Ek³nasattatidvisatacatukkakath±

59-60. Eva½ paµhamacatukka½ dassetv± id±ni yasm± bhikkhupaccatthik± itthi½ ±netv± na kevala½ vaccamaggeneva abhinis²denti, atha kho pass±vamaggenapi mukhenapi. Itthi½ ±netv±pi ca keci j±garanti½ ±nenti, keci sutta½, keci matta½, keci ummatta½, keci pamatta½ aññavihita½ vikkhittacittanti attho. Keci mata½ akkh±yita½, soºasiªg±l±d²hi akkh±yitanimittanti attho. Keci mata½ yebhuyyena akkh±yita½, yebhuyyena akkh±yit± n±ma yass± nimitte vaccamagge pass±vamagge mukhe v± bahutaro ok±so akkh±yito hoti. Keci mata½ yebhuyyena kh±yita½, yebhuyyena kh±yit± n±ma yass± vaccamagg±dike nimitte bahu½ kh±yita½ hoti, appa½ akkh±yita½. Na kevalañca manussitthimeva ±nenti, atha kho amanussitthimpi tiracch±nagatitthimpi. Na kevalañca vuttappak±ra½ itthimeva, ubhatobyañjanakampi paº¹akampi purisampi ±nenti. Tasm± tesa½ vasena aññ±nipi catukk±ni dassento “bhikkhupaccatthik± manussitthi½ j±garantin”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha p±¼iy± asammohattha½ vuttacatukk±ni eva½ saªkhy±to veditabb±ni– manussitthiy± tiººa½ magg±na½ vasena t²ºi suddhikacatukk±ni, t²ºi j±garant²catukk±ni, t²ºi suttacatukk±ni, t²ºi mattacatukk±ni, t²ºi ummattacatukk±ni, t²ºi pamattacatukk±ni, t²ºi mata-akkh±yitacatukk±ni, t²ºi yebhuyyena akkh±yitacatukk±ni, t²ºi yebhuyyena kh±yitacatukk±n²ti sattav²sati catukk±ni. Tath± amanussitthiy±; tath± tiracch±nagatitthiy±ti itthiv±re ek±s²ti catukk±ni. Yath± ca itthiv±re eva½ ubhatobyañjanakav±re. Paº¹akapurisav±resu pana dvinna½ magg±na½ vasena catupaºº±sa catupaºº±sa honti. Eva½ sabb±nipi dvesat±ni, sattati ca catukk±ni honti, t±ni utt±natth±niyeva.
Sabbav±resu panettha “mata½ yebhuyyena akkh±yita½ kh±yitan”ti etasmi½ µh±ne aya½ vinicchayo– tambapaººid²pe kira dve vinayadhar± sam±n±cariyak± ther± ahesu½– upatissatthero ca, phussadevatthero ca. Te mah±bhaye uppanne vinayapiµaka½ pariharant± rakkhi½su. Tesu upatissatthero byattataro. Tass±pi dve antev±sik± ahesu½– mah±padumatthero ca mah±sumatthero ca. Tesu mah±sumatthero nakkhattu½ vinayapiµaka½ assosi, mah±padumatthero tena saddhi½ navakkhattu½, visuñca ekakova navakkhattunti aµµh±rasakkhattu½ assosi; ayameva tesu byattataro Tesu mah±sumatthero navakkhattu½ vinayapiµaka½ sutv± ±cariya½ muñcitv± aparagaªga½ agam±si. Tato mah±padumatthero ±ha– “s³ro vata, re, esa vinayadharo yo dharam±naka½yeva ±cariya½ muñcitv± aññattha vasitabba½ maññati. Nanu ±cariye dharam±ne vinayapiµakañca aµµhakath± ca anekakkhattu½ gahetv±pi na vissajjetabba½, niccak±la½ sotabba½, anusa½vacchara½ sajjh±yitabban”ti.
Eva½ vinayagaruk±na½ bhikkh³na½ k±le ekadivasa½ upatissatthero mah±padumattherappamukh±na½ pañcanna½ antev±sikasat±na½ paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±pade ima½ padesa½ vaººento nisinno hoti. Ta½ antev±sik± pucchi½su– “bhante, yebhuyyena akkh±yite p±r±jika½, yebhuyyena kh±yite thullaccaya½, upa¹¹hakkh±yite kena bhavitabban”ti? Thero ±ha– “±vuso, buddh± n±ma p±r±jika½ paññapent± na s±vasesa½ katv± paññapenti, anavasesa½yeva katv± sabba½ pariy±diyitv± sota½ chinditv± p±r±jikavatthusmi½ p±r±jikameva paññapenti. Idañhi sikkh±pada½ lokavajja½, na paººattivajja½. Tasm± yadi upa¹¹hakkh±yite p±r±jika½ bhaveyya, paññapeyya samm±sambuddho. P±r±jikacch±y± panettha na dissati, thullaccayameva dissat²”ti.
Apica matasar²re p±r±jika½ paññapento bhagav± yebhuyyena akkh±yite µhapesi “tato para½ p±r±jika½ natth²”ti dassetu½. Thullaccaya½ paññapento yebhuyyena kh±yite µhapesi “tato para½ thullaccaya½ natth²”ti dassetuntipi veditabba½. Kh±yit±kh±yitañca n±meta½ matasar²rasmi½yeva veditabba½, na j²vam±ne. J²vam±ne hi nakhapiµµhippam±ºepi chavima½se v± nh±rumhi v± sati p±r±jikameva hoti. Yadipi nimitta½ sabbaso kh±yita½ chavicamma½ natthi, nimittasaºµh±na½ paññ±yati, pavesana½ j±yati, p±r±jikameva. Nimittasaºµh±na½ pana anavasesetv± sabbasmi½ nimitte chinditv± samantato tacchetv± upp±µite vaºasaªkhepavasena thullaccaya½. Nimittato patit±ya ma½sapesiy± upakkamantassa dukkaµa½. Matasar²re pana yadipi sabba½ sar²ra½ kh±yita½ hoti, yadipi akkh±yita½, tayo pana magg± akkh±yit±, tesu upakkamantassa p±r±jika½. Yebhuyyena akkh±yite p±r±jikameva. Upa¹¹hakkh±yite ca yebhuyyena kh±yite ca thullaccaya½.
Manuss±na½ j²vam±nakasar²re akkhin±sakaººacchiddavatthikosesu satthak±d²hi katavaºe v± methunar±gena tilaphalamattampi aªgaj±ta½ pavesentassa thullaccayameva. Avasesasar²re upakacchak±d²su dukkaµa½. Mate allasar²re p±r±jikakkhette p±r±jika½, thullaccayakkhette thullaccaya½, dukkaµakkhette dukkaµa½. Yad± pana sar²ra½ uddhum±taka½ hoti kuthita½ n²lamakkhikasam±kiººa½ kimikulasam±kula½ navahi vaºamukhehi pagga¼itapubbakuºapabh±vena upagantumpi asakkuºeyya½, tad± p±r±jikavatthuñca thullaccayavatthuñca vijahati; t±dise sar²re yattha katthaci upakkamato dukkaµameva. Tiracch±nagat±na½ hatthi-assa-goºa-gadrabha-oµµhamahi½s±d²na½ n±s±ya thullaccaya½. Vatthikose thullaccayameva. Sabbesampi tiracch±nagat±na½ akkhikaººavaºesu dukkaµa½, avasesasar²repi dukkaµameva. Mat±na½ allasar²re p±r±jikakkhette p±r±jika½, thullaccayakkhette thullaccaya½, dukkaµakkhette dukkaµa½.
Kuthitakuºape pana pubbe vuttanayeneva sabbattha dukkaµa½. K±yasa½saggar±gena v± methunar±gena v± j²vam±nakapurisassa vatthikosa½ appavesento nimittena nimitta½ chupati, dukkaµa½. Methunar±gena itthiy± appavesento nimittena nimitta½ chupati, thullaccaya½. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana “itthinimitta½ methunar±gena mukhena chupati thullaccayan”ti vutta½. Cammakkhandhake “chabbaggiy± bhikkh³ aciravatiy± nadiy± g±v²na½ tarant²na½ vis±ºesupi gaºhanti, kaººesupi gaºhanti, g²v±yapi gaºhanti, chepp±yapi gaºhanti, piµµhimpi abhiruhanti, rattacitt±pi aªgaj±ta½ chupant²”ti (mah±va. 252) imiss± aµµhuppattiy± avisesena vutta½– “na ca, bhikkhave, rattacittena aªgaj±ta½ chupitabba½, yo chupeyya, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti (mah±va. 252). Ta½ sabbampi sa½sanditv± yath± na virujjhati tath± gahetabba½. Kathañca na virujjhati? Ya½ t±va mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ “methunar±gena mukhena chupat²”ti. Tatra kira nimittamukha½ mukhanti adhippeta½. “Methunar±gen±”ti ca vuttatt±pi ayameva tattha adhipp±yoti veditabbo. Na hi itthinimitte pakatimukhena methunupakkamo hoti. Khandhakepi ye piµµhi½ abhiruhant± methunar±gena aªgaj±tena aªgaj±ta½ chupi½su, te sandh±ya thullaccaya½ vuttanti veditabba½. Itarath± hi dukkaµa½ siy±. Keci pan±hu “khandhakepi mukheneva chupana½ sandh±ya o¼±rikatt± kammassa thullaccaya½ vutta½. Aµµhakath±yampi ta½ sandh±yabh±sita½ gahetv±va methunar±gena mukhena chupati thullaccayanti vuttan”ti. Tasm± suµµhu sallakkhetv± ubhosu vinicchayesu yo yuttataro so gahetabbo. Vinayaññ³ pana purima½ pasa½santi. K±yasa½saggar±gena pana pakatimukhena v± nimittamukhena v± itthinimitta½ chupantassa saªgh±diseso. Tiracch±nagatitthiy± pass±vamagga½ nimittamukhena chupantassa vuttanayeneva thullaccaya½. K±yasa½saggar±gena dukkaµanti.

Ek³nasattatidvisatacatukkakath± niµµhit±.