Vin²tavatthuvaººan±

Makkaµ² vajjiputt± ca…pe… vu¹¹hapabbajito migoti ida½ ki½? Im± vin²tavatth³na½ bhagavat± saya½ vinicchit±na½ tesa½ tesa½ vatth³na½ udd±nag±th± n±ma. T±ni vatth³ni “sukha½ vinayadhar± uggaºhissant²”ti dhammasaªg±hakattherehi µhapit±ni. Vatthug±th± pana dharam±neyeva bhagavati up±littherena µhapit± “imin± lakkhaºena ±yati½ vinayadhar± vinaya½ vinicchinissant²”ti. Tasm± ettha vuttalakkhaºa½ s±dhuka½ sallakkhetv± paµhamasikkh±pada½ vinicchinitabba½. Dutiy±d²nañca vin²tavatth³su vuttalakkhaºena dutiy±d²ni. Vin²tavatth³ni hi sippik±na½ paµicchannakar³p±ni viya vinayadhar±na½ paµicchannakavatth³ni hont²ti.
67. Tattha purim±ni dve vatth³ni anupaññattiya½yeva vuttatth±ni. Tatiye vatthumhi gihiliªgen±ti gihivesena od±tavattho hutv±. Catutthe natthi kiñci vattabba½. Tato paresu sattasu vatth³su kusac²ranti kuse ganthetv± katac²ra½. V±kac²ra½ n±ma t±pas±na½ vakkala½. Phalakac²ra½ n±ma phalakasaºµh±n±ni phalak±ni sibbitv± katac²ra½. Kesakambaloti kesehi tante v±yitv± katakambalo. V±lakambaloti camarav±lehi v±yitv± katakambalo. Ul³kapakkhikanti ul³kasakuºassa pakkhehi kataniv±sana½. Ajinakkhipanti saloma½ sakhura½ ajinamigacamma½. Dv±dasame vatthumhi s±rattoti k±yasa½saggar±gena s±ratto; ta½ r±ga½ ñatv± bhagav± “±patti saªgh±disesass±”ti ±ha.
68. Terasame vatthumhi uppalavaºº±ti s± ther² s±vatthiya½ seµµhidh²t± satasahassakappe abhin²h±rasampann±. Tass± pakatiy±pi atidassan²y± n²luppalavaºº± k±yacchavi, abbhantare pana kilesasant±passa abh±vena ativiya virocati. S± t±yeva vaººapokkharat±ya “uppalavaºº±”ti n±ma½ labhi. Paµibaddhacittoti gihik±lato paµµh±ya rattacitto; so kira tass± ñ±tid±rako hoti. Atha khoti anantaratthe nip±to; mañcake nisinn±nantaramev±ti vutta½ hoti. Div± b±hirato ±gantv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya nisinn±nañhi paµhama½ andhak±ra½ hoti. So y±vass± ta½ andhak±ra½ na nassati, t±vadeva evamak±s²ti attho. D³ses²ti padha½sesi. Ther² pana anavajj± attano samaºasañña½ paccupaµµhapetv± as±diyant² nis²di asaddhamm±dhipp±yena par±maµµh± aggikkhandha-sil±thambha-khadiras±rakh±ºuk± viya. Sopi attano manoratha½ p³retv± gato. Tass± theriy± dassanapatha½ vijahantasseva aya½ mah±pathav² sinerupabbata½ dh±retu½ samatth±pi ta½ p±papurisa½ by±mamattaka¼evara½ dh±retu½ asakkont² viya bhijjitv± vivaramad±si. So taªkhaºaññeva av²cij±l±na½ indhanabh±va½ agam±si. Bhagav± ta½ sutv± “an±patti, bhikkhave, as±diyantiy±”ti vatv± theri½ sandh±ya dhammapade ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
“V±ri pokkharapatteva, ±raggeriva s±sapo;
yo na limpati k±mesu, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 401).
69. Cuddasame vatthumhi itthiliªga½ p±tubh³tanti rattibh±ge nidda½ okkantassa purisasaºµh±na½ massud±µhik±di sabba½ antarahita½ itthisaºµh±na½ uppanna½. Tameva upajjha½ tameva upasampadanti pubbe gahita-upajjh±yameva pubbe kata-upasampadameva anuj±n±mi. Puna upajjh± na gahetabb±; upasampad± na k±tabb±ti attho. T±niyeva vass±n²ti bhikkhu-upasampadato pabhuti y±va vassagaºan±, ta½yeva vassagaºana½ anuj±n±mi. Na ito paµµh±ya vassagaºan± k±tabb±ti attho. Bhikkhun²hi saªgamitunti bhikkhun²hi saddhi½ saªgamitu½ saªgantu½ samaªg² bhavitu½ anuj±n±m²ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– appatir³pa½ d±niss± bhikkh³na½ majjhe vasitu½, bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± bhikkhun²hi saddhi½ vasat³ti. Y± ±pattiyo bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi s±dh±raº±ti y± desan±g±miniyo v± vuµµh±nag±miniyo v± ±pattiyo bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi saddhi½ s±dh±raº±. T± ±pattiyo bhikkhun²na½ santike vuµµh±tunti t± sabb±pi bhikkhun²hi k±tabba½ vinayakamma½ katv± bhikkhun²na½ santike vuµµh±tu½ anuj±n±m²ti attho. T±hi ±patt²hi an±patt²ti y± pana bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²hi as±dh±raº± sukkavissaµµhi-±dik± ±pattiyo, t±hi an±patti. Liªgaparivattanena t± ±pattiyo vuµµhit±va honti. Puna pakatiliªge uppannepi t±hi ±patt²hi tassa an±pattiyev±ti aya½ t±vettha p±¼ivinicchayo.
Aya½ pana p±¼imutto okkantikavinicchayo– imesu t±va dv²su liªgesu purisaliªga½ uttama½, itthiliªga½ h²na½; tasm± purisaliªga½ balava-akusalena antaradh±yati. Itthiliªga½ dubbalakusalena patiµµh±ti. Itthiliªga½ pana antaradh±yanta½ dubbala-akusalena antaradh±yati. Purisaliªga½ balavakusalena patiµµh±ti. Eva½ ubhayampi akusalena antaradh±yati, kusalena paµilabbhati.
Tattha sace dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ ekato sajjh±ya½ v± dhammas±kaccha½ v± katv± ek±g±re nipajjitv± nidda½ okkant±na½ ekassa itthiliªga½ p±tubhavati, ubhinnampi sahaseyy±patti hoti. So ce paµibujjhitv± attano ta½ vippak±ra½ disv± dukkh² dummano rattibh±geyeva itarassa ±roceyya, tena samass±setabbo– “hotu, m± cintayittha. Vaµµasseveso doso. Samm±sambuddhena dv±ra½ dinna½, bhikkhu v± hotu bhikkhun² v±, an±vaµo dhammo av±rito saggamaggo”ti. Samass±setv± ca eva½ vattabba½– “tumhehi bhikkhunupassaya½ gantu½ vaµµati. Atthi vo k±ci sandiµµh± bhikkhuniyo”ti. Sacass± honti t±dis± bhikkhuniyo atth²ti, no ce honti natth²ti vatv± so bhikkhu vattabbo– “mama saªgaha½ karotha; id±ni ma½ paµhama½ bhikkhunupassaya½ neth±”ti. Tena bhikkhun± ta½ gahetv± tass± v± sandiµµh±na½ attano v± sandiµµh±na½ bhikkhun²na½ santika½ gantabba½. Gacchantena ca na ekakena gantabba½. Cat³hi pañcahi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ jotikañca kattaradaº¹añca gahetv± sa½vidahana½ parimocetv± “maya½ asuka½ n±ma µh±na½ gacch±m±”ti gantabba½. Sace bahig±me d³re vih±ro hoti, antar±magge g±mantara-nad²p±ra-rattivippav±sa-gaºa-oh²yan±patt²hi an±patti. Bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± t± bhikkhuniyo vattabb±– “asuka½ n±ma bhikkhu½ j±n±th±”ti? “¾ma, ayy±”ti. “Tassa itthiliªga½ p±tubh³ta½, saªgaha½ d±nissa karoth±”ti. T± ce “s±dhu, ayy±, id±ni mayampi sajjh±yiss±ma, dhamma½ soss±ma, gacchatha tumhe”ti vatv± saªgaha½ karonti, ±r±dhik± ca honti saªg±hik± lajjiniyo, t± kopetv± aññattha na gantabba½. Gacchati ce, g±mantara-nad²p±ra-rattivippav±sa-gaºa-oh²yan±patt²hi na muccati. Sace pana lajjiniyo honti, na saªg±hik±yo; aññattha gantu½ labbhati. Sacepi alajjiniyo honti, saªgaha½ pana karonti; t±pi pariccajitv± aññattha gantu½ labbhati. Sace lajjiniyo ca saªg±hik± ca, ñ±tik± na honti, ±sannag±me pana aññ± ñ±tik±yo honti paµijagganik±, t±sampi santika½ gantu½ vaµµat²ti vadanti. Gantv± sace bhikkhubh±vepi nissayapaµipanno, patir³p±ya bhikkhuniy± santike nissayo gahetabbo. M±tik± v± vinayo v± uggahito suggahito, puna uggaºhanak±raºa½ natthi. Sace bhikkhubh±ve paris±vacaro, tassa santikeyeva upasampann± s³pasampann±. Aññassa santike nissayo gahetabbo. Pubbe ta½ niss±ya vasantehipi aññassa santikeyeva nissayo gahetabbo. Paripuººavassas±maºeren±pi aññassa santikeyeva upajjh± gahetabb±.
Ya½ panassa bhikkhubh±ve adhiµµhita½ tic²varañca patto ca, ta½ adhiµµh±na½ vijahati, puna adhiµµh±tabba½. Saªkaccik± ca udakas±µik± ca gahetabb±. Ya½ atirekac²vara½ v± atirekapatto v± vinayakamma½ katv± µhapito hoti, ta½ sabbampi vinayakamma½ vijahati, puna k±tabba½. Paµiggahitatelamadhuph±ºit±d²nipi paµiggahaºa½ vijahanti. Sace paµiggahaºato sattame divase liªga½ parivattati, puna paµiggahetv± satt±ha½ vaµµati. Ya½ pana bhikkhuk±le aññassa bhikkhuno santaka½ paµiggahita½, ta½ paµiggahaºa½ na vijahati. Ya½ ubhinna½ s±dh±raºa½ avibhajitv± µhapita½, ta½ pakatatto rakkhati. Ya½ pana vibhatta½ etasseva santaka½, ta½ paµiggahaºa½ vijahati. Vuttampi ceta½ pariv±re
“Tela½ madhu½ ph±ºitañc±pi sappi½;
s±ma½ gahetv±na nikkhipeyya;
av²tivatte satt±he;
sati paccaye paribhuñjantassa ±patti;
pañh± mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 480).
Idañhi liªgaparivattana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Paµiggahaºa½ n±ma liªgaparivattanena, k±la½kiriy±ya, sikkh±paccakkh±nena, h²n±y±vattanena, anupasampannassa d±nena, anapekkhavissajjanena, acchinditv± gahaºena ca vijahati. Tasm± sacepi har²takakhaº¹ampi paµiggahetv± µhapitamatthi, sabbamassa paµiggahaºa½ vijahati. Bhikkhuvih±re pana ya½kiñciss± santaka½ paµiggahetv± v± appaµiggahetv± v± µhapita½, sabbassa s±va issar±, ±har±petv± gahetabba½. Ya½ panettha th±vara½ tass± santaka½ sen±sana½ v± uparopak± v±, te yassicchati tassa d±tabb±. Terasasu sammut²su y± bhikkhuk±le laddh± sammuti, sabb± s± paµippassambhati. Purimik±ya sen±sanagg±ho paµippassambhati. Sace pacchimik±ya sen±sane gahite liªga½ parivattati, bhikkhunisaªgho cass± uppanna½ l±bha½ d±tuk±mo hoti, apaloketv± d±tabbo. Sace bhikkhun²hi s±dh±raº±ya paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± parivasantassa liªga½ parivattati, pakkham±nattameva d±tabba½. Sace m±natta½ carantassa parivattati, puna pakkham±nattameva d±tabba½. Sace ciººam±nattassa parivattati, bhikkhun²hi abbh±nakamma½ k±tabba½. Sace akusalavip±ke parikkh²ºe pakkham±nattak±le punadeva liªga½ parivattati, ch±ratta½ m±nattameva d±tabba½. Sace ciººe pakkham±natte parivattati, bhikkh³hi abbh±nakamma½ k±tabbanti.
Anantare bhikkhuniy± liªgaparivattanavatthumhi idha vuttanayeneva sabbo vinicchayo veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– sacepi bhikkhunik±le ±pann± sañcaritt±patti paµicchann± hoti, pariv±sad±na½ natthi, ch±ratta½ m±nattameva d±tabba½. Sace pakkham±natta½ carantiy± liªga½ parivattati, na tenattho, ch±ratta½ m±nattameva d±tabba½. Sace ciººam±natt±ya parivattati, puna m±natta½ adatv± bhikkh³hi abbhetabbo. Atha bhikkh³hi m±natte adinne puna liªga½ parivattati, bhikkhun²hi pakkham±nattameva d±tabba½. Atha ch±ratta½ m±natta½ carantassa puna parivattati, pakkham±nattameva d±tabba½. Ciººam±nattassa pana liªgaparivatte j±te bhikkhun²hi abbh±nakamma½ k±tabba½ Puna parivatte ca liªge bhikkhunibh±ve µhit±yapi y± ±pattiyo pubbe paµippassaddh±, t± suppaµippassaddh± ev±ti.
70. Ito par±ni “m±tuy± methuna½ dhamman”ti-±d²ni catt±ri vatth³ni utt±natth±niyeva.
71. Mudupiµµhikavatthumhi so kira bhikkhu naµapubbako. Tassa sippakosallattha½ parikammakat± piµµhi muduk± ahosi. Tasm± eva½ k±tu½ asakkhi.
Lamb²vatthumhi tassa bhikkhussa aªgaj±ta½ d²gha½ hoti lambati, tasm± lamb²ti vutto.
Ito par±ni dve vaºavatth³ni utt±n±neva. Lepacittavatthumhi lepacitta½ n±ma cittakammar³pa½.