9. Dutiya-upakkhaµasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

532. Dutiya-upakkhaµepi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Tańhi imassa anupańńattisadisa½. Kevala½ paµhamasikkh±pade ekassa p²¼± kat±, dutiye dvinna½, ayamevettha viseso. Sesa½ sabba½ paµhamasadisameva. Yath± ca dvinna½, eva½ bah³na½ p²¼a½ katv± gaŗhatopi ±patti veditabb±ti.

Dutiya-upakkhaµasikkh±padavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

10. R±jasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

537. Tena samayen±ti r±jasikkh±pada½. Tattha up±saka½ sańń±petv±ti j±n±petv±, “imin± m³lena c²vara½ kiŗitv± therassa deh²”ti eva½ vatv±ti adhipp±yo. Pańń±sabandhoti pańń±sakah±paŗadaŗ¹oti vutta½ hoti. Pańń±sa½ baddhotipi p±µho, pańń±sa½ jito pańń±sa½ d±petabboti adhipp±yo. Ajjaŗho, bhante, ±gameh²ti bhante, ajja ekadivasa½ amh±ka½ tiµµha, adhiv±seh²ti attho. Par±mas²ti gaŗhi. J²nos²ti jitosi.
538-9. R±jabhoggoti r±jato bhogga½ bhuńjitabba½ assatth²ti r±jabhoggo, r±jabhogotipi p±µho, r±jato bhogo assa atth²ti attho.
Pahiŗeyy±ti peseyya, utt±natthatt± panassa padabh±jana½ na vutta½. Yath± ca etassa, eva½ “c²vara½ itthann±ma½ bhikkhun”ti-±d²nampi pad±na½ utt±natthatt±yeva padabh±jana½ na vuttanti veditabba½ ¾bhatanti ±n²ta½. K±lena kappiyanti yuttapattak±lena, yad± no attho hoti, tad± kappiya½ c²vara½ gaŗh±m±ti attho.
Veyy±vaccakaroti kiccakaro, kappiyak±rakoti attho. Sańńatto so may±ti ±ŗatto so may±, yath± tumh±ka½ c²varena atthe sati c²vara½ dassati, eva½ vuttoti attho. Attho me ±vuso c²varen±ti codan±lakkhaŗanidassanameta½, idańhi vacana½ vattabba½, assa v± attho y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya; ida½ codan±lakkhaŗa½. “Dehi me c²varan”ti-±d²ni pana navattabb±k±radassanattha½ vutt±ni, et±ni hi vacan±ni etesa½ v± attho y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya na vattabbo.
Dutiyampi vattabbo tatiyampi vattabboti “attho me ±vuso c²varen±”ti idameva y±vatatiya½ vattabboti. Eva½ “dvattikkhattu½ codetabbo s±retabbo”ti ettha uddiµµhacodan±pariccheda½ dassetv± id±ni “dvattikkhattu½ codayam±no s±rayam±no ta½ c²vara½ abhinipph±deyya, icceta½ kusalan”ti imesa½ pad±na½ saŖkhepato attha½ dassento “sace abhinipph±deti, icceta½ kusalan”ti ±ha. Eva½ y±vatatiya½ codento ta½ c²vara½ yadi nipph±deti, sakkoti attano paµil±bhavasena nipph±detu½, icceta½ kusala½ s±dhu suµµhu sundara½.
Catukkhattu½ pańcakkhattu½ chakkhattuparama½ tuŗh²bh³tena uddissa µh±tabbanti µh±nalakkhaŗanidassanameta½. Chakkhattuparamanti ca bh±vanapu½sakavacanameta½, chakkhattuparamańhi etena c²vara½ uddissa tuŗh²bh³tena µh±tabba½, na ańńa½ kińci k±tabba½, ida½ µh±nalakkhaŗa½. Tattha yo sabbaµµh±n±na½ s±dh±raŗo tuŗh²bh±vo, ta½ t±va dassetu½ padabh±jane “tattha gantv± tuŗh²bh³ten±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha na ±sane nis²ditabbanti “idha, bhante, nis²dath±”ti vutten±pi na nis²ditabba½. Na ±misa½ paµiggahetabbanti y±gukhajjak±dibheda½ kińci ±misa½ “gaŗhatha, bhante”ti y±ciyam±nen±pi na gaŗhitabba½. Na dhammo bh±sitabboti maŖgala½ v± anumodana½ v± bh±sath±ti y±ciyam±nen±pi kińci na bh±sitabba½, kevala½ “ki½ k±raŗ± ±gatos²”ti pucchiyam±nena “j±n±si, ±vuso”ti vattabbo. Pucchiyam±noti idańhi karaŗatthe paccattavacana½. Atha v± puccha½ kurum±no pucchiyam±noti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. Yo hi puccha½ karoti, so ettaka½ vattabboti µh±na½ bhańjat²ti ±gatak±raŗa½ bhańjati.
Id±ni y± tisso codan±, cha ca µh±n±ni vutt±ni. Tattha vu¹¹hińca h±nińca dassento “catukkhattu½ codetv±”ti-±dim±ha. Yasm± ca ettha ekacodan±vu¹¹hiy± dvinna½ µh±n±na½ h±ni vutt±, tasm± “ek± codan± diguŗa½ µh±nan”ti lakkhaŗa½ dassita½ hoti. Iti imin± lakkhaŗena tikkhattu½ codetv± chakkhattu½ µh±tabba½, dvikkhattu½ codetv± aµµhakkhattu½ µh±tabba½, saki½ codetv± dasakkhattu½ µh±tabbanti. Yath± ca “chakkhattu½ codetv± na µh±tabban”ti vutta½, eva½ “dv±dasakkhattu½ µhatv± na codetabban”tipi vuttameva hoti. Tasm± sace codetiyeva na tiµµhati, cha codan± labbhanti. Sace tiµµhatiyeva na codeti, dv±dasa µh±n±ni labbhanti. Sace codetipi tiµµhatipi, ek±ya codan±ya dve µh±n±ni h±petabb±ni. Tattha yo ekadivasameva punappuna½ gantv± chakkhattu½ codeti, saki½yeva v± gantv± “attho me, ±vuso, c²varen±”ti chakkhattu½ vadati. Tath± ekadivasameva punappuna½ gantv± dv±dasakkhattu½ tiµµhati, saki½yeva v± gantv± tatra tatra µh±ne tiµµhati, sopi sabbacodan±yo sabbaµµh±n±ni ca bhańjati. Ko pana v±do n±n±divasesu eva½ karontass±ti evamettha vinicchayo veditabbo.
Yatassa c²varacet±panna½ ±bhatanti yato r±jato v± r±jabhoggato v± assa bhikkhuno c²varacet±panna½ ±n²ta½. Yatvass±tipi p±µho. Ayamevattho. “Yatthass±”tipi paµhanti, yasmi½ µh±ne assa c²varacet±panna½ pesitanti ca attha½ kathenti, byańjana½ pana na sameti. Tatth±ti tassa rańńo v± r±jabhoggassa v± santike; sam²patthe hi ida½ bhummavacana½. Na ta½ tassa bhikkhuno kińci attha½ anubhot²ti ta½ c²varacet±panna½ tassa bhikkhuno kińci appamattakampi kamma½ na nipph±deti. Yuńjant±yasmanto sakanti ±yasmanto attano santaka½ dhana½ p±puŗantu. M± vo saka½ vinass±ti tumh±ka½ santaka½ m± vinassatu. Yo pana neva s±ma½ gacchati, na d³ta½ p±heti, vattabhede dukkaµa½ ±pajjati.
Ki½ pana sabbakappiyak±rakesu eva½ paµipajjitabbanti? Na paµipajjitabba½. Ayańhi kappiyak±rako n±ma saŖkhepato duvidho niddiµµho ca aniddiµµho ca. Tattha niddiµµho duvidho– bhikkhun± niddiµµho, d³tena niddiµµhoti. Aniddiµµhopi duvidho– mukhavevaµika kappiyak±rako, parammukhakappiyak±rakoti. Tesu bhikkhun± niddiµµho sammukh±sammukhavasena catubbidho hoti. Tath± d³tena niddiµµhopi.
Katha½? Idhekacco bhikkhussa c²varatth±ya d³tena akappiyavatthu½ pahiŗati, d³to ta½ bhikkhu½ upasaŖkamitv± “ida½, bhante, itthann±mena tumh±ka½ c²varatth±ya pahita½, gaŗhatha nan”ti vadati, bhikkhu “nayida½ kappat²”ti paµikkhipati, d³to “atthi pana te, bhante, veyy±vaccakaro”ti pucchati, puńńatthikehi ca up±sakehi “bhikkh³na½ veyy±vacca½ karoth±”ti ±ŗatt± v±, bhikkh³na½ v± sandiµµh± sambhatt± keci veyy±vaccakar± honti, tesa½ ańńataro tasmi½ khaŗe bhikkhussa santike nisinno hoti, bhikkhu ta½ niddisati “aya½ bhikkh³na½ veyy±vaccakaro”ti. D³to tassa hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± “therassa c²vara½ kiŗitv± deh²”ti gacchati, aya½ bhikkhun± sammukh±niddiµµho.
No ce bhikkhussa santike nisinno hoti, apica kho bhikkhu niddisati– “asukasmi½ n±ma g±me itthann±mo bhikkh³na½ veyy±vaccakaro”ti, so gantv± tassa hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± “therassa c²vara½ kiŗitv± dadeyy±s²”ti ±gantv± bhikkhussa ±rocetv± gacchati, ayameko bhikkhun± asammukh±niddiµµho.
Na heva kho so d³to attan± ±gantv± ±roceti, apica kho ańńa½ pahiŗati “dinna½ may±, bhante, tassa hatthe c²varacet±panna½, c²vara½ gaŗheyy±th±”ti, aya½ dutiyo bhikkhun± asammukh±niddiµµho.
Na heva kho ańńa½ pahiŗati, apica kho gacchantova bhikkhu½ vadati “aha½ tassa hatthe c²varacet±panna½ dass±mi, tumhe c²vara½ gaŗheyy±th±”ti, aya½ tatiyo bhikkhun± asammukh±niddiµµhoti eva½ eko sammukh±niddiµµho tayo asammukh±niddiµµh±ti ime catt±ro bhikkhun± niddiµµhaveyy±vaccakar± n±ma. Etesu imasmi½ r±jasikkh±pade vuttanayeneva paµipajjitabba½.
Aparo bhikkhu purimanayeneva d³tena pucchito natthit±ya v±, avic±retuk±mat±ya v± “natthamh±ka½ kappiyak±rako”ti vadati, tasmińca khaŗe koci manusso ±gacchati, d³to tassa hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± “imassa hatthato c²vara½ gaŗheyy±th±”ti vatv± gacchati, aya½ d³tena sammukh±niddiµµho.
Aparo d³to g±ma½ pavisitv± attan± abhirucitassa kassaci hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± purimanayeneva ±gantv± ±roceti, ańńa½ v± pahiŗati, “aha½ asukassa n±ma hatthe c²varacet±panna½ dass±mi, tumhe c²vara½ gaŗheyy±th±”ti vatv± v± gacchati, aya½ tatiyo d³tena asammukh±niddiµµhoti eva½ eko sammukh±niddiµµho, tayo asammukh±niddiµµh±ti ime catt±ro d³tena niddiµµhaveyy±vaccakar± n±ma. Etesu meŗ¹akasikkh±pade vuttanayena paµipajjitabba½. Vuttańheta½– “santi, bhikkhave, manuss± saddh± pasann±, te kappiyak±rak±na½ hatthe hirańńa½ upanikkhipanti– ‘imin± ayyassa ya½ kappiya½ ta½ deth±’ti. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ya½ tato kappiya½ ta½ s±ditu½, na tvev±ha½, bhikkhave, kenaci pariy±yena j±tar³parajata½ s±ditabba½ pariyesitabbanti vad±m²”ti (mah±va. 299). Ettha ca codan±ya pam±ŗa½ natthi, m³la½ as±diyantena sahassakkhattumpi codan±ya v± µh±nena v± kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ s±ditu½ vaµµati. No ce deti, ańńa½ kappiyak±raka½ µhapetv±pi ±har±petabba½. Sace icchati m³las±mik±nampi kathetabba½; no ce icchati na kathetabba½.
Aparo bhikkhu purimanayeneva d³tena pucchito “natthamh±ka½ kappiyak±rako”ti vadati, tadańńo sam²pe µhito sutv± “±hara bho aha½ ayyassa c²vara½ cet±petv± dass±m²”ti vadati. D³to “handa bho dadeyy±s²”ti tassa hatthe datv± bhikkhussa an±rocetv±va gacchati, aya½ mukhavevaµikakappiyak±rako. Aparo bhikkhuno upaµµh±kassa v± ańńassa v± hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± “therassa c²vara½ dadeyy±s²”ti ettova pakkamati, aya½ parammukhakappiyak±rakoti ime dve aniddiµµhakappiyak±rak± n±ma. Etesu ańń±taka-appav±ritesu viya paµipajjitabba½. Sace sayameva c²vara½ ±netv± dadanti, gahetabba½. No ce, kińci na vattabb±. Desan±mattameva ceta½ “d³tena c²varacet±panna½ pahiŗeyy±”ti saya½ ±haritv±pi piŗ¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±ya dadantesupi eseva nayo. Na kevalańca attanoyeva atth±ya sampaµicchitu½ na vaµµati, sacepi koci j±tar³parajata½ ±netv± “ida½ saŖghassa dammi, ±r±ma½ v± karotha cetiya½ v± bhojanas±l±d²na½ v± ańńataran”ti vadati, idampi sampaµicchitu½ na vaµµati. Yassa kassaci hi ańńassatth±ya sampaµicchantassa dukkaµa½ hot²ti mah±paccariya½ vutta½.
Sace pana “nayida½ bhikkh³na½ sampaµicchitu½ vaµµat²”ti paµikkhitte “va¹¹hak²na½ v± kammakar±na½ v± hatthe bhavissati, kevala½ tumhe sukatadukkaµa½ j±n±th±”ti vatv± tesa½ hatthe datv± pakkamati, vaµµati. Ath±pi “mama manuss±na½ hatthe bhavissati mayhameva v± hatthe bhavissati, kevala½ tumhe ya½ yassa d±tabba½, tadatth±ya peseyy±th±”ti vadati, evampi vaµµati.
Sace pana saŖgha½ v± gaŗa½ v± puggala½ v± an±masitv± “ida½ hirańńasuvaŗŗa½ cetiyassa dema, vih±rassa dema, navakammassa dem±”ti vadanti, paµikkhipitu½ na vaµµati. “Ime ida½ bhaŗant²”ti kappiyak±rak±na½ ±cikkhitabba½. “Cetiy±d²na½ atth±ya tumhe gahetv± µhapeth±”ti vuttena pana “amh±ka½ gahetu½ na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhipitabba½.