“Bhaggar±go bhaggadoso, bhaggamoho an±savo;
bhagg±ssa p±pak± dhamm±, bhagav± tena vuccat²”ti.
Bh±gyavantat±ya cassa satapuññajalakkhaºadharassa r³pak±yasampattid²pit± hoti, bhaggadosat±ya dhammak±yasampatti. Tath± lokiyaparikkhak±na½ bahumatabh±vo, gahaµµhapabbajitehi abhigaman²yat±, abhigat±nañca nesa½ k±yacittadukkh±panayane paµibalabh±vo, ±misad±nadhammad±nehi upak±rit±, lokiyalokuttarasukhehi ca sampayojanasamatthat± d²pit± hoti.
Yasm± ca loke issariya-dhamma-yasa-sir²-k±ma-payattesu chasu dhammesu bhagasaddo vattati, paramañcassa sakacitte issariya½, aºim± laghim±dika½ v± lokiyasammata½ sabb±k±raparip³ra½ atthi tath± lokuttaro dhammo lokattayaby±pako yath±bhuccaguº±dhigato ativiya parisuddho yaso, r³pak±yadassanaby±vaµajananayanappas±dajananasamatth± sabb±k±raparip³r± sabbaªgapaccaªgasir², ya½ ya½ etena icchita½ patthita½ attahita½ parahita½ v±, tassa tassa tatheva abhinipphannatt± icchiticchi, tattha nipphattisaññito k±mo, sabbalokagarubh±vappattihetubh³to samm±v±y±masaªkh±to payatto ca atthi; tasm± imehi bhagehi yuttatt±pi bhag± assa sant²ti imin± atthena bhagav±ti vuccati.
Yasm± pana kusal±d²hi bhedehi sabbadhamme, khandh±yatana-dh±tusacca-indriyapaµiccasamupp±d±d²hiv± kusal±didhamme, p²¼ana-saªkhata-sant±pavipariº±maµµhena v± dukkhamariyasacca½, ±y³hana-nid±na-sa½yoga-palibodhaµµhena samudaya½, nissaraºavivek±saªkhata-amataµµhena nirodha½, niyy±na-hetu-dassan±dhipateyyaµµhena magga½ vibhattav±, vibhajitv± vivaritv± desitav±ti vutta½ hoti. Tasm± vibhattav±ti vattabbe bhagav±ti vuccati
Yasm± ca esa dibbabrahma-ariyavih±re k±yacitta-upadhiviveke suññatappaºihit±nimittavimokkhe aññe ca lokiyalokuttare uttarimanussadhamme bhaji sevi bahulamak±si, tasm± bhattav±ti vattabbe bhagav±ti vuccati.
Yasm± pana t²su bhavesu taºh±saªkh±ta½ gamanamanena vanta½, tasm± bhavesu vantagamanoti vattabbe bhavasaddato bhak±ra½, gamanasaddato gak±ra½, vantasaddato vak±rañca d²gha½ katv± ±d±ya bhagav±ti vuccati. Yath± loke “mehanassa khassa m±l±”ti vattabbe “mekhal±”ti vuccati.
So ima½ lokanti so bhagav± ima½ loka½. Id±ni vattabba½ nidasseti. Sadevakanti saha devehi sadevaka½; eva½ saha m±rena sam±raka½; saha brahmun± sabrahmaka½; saha samaºabr±hmaºehi sassamaºabr±hmaºi½; paj±tatt± paj±, ta½ paja½; saha devamanussehi sadevamanussa½. Tattha sadevakavacanena pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ veditabba½, sam±rakavacanena chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½, sabrahmakavacanena brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºa½, sassamaºabr±hmaº²vacanena s±sanassa paccatthikapacc±mittasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºa½, samitap±pa-b±hitap±pa-samaºabr±hmaºaggahaºañca, paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºa½, sadevamanussavacanena sammutideva-avasesamanussaggahaºa½. Evamettha t²hi padehi ok±saloko, dv²hi paj±vasena sattaloko gahitoti veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaradevaloko gahito, sam±rakaggahaºena chak±m±vacaradevalok±, sabrahmakaggahaºena r³p²brahmaloko, sassamaºabr±hmaº±diggahaºena catuparisavasena sammutidevehi v± saha manussaloko, avasesasabbasattaloko v±.
Apicettha sadevakavacanena ukkaµµhaparicchedato sabbass±pi lokassa sacchikatabh±va½ s±dhento tassa bhagavato kittisaddo abbhuggato. Tato yesa½ siy±– “m±ro mah±nubh±vo chak±m±vacarissaro vasavatt²; ki½ sopi etena sacchikato”ti? Tesa½ vimati½ vidhamanto sam±rakanti abbhuggato. Yesa½ pana siy±– “brahm± mah±nubh±vo ekaªguliy± ekasmi½ cakkav±¼asahasse ±loka½ pharati, dv²hi…pe… dasahi aªgul²hi dasasu cakkav±¼asahassesu ±loka½ pharati, anuttarañca jh±nasam±pattisukha½ paµisa½vedeti, ki½ sopi sacchikato”ti? Tesa½ vimati½ vidhamanto sabrahmakanti abbhuggato. Tato yesa½ siy±– “puth³samaºabr±hmaº± s±sanapaccatthik±, ki½ tepi sacchikat±”ti? Tesa½ vimati½ vidhamanto sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ pajanti abbhuggato. Eva½ ukkaµµhukkaµµh±na½ sacchikatabh±va½ pak±setv± atha sammutideve avasesamanusse ca up±d±ya ukkaµµhaparicchedavasena sesasattalokassa sacchikatabh±va½ pak±sento sadevamanussanti abbhuggato. Ayametth±nusandhikkamo.
Saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedet²ti ettha pana sayanti s±ma½, aparaneyyo hutv±; abhiññ±ti abhiññ±ya, adhikena ñ±ºena ñatv±ti attho. Sacchikatv±ti paccakkha½ katv±, etena anum±n±dipaµikkhepo kato hoti. Pavedet²ti bodheti ñ±peti pak±seti. So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… pariyos±nakaly±ºanti so bhagav± sattesu k±ruññata½ paµicca hitv±pi anuttara½ vivekasukha½ dhamma½ deseti. Tañca kho appa½ v± bahu½ v± desento ±dikaly±º±dippak±rameva deseti.
Katha½? Ekag±th±pi hi samantabhadrakatt± dhammassa paµhamap±dena ±dikaly±º±, dutiyatatiyap±dehi majjhekaly±º±, pacchimap±dena pariyos±nakaly±º±. Ek±nusandhika½ sutta½ nid±nena ±dikaly±ºa½, nigamanena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesena majjhekaly±ºa½. N±n±nusandhika½ sutta½ paµham±nusandhin± ±dikaly±ºa½, pacchimena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesehi majjhekaly±ºa½. Sakalopi s±sanadhammo attano atthabh³tena s²lena ±dikaly±ºo, samathavipassan±maggaphalehi majjhekaly±ºo, nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo. S²lasam±dh²hi v± ±dikaly±ºo, vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo, phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo Buddhasubodhit±ya v± ±dikaly±ºo, dhammasudhammat±ya majjhekaly±ºo, saªghasuppaµipattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Ta½ sutv± tathatt±ya paµipannena adhigantabb±ya abhisambodhiy± v± ±dikaly±ºo, paccekabodhiy± majjhekaly±ºo, s±vakabodhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Suyyam±no cesa n²varaºavikkhambhanato savanenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti ±dikaly±ºo, paµipajjiyam±no samathavipassan±sukh±vahanato paµipattiy±pi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti majjhekaly±ºo, tath± paµipanno ca paµipattiphale niµµhite t±dibh±v±vahanato paµipattiphalenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti pariyos±nakaly±ºo. N±thappabhavatt± ca pabhavasuddhiy± ±dikaly±ºo, atthasuddhiy± majjhekaly±ºo kiccasuddhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Tasm± eso bhagav± appa½ v± bahu½ v± desento ±dikaly±º±dippak±rameva deset²ti veditabbo.
S±ttha½ sabyañjananti evam±d²su pana yasm± ima½ dhamma½ desento s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca pak±seti, n±n±nayehi d²peti; tañca yath±nur³pa½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½, byañjanasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Saªk±sanapak±sana-vivaraºa-vibhajana-utt±n²karaºa-paññatti-atthapadasam±yogato s±ttha½, akkharapada-byañjan±k±raniruttiniddesasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Atthagambh²rat±-paµivedhagambh²rat±hi s±ttha½, dhammagambh²rat±desan±gambh²rat±hi sabyañjana½. Atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±visayato s±ttha½, dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±visayato sabyañjana½. Paº¹itavedan²yato parikkhakajanappas±dakanti s±ttha½, saddheyyato lokiyajanappas±dakanti sabyañjana½. Gambh²r±dhipp±yato s±ttha½, utt±napadato sabyañjana½. Upanetabbassa abh±vato sakalaparipuººabh±vena kevalaparipuººa½; apanetabbassa abh±vato niddosabh±vena parisuddha½; sikkhattayapariggahitatt± brahmabh³tehi seµµhehi caritabbato tesañca cariyabh±vato brahmacariya½. Tasm± “s±ttha½ sabyañjana½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±set²”ti vuccati.
Apica yasm± sanid±na½ sa-uppattikañca desento ±dikaly±ºa½ deseti, veneyy±na½ anur³pato atthassa avipar²tat±ya ca hetud±haraºayuttato ca majjhekaly±ºa½, sot³na½ saddh±paµil±bhena nigamanena ca pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ deseti. Eva½ desento ca brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Tañca paµipattiy± adhigamabyattito s±ttha½, pariyattiy± ±gamabyattito sabyañjana½, s²l±dipañcadhammakkhandhayuttato kevalaparipuººa½, nirupakkilesato nittharaºatth±ya pavattito lok±misanirapekkhato ca parisuddha½, seµµhaµµhena brahmabh³t±na½ buddha-paccekabuddha-buddhas±vak±na½ cariyato “brahmacariyan”ti vuccati. Tasm±pi “so dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… brahmacariya½ pak±set²”ti vuccati.
S±dhu kho pan±ti sundara½ kho pana atth±vaha½ sukh±vahanti vutta½ hoti. Tath±r³p±na½ arahatanti yath±r³po so bhava gotamo, evar³p±na½ yath±bhuccaguº±dhigamena loke arahantoti laddhasadd±na½ arahata½. Dassana½ hot²ti pas±dasomm±ni akkh²ni umm²litv± “dassanamattampi s±dhu hot²”ti eva½ ajjh±saya½ katv± atha kho verañjo br±hmaºo yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti.
2. Yen±ti bhummatthe karaºavacana½. Tasm± yattha bhagav± tattha upasaªkam²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo Yena v± k±raºena bhagav± devamanussehi upasaªkamitabbo, tena k±raºena upasaªkam²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Kena ca k±raºena bhagav± upasaªkamitabbo? N±nappak±raguºavises±dhigam±dhipp±yena, s±duphal³pabhog±dhipp±yena dijagaºehi niccaphalitamah±rukkho viya. Upasaªkam²ti ca gatoti vutta½ hoti. Upasaªkamitv±ti upasaªkamanapariyos±nad²pana½. Atha v± eva½ gato tato ±sannatara½ µh±na½ bhagavato sam²pasaªkh±ta½ gantv±tipi vutta½ hoti.
Bhagavat± saddhi½ sammod²ti yath± khaman²y±d²ni pucchanto bhagav± tena, eva½ sopi bhagavat± saddhi½ samappavattamodo ahosi, s²todaka½ viya uºhodakena sammodita½ ek²bh±va½ agam±si. Y±ya ca “kacci, bho, gotama, khaman²ya½; kacci y±pan²ya½, kacci bhoto gotamassa, ca s±vak±nañca app±b±dha½ app±taªka½ lahuµµh±na½ bala½ ph±suvih±ro”ti-±dik±ya kath±ya sammodi, ta½ p²tip±mojjasaªkh±ta½ sammoda½ jananato sammoditu½ yuttabh±vato ca sammodan²ya½. Atthabyañjanamadhurat±ya sucirampi k±la½ s±retu½ nirantara½ pavattetu½ arahar³pato saritabbabh±vato ca s±raº²ya½, suyyam±nasukhato v± sammodan²ya½, anussariyam±nasukhato s±raº²ya½. Tath± byañjanaparisuddhat±ya sammodan²ya½, atthaparisuddhat±ya s±raº²yanti. Eva½ anekehi pariy±yehi sammodan²ya½ s±raº²ya½ katha½ v²tis±retv± pariyos±petv± niµµh±petv± yenatthena ±gato ta½ pucchituk±mo ekamanta½ nis²di.
Ekamantanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.70) viya. Tasm± yath± nisinno ekamanta½ nisinno hoti tath± nis²d²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Bhummatthe v± eta½ upayogavacana½. Nis²d²ti up±visi. Paº¹it± hi puris± garuµµh±niya½ upasaªkamitv± ±sanakusalat±ya ekamanta½ nis²danti. Ayañca tesa½ aññataro, tasm± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Katha½ nisinno pana ekamanta½ nisinno hot²ti? Cha nisajjadose vajjetv±. Seyyathida½– atid³ra½, acc±sanna½, upariv±ta½, unnatappadesa½, atisammukha½, atipacch±ti. Atid³re nisinno hi sace kathetuk±mo hoti ucc±saddena kathetabba½ hoti. Acc±sanne nisinno saªghaµµana½ karoti. Upariv±te nisinno sar²ragandhena b±dhati. Unnatappadese nisinno ag±rava½ pak±seti. Atisammukh± nisinno sace daµµhuk±mo hoti, cakkhun± cakkhu½ ±hacca daµµhabba½ hoti. Atipacch± nisinno sace daµµhuk±mo hoti g²va½ pas±retv± daµµhabba½ hoti. Tasm± ayampi ete cha nisajjadose vajjetv± nis²di. Tena vutta½– “ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti.