“Kiñc±pi sekkho”ti ida½ na sekkh±na½ agatigamanasabbh±vena vutta½, asekkh±na½yevapana uccinitatt±ti daµµhabba½. Paµhamamaggeneva hi catt±ri agatigaman±ni pah²yanti, tasm±kiñc±pi sekkho, tath±pi thero ±yasmantampi ±nanda½ uccinat³ti evamettha sambandhoveditabbo. Na pana kiñc±pi sekkho, tath±pi abhabbo agati½ gantunti yojetabba½.“Abhabbo”ti-±din± pana dhammasaªg²tiy± tassa arahabh±va½ dassent± vijjam±ne guºekathenti. Tattha chand±ti chandena, sinehen±ti attho. Agati½ gantunti agantabba½gantu½, akattabba½ k±tunti vutta½ hoti. Im±ni pana catt±ri agatigaman±ni bhaº¹abh±jan²yeca vinicchayaµµh±ne ca labbhanti. Tattha bhaº¹abh±jan²ye t±va attano bh±rabh³t±na½ bhikkh³na½aman±pe bhaº¹e sampatte ta½ parivattitv± man±pa½ dento chand±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Attanopana abh±rabh³t±na½ man±pe bhaº¹e sampatte ta½ parivattitv± aman±pa½ dento dos±gati½gacchati n±ma. Bhaº¹esu bh±jan²yavatthuñca µhitikañca aj±nanto moh±gati½ gacchati n±ma.Mukhar±na½ v± r±j±dinissit±na½ v± “ime me aman±pe bhaº¹e dinne anattha½ kareyyun”tibhayena parivattitv± man±pa½ dento bhay±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Yo pana eva½ na gacchati, sabbesa½tul±bh³to pam±ºabh³to majjhattova hutv± ya½ yassa p±puº±ti, tadeva tassa deti, aya½ catubbidhampiagati½ na gacchati n±ma. Vinicchayaµµh±ne pana attano bh±rabh³tassa garuk±patti½ lahuk±patti½katv± kathento chand±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Itarassa lahuk±patti½ garuk±patti½ atv± kathento dos±gati½ gacchati n±ma. ¾pattivuµµh±na½ pana samuccayakkhandhakañcaaj±nanto moh±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Mukharassa v± r±jap³jitassa v± “aya½ me garuka½katv± ±patti½ kathentassa anatthampi kareyy±”ti garukameva lahuk±patti½ kathentobhay±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Yo pana sabbesa½ yath±bh³tameva kathesi, aya½ catubbidhampi agatigamana½na gacchati n±ma. Theropi t±diso catunnampi agatigaman±na½ paµhamamaggeneva pah²natt±,tasm± saªg±yanavasena dhammavinayavinicchaye sampatte chand±divasena aññath± akathetv± yath±bh³tamevakathet²ti vutta½ “abhabbo…pe… agati½ gantun”ti. Pariyattoti adh²to,uggahitoti attho.
Ucciniten±ti uccinitv± gahitena. Etadahos²ti eta½ parivitakkana½ ahosi.R±jagaha½ kho mah±gocaranti ettha “r±jagahanti r±jagahas±manta½ gahetv± vuttan”tic³¼agaºµhipade majjhimagaºµhipade ca vutta½. G±vo caranti etth±ti gocaro, gocaroviya gocaro, bhikkh±caraºaµµh±na½. So mahanto assa, etth±ti v± mah±gocara½, r±jagaha½.Th±varakammanti ciraµµh±yikamma½. Visabh±gapuggalo subhaddasadiso. Ukkoµeyy±tiniv±reyy±ti attho. Ñattidutiyena kammena s±ves²ti–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni sammanneyya ‘r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hir±jagahe vassa½ vasitabban’ti, es± ñatti.
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho, saªgho im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni sammannati ‘r±jagahevassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabban’ti,yass±yasmato khamati imesa½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ sammuti ‘r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±na½dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabban’ti, sotuºhassa. Yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya.
“Sammat±ni saªghena im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni ‘r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañcasaªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabban’ti, khamati saªghassa,tasm± tuºh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti (c³¼ava. 437)–

Eva½ ñattidutiyena kammena s±vesi. Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½ “ta½ saªg²tikkhandhakevuttanayeneva ñ±tabban”ti.

Aya½ pana kammav±c± tath±gatassa parinibb±nato ekav²satime divase kat±. Vuttañheta½d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamasaªg²tikath±) “aya½ pana kammav±c±tath±gatassa parinibb±nato ekav²satime divase kat±. Bhagav± hi vis±khapuººam±ya½pacc³sasamaye parinibbuto, athassa satt±ha½ suvaººavaººa½ sar²ra½ gandham±l±d²hi p³jayi½su.Eva½ satt±ha½ s±dhuk²¼anadivas± n±ma ahesu½. Tato satt±ha½ citak±ya aggin± jh±yi,satt±ha½ sattipañjara½ katv± santh±g±ras±l±ya½ dh±tup³ja½ kari½s³ti ekav²sati divas±gat±. Jeµµham³lasukkapakkhapañcamiya½ pana dh±tuyo bh±jayi½su. Etasmi½ dh±tubh±janadivasesannipatitassa mah±bhikkhusaªghassa subhaddena vu¹¹hapabbajitena kata½ an±c±ra½ ±rocetv±vuttanayeneva bhikkh³ uccinitv± aya½ kammav±c± kat±. Imañca pana kammav±ca½ katv±thero bhikkh³ ±mantesi ‘±vuso id±ni tumh±ka½ catt±l²sadivas± ok±so, tatopara½ aya½ n±ma no palibodho atth²ti vattu½ na labbh±, tasm± etthantare yassa rogapalibodhov± ±cariyupajjh±yapalibodho v± m±t±pitupalibodho v± atthi, patta½ v± pana pacitabba½c²vara½ v± k±tabba½, so ta½ palibodha½ chinditv± karaº²ya½ karot³’ti. Evañcapana vatv± thero attano pañcasat±ya paris±ya parivuto r±jagaha½ gato, aññepi mah±ther±attano attano pariv±ra½ gahetv± sokasallasamappita½ mah±jana½ ass±setuk±m± ta½ta½ disa½ pakkant±. Puººatthero pana sattasatabhikkhupariv±ro ‘tath±gatassa parinibb±naµµh±na½±gat±gata½ mah±jana½ ass±sess±m²’ti kusin±r±yameva aµµh±si. ¾yasm± ±nando yath±pubbe aparinibbutassa, eva½ parinibbutassapi bhagavato sayameva pattac²varam±d±ya pañcahibhikkhusatehi saddhi½ yena s±vatthi tena c±rika½ pakk±mi. Gacchato panassa pariv±r±bhikkh³ gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt±”ti. Tasm± tath±gatassa parinibb±nato t²susatt±hesu atikkantesu ekav²satime divase ima½ kammav±ca½ s±vetv± thero r±jagaha½pakkantoti veditabba½.
Yadi eva½ kasm± pana idha maªgalasuttaµµhakath±yañca (khu. p±. aµµha. 5.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±)“sattasu s±dhuk²¼anadivasesu sattasu ca dh±tup³j±divasesu v²tivattes³”tivutta½? Sattasu dh±tup³j±divasesu gahitesu tadavin±bh±vato majjhe citak±ya jh±panasatt±hampigahitamev±ti katv± visu½ na vutta½ viya dissati. Yadi eva½ atha kasm± “a¹¹ham±soatikkanto, diya¹¹ham±so seso”ti ca vuttanti? N±ya½ doso. Appakañhi ³namadhika½v± gaºan³paga½ na hoti, tasm± samud±yo appakena adhikopi anadhiko viya hot²tikatv± a¹¹ham±sato adhikepi pañca divase “a¹¹ham±so atikkanto”ti vutta½ “dv±s²tikhandhakavatt±na½katthaci as²tikhandhakavatt±n²”ti vacana½ viya. Tath± appakena ³nopi ca samud±yoan³no viya hot²ti katv± “diya¹¹ham±sato ³nepi pañca divase diya¹¹ham±so seso”tica vutta½. Satipaµµh±navibhaªgaµµhakath±yañhi (vibha. aµµha. 356) cham±sato ³nepi a¹¹ham±se“cha m±se sajjh±yo k±tabbo”ti vuttavacana½ viya. Tattha hi tacapañcak±d²su cat³supañcakesu dv²su ca chakkesu ekekasmi½ anulomato pañc±ha½, paµilomato pañc±ha½,anulomapaµilomato pañc±ha½, tath± purimapurimehi pañcakachakkehi saddhi½ anulomatopañc±ha½, paµilomato pañc±ha½, anulomapaµilomato pañc±hanti eva½ visu½ tipañc±ha½ekato tipañc±hañca sajjh±ya½ katv± cham±sa½ sajjh±yo k±tabboti vacana½ viya. Tatthahi vakkapañcak±d²su t²su pañcakesu dv²su ca chakkesu visu½ heµµhimehi ekatoca sajjh±ye pañcanna½ pañcanna½ pañcak±na½ vasena pañcam±saparipuºº± labbhanti, tacapañcakepana visu½ tipañc±hamev±ti a¹¹ham±soyeveko labbhat²ti a¹¹ham±s±dhikapañcam±s± labbhanti.
Eva½ sati yath± tattha a¹¹ham±se ³nepi m±saparicchedena paricchijjam±ne sajjh±ye cha m±s±paricchedak± hont²ti paricchijjam±nassa sajjh±yassa sattam±s±dim±santaragamananiv±raºattha½ cham±saggahaºa½ kata½, na sakalacham±se sajjh±yappavattidassanattha½, evamidh±pi m±savasena k±leparicchijjam±ne ³nepi pañcadivase diya¹¹ham±so paricchedako hot²ti paricchijjam±nassa k±lassa dvim±s±dim±santaragamananiv±raºattha½ “diya¹¹ham±so seso”ti diya¹¹ham±saggahaºa½katanti evamettha attho gahetabbo. Aññath± ca aµµhakath±vacan±na½ aññamaññavirodho ±pajjati.Ek±hameva v± bhagavato sar²ra½ citak±ya jh±y²ti khuddakabh±ºak±na½ adhipp±yoti gahetabba½.Evañhi sati parinibb±nato sattasu s±dhuk²¼anadivasesu v²tivattesu aµµhamiya½ citak±yabhagavato sar²ra½ jh±petv± tato para½ sattasu divasesu dh±tup³ja½ aka½s³ti a¹¹ham±so atikkanto,gimh±na½ diya¹¹ho ca m±so seso hoti. Parinibb±nasuttantap±¼iyampi hi citak±yajh±panasatt±ha½ na ±gata½, dveyeva satt±h±ni ±gat±ni, upaparikkhitv± pana ya½ ruccati,ta½ gahetabba½. Ito aññena v± pak±rena yath± na virujjhati, tath± k±raºa½ pariyesitabba½.Ya½ panettha kenaci vutta½ “a¹¹ham±so atikkantoti ettha eko divaso naµµho.So p±µipadadivaso kol±haladivaso n±ma, tasm± idha na gahito”ti. Ta½ na sundara½parinibb±nasuttantap±¼iya½ p±µipadadivasatoyeva paµµh±ya satt±hassa vuttatt± aµµhakath±yañcaparinibb±nadivasenapi saddhi½ tiººa½ satt±h±na½ gahitatt±. Tath± hi parinibb±nadivasenasaddhi½ tiººa½ satt±h±na½ gahitatt± jeµµham³lasukkapañcam² ekav²satimo divaso hoti.
Sattasu s±dhuk²¼anadivases³ti ettha s±dhuk²¼ana½ n±ma sa½vegavatthu½ kittetv± kittetv±aniccat±paµisa½yutt±ni g²t±ni g±yitv± p³j±vasena k²¼anato sundara½ k²¼anantis±dhuk²¼ana½. Atha v± saparahitas±dhanaµµhena s±dhu, tesa½ sa½vegavatthu½ kittetv±kittetv± k²¼ana½ s±dhuk²¼ana½, u¼±rapuññapasavanato sampar±yikatth±virodhik²¼±vih±rotiattho. Ettha ca purimasmi½ satt±he s±dhuk²¼±ya ekadesena katatt± s±dhuk²¼anadivas±n±ma te j±t±. Visesato pana dh±tup³j±divasesuyeva s±dhuk²¼ana½ aka½su. Tatoyevaca mah±parinibb±nasuttantap±¼iya½–
“Atha kho kosin±rak± mall± bhagavato sar²r±ni satt±ha½ santh±g±re sattipañjara½karitv± dhanup±k±ra½ parikkhip±petv± naccehi g²tehi v±ditehi m±lehigandhehi sakkari½su garu½ kari½su m±nesu½ p³jesun”ti (d². ni. 2.235).

Etassa aµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 2.235) vutta½–

“Kasm± panete evamaka½s³ti? Ito purimesu dv²su satt±hesu te bhikkhusaªghassaµh±nanisajjok±sa½ karont± kh±dan²yabhojan²y±d²ni sa½vidahant± s±dhuk²¼ik±ya ok±sa½na labhi½su. Tato nesa½ ahosi ‘ima½ satt±ha½ s±dhuk²¼ita½ k²¼iss±ma, µh±na½ khopaneta½ vijjati, ya½ amh±ka½ pamattabh±va½ ñatv± kocideva ±gantv± dh±tuyo gaºheyya,tasm± ±rakkha½ µhapetv± k²¼iss±m±’ti, tena te evamaka½s³”ti.

Tasm± visesato s±dhuk²¼ik± dh±tup³j±divasesuyev±ti daµµhabba½. Te pana dh±tup³j±yakatatt± “dh±tup³j±divas±”ti p±kaµ± j±t±ti ±ha “sattasu ca dh±tup³j±divases³”ti.Upakaµµh±ti ±sann±. Vassa½ upanenti upagacchanti etth±ti vass³pan±yik±.Eka½ magga½ gatoti c±rika½ caritv± mah±jana½ ass±setu½ ekena maggena gato.Eva½ anuruddhatther±dayopi tesu tesu janapadesu c±rika½ caritv± mah±jana½ ass±sent±gat±ti daµµhabba½. Yena s±vatthi, tena c±rika½ pakk±m²ti yattha s±vatthi, tatthac±rika½ pakk±mi, yena v± dis±bh±gena s±vatthi pakkamitabb± hoti, tena dis±bh±genac±rika½ pakk±m²ti attho.