Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

Vinayasa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattaya½ namassituk±mo tassa visiµµhaguºayogasandassanattha½ “yokappakoµ²hip²”ti-±dim±ha. Visiµµhaguºayogena hi vandan±rahabh±vo, vandan±rahe cakat± vandan± yath±dhippetamattha½ s±dheti. Ettha ca sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºappayojana½tattha tattha bahudh± papañcenti ±cariy±. Tath± hi vaººayanti–
“Sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayavandan± sa½vaººetabbassa dhammassa pabhavanissayavisuddhipaµivedanattha½,ta½ pana dhammasa½vaººan±su viññ³na½ bahum±nupp±danattha½, ta½ sammadeva tesa½ uggahaºadh±raº±dikkamaladdhabb±yasamm±paµipattiy± sabbahitasukhanipph±danattha½. Atha v± maªgalabh±vato sabbakiriy±supubbakiccabh±vato, paº¹itehi sam±caritabh±vato, ±yati½ paresa½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanatoca sa½vaººan±ya½ ratanattayapaº±makiriy±”ti.
Maya½ pana idh±dhippetameva payojana½ dassayiss±ma. Tasm± sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºa½yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabba½. Idameva hi payojana½±cariyena idh±dhippeta½. Tath± hi vakkhati–
“Iccevamaccantanamassaneyya½
namassam±no ratanattaya½ ya½;
puññ±bhisanda½ vipula½ alattha½,
tass±nubh±vena hatantar±yo”ti.
Ratanattayapaº±makaraºena cettha yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±pana½ ratanattayap³j±yapaññ±p±µavabh±vato, t±ya paññ±p±µavañca r±g±dimalavidhamanato. Vuttañheta½–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samayer±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na mohapariyuµµhita½citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hot²”ti-±di (a. ni. 11.11).

Tasm± ratanattayap³janena vikkh±litamal±ya paññ±ya p±µavasiddhi.

Atha v± ratanattayap³janassa paññ±padaµµh±nasam±dhihetutt± paññ±p±µava½. Vuttañhi tassa sam±dhihetutta½–
“Eva½ ujugatacitto kho, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½,labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati,passaddhak±yo sukha½ vediyati, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyat²”ti (a. ni. 11.11.).
Sam±dhissa ca paññ±ya padaµµh±nabh±vo vuttoyeva “sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti(sa½. ni. 4.99; mi. pa. 2.1.14). Tato eva½ paµubh³t±ya paññ±ya paµiññ±mahattakata½ khedamabhibhuyya anantar±yena sa½vaººana½ sam±payissati. Tena vutta½ “anantar±yenaparisam±panatthan”ti.
Atha v± ratanattayap³j±ya ±yuvaººasukhabalava¹¹hanato anantar±yena parisam±pana½ veditabba½. Ratanattayapaº±menahi ±yuvaººasukhabal±ni va¹¹hanti. Vuttañheta½–
“Abhiv±danas²lissa nicca½ vu¹¹h±pac±yino;
catt±ro dhamm± va¹¹hanti, ±yu vaººo sukha½ balan”ti. (Dha. pa. 109).

Tato ±yuvaººasukhabalavu¹¹hiy± hoteva k±riyaniµµh±namiti vutta½ “anantar±yena parisam±panatthan”ti.

Atha v± ratanattayag±ravassa paµibh±n±parih±n±vahatt±. Aparih±n±vahañhi t²supi ratanesug±rava½. Vuttañheta½–
“Sattime, bhikkhave, aparih±niy± dhamm±. Katame satta? Satthug±ravat± dhammag±ravat±saªghag±ravat± sikkh±g±ravat± sam±dhig±ravat± kaly±ºamittat± sovacassat±”ti (a. ni.7.34).

Hoteva ca tato paµibh±n±parih±nena yath±paµiññ±taparisam±pana½.

Atha v± pas±davatth³su p³j±ya puññ±tisayabh±vato. Vuttañhi tassa puññ±tisayatta½–
“P³j±rahe p³jayato, buddhe yadiva s±vake;
papañcasamatikkante, tiººasokapariddave.
“Te t±dise p³jayato, nibbute akutobhaye;
na sakk± puñña½ saªkh±tu½, imettamapi kenac²”ti. (Dha. pa. 195-196; apa.thera 1.10.1-2).

Puññ±tisayo ca yath±dhippetaparisam±panup±yo. Yath±ha–

“Esa devamanuss±na½, sabbak±madado nidhi;
ya½ yadev±bhipatthenti, sabbametena labbhat²”ti. (Khu. p±. 8.10).
Up±yesu ca paµipannassa hoteva k±riyaniµµh±na½. Ratanattayap³j± hi niratisayapuññakkhettasa½buddhiy±aparimeyyappabhavo puññ±tisayoti bahuvidhantar±yepi lokasanniv±se antar±yanibandhanasakalasa½kilesaviddha½san±yapahoti, bhay±di-upaddavañca niv±reti. Tasm± suvutta½ “sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayapaº±makaraºa½yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabban”ti.
Eva½ pana sappayojana½ ratanattayavandana½ kattuk±mo paµhama½ t±va bhagavato vandana½ k±tu½ tamm³lakatt±sesaratan±na½ “yo kappa…pe… mah±k±ruºikassa tass±”ti ±ha.Ettha pana yass± desan±ya sa½vaººana½ kattuk±mo, s± yasm± karuº±ppadh±n±, na suttantadesan±viya karuº±paññ±ppadh±n±, n±pi abhidhammadesan± viya paññ±ppadh±n±, tasm± karuº±ppadh±namevabhagavato thomana½ ±raddha½. Es± hi ±cariyassa pakati, yadida½ ±rambh±nur³pathoman±.Teneva suttantadesan±ya sa½vaººan±rambhe “karuº±s²talahadaya½, paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”tikaruº±paññ±ppadh±na½, abhidhammadesan±ya sa½vaººan±rambhe “karuº± viya sattesu, paññ±yassa mahesino”ti paññ±ppadh±nañca thomana½ ±raddha½. Karuº±paññ±ppadh±n± hi suttantadesan±tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ ±say±nusay±dhimutticariy±dibhedaparicchindanasamatth±ya paññ±ya sattesuca mah±karuº±ya tattha s±tisayappavattito. Suttantadesan±ya hi mah±karuº±sam±pattibahuloveneyyasant±nesu tadajjh±say±nulomena gambh²ramatthapada½ patiµµh±pesi. Abhidhammadesan±ca kevala½ paññ±ppadh±n± paramatthadhamm±na½ yath±sabh±vapaµivedhasamatth±ya paññ±ya tattha s±tisayappavattito.
Vinayadesan± pana ±say±dinirapekkha½ kevala½ karuº±ya p±katikasattenapi asotabb±raha½suºanto apucchitabb±raha½ pucchanto avattabb±rahañca vadanto bhagav± sikkh±pada½ paññapes²tikaruº±ppadh±n±. Tath± hi ukka½sapariyantagatahirottappopi bhagav± lokiyas±dhujanehipipariharitabb±ni “sikharaº²s²”ti-±d²ni vacan±ni yath±par±dhañca garahavacan±ni vinayapiµakadesan±yamah±karuº±sañcoditam±naso mah±parisamajjhe abh±si, ta½ta½sikkh±padapaññattik±raº±pekkh±yaverañj±d²su s±r²rikañca khedamanubhosi. Tasm± kiñc±pi bh³mantarapaccay±k±rasamayantarakath±na½viya vinayapaññattiy±pi samuµµh±pik± paññ± anaññas±dh±raºat±ya atisayakiccavat², karuº±yakicca½ pana tatopi adhikanti karuº±ppadh±n± vinayadesan±. Karuº±by±p±r±dhikat±yahi desan±ya karuº±ppadh±nat±. Tasm± ±rambh±nur³pa½ karuº±ppadh±nameva ettha thomana½ katantiveditabba½.
Karuº±ggahaºena ca aparimeyyappabh±v± sabbepi buddhaguº± saªgahit±ti daµµhabb± ta½m³lakatt±sesabuddhaguº±na½. Mah±karuº±ya v± chasu as±dh±raºañ±ºesu aññataratt± ta½sahacaritases±s±dh±raºañ±º±nampigahaºasabbh±vato sabbepi buddhaguº± nayato dassit±va honti. Esoyeva hi niravasesatobuddhaguº±na½ dassanup±yo yadida½ nayagg±ho. Aññath± ko n±ma samattho bhagavato guºeanupada½ niravasesato dassetu½. Tenev±ha–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.304; 3.141; ma. ni. aµµha.2.425).
Teneva ca ±yasmat± s±riputtattherenapi buddhaguºaparicchedana½ pati-anuyuttena “no heta½,bhante”ti paµikkhipitv± “apica me, bhante, dhammanvayo vidito”ti (d². ni. 2.146)vutta½. Tasm± “yo kappakoµ²hip²”ti-±din± karuº±mukhena saªkhepato sakalasabbaññuguºehibhagavanta½ abhitthav²ti daµµhabba½. Ayamettha samud±yattho.
Aya½ pana avayavattho– yoti aniyamavacana½. Tassa “n±tho”ti imin± sambandho. “Kappakoµ²hip²”ti-±din±pana y±ya karuº±ya so “mah±k±ruºiko”ti vuccati, tass± vasena kappakoµigaºan±yapiappameyya½ k±la½ lokahitatth±ya atidukkara½ karontassa bhagavato dukkh±nubhavana½ dasseti.Karuº±ya baleneva hi so bhagav± hatthagatampi nibb±na½ pah±ya sa½s±rapaªke nimugga½ sattanik±ya½tato samuddharaºattha½ cintetumpi asakkuºeyya½ nayanaj²vitaputtabhariyad±n±dika½ atidukkaramak±si.Kappakoµ²hipi appameyya½ k±lanti kappakoµigaºan±yapi “ettak± kappakoµiyo”tipametu½ asakkuºeyya½ k±la½, kappakoµigaºanavasenapi paricchinditumasakkuºeyyatt±aparicchinn±ni kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±n²ti vutta½hoti. Kappakoµivaseneva hi so k±lo appameyyo, asaªkhyeyyavasena pana paricchinnoyeva.“Kappakoµ²hip²”ti apisaddo kappakoµivasenapi t±va pametu½ na sakk±, pagevavassagaºan±y±ti dasseti. “Appameyya½ k±lan”ti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½ “m±samadh²te,divasa½ carat²”ti-±d²su viya. Karonto atidukkar±n²ti pañcamah±paricc±g±d²niatidukkar±ni karonto. Evamatidukkar±ni karonto ki½ vind²ti ce? Kheda½gato, k±yika½ khedamupagato, parissama½ pattoti attho, dukkhamanubhav²ti vutta½ hoti.Dukkhañhi khijjati sahitumasakkuºeyyanti “khedo”ti vuccati. Lokahit±y±ti“anamatagge sa½s±re vaµµadukkhena accantap²¼ita½ sattaloka½ tamh± dukkhato mocetv±nibb±nasukhabh±giya½ kariss±m²”ti eva½ sattalokassa hitakaraºatth±y±ti attho.Assa ca “atidukkar±ni karonto”ti imin± sambandho. Lokahit±ya kheda½gatoti yojan±yapi natthi doso. Mah±gaºµhipadepi hi “atidukkar±ni karontokheda½ gato, kimatthanti ce? Lokahit±y±”ti vutta½.
Ya½ pana eva½ yojana½ asambh±ventena kenaci vutta½ “na hi bhagav± lokahit±ya sa½s±radukkhamanubhavati.Na hi kassaci dukkh±nubhavana½ lokassa upak±ra½ ±vahat²”ti, ta½ tassa matimatta½.Eva½ yojan±yapi atidukkar±ni karontassa bhagavato dukkh±nubhavana½ lokahitakaraºatth±y±tiayamattho viññ±yati, na tu dukkh±nubhavaneneva lokahitasiddh²ti. Paµhama½ vuttayojan±yapihi na dukkarakaraºamattena lokahitasiddhi. Na hi dukkara½ karonto kañci satta½ maggaphal±d²supatiµµh±peti, atha kho t±disa½ atidukkara½ katv± sabbaññubh±va½ sacchikatv± niyy±nikadhammadesan±yamaggaphal±d²su satte patiµµh±pento lokassa hita½ s±dheti.
K±mañcettha sattasaªkh±rabh±janavasena tividho loko, hitakaraºassa pana adhippetatt± ta½visayassevasattalokassa vasena attho gahetabbo. So hi lok²yanti ettha puññap±p±ni ta½vip±koc±ti “loko”ti vuccati. Katthaci pana “sanar±maralokagarun”ti-±d²su sam³hatthopilokasaddo samud±yavasena lok²yati paññ±p²yat²ti. Ya½ panettha kenacivutta½ “imin± sattalokañca j±tilokañca saªgaºh±ti, tasm± tassa sattalokassa idhalokaparalokahita½,atikkantaparalok±na½ v± ucchinnalokasamuday±na½ idha j±tiloke ok±saloke v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasaªkh±tañcahita½ sampiº¹etv± lokassa, lok±na½, loke v± hitanti sar³pekasesa½ katv±lokahitamiccev±h±”ti, na ta½ s±rato paccetabba½ diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasaªkha-±tahitassapisattalokavisayatt±, sattalokaggahaºeneva ucchinnam³l±na½ kh²º±sav±nampi saªgahitatt±.