Ugghaµitańńussa adhipańń±sikkh±, neyyassa adhicittasikkh±, vipańcitańńussa adhis²lasikkh±. Iti imesa½ puggal±na½ cat³hi paµipad±hi niyy±na½.
Tattha aya½ sa½kileso, t²ŗi akusalam³l±ni tayo phass± tisso vedan± tayo upavic±r± tayo sa½kiles± tayo vitakk± tayo pari¼±h± t²ŗi saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±ni tisso dukkhat±ti.
T²ŗi akusalam³l±n²ti lobho akusalam³la½, doso akusalam³la½, moho akusalam³la½. Tayo phass±ti sukhavedan²yo phasso, dukkhavedan²yo phasso, adukkhamasukhavedan²yo phasso. Tisso vedan±ti sukh± vedan± dukkh± vedan± adukkhamasukh± vedan±. Tayo upavic±r±ti somanassopavic±ro domanassopavic±ro upekkhopavic±ro. Tayo sa½kiles±ti r±go doso moho. Tayo vitakk±ti k±mavitakko by±p±davitakko vihi½s±vitakko. Tayo pari¼±h±ti r±gajo dosajo mohajo. T²ŗi saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±n²ti upp±do µhiti vayo. Tisso dukkhat±ti dukkhadukkhat± vipariŗ±madukkhat± saŖkhatadukkhat±.
Tattha lobho akusalam³la½ kuto samuµµhita½? Tividha½ ±rammaŗa½ man±pika½ aman±pika½ upekkh±µh±niyańca. Tattha man±pikena ±rammaŗena lobho akusalam³la½ samuµµhahati. Iti man±pik± ±rammaŗ± sukhavedan²yo phasso, sukhavedan²ya½ phassa½ paµicca uppajjate sukhavedan±, sukhavedana½ paµicca uppajjate somanass³pavic±ro, somanass³pavic±ra½ paµicca uppajjate r±go, r±ga½ paµicca uppajjate k±mavitakko, k±mavitakka½ paµicca uppajjate r±gajo pari¼±ho r±gaja½ pari¼±ha½ paµicca uppajjate upp±do saŖkhatalakkhaŗo, upp±da½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½ paµicca uppajjate vipariŗ±madukkhat±.
Doso akusalam³la½ kuto samuµµhita½? Aman±pikena ±rammaŗena doso akusalam³la½ samuµµhita½. Iti aman±pik± ±rammaŗ± dukkhavedan²yo phasso, dukkhavedan²ya½ phassa½ paµicca uppajjate dukkhavedan±, dukkhavedana½ paµicca uppajjate domanass³pavic±ro, domanass³pavic±ra½ paµicca uppajjate doso, dosa½ paµicca uppajjate by±p±davitakko, by±p±davitakka½ paµicca uppajjate dosajo pari¼±ho, dosaja½ pari¼±ha½ paµicca uppajjate µhitassa ańńathatta½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, µhitassa ańńathatta½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½ paµicca uppajjate dukkhadukkhat± vedan±.
Moho akusalam³la½ kuto samuµµhita½? Upekkh±µh±niyena ±rammaŗena moho akusalam³la½ samuµµhita½. Iti upekkh±µh±niy± ±rammaŗ± adukkhamasukhavedan²yo phasso, adukkhamasukhavedan²ya½ phassa½ paµicca uppajjate adukkhamasukh± vedan±, adukkhamasukhavedana½ paµicca uppajjate upekkh³pavic±ro, upekkh³pavic±ra½ paµicca uppajjate moho, moha½ paµicca uppajjate vihi½s±vitakko, vihi½s±vitakka½ paµicca uppajjate mohajo pari¼±ho, mohaja½ pari¼±ha½ paµicca uppajjate vayo saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, vaya½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½ paµicca uppajjate saŖkhatadukkhat±, iti aya½ tiŗŗa½ kiles±na½ niddeso, aya½ vuccate kusalapakkhe tipukkhalo nayo.
Iti t²ŗi akusalam³l±ni na catutth±ni na pańcam±ni, tayo phass±ti tisso vedan± y±va saŖkhatadukkhat±ti, yo koci akusalapakkho, sabbo so t²su akusalam³lesu samosarati.
Tattha katamo kusalapakkho? T²ŗi kusalam³l±ni, tisso pańń± sutamay² pańń± cint±may² pańń± bh±van±may² pańń±. Tayo sam±dh² savitakkasavic±ro…pe… tisso sikkh± adhis²lasikkh±…pe… sikkh±. T²ŗi nimitt±ni samathanimitta½ paggahanimitta½ upekkh±nimitta½. Tayo vitakk± nekkhammavitakko…pe… avihi½s±vitakko. T²ŗi indriy±ni anańń±tańńass±m²tindriyanti vitth±ro. Tayo upavic±r± nekkhamm³pavic±ro aby±p±d³pavic±ro avihi½s³pavic±ro. Tisso esan± k±mesan± bhavesan± brahmacariyesan±. Tayo khandh± s²lakkhandho sam±dhikkhandho pańń±kkhandho.
Tattha ya½ alobho kusalam³la½, ta½ sutamayipańńa½ parip³reti, sutamay² pańń± paripuŗŗ± savitakka½ savic±ra½ sam±dhi½ parip³reti, savitakko savic±ro sam±dhi paripuŗŗo adhicittasikkha½ parip³reti, adhicittasikkh± paripuŗŗ± samathanimitta½ parip³reti, samathanimitta½ paripuŗŗa½ nekkhammavitakka½ parip³reti, nekkhammavitakko paripuŗŗo anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½ parip³reti, anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½ paripuŗŗa½ nekkhamm³pavic±ra½ parip³reti, nekkhamm³pavic±ro paripuŗŗo k±mesana½ pajahati, k±mesanappah±na½ sam±dhikkhandha½ parip³reti.
Adoso kusalam³la½ cint±mayipańńa½ parip³reti, cint±may² pańń± paripuŗŗ± avitakkavic±ramatta½ sam±dhi½ parip³reti Avitakkavic±ramatto sam±dhi paripuŗŗo adhis²lasikkha½ parip³reti, adhis²lasikkh± paripuŗŗ± upekkh±nimitta½ parip³reti, upekkh±nimitta½ paripuŗŗa½ aby±p±davitakka½ parip³reti, aby±p±davitakko paripuŗŗo ańńindriya½ parip³reti, ańńindriya½ paripuŗŗa½ aby±p±d³pavic±ra½ parip³reti, aby±p±d³pavic±ro paripuŗŗo bhavesana½ pajahati, bhavesanappah±na½ s²lakkhandha½ parip³reti.
Amoho kusalam³la½ bh±van±mayipańńa½ parip³reti, bh±van±may²pańń± paripuŗŗ± avitakka-avic±ra½ sam±dhi½ parip³reti, avitakko avic±ro sam±dhi paripuŗŗo adhipańń±sikkha½ parip³reti, adhipańń±sikkh± paripuŗŗ± paggahanimitta½ parip³reti, paggahanimitta½ paripuŗŗa½ ańń±t±vino indriya½ parip³reti, ańń±t±vino indriya½ paripuŗŗa½ avihi½s³pavic±ra½ parip³reti, avihi½s³pavic±ro paripuŗŗo brahmacariyesana½ parip³reti, brahmacariyesan± paripuŗŗ± pańń±kkhandha½ parip³reti.
Iti ime tayo dhamm± kusalapakkhik± sabbe kusal± dhamm± t²hi tikaniddesehi niddisiyanti t²ŗi vimokkhamukh±ni tassa pariyos±na½. Tattha paµhamena appaŗihita½, dutiyena suńńata½, tatiyena animitta½. Aya½ vuccati dutiyo tipukkhalo n±ma nayo.
Tattha ye ime tayo puggal± ugghaµitańń³ vipańcitańń³ neyyoti. Imesa½ tiŗŗa½ puggal±na½ ye ca puggal± sukh±ya paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya, sukh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±bhińń±ya ca niyyanti, te dve puggal±. Ye ca dve puggal± dukkh±ya paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya, dukkh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±bhińń±ya ca niyyanti ime catt±ro tena visesena dve bhavanti diµµhicarito ca taŗh±carito ca. Ime catt±ro bhavitv± tayo bhavanti, tayo bhavitv± dve bhavanti. Imesa½ dvinna½ puggal±na½ aya½ sa½kileso, avijj± ca taŗh± ca, ahirikańca anottappańca, assati ca asampajańńańca, n²varaŗ±ni ca sa½yojan±ni ca, ajjhos±nańca abhiniveso ca, aha½k±ro ca mama½k±ro ca, assaddhiyańca dovacassańca, kosajjańca ayoniso ca manasik±ro, vicikicch± ca abhijjh± ca, asaddhammassavanańca asam±patti ca.
Tattha avijj± ca ahirikańca assati ca n²varaŗ±ni ca ajjhos±nańca aha½k±ro ca assaddhiyańca kosajjańca vicikicch± ca asaddhammassavanańca, aya½ ek± dis±.
Taŗh± ca anottappańca asampajańńańca sa½yojan±ni ca abhiniveso ca mama½k±ro ca dovacassat± ca ayoniso manasik±ro ca abhijjh± ca asam±patti ca, aya½ dutiy± dis±. Dasanna½ duk±na½ dasa pad±ni paµham±ni k±tabb±ni. Sa½khittena attha½ ń±penti paµipakkhe kaŗhapakkhassa sabbesa½ duk±na½ dasa pad±ni dutiyak±ni, aya½ dutiy± dis±.
Iti akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ dukkhaniddeso, aya½ samudayo. Ya½ ta½ dhamma½ ajjh±vasati n±mańca r³pańca ida½ dukkha½ iti ayańca samudayo, idańca dukkha½, im±ni dve sacc±ni dukkhańca samudayo ca nandiy±vaµµassa nayassa paµhamaniddeso.
Tattha katamo kusalapakkho? Samatho ca vipassan± ca, vijj± ca caraŗańca, sati ca sampajańńańca, hir² ca ottappańca, aha½k±rappah±nańca mama½k±rappah±nańca, samm±v±y±mo ca yoniso ca manasik±ro, samm±sati ca samm±sam±dhi ca, pańń± ca nibbid± ca, sam±patti ca saddhammassavanańca, somanassańca dhamm±nudhammappaµipatti ca.
Tattha samatho ca vijj± ca sati ca hir² ca aha½k±rappah±nańca samm±v±y±mo ca samm±sati ca pańń± ca sam±patti ca somanassańca, ime dhamm± ek± dis±. Vipassan± ca caraŗańca sampajańńańc ottappańca mama½k±rappah±nańca yoniso manasik±ro ca samm±sam±dhi ca nibbid± ca saddhammassavanańca dhamm±nudhammappaµipatti ca, aya½ dutiy± dis±. Iti kusalapakkhe ca akusalapakkhe ca nandiy±vaµµassa pana nayassa catasso dis±.
T±su y±ni akusalapakkhassa paµham±ni pad±ni akusal±ni kusalehi pah±na½ gacchanti, t±ni kusalapakkhe dutiyehi padehi pah±na½ gacchanti. Tesa½ pah±n± r±gavir±g± cetovimutti y±ni akusalapakkhassa dutiy±ni akusalapad±ni pah±na½ gacchanti, t±ni kusalapakkhassa paµhamehi padehi pah±na½ gacchanti. Tesa½ pah±n± avijj±vir±g± pańń±vimutti pariyos±na½. Imesa½ tiŗŗa½ nay±na½ paµhamo nayo s²havikk²¼ito n±ma. Aµµha pad±ni catt±ri ca kusal±ni catt±ri ca akusal±ni im±ni aµµha pad±ni m³lapad±ni, atthanayena dutiyo tipukkhalo. So chahi dhammehi neti kusalam³l±ni ca neti akusalam³l±ni ca, iti im±ni cha pad±ni purimak±ni ca aµµha m³lapad±ni im±ni cuddasa pad±ni aµµh±rasanna½ m³lapad±na½. Tattha yo pacchimako nayo nandiy±vaµµo, so cat³hi dhammehi neti. Avijj±ya ca taŗh±ya ca samathena ca vipassan±ya ca, ime catt±ro dhamm± im±ni aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni t²su nayesu niddiµµh±ni.
Tattha y±ni nava pad±ni kusal±ni, tattha sabba½ kusala½ samosarati. Tesańca navanna½ m³l±na½ catt±ri pad±ni s²havikk²¼itanaye t²ŗi tipukkhale dve nandiy±vaµµe, iccete kusalassa pakkh±. Tattha y±ni nava pad±ni kusal±ni, tattha sabba½ kusala½ yujjati. Tattha s²havikk²¼ite naye catt±ri pad±ni t²ŗi tipukkhale dve nandiy±vaµµe im±ni nava pad±ni kusal±ni niddiµµh±ni.
Tattha y±ni nandiy±vaµµe naye catt±ri pad±ni, tattha aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni samosaranti. Yath± katha½, samatho ca alobho ca adoso ca asubhasańń± ca dukkhasańń± ca im±ni kusalapakkhe pańca pad±ni samatha½ bhajanti. Vipassan± ca amoho ca aniccasańń± ca anattasańń± ca im±ni catt±ri pad±ni vipassana½ bhajanti. Im±ni nava pad±ni kusal±ni dv²su padesu yojit±ni, tattha akusalapakkhe navanna½ akusalam³lapad±na½ y± ca taŗh± yo ca lobho yo ca doso y± ca subhasańń± y± ca sukhasańń±, im±ni pańca pad±ni taŗha½ bhajanti Y± ca avijj± yo ca moho y± ca niccasańń± y± ca attasańń±, im±ni catt±ri pad±ni avijja½ bhajanti. Et±ni nava pad±ni akusal±ni susa½khitt±ni. Iti tayo nay± eka½ naya½ na paviµµh±. Eva½ aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni nandiy±vaµµanaye niddisitabb±ni.
Katha½ aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni, tipukkhale naye yujjanti? Navanna½ pad±na½ kusal±na½, vipassan± ca amoho ca aniccasańń± ca anattasańń± ca, im±ni catt±ri pad±ni; amoho ca samatho ca alobho ca asubhasańń± ca, im±ni catt±ri pad±ni; lobho ca doso ca, eva½ im±ni nava pad±ni t²su kusalesu yojetabb±ni. Tattha navanna½ pad±na½ akusal±na½ taŗh± ca lobho ca subhasańń± ca sukhasańń± ca, im±ni catt±ri pad±ni lobho akusalam³la½; avijj± ca moho ca niccasańń± ca attasańń± ca aya½ moho aya½ doso, ye ca im±ni nava pad±ni t²su akusalesu yojit±ni. Eva½ aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni kusalam³lesu ca yojetv± tipukkhalena nayena niddisitabb±ni.
Katha½ aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni s²havikk²¼ite naye yujjanti? Taŗh± ca subhasańń± ca, aya½ paµhamo vipall±so. Lobho ca sukhasańń± ca, aya½ dutiyo vipall±so. Avijj± ca niccasańń± ca, aya½ tatiyo vipall±so. Moho ca attasańń± ca, aya½ catuttho vipall±so. Iti nava pad±ni akusalam³l±ni cat³su padesu yojit±ni. Tattha navanna½ m³lapad±na½ kusal±na½ samatho ca asubhasańń± ca, ida½ paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½. Alobho ca dukkhasańń± ca, ida½ dutiya½ satipaµµh±na½. Vipassan± ca aniccasańń± ca, ida½ tatiya½ satipaµµh±na½. Amoho ca anattasańń± ca, ida½ catuttha½ satipaµµh±na½. Im±ni aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni s²havikk²¼itanaya½ anupaviµµh±ni. Imesa½ tiŗŗa½ nay±na½ y± bh³mi ca yo r±go ca yo doso ca eka½ naya½ pavisati. Ekassa nayassa akusale v± dhamme kusale v± dhamme vińń±te paµipakkho anvesitabbo, paµipakkhe anvesitv± so nayo niddisitabbo, tamhi naye niddiµµho. Yath± ekamhi naye sabbe nay± paviµµh± tath± niddisitabb±. Ekamhi ca naye aµµh±rasa m³lapad±ni paviµµh±ni, tamhi dhamme vińń±te sabbe dhamm± vińń±t± honti. Imesa½ tiŗŗa½ nay±na½ s²havikk²¼itanayassa catt±ri phal±ni pariyos±na½. Paµham±ya dis±ya paµhama½ phala½, dutiy±ya dis±ya dutiya½ phala½, tatiy±ya dis±ya tatiya½ phala½, catutth±ya dis±ya catuttha½ phala½. Tipukkhalassa nayassa t²ŗi vimokkhamukh±ni pariyos±na½. Paµham±ya dis±ya appaŗihita½, dutiy±ya dis±ya suńńata½, tatiy±ya dis±ya animitta½. Nandiy±vaµµassa nayassa r±gavir±g± cetovimutti avijj±vir±g± ca pańń±vimutti pariyos±na½ Paµham±ya dis±ya r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, dutiy±ya dis±ya avijj±vir±g± pańń±vimutti. Ime tayo nay± imesa½ tiŗŗa½ nay±na½ aµµh±rasanna½ m³lapad±na½ ±lokan±, aya½ vuccati dis±lokano [dis±locano (ka.)] nayo. ¾loketv±na j±n±ti “aya½ dhammo ima½ dhamma½ bhajat²”ti samm± yojan±. Kusalapakkhe akusalapakkhe ca aya½ nayo aŖkuso n±ma. Ime pańca nay±.