2. Saªgh±disesakaº¹a½

1. Sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan±

Ya½ p±r±jikakaº¹assa, saªg²ta½ samanantara½;
tassa terasakass±yamapubbapadavaººan±.
234. Tena samayena buddho bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± seyyasako anabhirato brahmacariya½ carat²ti ettha ±yasm±ti piyavacana½. Seyyasakoti tassa bhikkhuno n±ma½. Anabhiratoti vikkhittacitto k±mar±gapari¼±hena pari¹ayham±no na pana gihibh±va½ patthayam±no. So tena kiso hot²ti so seyyasako tena anabhiratabh±vena kiso hoti.
Addas± kho ±yasm± ud±y²ti ettha ud±y²ti tassa therassa n±ma½, ayañhi seyyasakassa upajjh±yo l±¼ud±y² n±ma bhantamigasappaµibh±go nidd±r±mat±dimanuyutt±na½ aññataro lolabhikkhu. Kacci no tvanti kacci nu tva½. Y±vadattha½ bhuñj±ti-±d²su y±vat± atthoti y±vadattha½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y±vat± te bhojanena attho yattaka½ tva½ icchasi tattaka½ bhuñja, yattaka½ k±la½ ratti½ v± div± v± supitu½ icchasi tattaka½ supa, mattik±d²hi k±ya½ ubbaµµetv± cuºº±d²hi gha½sitv± yattaka½ nh±na½ icchasi tattaka½ nh±ya, uddesena v± paripucch±ya v± vattapaµipattiy± v± kammaµµh±nena v± attho natth²ti. Yad± te anabhirati uppajjat²ti yasmi½ k±le tava k±mar±gavasena ukkaºµhitat± vikkhittacittat± uppajjati. R±go citta½ anuddha½set²ti k±mar±go citta½ dha½seti padha½seti vikkhipati ceva mil±peti ca. Tad± hatthena upakkamitv± asuci½ moceh²ti tasmi½ k±le hatthena v±yamitv± asucimocana½ karohi, evañhi te cittekaggat± bhavissati. Iti ta½ upajjh±yo anus±si yath± ta½ b±lo b±la½ mago maga½.
235. Tesa½ muµµhassat²na½ asampaj±n±na½ nidda½ okkamant±nanti satisampajañña½ pah±ya nidda½ otarant±na½. Tattha kiñc±pi nidda½ okkamant±na½ aby±kato bhavaªgav±ro pavattati, satisampajaññav±ro ga¼ati, tath±pi sayanak±le manasik±ro k±tabbo. Div± supantena y±va nh±tassa bhikkhuno kes± na sukkhanti t±va supitv± vuµµhahiss±m²ti sa-uss±hena supitabba½. Ratti½ supantena ettaka½ n±ma rattibh±ga½ supitv± candena v± t±rak±ya v± ida½ n±ma µh±na½ pattak±le vuµµhahiss±m²ti sa-uss±hena supitabba½. Buddh±nussati-±d²su ca dasasu kammaµµh±nesu eka½ añña½ v± cittaruciya½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va nidd± okkamitabb±. Eva½ karonto hi sato sampaj±no satiñca sampajaññañca avijahitv±va nidda½ okkamat²ti vuccati. Te pana bhikkh³ b±l± lol± bhantamigasappaµibh±g± na evamaka½su. Tena vutta½– “tesa½ muµµhassat²na½ asampaj±n±na½ nidda½ okkamant±nan”ti.
Atthi cettha cetan± labbhat²ti ettha ca supinante ass±dacetan± atthi upalabbhati. Atthes±, bhikkhave, cetan±; s± ca kho abboh±rik±ti bhikkhave es± ass±dacetan± atthi, s± ca kho avisaye uppannatt± abboh±rik±, ±pattiy± aªga½ na hoti. Iti bhagav± supinante cetan±ya abboh±rikabh±va½ dassetv± “evañca pana bhikkhave ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha, sañcetanik± sukkavissaµµhi aññatra supinant± saªgh±diseso”ti s±nupaññattika½ sikkh±pada½ paññ±pesi.
236-237. Tattha sa½vijjati cetan± ass±ti sañcetan±, sañcetan±va sañcetanik±, sañcetan± v± ass± atth²ti sañcetanik±. Yasm± pana yassa sañcetanik± sukkavissaµµhi hoti so j±nanto sañj±nanto hoti, s± cassa sukkavissaµµhi cecca abhivitaritv± v²tikkamo hoti, tasm± byañjane ±dara½ akatv± atthameva dassetu½ “j±nanto sañj±nanto cecca abhivitaritv± v²tikkamo”ti evamassa padabh±jana½ vutta½. Tattha j±nantoti upakkam±m²ti j±nanto. Sañj±nantoti sukka½ mocem²ti sañj±nanto, teneva upakkamaj±nan±k±rena saddhi½ j±nantoti attho. Cecc±ti mocanass±dacetan±vasena cetetv± pakappetv±. Abhivitaritv±ti upakkamavasena maddanto nir±saªkacitta½ pesetv±. V²tikkamoti eva½ pavattassa yo v²tikkamo aya½ sañcetanik±saddassa sikh±ppatto atthoti vutta½ hoti.
Id±ni sukkavissaµµh²ti ettha yassa sukkassa vissaµµhi ta½ t±va saªkhy±to vaººabhedato ca dassetu½ “sukkanti dasa sukk±n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sukk±na½ ±sayabhedato dh±tun±nattato ca n²l±divaººabhedo veditabbo.
Vissaµµh²ti vissaggo, atthato paneta½ µh±n±c±vana½ hoti, ten±ha– “vissaµµh²ti µh±natoc±van± vuccat²”ti. Tattha vatthis²sa½ kaµi k±yoti tidh± sukkassa µh±na½ pakappenti, eko kir±cariyo “vatthis²sa½ sukkassa µh±nan”ti ±ha. Eko “kaµ²”ti, eko “sakalo k±yo”ti, tesu tatiyassa bh±sita½ subh±sita½. Kesalomanakhadant±nañhi ma½savinimuttaµµh±na½ ucc±rapass±vakhe¼asiªgh±ºik±thaddhasukkhacamm±ni ca vajjetv± avaseso chavima½salohit±nugato sabbopi k±yo k±yappas±dabh±vaj²vitindriy±baddhapitt±na½ sambhavassa ca µh±nameva. Tath± hi r±gapariyuµµh±nen±bhibh³t±na½ hatth²na½ ubhohi kaººac³¼ik±hi sambhavo nikkhamati, mah±senar±j± ca r±gapariyuµµhito sambhavavega½ adhiv±setu½ asakkonto satthena b±hus²sa½ ph±letv± vaºamukhena nikkhanta½ sambhava½ dasses²ti.
Ettha pana paµhamassa ±cariyassa v±de mocanass±dena nimitte upakkamato yattaka½ ek± khuddakamakkhik± piveyya tattake asucimhi vatthis²sato muñcitv± dakasota½ otiººamatte bahi nikkhante v± anikkhante v± saªgh±diseso. Dutiyassa v±de tatheva kaµito muccitv± dakasota½ otiººamatte, tatiyassa v±de tatheva sakalak±ya½ saªkhobhetv± tato muccitv± dakasota½ otiººamatte bahi nikkhante v± anikkhante v± saªgh±diseso. Dakasotorohaºañcettha adhiv±setv± antar± niv±retu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya vutta½, µh±n± cutañhi avassa½ dakasota½ otarati. Tasm± µh±n± c±vanamattenevettha ±patti veditabb±, s± ca kho nimitte upakkamantasseva hatthaparikammap±daparikammagattaparikammakaraºena sacepi asuci muccati, an±patti. Aya½ sabb±cariyas±dh±raºavinicchayo.
Aññatra supinant±ti ettha supino eva supinanto, ta½ µhapetv± apanetv±ti vutta½ hoti. Tañca pana supina½ passanto cat³hi k±raºehi passati dh±tukkhobhato v± anubh³tapubbato v± devatopasa½h±rato v± pubbanimittato v±ti.
Tattha pitt±d²na½ khobhakaraºapaccayayogena khubhitadh±tuko dh±tukkhobhato supina½ passati, passanto ca n±n±vidha½ supina½ passati– pabbat± patanto viya, ±k±sena gacchanto viya, v±¼amigahatth²cor±d²hi anubaddho viya hoti. Anubh³tapubbato passanto pubbe anubh³tapubba½ ±rammaºa½ passati. Devatopasa½h±rato passantassa devat± atthak±mat±ya v± anatthak±mat±ya v± atth±ya v± anatth±ya v± n±n±vidh±ni ±rammaº±ni upasa½haranti, so t±sa½ devat±na½ ±nubh±vena t±ni ±rammaº±ni passati. Pubbanimittato passanto puññ±puññavasena uppajjituk±massa atthassa v± anatthassa v± pubbanimittabh³ta½ supina½ passati, bodhisattassam±t± viya puttapaµil±bhanimitta½, bodhisatto viya pañca mah±supine (a. ni. 5.196), kosalar±j± viya so¼asa supineti.
Tattha ya½ dh±tukkhobhato anubh³tapubbato ca supina½ passati na ta½ sacca½ hoti. Ya½ devatopasa½h±rato passati ta½ sacca½ v± hoti al²ka½ v±, kuddh± hi devat± up±yena vin±setuk±m± vipar²tampi katv± dassenti. Ya½ pana pubbanimittato passati ta½ ekantasaccameva hoti. Etesañca catunna½ m³lak±raº±na½ sa½saggabhedatopi supinabhedo hotiyeva.
Tañca paneta½ catubbidhampi supina½ sekkhaputhujjan±va passanti appah²navipall±satt±, asekkh± pana na passanti pah²navipall±satt±. Ki½ paneta½ passanto sutto passati paµibuddho, ud±hu neva sutto na paµibuddhoti? Kiñcettha yadi t±va sutto passati abhidhammavirodho ±pajjati, bhavaªgacittena hi supati ta½ r³panimitt±di-±rammaºa½ r±g±disampayutta½ v± na hoti, supina½ passantassa ca ²dis±ni citt±ni uppajjanti. Atha paµibuddho passati vinayavirodho ±pajjati, yañhi paµibuddho passati ta½ sabboh±rikacittena passati, sabboh±rikacittena ca kate v²tikkame an±patti n±ma natthi. Supina½ passantena pana katepi v²tikkame ekanta½ an±patti eva. Atha neva sutto na paµibuddho passati, ko n±ma passati; evañca sati supinassa abh±vova ±pajjat²ti, na abh±vo. Kasm± Yasm± kapimiddhapareto passati. Vuttañheta½– “kapimiddhapareto kho, mah±r±ja, supina½ passat²”ti. Kapimiddhaparetoti makkaµanidd±ya yutto. Yath± hi makkaµassa nidd± lahuparivatt± hoti; eva½ y± nidd± punappuna½ kusal±dicittavokiººatt± lahuparivatt±, yass± pavattiya½ punappuna½ bhavaªgato uttaraºa½ hoti t±ya yutto supina½ passati, ten±ya½ supino kusalopi hoti akusalopi aby±katopi. Tattha supinante cetiyavandanadhammassavanadhammadesan±d²ni karontassa kusalo, p±º±tip±t±d²ni karontassa akusalo, dv²hi antehi mutto ±vajjanatad±rammaºakkhaºe aby±katoti veditabbo. Sv±ya½ dubbalavatthukatt± cetan±ya paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hitu½ asamattho, pavatte pana aññehi kusal±kusalehi upatthambhito vip±ka½ deti. Kiñc±pi vip±ka½ deti? Atha kho avisaye uppannatt± abboh±rik±va supinantacetan±. Ten±ha– “µhapetv± supinantan”ti.
Saªgh±disesoti imassa ±pattinik±yassa n±ma½. Tasm± y± aññatra supinant± sañcetanik± sukkavissaµµhi aya½ saªgh±diseso n±ma ±pattinik±yoti evamettha sambandho veditabbo Vacanattho panettha saªgho ±dimhi ceva sese ca icchitabbo ass±ti saªgh±diseso. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ima½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± vuµµh±tuk±massa ya½ ta½ ±pattivuµµh±na½, tassa ±dimhi ceva pariv±sad±natth±ya ±dito sese ca majjhe m±nattad±natth±ya m³l±ya paµikassanena v± saha m±nattad±natth±ya avas±ne abbh±natth±ya saªgho icchitabbo. Na hettha ekampi kamma½ vin± saªghena sakk± k±tunti saªgho ±dimhi ceva sese ca icchitabbo ass±ti saªgh±disesoti. Byañjana½ pana an±diyitv± atthameva dassetu½ “saªghova tass± ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ deti, m³l±ya paµikassati, m±natta½ deti, abbheti na sambahul± na ekapuggalo, tena vuccati saªgh±diseso”ti idamassa padabh±jana½–
“Saªgh±disesoti ya½ vutta½, ta½ suºohi yath±tatha½;
saªghova deti pariv±sa½, m³l±ya paµikassati;
m±natta½ deti abbheti, teneta½ iti vuccat²”ti. (Pari. 339)–
Pariv±re vacanak±raºañca vutta½, tattha pariv±sad±n±d²ni samuccayakkhandhake vitth±rato ±gat±ni, tattheva nesa½ sa½vaººana½ kariss±ma.
Tasseva ±pattinik±yass±ti tassa eva ±pattisam³hassa. Tattha kiñc±pi aya½ ek±va ±patti, r³¼hisaddena pana avayave sam³havoh±rena v± “nik±yo”ti vutto– “eko vedan±kkhandho, eko viññ±ºakkhandho”ti-±d²su viya.
Eva½ uddiµµhasikkh±pada½ pad±nukkamena vibhajitv± id±ni ima½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ±pajjantassa up±yañca k±lañca adhipp±yañca adhipp±yavatthuñca dassetu½ “ajjhattar³pe mocet²”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha hi ajjhattar³p±d²hi cat³hi padehi up±yo dassito, ajjhattar³pe v± moceyya bahiddh±r³pe v± ubhayattha v± ±k±se v± kaµi½ kampento, ito para½ añño up±yo natthi. Tattha r³pe ghaµµetv± mocentopi r³pena ghaµµetv± mocentopi r³pe moceticceva veditabbo. R³pe hi sati so moceti na r³pa½ alabhitv±. R±g³patthambh±d²hi pana pañcahi k±lo dassito. R±g³patthambh±dik±lesu hi aªgaj±ta½ kammaniya½ hoti, yassa kammaniyatte sati moceti. Ito para½ añño k±lo natthi, na hi vin± r±g³patthambh±d²hi pubbaºh±dayo k±labhed± mocane nimitta½ honti.