R±j± mah±bodhirakkhaŗatth±ya aµµh±rasa devat±kul±ni, aµµha amaccakul±ni, aµµha br±hmaŗakul±ni, aµµha kuµumbiyakul±ni, aµµha gopakakul±ni, aµµha taracchakul±ni, aµµha ca k±liŖgakul±ni datv± udakasińcanatth±ya ca aµµha suvaŗŗaghaµe, aµµha ca rajataghaµe datv± imin± pariv±rena mah±bodhi½ gaŖg±ya n±va½ ±ropetv± sayampi nagarato nikkhamitv± vijjh±µavi½ samatikkamma anupubbena sattahi divasehi t±malitti½ anuppatto. Antar±magge devan±gamanuss± u¼±ra½ mah±bodhip³ja½ aka½su. R±j±pi samuddat²re satta divas±ni mah±bodhi½ µhapetv± sakalajambud²pamah±rajja½ ad±si. Idamassa tatiya½ jambud²parajjasampad±na½ hoti.
Eva½ mah±rajjena p³jetv± m±gasiram±sassa paµhamap±µipadadivase asoko dhammar±j± mah±bodhi½ ukkhipitv± galappam±ŗa½ udaka½ oruyha n±v±ya½ patiµµh±petv± saŖghamittattherimpi sapariv±ra½ n±va½ ±ropetv± ariµµha½ amacca½ etadavoca– “aha½, t±ta, mah±bodhi½ tikkhattu½ sakalajambud²parajjena p³jetv± galappam±ŗa½ udaka½ oruyha mama sah±yakassa pesesi½, sopi evameva mah±bodhi½ p³jet³”ti. Eva½ sah±yakassa s±sana½ datv± “gacchati vatare, dasabalassa sarasara½sij±la½ vimuńcanto mah±bodhirukkho”ti vanditv± ańjali½ paggahetv± ass³ni pavattayam±no aµµh±si. S±pi kho mah±bodhisam±r³¼h± n±v± passato passato mah±r±jassa mah±samuddatala½ pakkhant±. Mah±samuddepi samant± yojana½ v²ciyo v³pasant±; pańca vaŗŗ±ni padum±ni pupphit±ni; antalikkhe dibb±ni t³riy±ni pavajji½su; ±k±se jalajathalajarukkh±disannissit±hi devat±hi pavattit± ativiya u¼±r± p³j± ahosi. SaŖghamittatther²pi supaŗŗar³pena mah±samudde n±gakul±ni sant±sesi. Te ca utrastar³p± n±g± ±gantv± ta½ vibh³ti½ passitv± theri½ y±citv± mah±bodhi½ n±gabhavana½ atiharitv± satta divas±ni n±garajjena p³jetv± puna n±v±ya½ patiµµh±pesu½. Ta½divasameva n±v± jambukolapaµµana½ agam±si. Asokamah±r±j±pi mah±bodhiviyogadukkhito kanditv± roditv± y±va dassanavisaya½ oloketv± paµinivatti.
Dev±nampiyatisso mah±r±j±pi kho sumanas±maŗerassa vacanena m±gasiram±sassa paµhamap±µipadadivasato pabhuti uttaradv±rato paµµh±ya y±va jambukolapaµµana½ t±va magga½ sodh±petv± alaŖk±r±petv± nagarato nikkhamanadivase uttaradv±rasam²pe samuddas±lavatthusmi½ µhitoyeva t±ya vibh³tiy± mah±samudde ±gacchanta½yeva mah±bodhi½ therassa ±nubh±vena disv± tuµµham±naso nikkhamitv± sabba½ magga½ pańcavaŗŗehi pupphehi okir±pento antarantare puppha-agghiy±ni µhapento ek±heneva jambukolapaµµana½ gantv± sabbat±¼±vacaraparivuto pupphadh³magandhav±s±d²hi p³jayam±no galappam±ŗa½ udaka½ oruyha “±gato vatare, dasabalassa sarasara½sij±lavissajjanako mah±bodhirukkho”ti pasannacitto mah±bodhi½ ukkhipitv± uttamaŖge sirasmi½ patiµµh±petv± mah±bodhi½ pariv±retv± ±gatehi so¼asahi j±tisampannakulehi saddhi½ samuddato paccuttaritv± samuddat²re mah±bodhi½ µhapetv± t²ŗi divas±ni sakalatambapaŗŗid²parajjena p³jesi, so¼asanna½ j±tisampannakul±na½ rajja½ vic±resi. Atha catutthe divase mah±bodhi½ ±d±ya u¼±ra½ p³ja½ kurum±no anupubbena anur±dhapura½ sampatto. Anur±dhapurepi mah±sakk±ra½ katv± c±tuddas²divase va¹¹ham±nakacch±y±ya mah±bodhi½ uttaradv±rena pavesetv± nagaramajjhena atiharanto dakkhiŗadv±rena nikkhamitv± dakkhiŗadv±rato pańcadhanusatike µh±ne yattha amh±ka½ samm±sambuddho nirodhasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di, purimak± ca tayo samm±sambuddh± sam±patti½ appetv± nis²di½su, yattha kakusandhassa bhagavato mah±sir²sabodhi, kon±gamanassa bhagavato udumbarabodhi, kassapasamm±sambuddhassa ca nigrodhabodhi patiµµh±si, tasmi½ mah±meghavanuyy±nassa tilakabh³te sumanas±maŗerassa vacanena paµhamameva katabh³miparikamme r±javatthudv±rakoµµhakaµµh±ne mah±bodhi½ patiµµh±pesi.
Katha½? T±ni kira bodhi½ pariv±retv± ±gat±ni so¼asa j±tisampannakul±ni r±javesa½ gaŗhi½su. R±j± dov±rikavesa½ gaŗhi. So¼asa kul±ni mah±bodhi½ gahetv± oropayi½su. Mah±bodhi tesa½ hatthato muttasamanantarameva as²tihatthappam±ŗa½ veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± chabbaŗŗara½siyo muńci. Ra½siyo sakalad²pa½ pattharitv± upari brahmaloka½ ±hacca aµµha½su. Mah±bodhip±µih±riya½ disv± sańj±tappas±d±ni dasapurisasahass±ni anupubbavipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ patv± pabbaji½su. Y±va s³riyatthaŖgam± mah±bodhi antalikkhe aµµh±si. AtthaŖgamite pana s³riye rohiŗinakkhattena pathaviya½ patiµµh±si. Saha bodhipatiµµh±n± udakapariyanta½ katv± mah±pathav² akampi. Patiµµhahitv± ca pana mah±bodhi satta divas±ni himagabbhe sannis²di. Lokassa adassana½ agam±si. Sattame divase vigataval±haka½ nabha½ ahosi. Chabbaŗŗara½siyo jalant± vipphurant± nicchari½su. Mah±bodhissa khandho ca s±kh±yo ca patt±ni ca pańca phal±ni ca dassi½su. Mahindatthero ca saŖghamittatther² ca r±j± ca sapariv±r± mah±bodhiµµh±nameva agama½su. Yebhuyyena ca sabbe d²pav±sino sannipati½su. Tesa½ passant±na½yeva uttaras±khato eka½ phala½ paccitv± s±khato mucci. Thero hattha½ upan±mesi. Phala½ therassa hatthe patiµµh±si. Ta½ thero “ropaya, mah±r±j±”ti rańńo ad±si. R±j± gahetv± suvaŗŗakaµ±he madhurapa½su½ ±kiritv± gandhakalala½ p³retv± ropetv± mah±bodhi-±sannaµµh±ne µhapesi. Sabbesa½ passant±na½yeva catuhatthappam±ŗ± aµµha taruŗabodhirukkh± uµµhahi½su. R±j± ta½ acchariya½ disv± aµµha taruŗabodhirukkhe setacchattena p³jetv± abhiseka½ ad±si. Tato eka½ bodhirukkha½ ±gamanak±le mah±bodhin± paµhamapatiµµhitok±se jambukolapaµµane ropayi½su, eka½ tavakkabr±hmaŗassa g±madv±re, eka½ th³p±r±me, eka½ issaranimm±navih±re, eka½ paµhamacetiyaµµh±ne, eka½ cetiyapabbate, eka½ rohaŗajanapadamhi k±jarag±me, eka½ rohaŗajanapadamhiyeva candanag±me. Itaresa½ catunna½ phal±na½ b²jehi j±te dvatti½sa bodhitaruŗe yojaniya-±r±mesu patiµµh±pesu½.
Eva½ puttanattuparampar±ya samant± d²pav±s²na½ hit±ya sukh±ya patiµµhite dasabalassa dhammadhajabh³te mah±bodhimhi anu¼± dev² pańcahi kańń±satehi pańcahi ca antepurik±sateh²ti m±tug±masahassena saddhi½ saŖghamittattheriy± santike pabbajitv± nacirasseva sapariv±r± arahatte patiµµh±si. Ariµµhopi kho rańńo bh±gineyyo pańcahi purisasatehi saddhi½ therassa santike pabbajitv± nacirasseva sapariv±ro arahatte patiµµh±si.
Athekadivasa½ r±j± mah±bodhi½ vanditv± therena saddhi½ th³p±r±ma½ gacchati. Tassa lohap±s±daµµh±na½ sampattassa puris± pupph±ni abhihari½su. R±j± therassa pupph±ni ad±si. Thero pupphehi lohap±s±daµµh±na½ p³jesi. Pupphesu bh³miya½ patitamattesu mah±bh³mic±lo ahosi. R±j± “kasm±, bhante, bh³mi calit±”ti pucchi. “Ismi½, mah±r±ja, ok±se saŖghassa an±gate uposath±g±ra½ bhavissati, tasseta½ pubbanimittan”ti.
R±j± puna therena saddhi½ gacchanto ambaŖgaŗaµµh±na½ patto. Tatthassa vaŗŗagandhasampanna½ atimadhurarasa½ eka½ ambapakka½ ±har²yittha. R±j± ta½ therassa paribhogatth±ya ad±si. Thero tattheva paribhuńjitv± “ida½ ettheva ropeth±”ti ±ha. R±j± ta½ ambaµµhi½ gahetv± tattheva ropetv± udaka½ ±sińci. Saha ambab²jaropanena pathav² akampi. R±j± “kasm±, bhante, pathav² kampitth±”ti pucchi. “Imasmi½, mah±r±ja, ok±se saŖghassa an±gate ‘ambaŖgaŗa½’ n±ma sannip±taµµh±na½ bhavissati, tasseta½ pubbanimittan”ti.
R±j± tattha aµµha pupphamuµµhiyo okiritv± vanditv± puna therena saddhi½ gacchanto mah±cetiyaµµh±na½ patto. Tatthassa puris± campakapupph±ni abhihari½su. T±ni r±j± therassa ad±si. Thero mah±cetiyaµµh±na½ pupphehi p³jetv± vandi. T±vadeva mah±pathav² saŖkampi. R±j± “kasm±, bhante, pathav² kampitth±”ti pucchi. “Imasmi½, mah±r±ja, ok±se an±gate buddhassa bhagavato asadiso mah±th³po bhavissati, tasseta½ pubbanimittan”ti. “Ahameva karomi, bhante”ti. “Ala½, mah±r±ja, tumh±ka½ ańńa½ bahukamma½ atthi, tumh±ka½ pana natt± duµµhag±maŗ² abhayo n±ma k±ressat²”ti. Atha r±j± “sace, bhante, mayha½ natt± karissati, kata½yeva may±”ti dv±dasahattha½ p±s±ŗatthambha½ ±har±petv± “dev±nampiyatissassa rańńo natt± duµµhag±maŗ² abhayo n±ma imasmi½ padese th³pa½ karot³”ti akkhar±ni likh±petv± patiµµh±petv± vanditv± thera½ pucchi– “patiµµhita½ nu kho, bhante, tambapaŗŗid²pe s±sanan”ti? “Patiµµhita½, mah±r±ja, s±sana½; m³l±ni panassa na t±va otarant²”ti. “Kad± pana, bhante m³l±ni otiŗŗ±ni n±ma bhavissant²”ti? “Yad±, mah±r±ja, tambapaŗŗid²pak±na½ m±t±pit³na½ tambapaŗŗid²pe j±to d±rako tambapaŗŗid²pe pabbajitv± tambapaŗŗid²pamhiyeva vinaya½ uggahetv± tambapaŗŗid²pe v±cessati, tad± s±sanassa m³l±ni otiŗŗ±ni n±ma bhavissant²”ti. “Atthi pana, bhante, ediso bhikkh³”ti? “Atthi, mah±r±ja, mah±-ariµµho bhikkhu paµibalo etasmi½ kamme”ti. “May± ettha, bhante, ki½ kattabban”ti? “Maŗ¹apa½, mah±r±ja, k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti r±j± meghavaŗŗ±bhayassa amaccassa pariveŗaµµh±ne mah±saŖg²tik±le aj±tasattumah±r±jena katamaŗ¹apappak±ra½ r±j±nubh±vena maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± sabbat±¼±vacare sakasakasippesu payojetv± “s±sanassa m³l±ni otarant±ni passiss±m²”ti anekapurisasahassaparivuto th³p±r±ma½ anuppatto.
Tena kho pana samayena th³p±r±me aµµhasaµµhi bhikkhusahass±ni sannipati½su. Mah±mahindattherassa ±sana½ dakkhiŗ±bhimukha½ pańńatta½ hoti. Mah±-ariµµhattherassa dhamm±sana½ uttar±bhimukha½ pańńatta½ hoti. Atha kho mah±-ariµµhatthero mahindattherena ajjhiµµho attano anur³pena patt±nukkamena dhamm±sane nis²di. Mahindattherapamukh± aµµhasaµµhi mah±ther± dhamm±sana½ pariv±retv± nis²di½su. Rańńopi kaniµµhabh±t± matt±bhayatthero n±ma “dhuragg±ho hutv± vinaya½ uggaŗhiss±m²”ti pańcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mah±-ariµµhattherassa dhamm±sanameva pariv±retv± nis²di. Avases±pi bhikkh³ sar±jik± ca paris± attano attano patt±sane nis²di½su.
Ath±yasm± mah±-ariµµhatthero tena samayena buddho bhagav± verańj±ya½ viharati na¼erupucimandam³leti vinayanid±na½ abh±si. Bh±site ca pan±yasmat± ariµµhattherena vinayanid±ne ±k±sa½ mah±virava½ ravi. Ak±lavijjulat± nicchari½su. Devat± s±dhuk±ra½ ada½su. Mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± saŖkampi. Eva½ anekesu p±µih±riyesu vattam±nesu ±yasm± ariµµhatthero mah±mahindapamukhehi aµµhasaµµhiy± paccekagaŗ²hi kh²ŗ±savamah±therehi tadańńehi ca aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusahassehi parivuto paµhamakattikapav±raŗ±divase th³p±r±mavih±ramajjhe satthu karuŗ±guŗad²paka½ bhagavato anusiµµhikar±na½ k±yakammavac²kammavipphanditavinayana½ vinayapiµaka½ pak±sesi. Pak±setv± ca y±vat±yuka½ tiµµham±no bah³na½ v±cetv± bah³na½ hadaye patiµµh±petv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Tepi kho mah±mahindappamukh± tasmi½ sam±game–
“Aµµhasaµµhi mah±ther±, dhuragg±h± sam±gat±;
paccekagaŗino sabbe, dhammar±jassa s±vak±.
“Kh²ŗ±sav± vasippatt±, tevijj± iddhikovid±;
uttamatthamabhińń±ya, anus±si½su r±jino.
“¾loka½ dassayitv±na, obh±setv± mahi½ ima½;
jalitv± aggikkhandh±va, nibb±yi½su mahesayo”.
Tesa½ parinibb±nato aparabh±ge ańńepi tesa½ ther±na½ antev±sik± tissadattak±¼asumana-d²ghasuman±dayo ca mah±-ariµµhattherassa antev±sik±, antev±sik±na½ antev±sik± c±ti eva½ pubbe vuttappak±r± ±cariyaparampar± ima½ vinayapiµaka½ y±vajjatan± ±nesu½. Tena vutta½–
“TatiyasaŖgahato pana uddha½ ima½ d²pa½ mahind±d²hi ±bhata½, mahindato uggahetv± kańci k±la½ ariµµhatther±d²hi ±bhata½, tato y±vajjatan± tesa½yeva antev±sikaparamparabh³t±ya ±cariyaparampar±ya ±bhatan”ti.
Kattha patiµµhitanti? Yesa½ p±¼ito ca atthato ca an³na½ vattati, maŗighaµe pakkhittatelamiva ²sakampi na paggharati, evar³pesu adhimattasati-gati-dhiti-mantesu lajj²su kukkuccakesu sikkh±k±mesu puggalesu patiµµhitanti veditabba½. Tasm± vinayapatiµµh±panattha½ vinayapariyattiy± ±nisa½sa½ sallakkhetv± sikkh±k±mena bhikkhun± vinayo pariy±puŗitabbo.
Tatr±ya½ vinayapariyattiy± ±nisa½so– vinayapariyattikusalo hi puggalo s±sane paµiladdhasaddh±na½ kulaputt±na½ m±t±pituµµh±niyo hoti, tad±yatt± hi nesa½ pabbajj± upasampad± vatt±nuvattapaµipatti ±c±ragocarakusalat±. Api cassa vinayapariyatti½ niss±ya attano s²lakkhandho sugutto hoti surakkhito; kukkuccapakat±na½ bhikkh³na½ paµisaraŗa½ hoti; vis±rado saŖghamajjhe voharati; paccatthike sahadhammena suniggahita½ niggaŗh±ti; saddhammaµµhitiy± paµipanno hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “pańcime, bhikkhave, ±nisa½s± vinayadhare puggale; attano s²lakkhandho sugutto hoti surakkhito…pe… saddhammaµµhitiy± paµipanno hot²”ti (pari. 325).
Ye c±pi sa½varam³lak± kusal± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat±, vinayadharo puggalo tesa½ d±y±do; vinayam³lakatt± tesa½ dhamm±na½. Vuttampi heta½ bhagavat±– “vinayo sa½varatth±ya, sa½varo avippaµis±ratth±ya, avippaµis±ro p±mojjatth±ya, p±mojja½ p²tatth±ya, p²ti passaddhatth±ya, passaddhi sukhatth±ya, sukha½ sam±dhatth±ya, sam±dhi yath±bh³tań±ŗadassanatth±ya, yath±bh³tań±ŗadassana½ nibbidatth±ya, nibbid± vir±gatth±ya, vir±go vimuttatth±ya vimutti vimuttiń±ŗadassanatth±ya, vimuttiń±ŗadassana½ anup±d±parinibb±natth±ya. Etadatth± kath±, etadatth± mantan±, etadatth± upanis±, etadattha½ sot±vadh±na½– yadida½ anup±d±cittassa vimokkho”ti (pari. 366). Tasm± vinayapariyattiy± ±yogo karaŗ²yoti.
Ett±vat± ca y± s± vinayasa½vaŗŗanattha½ m±tik± µhapit± tattha–
“Vutta½ yena yad± yasm±, dh±rita½ yena c±bhata½;
yatthappatiµµhita½ cetameta½, vatv± vidhi½ tato”ti.
Imiss± t±va g±th±ya attho pak±sito vinayassa ca b±hiranid±navaŗŗan± yath±dhipp±ya½ sa½vaŗŗit± hot²ti.

TatiyasaŖg²tikath± niµµhit±.

B±hiranid±nakath± niµµhit±.