita½ siy±, ta½ viy±ti vutta½ hoti. “Daµµhabbas±ramaº¹anti pheggurahitas±ra½viya kasaµavinimutta½ pasannabh³ta½ viya ca daµµhabbesu daµµhu½ arahar³pesu s±rabh³ta½ pasannabh³tañc±”tit²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Daµµhabbo dassan²yo s±rabh³to visiµµhataro maº¹o maº¹ana½alaªk±ro etass±ti daµµhabbas±ramaº¹o, maº¹apoti evamettha attho gahetabboti amh±ka½khanti, upaparikkhitv± yuttatara½ gahetabba½. Maº¹a½ s³riyarasmi½ p±ti niv±ret²timaº¹apo. Vividha…pe… c±ruvit±nanti ettha kusumad±m±ni ca t±ni olambak±nic±ti kusumad±ma-olambak±ni. Ettha ca visesanassa paranip±to daµµhabbo, olambakakusumad±m±n²tiattho. T±ni vividh±ni anekappak±r±ni viniggalanta½ vamenta½ nikkh±mentamivac±ru sobhana½ vit±na½ etth±ti vividhakusumad±ma-olambakaviniggalantac±ruvit±no,maº¹apo, ta½ alaªkaritv±ti yojetabba½. Ratanavicitramaºika-oµµimatalamiv±ti n±n±pupph³pah±ravicittasupariniµµhitabh³mikammatt±yevan±n±ratanehi vicittabh³tamaºikoµµimatalamiv±ti attho. Ettha ca ratanavicittaggahaºa½n±n±pupph³pah±ravicittat±ya nidassana½, maºikoµµimatalaggahaºa½ supariniµµhitabh³miparikammat±y±tiveditabba½. Maºiyo koµµetv± katatalatt± maºikoµµanena nibbattatalanti maºikoµµimatala½.Nanti maº¹apa½. Pupph³pah±ro pupphap³j±. Uttar±bhimukhanti uttaradis±bhimukha½.¾san±rahanti nis²dan±raha½. Dantakhacitanti dantehi racita½, dantehi katantivutta½ hoti. Etth±ti ±sane. Niµµhita½ bhante mama kiccanti may± kattabbakicca½niµµhitanti attho.
Tasmi½ pana divase ekacce bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ sandh±ya evam±ha½su “imasmi½ bhikkhusaªgheeko bhikkhu vissagandha½ v±yanto vicarat²”ti. Thero ta½ sutv± “imasmi½ bhikkhusaªgheañño vissagandha½ v±yanto vicaraºakabhikkhu n±ma natthi, addh± ete ma½ sandh±ya vadant²”tisa½vega½ ±pajji. Ekacce na½ ±ha½suyeva “sve, ±vuso, sannip±to”ti-±di.Id±ni ta½ dassento ±ha “bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±ha½s³”ti-±di. Ten±titasm±. ¾vajjes²ti upan±mesi. Anup±d±y±ti taºh±diµµhivasena kañci dhamma½agahetv±, yehi v± kilesehi sabbehi vimuccati, tesa½ lesamattampi agahetv±tiattho. ¾saveh²ti bhavato ±bhavagga½ dhammato v± ±gotrabhu½ savanato pavattanato ±savasaññitehikilesehi. Lakkhaºavacanañceta½ ±saveh²ti, tadekaµµhat±ya pana sabbehipi kilesehi,sabbehipi p±padhammehi citta½ vimuccatiyeva. Citta½ vimucc²ti citta½ arahattamaggakkhaºe±savehi vimuccam±na½ katv± arahattaphalakkhaºe vimucc²ti attho. Caªkamen±ti caªkamanakiriy±ya.Vivaµµ³panissayabh³ta½ kata½ upacita½ puñña½ eten±ti katapuñño, arahatt±dhigam±yakat±dhik±roti attho. Padh±namanuyuñj±ti v²riya½ anuyuñja, arahatt±dhigam±ya anuyoga½karoh²ti attho. Kath±doso n±ma natth²ti kath±ya aparajjha½ n±ma natthi. Acc±raddha½v²riyanti ativiya ±raddha½ v²riya½. Uddhacc±y±ti uddhatabh±v±ya. V²riyasamata½yojem²ti caªkamanav²riyassa adhimattatt± tassa pah±navasena sam±dhin± samarasat±p±danena v²riyasamata½yojemi.
Dutiyadivaseti therena arahattappattadivasato dutiyadivase. Dhammasabh±ya½sannipatit±ti pakkhassa pañcamiya½ sannipati½su. Attano arahattappatti½ ñ±petuk±moti“sekkhat±ya dhammasaªg²tiy± gahetu½ ayuttampi bahussutatt± gaºhiss±m±”ti cintetv±nisinn±na½ ther±na½ “id±ni arahattappatto”ti somanassupp±danattha½ “appamatto hoh²”tidinna-ov±dassa saphalat±d²panattha½ attupan±yika½ akatv± aññaby±karaºassa bhagavat± sa½vaººitatt±ca thero attano arahattappatti½ ñ±petuk±mo ahos²ti veditabba½. Yath±vu¹¹hantivu¹¹hapaµip±µi½ anatikkamitv±. Eketi majjhimabh±ºak±na½yeva eke. Pubbe vuttampihi sabba½ majjhimabh±ºak± vadantiyev±ti veditabba½. D²ghabh±ºak± (d². ni. aµµha.1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±) panettha eva½ vadanti–
“Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando arah± sam±no sannip±ta½ agam±si. Katha½ agam±si?‘Id±nimhi sannip±tamajjha½ pavisan±raho’ti haµµhatuµµhacitto eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± bandhan±muttat±lapakka½ viya paº¹ukambale nikkhittaj±timaºi viya vigataval±hake nabhe samuggatapuººacandoviya b±l±tapasamphassavikasitareºupiñjaragabbha½ paduma½ viya ca parisuddhena pariyod±tenasappabhena sassirikena mukhavarena attano arahattappatti½ ±rocayam±no viya ca agam±si.Atha na½ disv± ±yasmato mah±kassapassa etadahosi ‘sobhati vata bho arahattappatto ±nando,sace satth± dhareyya, addh± ajja ±nandassa s±dhuk±ra½ dadeyya, handa imass±ha½ id±ni satth±r±d±tabba½ s±dhuk±ra½ dad±m²’ti tikkhattu½ s±dhuk±ramad±s²”ti.