10. Saªghabhedasikkh±pada½

409. [Ida½ vatthu c³¼ava. 343] tena samayena buddho bhagav± r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe. Atha kho devadatto yena kok±liko kaµamodakatissako [kaµamorakatissako (s². sy±.)] khaº¹adeviy± putto samuddadatto tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± kok±lika½ kaµamodakatissaka½ khaº¹adeviy± putta½ samuddadatta½ etadavoca– “etha maya½, ±vuso, samaºassa gotamassa saªghabheda½ kariss±ma cakkabhedan”ti. Eva½ vutte kok±liko devadatta½ etadavoca– “samaºo kho, ±vuso, gotamo mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo. Katha½ maya½ samaºassa gotamassa saªghabheda½ kariss±ma cakkabhedan”ti? “Etha maya½, ±vuso, samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± pañca vatth³ni y±ciss±ma– ‘bhagav±, bhante, anekapariy±yena appicchassa santuµµhassa sallekhassa dhutassa p±s±dikassa apacayassa v²riy±rambhassa [v²riy±rabbhassa (ka.)] vaººav±d². Im±ni, bhante, pañca vatth³ni anekapariy±yena appicchat±ya santuµµhiy± sallekh±ya dhutat±ya p±s±dikat±ya apacay±ya v²riy±rambh±ya sa½vattanti. S±dhu, bhante, bhikkh³ y±vaj²va½ ±raññik± assu; yo g±manta½ osareyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ piº¹ap±tik± assu; yo nimantana½ s±diyeyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ pa½suk³lik± assu; yo gahapatic²vara½ s±diyeyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ rukkham³lik± assu; yo channa½ upagaccheyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ macchama½sa½ na kh±deyyu½; yo macchama½sa½ kh±deyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyy±’ti. Im±ni samaºo gotamo n±nuj±nissati. Te maya½ imehi pañcahi vatth³hi jana½ saññ±pess±m±ti. Sakk± kho, ±vuso, imehi pañcahi vatth³hi samaºassa gotamassa saªghabhedo k±tu½ cakkabhedo. L³khapasann± hi, ±vuso, manuss±”ti.
Atha kho devadatto sapariso yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho devadatto bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “bhagav±, bhante, anekapariy±yena appicchassa…pe… v²riy±rambhassa vaººav±d². Im±ni, bhante, pañca vatth³ni anekapariy±yena appicchat±ya…pe… v²riy±rambh±ya sa½vattanti. S±dhu, bhante, bhikkh³ y±vaj²va½ ±raññik± assu; yo g±manta½ osareyya vajja½ na½ phuseyya…pe… y±vaj²va½ macchama½sa½ na kh±deyyu½, yo macchama½sa½ kh±deyya vajja½ na½ phuseyy±”ti. “Ala½, devadatta, yo icchati ±raññiko hotu, yo icchati g±mante viharatu; yo icchati piº¹ap±tiko hotu, yo icchati nimantana½ s±diyatu; yo icchati pa½suk³liko hotu, yo icchati gahapatic²vara½ s±diyatu. Aµµham±se kho may±, devadatta, rukkham³lasen±sana½ anuññ±ta½, tikoµiparisuddha½ macchama½sa½– adiµµha½ asuta½ aparisaªkitan”ti. Atha kho devadatto– “na bhagav± im±ni pañca vatth³ni anuj±n±t²”ti haµµho udaggo sapariso uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi.
410. Atha kho devadatto sapariso r±jagaha½ pavisitv± pañcahi vatth³hi jana½ saññ±pesi– “maya½, ±vuso, samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± pañca vatth³ni y±cimh±– ‘bhagav±, bhante, anekapariy±yena appicchassa santuµµhassa sallekhassa dhutassa p±s±dikassa apacayassa v²riy±rambhassa vaººav±d². Im±ni, bhante, pañca vatth³ni anekapariy±yena appicchat±ya santuµµhiy± sallekh±ya dhutat±ya p±s±dikat±ya apacay±ya v²riy±rambh±ya sa½vattanti. S±dhu, bhante, bhikkh³ y±vaj²va½ ±raññik± assu; yo g±manta½ osareyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ piº¹ap±tik± assu; yo nimantana½ s±diyeyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ pa½suk³lik± assu; yo gahapatic²vara½ s±diyeyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ rukkham³lik± assu; yo channa½ upagaccheyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyya. Y±vaj²va½ macchama½sa½ na kh±deyyu½; yo macchama½sa½ kh±deyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyy±’ti. Im±ni samaºo gotamo n±nuj±n±ti Te maya½ imehi pañcahi vatth³hi sam±d±ya vatt±m±”ti. Tattha ye te manuss± assaddh± appasann± dubbuddhino te evam±ha½su– “ime kho samaº± sakyaputtiy± dhut± sallekhavuttino, samaºo pana gotamo b±hulliko b±hull±ya cetet²”ti. Ye pana te manuss± saddh± pasann± paº¹it± byatt± buddhimanto te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathañhi n±ma devadatto bhagavato saªghabhed±ya parakkamissati cakkabhed±y±”ti! Assosu½ kho bhikkh³ tesa½ manuss±na½ ujjh±yant±na½ khiyyant±na½ vip±cent±na½. Ye te bhikkh³ appicch±…pe… te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi “kathañhi n±ma devadatto saªghabhed±ya parakkamissati cakkabhed±y±”ti! Atha kho te bhikkh³ devadatta½ anekapariy±yena vigarahitv± bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… “sacca½ kira tva½, devadatta, saªghabhed±ya parakkamasi cakkabhed±y±”ti? “Sacca½, bhagav±”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagav±…pe… “kathañhi n±ma tva½, moghapurisa, saªghabhed±ya parakkamissasi cakkabhed±ya! Neta½, moghapurisa, appasann±na½ v± pas±d±ya…pe… evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
411. “Yo pana bhikkhu samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkameyya, bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºa½ sam±d±ya paggayha tiµµheyya, so bhikkhu bhikkh³hi evamassa vacan²yo– ‘m±yasm± samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkami, bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºa½ sam±d±ya paggayha aµµh±si. Samet±yasm± saªghena. Samaggo hi saªgho sammodam±no avivadam±no ekuddeso ph±su viharat²’ti. Evañca so bhikkhu bhikkh³hi vuccam±no tatheva paggaºheyya , so bhikkhu bhikkh³hi y±vatatiya½ samanubh±sitabbo tassa paµinissagg±ya. Y±vatatiyañce samanubh±siyam±no ta½ paµinissajjeyya, icceta½ kusala½; no ce paµinissajjeyya, saªgh±diseso”ti.
412. Yo pan±ti yo y±diso…pe… bhikkh³ti…pe… aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeto bhikkh³ti.
Samaggo n±ma saªgho sam±nasa½v±sako sam±nas²m±ya½ µhito.
Bhed±ya parakkameyy±ti– “katha½ ime n±n± assu, vin± assu, vagg± ass³”ti pakkha½ pariyesati, gaºa½ bandhati.
Bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºanti aµµh±rasabhedakaravatth³ni.
Sam±d±y±ti ±d±ya.
Paggayh±ti d²peyya.
Tiµµheyy±ti na paµinissajjeyya.
So bhikkh³ti yo so saªghabhedako bhikkhu.
Bhikkh³h²ti aññehi bhikkh³hi.
Ye passanti, ye suºanti, tehi vattabbo– “m±yasm± samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkami, bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºa½ sam±d±ya paggayha aµµh±si. Samet±yasm± saªghena. Samaggo hi saªgho sammodam±no avivadam±no ekuddeso ph±su viharat²”ti. Dutiyampi vattabbo. Tatiyampi vattabbo. Sace paµinissajjati, icceta½ kusala½; no ce paµinissajjati, ±patti dukkaµassa. Sutv± na vadanti ±patti dukkaµassa. So bhikkhu saªghamajjhampi ±ka¹¹hitv± vattabbo– “m±yasm± samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkami, bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºa½ sam±d±ya paggayha aµµh±si. Samet±yasm± saªghena. Samaggo hi saªgho sammodam±no avivadam±no ekuddeso ph±su viharat²”ti. Dutiyampi vattabbo. Tatiyampi vattabbo. Sace paµinissajjati, icceta½ kusala½; no ce paµinissajjati, ±patti dukkaµassa. So bhikkhu samanubh±sitabbo– “evañca pana, bhikkhave, samanubh±sitabbo. Byattena bhikkhun± paµibalena saªgho ñ±petabbo–
413. “Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Aya½ itthann±mo bhikkhu samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkamati. So ta½ vatthu½ na paµinissajjati. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ samanubh±seyya tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya. Es± ñatti.
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Aya½ itthann±mo bhikkhu samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkamati. So ta½ vatthu½ na paµinissajjati. Saªgho itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ samanubh±sati tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya. Yass±yasmato khamati itthann±massa bhikkhuno samanubh±san± tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya, so tuºhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya.
“Dutiyampi etamattha½ vad±mi…pe… tatiyampi etamattha½ vad±mi– suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Aya½ itthann±mo bhikkhu samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkamati. So ta½ vatthu½ na paµinissajjati. Saªgho itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ samanubh±sati tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya. Yass±yasmato khamati itthann±massa bhikkhuno samanubh±san± tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya, so tuºhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya.
“Samanubhaµµho saªghena itthann±mo bhikkhu tassa vatthussa paµinissagg±ya. Khamati saªghassa, tasm± tuºh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti.
414. Ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccay±, kammav±c±pariyos±ne ±patti saªgh±disesassa. Saªgh±disesa½ ajjh±pajjantassa ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccay± paµippassambhanti.
Saªgh±disesoti…pe… tenapi vuccati saªgh±disesoti.
415. Dhammakamme dhammakammasaññ² na paµinissajjati, ±patti saªgh±disesassa.
Dhammakamme vematiko na paµinissajjati, ±patti saªgh±disesassa.
Dhammakamme adhammakammasaññ² na paµinissajjati, ±patti saªgh±disesassa.
Adhammakamme dhammakammasaññ², ±patti dukkaµassa.
Adhammakamme vematiko, ±patti dukkaµassa.
Adhammakamme adhammakammasaññ², ±patti dukkaµassa.
416. An±patti asamanubh±santassa, paµinissajjantassa, ummattakassa, khittacittassa, vedan±µµassa, ±dikammikass±ti.

Saªghabhedasikkh±pada½ niµµhita½ dasama½.