8. Paµhama-upakkhaµasikkh±padavaººan±

527. Tena samayen±ti upakkhaµasikkh±pada½. Tattha atth±vuso ma½ so upaµµh±koti ±vuso, ya½ tva½ bhaºasi, atthi evar³po so mama upaµµh±koti ayamettha attho. Api meyya eva½ hot²ti api me ayya eva½ hoti, api mayy± evantipi p±µho.
528-9. Bhikkhu½ paneva uddiss±ti ettha uddiss±ti apadissa ±rabbha. Yasm± pana ya½ uddissa upakkhaµa½ hoti, ta½ tassatth±ya upakkhaµa½ n±ma hoti. Tasm±ssa padabh±jane “bhikkhussatth±y±”ti vutta½.
Bhikkhu½ ±rammaºa½ karitv±ti bhikkhu½ paccaya½ katv±, yañhi bhikkhu½ uddissa upakkhaµa½, ta½ niyameneva bhikkhu½ paccaya½ katv± upakkhaµa½ hoti, tena vutta½– “bhikkhu½ ±rammaºa½ karitv±”ti. Paccayopi hi “labhati m±ro ±rammaºan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.243) ±rammaºanti ±gato. Id±ni “uddiss±”ti ettha yo katt±, tassa ±k±radassanattha½ “bhikkhu½ acch±detuk±mo”ti vutta½. Bhikkhu½ acch±detuk±mena hi tena ta½ uddissa upakkhaµa½, na aññena k±raºena. Iti so acch±detuk±mo hoti. Tena vutta½– “bhikkhu½ acch±detuk±mo”ti.
Aññ±takassa gahapatissa v±ti aññ±takena gahapatin± v±ti attho. Karaºatthe hi ida½ s±mivacana½. Padabh±jane pana byañjana½ avic±retv± atthamattameva dassetu½ “aññ±tako n±ma…pe… gahapati n±m±”ti-±di vutta½.
C²varacet±pannanti c²varam³la½, ta½ pana yasm± hiraññ±d²su aññatara½ hoti, tasm± padabh±jane “hirañña½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Upakkhaµa½ hot²ti sajjita½ hoti, sa½haritv± µhapita½, yasm± pana “hirañña½ v±”ti-±din± vacanenassa upakkhaµabh±vo dassito hoti, tasm± “upakkhaµa½ n±m±”ti pada½ uddharitv± visu½ padabh±jana½ na vutta½. Imin±ti upakkhaµa½ sandh±y±ha, tenevassa padabh±jane “paccupaµµhiten±”ti vutta½. Yañhi upakkhaµa½ sa½haritv± µhapita½, ta½ paccupaµµhita½ hot²ti. Acch±dess±m²ti voh±ravacanameta½ “itthann±massa bhikkhuno dass±m²”ti aya½ panettha attho. Tenevassa padabh±janepi “dass±m²”ti vutta½.
Tatra ce so bhikkh³ti yatra so gahapati v± gahapat±n² v± tatra so bhikkhu pubbe appav±rito upasaªkamitv± c²vare vikappa½ ±pajjeyya ceti ayamettha padasambandho. Tattha upasaªkamitv±ti imassa gantv±ti imin±va atthe siddhe pacuravoh±ravasena “gharan”ti vutta½. Yatra pana so d±yako tatra gantv±ti ayamevettha attho, tasm± punapi vutta½ “yattha katthaci upasaªkamitv±”ti. Vikappa½ ±pajjeyy±ti visiµµhakappa½ adhikavidh±na½ ±pajjeyya, padabh±jane pana yen±k±rena vikappa½ ±panno hoti tameva dassetu½ “±yata½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. S±dh³ti ±y±cane nip±to. Vat±ti parivitakke. Manti att±na½ niddisati. ¾yasm±ti para½ ±lapati ±manteti. Yasm± panida½ sabba½ byañjanamattameva, utt±natthameva, tasm±ssa padabh±jane attho na vutto. Kaly±ºakamyata½ up±d±y±ti sundarak±mata½ visiµµhak±mata½ cittena gahetv±, tassa “±pajjeyya ce”ti imin± sambandho. Yasm± pana yo kaly±ºakamyata½ up±d±ya ±pajjati, so s±dhatthiko mahagghatthiko hoti, tasm±ssa padabh±jane byañjana½ pah±ya adhippetatthameva dassetu½ tadeva vacana½ vutta½. Yasm± pana na imassa ±pajjanamatteneva ±patti s²sa½ eti, tasm± “tassa vacanen±”ti-±di vutta½.
531. An±patti ñ±tak±nanti-±d²su ñ±tak±na½ c²vare vikappa½ ±pajjantassa an±patt²ti evamattho daµµhabbo. Mahaggha½ cet±petuk±massa appaggha½ cet±pet²ti gahapatissa v²sati-agghanaka½ c²vara½ cet±petuk±massa “ala½ mayha½ etena, dasagghanaka½ v± aµµhagghanaka½ v± deh²”ti vadati an±patti. Appagghanti idañca atirekaniv±raºatthameva vutta½, samakepi pana an±patti tañca kho agghavaseneva na pam±ºavasena, agghava¹¹hanakañhi ida½ sikkh±pada½. Tasm± yo v²sati-agghanaka½ antarav±saka½ cet±petuk±mo “ta½ ettakameva me agghanaka½ c²vara½ deh²”ti vattumpi vaµµati. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
Samuµµh±n±d²nipi tatuttarisikkh±padasadis±nev±ti.

Paµhama-upakkhaµasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.