Atha kho ther± bhikkh³ dutiyadivase katabhattakicc± pattac²vara½ paµis±metv± dhammasabh±ya½ sannipatit±. ¾nandatthero pana attano arahattappatti½ ñ±petuk±mo bhikkh³hi saddhi½ na gato. Bhikkh³ yath±vu¹¹ha½ attano attano patt±sane nis²dant± ±nandattherassa ±sana½ µhapetv± nisinn±. Tattha kehici “etam±sana½ kass±”ti vutte “±nandattherass±”ti. “¾nando pana kuhi½ gato”ti? Tasmi½ samaye thero cintesi– “id±ni mayha½ gamanak±lo”ti. Tato attano ±nubh±va½ dassento pathaviya½ nimujjitv± attano ±saneyeva att±na½ dassesi. ¾k±sen±gantv± nis²d²tipi eke.
Eva½ nisinne tasmi½ ±yasmante mah±kassapatthero bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “±vuso, ki½ paµhama½ saªg±y±ma, dhamma½ v± vinaya½ v±”ti? Bhikkh³ ±ha½su– “bhante mah±kassapa, vinayo n±ma buddhas±sanassa ±yu, vinaye µhite s±sana½ µhita½ hoti; tasm± paµhama½ vinaya½ saªg±y±m±”ti,. “Ka½ dhura½ katv±”ti? “¾yasmanta½ up±lin”ti. “Ki½ ±nando nappahot²”ti? “No nappahoti; api ca kho pana samm±sambuddho dharam±noyeva vinayapariyatti½ niss±ya ±yasmanta½ up±li½ etadagge µhapesi– ‘etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ vinayadhar±na½ yadida½ up±l²’ti (a. ni. 1.219, 228). Tasm± up±litthera½ pucchitv± vinaya½ saªg±y±m±”ti. Tato thero vinaya½ pucchanatth±ya attan±va att±na½ sammanni. Up±littheropi vissajjanatth±ya sammanni. Tatr±ya½ p±¼i–
“Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyyan’ti.
“¾yasm±pi up±li saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena vinaya½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti.
Eva½ attan±va att±na½ sammannitv± ±yasm± up±li uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± there bhikkh³ vanditv± dhamm±sane nis²di, dantakhacita½ b²jani½ gahetv±. Tato ±yasm± mah±kassapo ther±sane nis²ditv± ±yasmanta½ up±li½ vinaya½ pucchi– “paµhama½, ±vuso up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti “Ves±liya½, bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Sudinna½ kalandaputta½ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Methunadhamme”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ paµhamassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi; yath± ca paµhamassa tath± dutiyassa tath± tatiyassa tath± catutthassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi…pe… an±pattimpi pucchi. Puµµho puµµho up±litthero vissajjesi. Tato im±ni catt±ri p±r±jik±ni “p±r±jikakaº¹a½ n±ma idan”ti saªgaha½ ±ropetv± µhapesu½. Terasa saªgh±dises±ni “terasakan”ti µhapesu½. Dve sikkh±pad±ni “aniyat±n²”ti µhapesu½. Ti½sa sikkh±pad±ni “nissaggiyap±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Dvenavuti sikkh±pad±ni “p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Catt±ri sikkh±pad±ni “p±µidesan²y±n²”ti µhapesu½. Pañcasattati sikkh±pad±ni “sekhiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Satta dhamme “adhikaraºasamath±”ti µhapesu½.
Eva½ mah±vibhaªga½ saªgaha½ ±ropetv± bhikkhun²vibhaªge aµµha sikkh±pad±ni “p±r±jikakaº¹a½ n±ma idan”ti µhapesu½. Sattarasa sikkh±pad±ni “sattarasakan”ti µhapesu½. Ti½sa sikkh±pad±ni “nissaggiyap±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Chasaµµhisatasikkh±pad±ni “p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Aµµha sikkh±pad±ni “p±µidesan²y±n²”ti µhapesu½. Pañcasattati sikkh±pad±ni “sekhiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Satta dhamme “adhikaraºasamath±”ti µhapesu½. Eva½ bhikkhun²vibhaªga½ saªgaha½ ±ropetv± eteneva up±yena khandhakapariv±repi ±ropesu½. Evameta½ sa-ubhatovibhaªgakhandhakapariv±ra½ vinayapiµaka½ saªgaham±r³¼ha½ sabba½ mah±kassapatthero pucchi, up±litthero vissajjesi. Pucch±vissajjanapariyos±ne pañca arahantasat±ni saªgaha½ ±ropitanayeneva gaºasajjh±yamaka½su. Vinayasaªgah±vas±ne up±litthero dantakhacita½ b²jani½ nikkhipitv± dhamm±san± orohitv± vu¹¹he bhikkh³ vanditv± attano patt±sane nis²di.
Vinaya½ saªg±yitv± dhamma½ saªg±yituk±mo ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhikkh³ pucchi– “dhamma½ saªg±yantehi ka½ puggala½ dhura½ katv± dhammo saªg±yitabbo”ti? Bhikkh³ “±nandatthera½ dhura½ katv±”ti ±ha½su.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±nanda½ dhamma½ puccheyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena dhamma½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± there bhikkh³ vanditv± dhamm±sane nis²di dantakhacita½ b²jani½ gahetv±. Atha mah±kassapatthero ±nandatthera½ dhamma½ pucchi– “brahmaj±la½, ±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti? “Antar± ca, bhante, r±jagaha½ antar± ca n±¼anda½ r±j±g±rake ambalaµµhik±yan”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Suppiyañca paribb±jaka½, brahmadattañca m±ºavan”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Vaºº±vaººe”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ brahmaj±lassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, vatthumpi pucchi. “S±maññaphala½ pan±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti? ‘R±jagahe, bhante, j²vakambavane”ti. “Kena saddhin”ti? “Aj±tasattun± vedehiputtena saddhin”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ s±maññaphalassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi. Eteneva up±yena pañca nik±ye pucchi.
Pañcanik±y± n±ma– d²ghanik±yo, majjhimanik±yo, sa½yuttanik±yo, aªguttaranik±yo, khuddakanik±yoti. Tattha khuddakanik±yo n±ma– catt±ro nik±ye µhapetv±, avasesa½ buddhavacana½. Tattha vinayo ±yasmat± up±littherena vissajjito, sesakhuddakanik±yo catt±ro ca nik±y± ±nandattherena. Tadeta½ sabbampi buddhavacana½ rasavasena ekavidha½, dhammavinayavasena duvidha½, paµhamamajjhimapacchimavasena tividha½; tath± piµakavasena, nik±yavasena pañcavidha½, aªgavasena navavidha½, dhammakkhandhavasena catur±s²tisahassavidhanti veditabba½.
Katha½ rasavasena ekavidha½? Yañhi bhagavat± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhitv± y±va anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati, etthantare pañcacatt±l²savass±ni devamanussan±gayakkh±dayo anus±santena paccavekkhantena v± vutta½, sabba½ ta½ ekarasa½ vimuttirasameva hoti. Eva½ rasavasena ekavidha½.
Katha½ dhammavinayavasena duvidha½? Sabbameva ceta½ dhammo ceva vinayo c±ti saªkhya½ gacchati. Tattha vinayapiµaka½ vinayo, avasesa½ buddhavacana½ dhammo; tenev±ha– “ya½n³na maya½, ±vuso, dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±m±”ti. “Aha½ up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyya½, ±nanda½ dhamma½ puccheyyan”ti ca eva½ dhammavinayavasena duvidha½.
Katha½ paµhamamajjhimapacchimavasena tividha½? Sabbameva hida½ paµhamabuddhavacana½, majjhimabuddhavacana½, pacchimabuddhavacananti tippabheda½ hoti. Tattha–
“Anekaj±tisa½s±ra½, sandh±vissa½ anibbisa½;
gahak±ra½ gavesanto, dukkh± j±ti punappuna½.
“Gahak±raka diµµhosi, puna geha½ na k±hasi;
sabb± te ph±suk± bhagg±, gahak³µa½ visaªkhata½;
visaªkh±ragata½ citta½, taºh±na½ khayamajjhag±”ti. (Dha. pa. 153-154).
Ida½ paµhamabuddhavacana½.
Keci “yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±”ti khandhake ud±nag±tha½ ±hu. Es± pana p±µipadadivase sabbaññubh±vappattassa somanassamayañ±ºena paccay±k±ra½ paccavekkhantassa uppann± ud±nag±th±ti veditabb±.
Ya½ pana parinibb±nak±le abh±si– “handa d±ni, bhikkhave, ±mantay±mi vo, vayadhamm± saªkh±r±, appam±dena samp±deth±”ti (d². ni. 2.218) ida½ pacchimabuddhavacana½.
Ubhinnamantare ya½ vutta½ eta½ majjhimabuddhavacananti. Eva½ paµhamamajjhimapacchimavasena tividha½.
Katha½ piµakavasena tividha½? Sabbampi heta½ vinayapiµaka½ suttantapiµaka½ abhidhammapiµakanti tippabhedameva hoti. Tattha paµhamasaªg²tiya½ saªg²tañca asaªg²tañca sabbampi samodh±netv± ubhay±ni p±timokkh±ni, dve vibhaªg±ni, dv±v²sati khandhak±ni, so¼asapariv±r±ti ida½ vinayapiµaka½ n±ma.
Brahmaj±l±di catutti½sasuttasaªgaho d²ghanik±yo, m³lapariy±yasutt±di diya¹¹hasatadvesuttasaªgaho majjhimanik±yo, oghataraºasutt±di sattasuttasahassa sattasata dv±saµµhisuttasaªgaho sa½yuttanik±yo, cittapariy±d±nasutt±di navasuttasahassa pañcasata sattapaññ±sasuttasaªgaho aªguttaranik±yo, khuddakap±µha-dhammapada-ud±na-itivuttaka-suttanip±ta-vim±navatthu-petavatthu-therag±th±-ther²g±th±-j±takaniddesa-paµisambhid±-apad±na-buddhava½sa-cariy±piµakavasena pannarasappabhedo khuddakanik±yoti ida½ suttantapiµaka½ n±ma.
Dhammasaªgaho, vibhaªgo, dh±tukath±, puggalapaññatti, kath±vatthu, yamaka½, paµµh±nanti ida½ abhidhammapiµaka½ n±ma. Tattha–
Vividhavisesanayatt± vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½, vinayo vinayoti akkh±to.
Vividh± hi ettha pañcavidha p±timokkhuddesa p±r±jik±di satta-±pattikkhandham±tik± vibhaªg±dippabhed± nay±, visesabh³t± ca da¼h²kammasithilakaraºappayojan± anupaññattinay± k±yikav±casika-ajjh±c±ranisedhanato cesa k±ya½ v±cañca vineti, tasm± vividhanayatt± visesanayatt± k±yav±c±nañca vinayanato “vinayo”ti akkh±to. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Vividhavisesanayatt±, vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½, vinayo vinayoti akkh±to”ti.
Itara½ pana–
Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca, suttanti akkh±ta½.
Tañhi attatthaparatth±dibhede atthe s³ceti, suvutt± cettha atth± veneyyajjh±say±nulomena vuttatt±. Savati ceta½ atthe sassamiva phala½ pasavat²ti vutta½ hoti. S³dati ceta½ dhenuviya kh²ra½, paggharat²ti vutta½ hoti. Suµµhu ca ne t±yati rakkhat²ti vutta½ hoti. Suttasabh±gañceta½, yath± hi tacchak±na½ sutta½ pam±ºa½ hoti; evametampi viññ³na½. Yath± ca suttena saªgahit±ni pupph±ni na vikiriyanti na viddha½siyanti; evametena saªgahit± atth±. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca, suttanti akkh±tan”ti.

Itaro pana–

Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to.
Ayañhi abhisaddo vu¹¹hilakkhaºap³jitaparicchinn±dhikesu dissati. Tath±hesa– “b±¼h± me ±vuso dukkh± vedan± abhikkamanti no paµikkamant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.389; sa½. ni. 5.195) vu¹¹hiya½ ±gato. “Y± t± rattiyo abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.49) lakkhaºe. “R±j±bhir±j± manujindo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 558) p³jite. “Paµibalo vinetu½ abhidhamme abhivinaye”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 85) paricchinne. Aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhamme ca vinaye c±ti vutta½ hoti. “Abhikkantena vaººen±”ti-±d²su (vi. va. 75) adhike.