Dutiyajjh±nakath±

Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti vitakkassa ca vic±rassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ v³pasam± samatikkam±; dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe ap±tubh±v±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha kiñc±pi dutiyajjh±ne sabbepi paµhamajjh±nadhamm± na santi, aññeyeva hi paµhamajjh±ne phass±dayo, aññe idha; o¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ adhigamo hot²ti d²panattha½ “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±”ti eva½ vuttanti veditabba½. Ajjhattanti idha niyakajjhattamadhippeta½. Vibhaªge pana “ajjhatta½ paccattan”ti (vibha. 573) ettakameva vutta½. Yasm± pana niyakajjhatta½ adhippeta½, tasm± attani j±ta½ attano sant±ne nibbattanti ayamettha attho.
Sampas±dananti sampas±dana½ vuccati saddh±. Sampas±danayogato jh±nampi sampas±dana½, n²lavaººayogato n²lavattha½ viya. Yasm± v± ta½ jh±na½ sampas±danasamann±gatatt± vitakkavic±rakkhobhav³pasamanena ceto sampas±dayati, tasm±pi sampas±dananti vutta½. Imasmiñca atthavikappe sampas±dana½ cetasoti eva½ padasambandho veditabbo. Purimasmi½ pana atthavikappe cetasoti eta½ ekodibh±vena saddhi½ yojetabba½. Tatr±ya½ atthayojan±– eko udet²ti ekodi, vitakkavic±rehi anajjh±r³¼hatt± aggo seµµho hutv± udet²ti attho. Seµµhopi hi loke ekoti vuccati. Vitakkavic±ravirahato v± eko asah±yo hutv±tipi vattu½ vaµµati. Atha v± sampayuttadhamme ud±yat²ti udi, uµµh±pet²ti attho. Seµµhaµµhena eko ca so udi c±ti ekodi, sam±dhisseta½ adhivacana½. Iti ima½ ekodi½ bh±veti va¹¹hayat²ti ida½ dutiyajjh±na½ ekodibh±va½. So pan±ya½ ekodi yasm± cetaso, na sattassa na j²vassa, tasm± eta½ cetaso ekodibh±vanti vutta½.
Nanu c±ya½ saddh± paµhamajjh±nepi atthi, ayañca ekodin±mako sam±dhi; atha kasm± idameva sampas±dana½ “cetaso ekodibh±vañc±”ti vuttanti? Vuccate– aduñhi paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rakkhobhena v²citaraªgasam±kulamiva jala½ na suppasanna½ hoti, tasm± satiy±pi saddh±ya sampas±dananti na vutta½. Na suppasannatt±yeva cettha sam±dhipi na suµµhu p±kaµo, tasm± ekodibh±vantipi na vutta½. Imasmi½ pana jh±ne vitakkavic±rapalibodh±bh±vena laddhok±s± balavat² saddh±, balavasaddh±sah±yappaµil±bheneva ca sam±dhipi p±kaµo; tasm± idameva eva½ vuttanti veditabba½. Vibhaªge pana “sampas±dananti y± saddh± saddahan± okappan± abhippas±do, cetaso ekodibh±vanti y± cittassa µhiti…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti ettakameva vutta½. Eva½ vuttena panetena saddhi½ aya½ atthavaººan± yath± na virujjhati aññadatthu sa½sandati ceva sameti ca eva½ veditabb±.
Avitakka½ avic±ranti bh±van±ya pah²natt± etasmi½ etassa v± vitakko natth²ti avitakka½. Imin±va nayena avic±ra½. Vibhaªgepi (vibha. 576) vutta½ “iti ayañca vitakko ayañca vic±ro sant± honti samit± v³pasant± atthaªgat± abbhatthaªgat± appit± byappit± sosit± visosit± byant²kat±, tena vuccati avitakka½ avic±ran”ti.
Etth±ha– nanu ca “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti imin±pi ayamattho siddho, atha kasm± puna vutta½ avitakka½ avic±ran”ti? Vuccate– evameta½ siddho v±yamattho, na paneta½ tadatthad²paka½; nanu avocumha– “o¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ adhigamo hot²ti d²panattha½ vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti eva½ vuttan”ti.
Apica vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ sampas±dana½, na kilesak±lusiyassa. Vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam± ekodibh±va½ na upac±rajjh±namiva n²varaºappah±n±, na paµhamajjh±namiva ca aªgap±tubh±v±ti eva½ sampas±dana-ekodibh±v±na½ hetuparid²pakamida½ vacana½. Tath± vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ avitakka-avic±ra½, na tatiyacatutthajjh±n±ni viya cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni viya ca abh±v±ti eva½ avitakka-avic±rabh±vassa hetuparid²pakañca, na vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²paka½. Vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²pakameva pana “avitakka½ avic±ran”ti ida½ vacana½, tasm± purima½ vatv±pi puna vattabbamev±ti.
Sam±dhijanti paµhamajjh±nasam±dhito sampayuttasam±dhito v± j±tanti attho. Tattha kiñc±pi paµhamampi sampayuttasam±dhito j±ta½, atha kho ayameva “sam±dh²”ti vattabbata½ arahati vitakkavic±rakkhobhavirahena ativiya acalatt± suppasannatt± ca. Tasm± imassa vaººabhaºanattha½ idameva “sam±dhijan”ti vutta½. P²tisukhanti ida½ vuttanayameva.
Dutiyanti gaºan±nupubbato dutiya½, ida½ dutiya½ sam±pajjat²tipi dutiya½. Jh±nanti ettha pana yath± paµhamajjh±na½ vitakk±d²hi pañcaªgika½ hoti, evamida½ sampas±d±d²hi “caturaªgikan”ti veditabba½. Yath±ha– “jh±nanti sampas±do, p²ti, sukha½, cittassekaggat±”ti (vibha. 580). Pariy±yoyeva ceso. Sampas±dana½ pana µhapetv± nippariy±yena tivaªgikameveta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “katama½ tasmi½ samaye tivaªgika½ jh±na½ hoti? P²ti, sukha½, cittassekaggat±”ti (dha. sa. 161). Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti.

Dutiyajjh±nakath± niµµhit±.