Id±ni aya½ kho, s±riputta, het³ti-±di nigamana½. Yańcettha antarantar± na vutta½, ta½ utt±natthameva. Tasm± p±¼ikkameneva veditabba½. Ya½ pana vutta½ na ciraµµhitika½ ahos²ti, ta½ purisayugavasena vuttanti veditabba½. Vassagaŗan±ya hi vipassissa bhagavato as²tivassasahass±ni ±yu, sammukhas±vak±nampissa tattakameva. Evamassa yv±ya½ sabbapacchimako s±vako, tena saha ghaµetv± satasahassa½ saµµhimatt±ni ca vassasahass±ni brahmacariya½ aµµh±si. Purisayugavasena pana yugaparampar±ya ±gantv± dveyeva purisayug±ni aµµh±si. Tasm± na ciraµµhitikanti vutta½. Sikhissa pana bhagavato sattativassasahass±ni ±yu. Sammukhas±vak±nampissa tattakameva. Vessabhussa bhagavato saµµhivassasahass±ni ±yu. Sammukhas±vak±nampissa tattakameva. Eva½ tesampi ye sabbapacchimak± s±vak± tehi saha ghaµetv± satasahassato uddha½ catt±l²samatt±ni v²satimatt±ni ca vassasahass±ni brahmacariya½ aµµh±si. Purisayugavasena pana yugaparampar±ya ±gantv± dve dveyeva purisayug±ni aµµh±si. Tasm± na ciraµµhitikanti vutta½.
20. Eva½ ±yasm± s±riputto tiŗŗa½ buddh±na½ brahmacariyassa na ciraµµhitik±raŗa½ sutv± itaresa½ tiŗŗa½ brahmacariyassa ciraµµhitik±raŗa½ sotuk±mo puna bhagavanta½ “ko pana bhante het³”ti ±din± nayena pucchi. Bhagav±pissa by±k±si. Ta½ sabba½ vuttapaµipakkhavasena veditabba½. Ciraµµhitikabh±vepi cettha tesa½ buddh±na½ ±yuparim±ŗatopi purisayugatopi ubhayath± ciraµµhitikat± veditabb±. Kakusandhassa hi bhagavato catt±l²savassasahass±ni ±yu, koŗ±gamanassa bhagavato ti½savassasahass±ni, kassapassa bhagavato v²sativassasahass±ni; sammukhas±vak±nampi nesa½ tattakameva. Bah³ni ca nesa½ s±vakayug±ni parampar±ya brahmacariya½ pavattesu½. Eva½ tesa½ ±yuparim±ŗatopi s±vakayugatopi ubhayath± brahmacariya½ ciraµµhitika½ ahosi.
Amh±ka½ pana bhagavato kassapassa bhagavato upa¹¹h±yukappam±ŗe dasavassasahass±yukak±le uppajjitabba½ siy±. Ta½ asambhuŗantena pańcavassasahass±yukak±le, ekavassasahass±yukak±le, pańcavassasat±yukak±lepi v± uppajjitabba½ siy±. Yasm± panassa buddhattak±rake dhamme esantassa pariyesantassa ń±ŗa½ parip±centassa gabbha½ gaŗh±pentassa vassasat±yukak±le ń±ŗa½ parip±kamagam±si. Tasm± atiparitt±yukak±le uppanno. Tenassa s±vakaparampar±vasena ciraµµhitikampi brahmacariya½ ±yuparim±ŗavasena vassagaŗan±ya naciraµµhitikamev±ti vattu½ vaµµati.
21. Atha kho ±yasm± s±riputtoti ko anusandhi? Eva½ tiŗŗa½ buddh±na½ brahmacariyassa ciraµµhitik±raŗa½ sutv± sikkh±padapańńattiyeva ciraµµhitikabh±vahet³ti niµµha½ gantv± bhagavatopi brahmacariyassa ciraµµhitikabh±va½ icchanto ±yasm± s±riputto bhagavanta½ sikkh±padapańńatti½ y±ci. Tass± y±canavidhidassanatthameta½ vutta½– atha kho ±yasm± s±riputto uµµh±y±san± …pe… ciraµµhitikanti. Tattha addhaniyanti addh±nakkhama½; d²ghak±likanti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
Athassa bhagav± “na t±v±ya½ sikkh±padapańńattik±lo”ti pak±sento “±gamehi tva½ s±riputt±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±gamehi tvanti tiµµha t±va tva½; adhiv±sehi t±va tvanti vutta½ hoti. ¾daratthavasenevettha dvikkhattu½ vutta½. Etena bhagav± sikkh±padapańńattiy± s±vak±na½ visayabh±va½ paµikkhipitv± “buddhavisayova sikkh±padapańńatt²”ti ±vikaronto “tath±gato v±”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca tatth±ti sikkh±padapańńattiy±can±pekkha½ bhummavacana½. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– ya½ vutta½ “sikkh±pada½ pańńapeyy±”ti, tattha tass± sikkh±padapańńattiy± tath±gatoyeva k±la½ j±nissat²ti. Eva½ vatv± ak±la½ t±va dassetu½ “na t±va s±riputt±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha ±sav± tiµµhanti etes³ti ±savaµµh±n²y±. Yesu diµµhadhammikasampar±yik± dukkh±sav± kiles±sav± ca par³pav±davippaµis±ravadhabandhan±dayo ceva ap±yadukkhavisesabh³t± ca ±sav± tiµµhantiyeva, yasm± nesa½ te k±raŗa½ hont²ti attho. Te ±savaµµh±n²y± v²tikkamadhamm± y±va na saŖghe p±tubhavanti, na t±va satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ pańńapet²ti ayamettha yojan±. Yadi hi pańńapeyya, par³pav±d± par³p±rambh± garahados± na parimucceyya.
Katha½? Pańńapentena hi “yo pana bhikkhu methuna½ dhamma½ paµiseveyy±”ti-±di sabba½ pańńapetabba½ bhaveyya. Adisv±va v²tikkamadosa½ ima½ pańńatti½ ńatv± pare eva½ upav±dańca up±rambhańca garahańca pavatteyyu½– “kathańhi n±ma samaŗo gotamo bhikkhusaŖgho me anv±yiko vacanakaroti ett±vat± sikkh±padehi paliveµhessati, p±r±jika½ pańńapessati? Nanu ime kulaputt± mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ mahantańca ń±tiparivaµµa½ hatthagat±ni ca rajj±nipi pah±ya pabbajit±, gh±sacch±danaparamat±ya santuµµh±, sikkh±ya tibbag±rav±, k±ye ca j²vite ca nirapekkh± viharanti. Tesu n±ma ko lok±misabh³ta½ methuna½ v± paµisevissati, parabhaŗ¹a½ v± harissati, parassa v± iµµha½ kanta½ atimadhura½ j²vita½ upacchindissati, abh³taguŗakath±ya v± j²vita½ kappessati! Nanu p±r±jike apańńattepi pabbajj±saŖkhepeneveta½ p±kaµa½ katan”ti. Tath±gatassa ca th±mańca balańca satt± na j±neyyu½. Pańńattampi sikkh±pada½ kuppeyya, na yath±µh±ne tiµµheyya. Seyyath±pi n±ma akusalo vejjo kańci anuppannagaŗ¹a½ purisa½ pakkos±petv± “ehi bho purisa, imasmi½ te sar²rappadese mah±gaŗ¹o uppajjitv± anayabyasana½ p±pessati, paµikacceva na½ tikicch±peh²”ti vatv± “s±dh±cariya, tva½yeva na½ tikicchass³”ti vutto tassa aroga½ sar²rappadesa½ ph±letv± lohita½ n²haritv± ±lepanabandhanadhovan±d²hi ta½ padesa½ sańchavi½ katv± ta½ purisa½ vadeyya– “mah±rogo te may± tikicchito, dehi me deyyadhamman”ti. So ta½ “kimaya½ b±lavejjo vadati? Kataro kira me imin± rogo tikicchito? Nanu me aya½ dukkhańca janeti, lohitakkhayańca ma½ p±pet²”ti eva½ upavadeyya ceva up±rambheyya ca garaheyya ca, na cassa guŗa½ j±neyya. Evameva yadi anuppanne v²tikkamadose satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ pańńapeyya, par³pav±d±d²hi ca na parimucceyya, na cassa th±ma½ v± bala½ v± satt± j±neyyu½, pańńattampi sikkh±pada½ kuppeyya, na yath±µh±ne tiµµheyya. Tasm± vutta½– “na t±va s±riputta satth± s±vak±na½…pe… p±tubhavant²”ti.
Eva½ ak±la½ dassetv± puna k±la½ dassetu½ “yato ca kho s±riputt±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yatoti yad±; yasmi½ k±leti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ vutt±nus±reneva veditabba½. Aya½ v± hettha saŖkhepattho– yasmi½ samaye “±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm±”ti saŖkhya½ gat± v²tikkamados± saŖghe p±tubhavanti, tad± satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ pańńapeti, uddisati p±timokkha½. Kasm±? Tesa½yeva “±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm±”ti saŖkhya½ gat±na½ v²tikkamados±na½ paµigh±t±ya. Eva½ pańńapento yath± n±ma kusalo vejjo uppanna½ gaŗ¹a½ ph±lanalepanabandhanadhovan±d²hi tikicchanto roga½ v³pasametv± sańchavi½ katv± na tveva upav±d±diraho hoti, sake ca ±cariyake vidit±nubh±vo hutv± sakk±ra½ p±puŗ±ti; eva½ na ca upav±d±diraho hoti, sake ca sabbańńuvisaye vidit±nubh±vo hutv± sakk±ra½ p±puŗ±ti. Tańcassa sikkh±pada½ akuppa½ hoti, yath±µh±ne tiµµhat²ti.
Eva½ ±savaµµh±n²y±na½ dhamm±na½ anuppatti½ sikkh±padapańńattiy± ak±la½ uppattińca k±lanti vatv± id±ni tesa½ dhamm±na½ anuppattik±lańca uppattik±lańca dassetu½ “na t±va s±riputta idhekacce”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha utt±natth±ni pad±ni p±¼ivaseneva veditabb±ni. Aya½ pana anutt±napadavaŗŗan±– rattiyo j±nant²ti rattańń³, attano pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bahuk± rattiyo j±nanti, cirapabbajit±ti vutta½ hoti. Rattańń³hi mahatta½ rattańńumahatta½; cirapabbajitehi mahantabh±vanti attho. Tatra rattańńumahatta½ patte saŖghe upasena½ vaŖgantaputta½ ±rabbha sikkh±pada½ pańńattanti veditabba½. So h±yasm± ³nadasavasse bhikkh³ upasamp±dente disv± ekavasso saddhivih±rika½ upasamp±desi. Atha bhagav± sikkh±pada½ pańńapesi– “na, bhikkhave ³nadasavassena upasamp±detabbo. Yo upasamp±deyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 75). Eva½ pańńatte sikkh±pade puna bhikkh³ “dasavass±mha dasavass±mh±”ti b±l± abyatt± upasamp±denti. Atha bhagav± aparampi sikkh±pada½ pańń±pesi– “na, bhikkhave, b±lena abyattena upasamp±detabbo. Yo upasamp±deyya, ±patti dukkaµassa. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, byattena bhikkhun± paµibalena dasavassena v± atirekadasavassena v± upasamp±detun”ti (mah±va. 76) rattańńumahatta½ pattak±le dve sikkh±pad±ni pańńatt±ni.
Vepullamahattanti vipulabh±vena mahatta½. SaŖgho hi y±va na theranavamajjhim±na½ vasena vepullamahatta½ patto hoti, t±va sen±san±ni pahonti. S±sane ekacce ±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm± na uppajjanti. Vepullamahatta½ pana patte te uppajjanti. Atha satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ pańńapeti. Tattha vepullamahatta½ patte saŖghe pańńattasikkh±pad±ni “yo pana bhikkhu anupasampannena uttari dirattatiratta½ sahaseyya½ kappeyya, p±cittiya½” (p±ci. 51); “y± pana bhikkhun² anuvassa½ vuµµh±peyya, p±cittiya½” (p±ci. 1171); “y± pana bhikkhun² eka½ vassa½ dve vuµµh±peyya, p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 1175) imin± nayena veditabb±ni.
L±bhaggamahattanti l±bhassa aggamahatta½; yo l±bhassa aggo uttamo mahantabh±vo, ta½ patto hot²ti attho. L±bhena v± aggamahattampi, l±bhena seµµhattańca mahantattańca pattoti attho. SaŖgho hi y±va na l±bhaggamahatta½ patto hoti, t±va na l±bha½ paµicca ±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm± uppajjanti. Patte pana uppajjanti, atha satth± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ pańńapeti “yo pana bhikkhu acelakassa v± paribb±jakassa v± paribb±jik±ya v± sahatth± kh±dan²ya½ v± bhojan²ya½ v± dadeyya, p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 270). Idańhi l±bhaggamahatta½ patte saŖghe sikkh±pada½ pańńatta½.
B±husaccamahattanti b±husaccassa mahantabh±va½. SaŖgho hi y±va na b±husaccamahatta½ patto hoti, t±va na ±savaµµh±n²y± dhamm± uppajjanti. B±husaccamahatta½ patte pana yasm± ekampi nik±ya½, dvepi…pe… pańcapi nik±ye uggahetv± ayoniso ummujjam±n± puggal± rasena rasa½ sa½sanditv± uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ satthus±sana½ d²penti. Atha satth± “yo pana bhikkhu eva½ vadeyya– tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi…pe… samaŗuddesopi ce eva½ vadeyy±”ti-±din± (p±ci. 418) nayena sikkh±pada½ pańńapet²ti.
Eva½ bhagav± ±savaµµh±n²y±na½ dhamm±na½ anuppattik±lańca uppattik±lańca dassetv± tasmi½ samaye sabbasopi tesa½ abh±va½ dassento “nirabbudo hi s±riputt±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha nirabbudoti abbudavirahito; abbud± vuccanti cor±, niccoroti attho. Cor±ti ca imasmi½ atthe duss²l±va adhippet±. Te hi assamaŗ±va hutv± samaŗapaµińńat±ya paresa½ paccaye corenti. Tasm± nirabbudoti niccoro, nidduss²loti vutta½ hoti. Nir±d²navoti nirupaddavo nirupasaggo; duss²l±d²navarahitoyev±ti vutta½ hoti. Apagatak±¼akoti k±¼ak± vuccanti duss²l±yeva; te hi suvaŗŗavaŗŗ±pi sam±n± k±¼akadhammayog± k±¼ak±tveva veditabb±. Tesa½ abh±v± apagatak±¼ako Apahatak±¼akotipi p±µho. Suddhoti apagatak±¼akatt±yeva suddho pariyod±to pabhassaro. S±re patiµµhitoti s±ro vuccanti s²la-sam±dhi-pańń±vimutti-vimuttiń±ŗadassanaguŗ±, tasmi½ s±re patiµµhitatt± s±re patiµµhito.
Eva½ s±re patiµµhitabh±va½ vatv± puna so cassa s±re patiµµhitabh±vo eva½ veditabboti dassento imesańhi s±riputt±ti ±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ saŖkhepavaŗŗan±– y±nim±ni verańj±ya½ vass±v±sa½ upagat±ni pańca bhikkhusat±ni, imesa½ yo guŗavasena pacchimako sabbaparittaguŗo bhikkhu, so sot±panno. Sot±pannoti sota½ ±panno; sototi ca maggasseta½ adhivacana½. Sot±pannoti tena samann±gatassa puggalassa. Yath±ha–
“Soto sototi hida½, s±riputta, vuccati; katamo nu kho, s±riputta, sototi? Ayameva hi, bhante, ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti. “Sot±panno sot±pannoti hida½, s±riputta, vuccati; katamo nu kho, s±riputta, sot±panno”ti? “Yo hi, bhante, imin± ariyena aµµhaŖgikena maggena samann±gato, aya½ vuccati– sot±panno. Soyam±yasm± eva½n±mo eva½gotto”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1001). Idha pana maggena phalassa n±ma½ dinna½. Tasm± phalaµµho “sot±panno”ti veditabbo.
Avinip±tadhammoti vinip±tet²ti vinip±to; n±ssa vinip±to dhammoti avinip±tadhammo, na att±na½ ap±yesu vinip±tanasabh±voti vutta½ hoti. Kasm±? Ye dhamm± ap±yagaman²y±, tesa½ parikkhay±. Vinipatana½ v± vinip±to, n±ssa vinip±to dhammoti avinip±tadhammo, ap±yesu vinip±tanasabh±vo assa natth²ti vutta½ hoti. Sammattaniy±mena maggena niyatatt± niyato. Sambodhi para½ ayana½ par± gati ass±ti sambodhipar±yaŗo. Upari maggattaya½ avassa½ samp±pakoti attho. Kasm±? Paµiladdhapaµhamamaggatt±ti.

Vinayapańńattiy±canakath± niµµhit±.