Catutthajjh±nakath±

Sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n±ti k±yikasukhassa ca k±yikadukkhassa ca pah±n±. Pubbev±ti tañca kho pubbeva, na catutthajjh±nakkhaºe Somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±ti cetasikasukhassa ca cetasikadukkhassa c±ti imesampi dvinna½ pubbeva atthaªgam± pah±n± icceva vutta½ hoti. Kad± pana nesa½ pah±na½ hoti? Catunna½ jh±n±na½ upac±rakkhaºe. Somanassañhi catutthajjh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yati, dukkhadomanassasukh±ni paµhamadutiyatatiy±na½ upac±rakkhaºesu. Evametesa½ pah±nakkamena avutt±na½, indriyavibhaªge pana indriy±na½ uddesakkameneva idh±pi vutt±na½ sukhadukkhasomanassa domanass±na½ pah±na½ veditabba½.
Yadi panet±ni tassa tassa jh±nassupac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yanti, atha kasm± “kattha cuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhamajjh±na½ upasampajja viharati, etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Kattha cuppanna½ domanassindriya½… sukhindriya½… somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catutthajjh±na½ upasampajja viharati, etthuppanna½ somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.510) eva½ jh±nesveva nirodho vuttoti? Atisayanirodhatt±. Atisayanirodho hi nesa½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su, na nirodhoyeva; nirodhoyeva pana upac±rakkhaºe, n±tisayanirodho. Tath± hi n±n±vajjane paµhamajjh±n³pac±re niruddhass±pi dukkhindriyassa ¹a½samakas±disamphassena v± visam±sanupat±pena v± siy± uppatti, na tveva anto-appan±ya½. Upac±re v± niruddhampeta½ na suµµhu niruddha½ hoti; paµipakkhena avihatatt±. Anto-appan±ya½ pana p²tipharaºena sabbo k±yo sukhokkanto hoti. Sukhokkantak±yassa ca suµµhu niruddha½ hoti dukkhindriya½; paµipakkhena vihatatt±. N±n±vajjane eva ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re pah²nassa domanassindriyassa yasm± eta½ vitakkavic±rappaccayepi k±yakilamathe cittupagh±te ca sati uppajjati, vitakkavic±r±bh±ve neva uppajjati. Yattha pana uppajjati tattha vitakkavic±rabh±ve. Appah²n± eva ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re vitakkavic±r±ti tatthassa siy± uppatti; appah²napaccayatt±. Na tveva dutiyajjh±ne; pah²napaccayatt±. Tath± tatiyajjh±n³pac±re pah²nass±pi sukhindriyassa p²tisamuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµak±yassa siy± uppatti, na tveva tatiyajjh±ne. Tatiyajjh±ne hi sukhassa paccayabh³t± p²ti sabbaso niruddh±ti. Tath± catutthajjh±n³pac±re pah²nass±pi somanassindriyassa ±sannatt±, appan±ppatt±ya upekkh±ya abh±vena samm± anatikkantatt± ca siy± uppatti, na tveva catutthajjh±ne. Tasm± eva ca “etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti tattha tattha aparisesaggahaºa½ katanti.
Etth±ha– “atheva½ tassa tassa jh±nass³pac±re pah²n±pi et± vedan± idha kasm± sam±har²”ti? Sukhaggahaºattha½. Y± hi aya½ “adukkhamasukhan”ti ettha adukkhamasukh± vedan± vutt±, s± sukhum± atidubbiññeyy± na sakk± sukhena gahetu½. Tasm± yath± n±ma duµµhassa yath± v± tath± v± upasaªkamitv± gahetu½ asakkuºeyyassa goºassa gahaºattha½ gopo ekasmi½ vaje sabbe g±vo sam±harati, athekeka½ n²haranto paµip±µiy± ±gata½ “aya½ so, gaºhatha nan”ti tampi g±h±payati; evameva bhagav± sukhaggahaºattha½ sabb± et± sam±hari. Evañhi sam±haµ± et± dassetv± “ya½ neva sukha½ na dukkha½ na somanassa½ na domanassa½, aya½ adukkhamasukh± vedan±”ti sakk± hoti es± g±hayitu½.
Apica adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± paccayadassanatthañc±pi et± vutt±ti veditabb±. Sukhappah±n±dayo hi tass± paccay±. Yath±ha– “catt±ro kho, ±vuso, paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±. Idh±vuso, bhikkhu, sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catutthajjh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ime kho, ±vuso, catt±ro paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti (ma. ni. 1.458). Yath± v± aññattha pah²n±pi sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo tatiyamaggassa vaººabhaºanattha½ tattha pah²n±ti vutt±; eva½ vaººabhaºanatthampetassa jh±nasset± idha vutt±tipi veditabb±. Paccayagh±tena v± ettha r±gados±na½ atid³rabh±va½ dassetumpet± vutt±ti veditabb±. Et±su hi sukha½ somanassassa paccayo, somanassa½ r±gassa, dukkha½ domanassassa, domanassa½ dosassa. Sukh±digh±tena ca te sappaccay± r±gados± hat±ti atid³re hont²ti.
Adukkhamasukhanti dukkh±bh±vena adukkha½, sukh±bh±vena asukha½. Etenettha dukkhasukhapaµipakkhabh³ta½ tatiyavedana½ d²peti, na dukkhasukh±bh±vamatta½. Tatiyavedan± n±ma– adukkhamasukh±, upekkh±tipi vuccati. S± iµµh±niµµhavipar²t±nubhavanalakkhaº±, majjhattaras±, avibh³tapaccupaµµh±n±, sukhanirodhapadaµµh±n±ti veditabb±. Upekkh±satip±risuddhinti upekkh±ya janitasatip±risuddhi½. Imasmiñhi jh±ne suparisuddh± sati. Y± ca tass± satiy± p±risuddhi, s± upekkh±ya kat± na aññena; tasm± eta½ upekkh±satip±risuddhinti vuccati. Vibhaªgepi vutta½– “aya½ sati im±ya upekkh±ya visad± hoti parisuddh± pariyod±t±, tena vuccati– ‘upekkh±satip±risuddhi”n’ti (vibha. 597). Y±ya ca upekkh±ya ettha satiy± p±risuddhi hoti, s± atthato tatramajjhattat± veditabb±. Na kevalañcettha t±ya satiyeva parisuddh±, apica kho sabbepi sampayuttadhamm±; satis²sena pana desan± vutt±.
Tattha kiñc±pi aya½ upekkh± heµµh±pi t²su jh±nesu vijjati, yath± pana div± s³riyappabh±bhibhav± sommabh±vena ca attano upak±rakattena v± sabh±g±ya rattiy± al±bh± div± vijjam±n±pi candalekh± aparisuddh± hoti apariyod±t±; evamayampi tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± vitakkavic±r±dipaccan²kadhammatej±bhibhav± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh±vedan±rattiy± al±bh± vijjam±n±pi paµham±dijjh±nabhedesu aparisuddh± hoti. Tass± ca aparisuddh±ya div± aparisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo aparisuddh±va honti; tasm± tesu ekampi “upekkh±satip±risuddhin”ti na vutta½. Idha pana vitakk±dipaccan²kadhammatej±bhibhav±bh±v± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh±vedan±rattiy± paµil±bh± aya½ tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± ativiya parisuddh±, tass± parisuddhatt± parisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo parisuddh± honti pariyod±t±, tasm± idameva upekkh±satip±risuddhinti vuttanti veditabba½.
Catutthanti gaºan±nupubbato catuttha½. Ida½ catuttha½ sam±pajjat²tipi catuttha½. Jh±nanti ettha yath± tatiya½ upekkh±d²hi pañcaªgika½; evamida½ upekkh±d²hi tivaªgika½. Yath±ha– “jh±nanti upekkh±, sati cittassekaggat±”ti. Pariy±yo eva ceso. Ýhapetv± pana sati½ upekkhekaggatameva gahetv± nippariy±yena duvaªgikameveta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “katama½ tasmi½ samaye duvaªgika½ jh±na½ hoti? Upekkh±, cittassekaggat±”ti (dha. sa. 165). Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti.

Catutthajjh±nakath± niµµhit±.