2. K±yasa½saggasikkh±padavaººan±

269. Tena samayena buddho bhagav±ti k±yasa½saggasikkh±pada½. Tatr±ya½ anutt±napadavaººan±– araññe viharat²ti na ±veºike araññe, jetavanavih±rasseva paccante ekapasse. Majjhe gabbhoti tassa ca vih±rassa majjhe gabbho hoti. Samant± pariy±g±roti samant± panassa maº¹alam±¼aparikkhepo hoti. So kira majjhe caturassa½ gabbha½ katv± bahi maº¹alam±¼aparikkhepena kato, yath± sakk± hoti antoyeva ±viñchantehi vicaritu½.
Supaññattanti suµµha µhapita½, yath± yath± yasmi½ yasmiñca ok±se µhapita½ p±s±dika½ hoti lokarañjaka½ tath± tath± tasmi½ tasmi½ ok±se µhapita½, vattas²sena hi so½ ekakiccampi na karoti. Ekacce v±tap±ne vivarantoti yesu vivaµesu andhak±ro hoti t±ni vivaranto yesu vivaµesu ±loko hoti t±ni thakento.
Eva½ vutte s± br±hmaº² ta½ br±hmaºa½ etadavoc±ti eva½ tena br±hmaºena pasa½sitv± vutte s± br±hmaº² “pasanno aya½ br±hmaºo pabbajituk±mo maññe”ti sallakkhetv± nig³hitabbampi ta½ attano vippak±ra½ pak±sent² kevala½ tassa saddh±vigh±t±pekkh± hutv± eta½ “kuto tassa u¼±rattat±”ti-±divacanamavoca. Tattha u¼±ro att± ass±ti u¼±ratt±, u¼±rattano bh±vo uµµh±rattat±. Kulitth²h²ti-±d²su kulitthiyo n±ma gharass±miniyo. Kuladh²taro n±ma purisantaragat± kuladh²taro Kulakum±riyo n±ma aniviµµh± vuccanti. Kulasuºh± n±ma parakulato ±n²t± kulad±rak±na½ vadhuyo.
270. Otiººoti yakkh±d²hi viya satt± anto uppajjantena r±gena otiººo, k³p±d²ni viya satt± asamapekkhitv± rajan²ye µh±ne rajjanto saya½ v± r±ga½ otiººo, yasm± pana ubhayath±pi r±gasamaªgisseveta½ adhivacana½, tasm± “otiººo n±ma s±ratto apekkhav± paµibaddhacitto”ti evamassa padabh±jana½ vutta½.
Tattha s±rattoti k±yasa½saggar±gena suµµhu ratto. Apekkhav±ti k±yasa½sagg±pekkh±ya apekkhav±. Paµibaddhacittoti k±yasa½saggar±geneva tasmi½ vatthusmi½ paµibaddhacitto. Vipariºaten±ti parisuddhabhavaªgasantatisaªkh±ta½ pakati½ vijahitv± aññath± pavattena, vir³pa½ v± pariºatena vir³pa½ parivattena, yath± parivattam±na½ vir³pa½ hoti eva½ parivattitv± µhiten±ti adhipp±yo.
271. Yasm± paneta½ r±g±d²hi sampayoga½ n±tivattati, tasm± “vipariºatanti rattampi cittan”ti-±din± nayenassa padabh±jana½ vatv± ante idh±dhippetamattha½ dassento “apica ratta½ citta½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeta½ vipariºatan”ti ±ha.
Tadahuj±t±ti ta½divasa½ j±t± j±tamatt± allama½sapesivaºº±, evar³p±yapi hi saddhi½ k±yasa½sagge saªgh±diseso, methunav²tikkame p±r±jika½, raho nisajjass±de p±cittiyañca hoti. Pagev±ti paµhamameva.
K±yasa½sagga½ sam±pajjeyy±ti hatthaggahaº±dik±yasampayoga½ k±yamiss²bh±va½ sam±pajjeyya, yasm± paneta½ sam±pajjantassa yo so k±yasa½saggo n±ma so atthato ajjh±c±ro hoti, r±gavasena abhibhavitv± saññamavela½ ±c±ro, tasm±ssa saªkhepana attha½ dassento “ajjh±c±ro vuccat²”ti padabh±janam±ha.
Hatthagg±ha½ v±ti-±dibheda½ panassa vitth±rena atthadassana½. Tattha hatth±d²na½ vibh±gadassanattha½ “hattho n±ma kappara½ up±d±y±”ti-±dim±ha tattha kappara½ up±d±y±ti dutiya½. Mah±sandhi½ up±d±ya. Aññattha pana maºibandhato paµµh±ya y±va agganakh± hattho idha saddhi½ aggab±h±ya kapparato paµµh±ya adhippeto.
Suddhakes± v±ti sutt±d²hi amiss± suddh± kes±yeva. Veº²ti t²hi kesavaµµ²hi vinandhitv± katakesakal±passeta½ n±ma½. Suttamiss±ti pañcavaººena suttena kese missetv± kat±. M±l±miss±ti vassikapupph±d²hi missetv± t²hi kesavaµµ²hi vinandhitv± kat±, avinaddhopi v± kevala½ pupphamissako kesakal±po idha “veº²”ti veditabbo. Hiraññamiss±ti kah±paºam±l±ya missetv± kat±. Suvaººamiss±ti suvaººac²rakehi v± p±maªg±d²hi v± missetv± kat±. Mutt±miss±ti mutt±val²hi missetv± kat±. Maºimiss±ti sutt±r³¼hehi maº²hi missetv± kat±. Et±su hi ya½kiñci veºi½ gaºhantassa saªgh±disesoyeva. “Aha½ missakaveºi½ aggahesin”ti vadantassa mokkho natthi. Veºiggahaºena cettha kes±pi gahit±va honti, tasm± yo ekampi kesa½ gaºh±ti tassapi ±pattiyeva.
Hatthañca veºiñca µhapetv±ti idha vuttalakkhaºa½ hatthañca sabbappak±rañca veºi½ µhapetv± avasesa½ sar²ra½ “aªgan”ti veditabba½. Eva½ paricchinnesu hatth±d²su hatthassa gahaºa½ hatthagg±ho, veºiy± gahaºa½ veºigg±ho, avasesasasar²rassa par±masana½ aññatarassa v± aññatarassa v± aªgassa par±masana½, yo ta½ hatthagg±ha½ v± veºigg±ha½ v± aññatarassa v± aññatarassa v± aªgassa par±masana½ sam±pajjeyya, tassa saªgh±diseso n±ma ±pattinik±yo hot²ti. Aya½ sikkh±padassa attho.
272. Yasm± pana yo ca hatthagg±ho yo ca veºigg±ho yañca avasesassa aªgassa par±masana½ ta½ sabbampi bhedato dv±dasavidha½ hoti, tasm± ta½ bheda½ dassetu½ “±masan± par±masan±”ti-±din± nayenassa padabh±jana½ vutta½. Tattha yañca vutta½ “±masan± n±ma ±maµµhamatt±”ti yañca “chupana½ n±ma phuµµhamattan”ti, imesa½ aya½ viseso– ±masan±ti ±majjan± phuµµhok±sa½ anatikkamitv±pi tattheva saªghaµµan±. Ayañhi “±maµµhamatt±”ti vuccati. Chupananti asaªghaµµetv± phuµµhamatta½.
Yampi ummasan±ya ca ullaªghan±ya ca niddese “uddha½ ucc±raº±”ti ekameva pada½ vutta½. Tatr±pi aya½ viseso– paµhama½ attano k±yassa itthiy± k±ye uddha½ pesanavasena vutta½, dutiya½ itthiy± k±ya½ ukkhipanavasena, sesa½ p±kaµameva.
273. Id±ni yv±ya½ otiººo vipariºatena cittena k±yasa½sagga½ sam±pajjati, tassa etesa½ pad±na½ vasena vitth±rato ±pattibheda½ dassento “itth² ca hoti itthisaññ² s±ratto ca bhikkhu ca na½ itthiy± k±yena k±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhikkhu ca na½ itthiy± k±yena k±yanti so s±ratto ca itthisaññ² ca bhikkhu attano k±yena. Nanti nip±tamatta½. Atha v± eta½ tass± itthiy± hatth±dibheda½ k±ya½. ¾masati par±masat²ti etesu ce eken±pi ±k±rena ajjh±carati, ±patti saªgh±disesassa. Tattha saki½ ±masato ek± ±patti, punappuna½ ±masato payoge payoge saªgh±diseso.
Par±masantopi sace k±yato amocetv±va ito cito ca attano hattha½ v± k±ya½ v± sañcopeti harati peseti divasampi par±masato ek±va ±patti. Sace k±yato mocetv± mocetv± par±masati payoge payoge ±patti.
Omasantopi sace k±yato amocetv±va itthiy± matthakato paµµh±ya y±va p±dapiµµhi½ omasati ek±va ±patti. Sace pana udar±d²su ta½ ta½ µh±na½ patv± muñcitv± muñcitv± omasati payoge payoge ±patti. Ummasan±yapi p±dato paµµh±ya y±va s²sa½ ummasantassa eseva nayo.
Olaªghan±ya m±tug±ma½ kesesu gahetv± n±metv± cumban±d²su ya½ ajjh±c±ra½ icchati ta½ katv± muñcato ek±va ±patti. Uµµhita½ punappuna½ n±mayato payoge payoge ±patti. Ullaªghan±yapi kesesu v± hatthesu v± gahetv± vuµµh±payato eseva nayo.
¾ka¹¹han±ya attano abhimukha½ ±ka¹¹hanto y±va na muñcati t±va ek±va ±patti. Muñcitv± muñcitv± ±ka¹¹hantassa payoge payoge ±patti. Patika¹¹han±yapi parammukha½ piµµhiya½ gahetv± paµippaº±mayato eseva nayo.
Abhiniggaºhan±ya hatthe v± b±h±ya v± da¼ha½ gahetv± yojanampi gacchato ek±va ±patti. Muñcitv± punappuna½ gaºhato payoge payoge ±patti. Amuñcitv± punappuna½ phusato ca ±liªgato ca payoge payoge ±patt²ti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha– “m³laggahaºameva pam±ºa½, tasm± y±va na muñcati t±va ek± eva ±patt²”ti.
Abhinipp²¼an±ya vatthena v± ±bharaºena v± saddhi½ p²¼ayato aªga½ aphusantassa thullaccaya½, phusantassa saªgh±diseso, ekapayogena ek± ±patti, n±n±payogena n±n±.
Gahaºachupanesu añña½ kiñci vik±ra½ akarontopi gahitamattaphuµµhamatten±pi ±patti½ ±pajjati.
Evametesu ±masan±d²su eken±pi ±k±rena ajjh±c±rato itthiy± itthisaññissa saªgh±diseso, vematikassa thullaccaya½, paº¹akapurisatiracch±nagatasaññiss±pi thullaccayameva. Paº¹ake paº¹akasaññissa thullaccaya½, vematikassa dukkaµa½. Purisatiracch±nagata-itthisaññiss±pi dukkaµameva. Purise purisasaññiss±pi vematikass±pi itthipaº¹akatiracch±nagatasaññiss±pi dukkaµameva. Tiracch±nagatepi sabb±k±rena dukkaµamev±ti. Im± ekam³lakanaye vutt± ±pattiyo sallakkhetv± imin±va up±yena “dve itthiyo dvinna½ itth²nan”ti-±divasena vutte dum³lakanayepi diguº± ±pattiyo veditabb±. Yath± ca dv²su itth²su dve saªgh±dises±; eva½ sambahul±su sambahul± veditabb±.
Yo hi ekato µhit± sambahul± itthiyo b±h±hi parikkhipitv± gaºh±ti so yattak± itthiyo phuµµh± t±sa½ gaºan±ya saªgh±disese ±pajjati, majjhagat±na½ gaºan±ya thullaccaye. T± hi tena k±yappaµibaddhena ±maµµh± honti. Yo pana sambahul±na½ aªguliyo v± kese v± ekato katv± gaºh±ti, so aªguliyo ca kese ca agaºetv± itthiyo gaºetv± saªgh±disesehi k±retabbo. Y±sañca itth²na½ aªguliyo v± kes± v± majjhagat± honti, t±sa½ gaºan±ya thullaccaye ±pajjati. T± hi tena k±yappaµibaddhena ±maµµh± honti, sambahul± pana itthiyo k±yappaµibaddhehi rajjuvatth±d²hi parikkhipitv± gaºhanto sabb±sa½yeva antoparikkhepagat±na½ gaºan±ya thullaccaye ±pajjati. Mah±paccariya½ aphuµµh±su dukkaµa½ vutta½. Tattha yasm± p±¼iya½ k±yappaµibaddhappaµibaddhena ±masana½ n±ma natthi, tasm± sabbampi k±yappaµibaddhappaµibaddha½ k±yappaµibaddheneva saªgahetv± mah±-aµµhakath±yañca kurundiyañca vutto purimanayoyevettha yuttataro dissati.
Yo hi hatthena hattha½ gahetv± paµip±µiy± µhit±su itth²su samas±r±go eka½ hatthe gaºh±ti, so gahititthiy± vasena eka½ saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjati, itar±sa½ gaºan±ya purimanayeneva thullaccaye. Sace so ta½ k±yappaµibaddhe vatthe v± pupphe v± gaºh±ti, sabb±sa½ gaºan±ya thullaccaye ±pajjati. Yatheva hi rajjuvatth±d²hi parikkhipantena sabb±pi k±yappaµibaddhena ±maµµh± honti, tath± idh±pi sabb±pi k±yappaµibaddhena ±maµµh± honti. Sace pana t± itthiyo aññamañña½ vatthakoµiya½ gahetv± µhit± honti, tatra ceso purimanayeneva paµhama½ itthi½ hatthe gaºh±ti gahit±ya vasena saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjati, itar±sa½ gaºan±ya dukkaµ±ni. Sabb±sañhi t±sa½ tena purimanayeneva k±yapaµibaddhena k±yappaµibaddha½ ±maµµha½ hoti. Sace pana sopi ta½ k±yappaµibaddheyeva gaºh±ti tass± vasena thullaccaya½ ±pajjati, itar±sa½ gaºan±ya anantaranayeneva dukkaµ±ni.
Yo pana ghanavatthanivattha½ itthi½ k±yasa½saggar±gena vatthe ghaµµeti, thullaccaya½. Vira¼avatthanivattha½ ghaµµeti, tatra ce vatthantarehi itthiy± v± nikkhantalom±ni bhikkhu½ bhikkhuno v± paviµµhalom±ni itthi½ phusanti, ubhinna½ lom±niyeva v± lom±ni phusanti, saªgh±diseso. Up±dinnakena hi kammajar³pena up±dinnaka½ v± anup±dinnaka½ v± anup±dinnakenapi kenaci kes±din± up±dinnaka½ v± anup±dinnaka½ v± phusantopi saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjatiyeva.