Itipi so bhagav±ti-±d²su pana aya½ t±va yojan±– so bhagav± itipi araha½, itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±ti imin± ca imin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti.
Id±ni vinayadhar±na½ suttantanayakosallattha½ vinayasa½vaººan±rambhe buddhaguºapaµisa½yutt±ya dhammiy± kath±ya cittasampaha½sanatthañca etesa½ pad±na½ vitth±ranayena vaººana½ kariss±mi. Tasm± ya½ vutta½– “so bhagav± itipi arahan”ti-±di; tattha ±rakatt±, ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti imehi t±va k±raºehi so bhagav± arahanti veditabbo. ¾rak± hi so sabbakilesehi suvid³ravid³re µhito, maggena sav±san±na½ kiles±na½ viddha½sitatt±ti ±rakatt± araha½; te c±nena kiles±rayo maggena hat±ti ar²na½ hatatt±pi araha½. Yañceta½ avijj±bhavataºh±mayan±bhipuññ±di-abhisaªkh±r±ra½ jar±maraºanemi ±savasamudayamayena akkhena vijjhitv± tibhavarathe sam±yojita½ an±dik±lappavatta½ sa½s±racakka½, tass±nena bodhimaº¹e v²riyap±dehi s²lapathaviya½ patiµµh±ya saddh±hatthena kammakkhayakara½ ñ±ºapharasu½ gahetv± sabbe ar± hat±ti ar±na½ hatatt±pi araha½.
Atha v± sa½s±racakkanti anamataggasa½s±ravaµµa½ vuccati, tassa ca avijj± n±bhi, m³latt±; jar±maraºa½ nemi, pariyos±natt±; ses± dasa dhamm± ar±, avijj±m³lakatt± jar±maraºapariyantatt± ca. Tattha dukkh±d²su aññ±ºa½ avijj±, k±mabhave ca avijj± k±mabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti. R³pabhave avijj± r³pabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti. Ar³pabhave avijj± ar³pabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti. K±mabhave saªkh±r± k±mabhave paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paccay± honti. Esa nayo itaresu. K±mabhave paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ k±mabhave n±mar³passa paccayo hoti, tath± r³pabhave. Ar³pabhave n±masseva paccayo hoti. K±mabhave n±mar³pa½ k±mabhave sa¼±yatanassa paccayo hoti. R³pabhave n±mar³pa½ r³pabhave tiººa½ ±yatan±na½ paccayo hoti. Ar³pabhave n±ma½ ar³pabhave ekass±yatanassa paccayo hoti. K±mabhave sa¼±yatana½ k±mabhave chabbidhassa phassassa paccayo hoti. R³pabhave t²ºi ±yatan±ni r³pabhave tiººa½ phass±na½; ar³pabhave ekam±yatana½ ar³pabhave ekassa phassassa paccayo hoti. K±mabhave cha phass± k±mabhave channa½ vedan±na½ paccay± honti. R³pabhave tayo tattheva tissanna½; ar³pabhave eko tattheva ekiss± vedan±ya paccayo hoti. K±mabhave cha vedan± k±mabhave channa½ taºh±k±y±na½ paccay± honti. R³pabhave tisso tattheva tiººa½; ar³pabhave ek± vedan± ar³pabhave ekassa taºh±k±yassa paccayo hoti. Tattha tattha s± s± taºh± tassa tassa up±d±nassa paccayo; up±d±n±dayo bhav±d²na½.
Katha½? Idhekacco “k±me paribhuñjiss±m²”ti k±mup±d±napaccay± k±yena duccarita½ carati, v±c±ya manas± duccarita½ carati; duccaritap±rip³riy± ap±ye upapajjati. Tatthassa upapattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavo, kammanibbatt± khandh± upapattibhavo, khandh±na½ nibbatti j±ti, parip±ko jar±, bhedo maraºa½.
Aparo “saggasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²”ti tatheva sucarita½ carati; sucaritap±rip³riy± sagge upapajjati. Tatthassa upapattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavoti so eva nayo.
Aparo pana “brahmalokasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²”ti k±mup±d±napaccay± eva metta½ bh±veti, karuºa½… mudita½… upekkha½ bh±veti, bh±van±p±rip³riy± brahmaloke nibbattati. Tatthassa nibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavoti soyeva nayo.
Aparo “ar³pavabhasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²”ti tatheva ±k±s±nañc±yatan±disam±pattiyo bh±veti, bh±van±p±rip³riy± tattha nibbattati. Tatthassa nibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavo, kammanibbatt± khandh± upapattibhavo, khandh±na½ nibbatti j±ti, parip±ko jar±, bhedo maraºanti. Esa nayo sesup±d±nam³lik±supi yojan±su.
Eva½ “aya½ avijj± hetu, saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±, ubhopete hetusamuppann±ti paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½; at²tampi addh±na½, an±gatampi addh±na½; avijj± hetu, saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±, ubhopete hetusamuppann±ti paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºan”ti etena nayena sabbapad±ni vitth±retabb±ni. Tattha avijj± saªkh±r± eko saªkhepo, viññ±ºa-n±mar³pa-sa¼±yatana-phassa-vedan± eko, taºhup±d±nabhav± eko, j±ti-jar±-maraºa½ eko. Purimasaªkhepo cettha at²to addh±, dve majjhim± paccuppanno, j±tijar±maraºa½ an±gato. Avijj±saªkh±raggahaºena cettha taºhup±d±nabhav± gahit±va hont²ti ime pañca dhamm± at²te kammavaµµa½; viññ±º±dayo pañca dhamm± etarahi vip±kavaµµa½. Taºhup±d±nabhavaggahaºena avijj±saªkh±r± gahit±va hont²ti ime pañca dhamm± etarahi kammavaµµa½; j±tijar±maraº±padesena viññ±º±d²na½ niddiµµhatt± ime pañca dhamm± ±yati½ vip±kavaµµa½. Te ±k±rato v²satividh± honti. Saªkh±raviññ±º±nañcettha antar± eko sandhi, vedan±taºh±namantar± eko, bhavaj±t²namantar± eko. Iti bhagav± eva½ catusaªkhepa½, tiyaddha½, v²sat±k±ra½, tisandhi½ paµiccasamupp±da½ sabb±k±rato j±n±ti passati aññ±ti paµivijjhati. Ta½ ñ±taµµhena ñ±ºa½, paj±nanaµµhena paññ±. Tena vuccati– “paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºan”ti. Imin± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºena bhagav± te dhamme yath±bh³ta½ ñatv± tesu nibbindanto virajjanto vimuccanto vuttappak±rassa imassa sa½s±racakkassa are hani vihani viddha½sesi. Evampi ar±na½ hatatt± araha½.
Aggadakkhiºeyyatt± ca c²var±dipaccaye arahati p³j±visesañca; teneva ca uppanne tath±gate ye keci mahesakkh± devamanuss± na te aññattha p³ja½ karonti. Tath± hi brahm± sahampati sinerumattena ratanad±mena tath±gata½ p³jesi, yath±balañca aññepi dev± manuss± ca bimbis±rakosalar±j±dayo. Parinibbutampi ca bhagavanta½ uddissa channavutikoµidhana½ visajjetv± asokamah±r±j± sakalajambud²pe catur±s²tivih±rasahass±ni patiµµh±pesi. Ko pana v±do aññesa½ p³j±vises±nanti! Eva½ paccay±d²na½ arahatt±pi araha½. Yath± ca loke keci paº¹itam±nino b±l± asilokabhayena raho p±pa½ karonti; evamesa na kad±ci karot²ti p±pakaraºe rah±bh±vatopi araha½. Hoti cettha–
“¾rakatt± hatatt± ca, kiles±r²na so muni;
hatasa½s±racakk±ro, paccay±d²na c±raho;
na raho karoti p±p±ni, araha½ tena vuccat²”ti.
Samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± pana samm±sambuddho. Tath± hesa sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho, abhiññeyye dhamme abhiññeyyato buddho, pariññeyye dhamme pariññeyyato, pah±tabbe dhamme pah±tabbato, sacchik±tabbe dhamme sacchik±tabbato, bh±vetabbe dhamme bh±vetabbato. Teneva c±ha–
“Abhiññeyya½ abhiññ±ta½, bh±vetabbañca bh±vita½;
pah±tabba½ pah²na½ me, tasm± buddhosmi br±hmaº±”ti. (Ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 563).
Apica cakkhu dukkhasacca½, tassa m³lak±raºabh±vena ta½samuµµh±pik± purimataºh± samudayasacca½, ubhinnamappavatti nirodhasacca½, nirodhappaj±nan± paµipad± maggasaccanti eva½ ekekapaduddh±ren±pi sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho. Esa nayo sota-gh±na-jivh±-k±yamanesupi. Eteneva nayena r³p±d²ni cha ±yatan±ni, cakkhuviññ±º±dayo cha viññ±ºak±y±, cakkhusamphass±dayo cha phass±, cakkhusamphassaj±dayo cha vedan±, r³pasaññ±dayo cha saññ±, r³pasañcetan±dayo cha cetan±, r³pataºh±dayo cha taºh±k±y±, r³pavitakk±dayo cha vitakk±, r³pavic±r±dayo cha vic±r± r³pakkhandh±dayo pañcakkhandh±, dasa kasiº±ni, dasa anussatiyo, uddhum±takasaññ±divasena dasa saññ±, kes±dayo dvatti½s±k±r±, dv±das±yatan±ni, aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo, k±mabhav±dayo nava bhav±, paµham±d²ni catt±ri jh±n±ni, mett±bh±van±dayo catasso appamaññ±, catasso ar³pasam±pattiyo, paµilomato jar±maraº±d²ni, anulomato avijj±d²ni paµiccasamupp±daªg±ni ca yojetabb±ni.
Tatr±ya½ ekapadayojan±– “jar±maraºa½ dukkhasacca½, j±ti samudayasacca½, ubhinnampi nissaraºa½ nirodhasacca½, nirodhappaj±nan± paµipad± maggasaccan”ti. Eva½ ekekapaduddh±rena sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho anubuddho paµividdho. Tena vutta½– samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± pana samm±sambuddhoti.
Vijj±hi pana caraºena ca sampannatt± vijj±caraºasampanno; tattha vijj±ti tissopi vijj±, aµµhapi vijj±. Tisso vijj± bhayabheravasutte (ma. ni. 1.34 ±dayo) vuttanayeneva veditabb±, aµµha vijj± ambaµµhasutte (d². ni. 1.278 ±dayo). Tatra hi vipassan±ñ±ºena manomayiddhiy± ca saha cha abhiññ± pariggahetv± aµµha vijj± vutt±. Caraºanti s²lasa½varo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, j±gariy±nuyogo, satta saddhamm±, catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±n²ti ime pannarasa dhamm± veditabb±. Imeyeva hi pannarasa dhamm±, yasm± etehi carati ariyas±vako gacchati amata½ disa½ tasm±, caraºanti vutt±. Yath±ha– “idha, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako s²lav± hot²”ti (ma. ni. 2.24) vitth±ro. Bhagav± im±hi vijj±hi imin± ca caraºena samann±gato, tena vuccati vijj±caraºasampannoti Tattha vijj±sampad± bhagavato sabbaññuta½ p³retv± µhit±, caraºasampad± mah±k±ruºikata½. So sabbaññut±ya sabbasatt±na½ atth±nattha½ ñatv± mah±k±ruºikat±ya anattha½ parivajjetv± atthe niyojeti, yath± ta½ vijj±caraºasampanno. Tenassa s±vak± suppaµipann± honti no duppaµipann±, vijj±caraºavipann±nañhi s±vak± attantap±dayo viya.
Sobhanagamanatt±, sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt±, samm±gatatt±, samm± ca gadatt± sugato. Gamanampi hi gatanti vuccati, tañca bhagavato sobhana½ parisuddhamanavajja½ Ki½ pana tanti? Ariyamaggo. Tena hesa gamanena khema½ disa½ asajjam±no gatoti sobhanagamanatt± sugato. Sundara½ cesa µh±na½ gato amata½ nibb±nanti sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt±pi sugato. Samm± ca gato tena tena maggena pah²ne kilese puna apacc±gacchanto. Vuttañceta½– “sot±pattimaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato…pe… arahattamaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato”ti (mah±ni. 38). Samm± v± ±gato d²paªkarap±dam³lato pabhuti y±va bodhimaº¹o t±va samati½sap±ramip³rit±ya samm±paµipattiy± sabbalokassa hitasukhameva karonto sassata½ uccheda½ k±masukha½ attakilamathanti ime ca ante anupagacchanto ±gatoti samm±gatatt±pi sugato. Samm± cesa gadati, yuttaµµh±ne yuttameva v±ca½ bh±sat²ti samm± gadatt±pi sugato.
Tatrida½ s±dhakasutta½– “ya½ tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, na ta½ tath±gato v±ca½ bh±sati. Yampi tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, tampi tath±gato v±ca½ na bh±sati. Yañca kho tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, tatra k±laññ³ tath±gato hoti tass± v±c±ya veyy±karaº±ya. Ya½ tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, na ta½ tath±gato v±ca½ bh±sati. Yampi tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, tampi tath±gato v±ca½ na bh±sati. Yañca kho tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, tatra k±laññ³ tath±gato hoti tass± v±c±ya veyy±karaº±y±”ti (ma. ni. 2.86). Eva½ samm± gadatt±pi sugatoti veditabbo.