88. Tattha katamo ±vaµµo h±ro? Idampi catt±ro dhamm± saddh± ca pańń± ca assaddhiyańca avijjańca hananti. S²lańca c±go ca taŗh± ca dosańca hananti. Tassa dve m³l±ni pah²yanti. Dukkha½ nivatteti appah²nabh³miyańca dvim³l±ni pańcakkhandh±. Dve ariyasacc±ni samatho ca vipassan± ca. Dvinna½ m³l±na½ pah±na½. Im±ni dve sacc±ni nirodho ca maggo ca. Aya½ ±vaµµo h±ro.
Tattha katamo vibhatti? Ya½ ta½ citta½ saddh±paribh±vita½…pe… sace puthujjanassa tassapi bhaddik± bhati bhavissat²ti na eka½sena tassa kamma½ diµµheyeva dhamme vip±kanti paccessati, aparamhi v± pariy±ye bhavissati. Ya½ v± at²ta½ vip±k±ya paccupaµµhita½, tappaccay±ni cet±ni, ye yath± mah±kammavibhaŖge “ten±ya½ vibhajjaby±karaŗiyo niddeso dhammac±rino y± bhaddik± bhat²”ti.
Tattha katam± parivattan±? Assaddhiya½ duss²lya½ ya½ macchera½ duppańńa½ ca [duppańńiya½ (ka.)] yańca paµipakkhena pah²n± bhavanti, aya½ parivattan±.
Tattha katama½ vevacana½? Ya½ ta½ citta½ d²gharatta½ paribh±vita½ citta½ manovińń±ŗa½…pe… ya½ saddh±bala½ saddhindriya½, ya½ s²la½ ta½ sucarita½, sa½yamo niyamo damo khandhat± im±ni tassa vevacan±ni. Yo c±go so paµinissaggo alobho vosaggo c±goyiµµh±na½. Y± pańń± s± pańńatt± pańńappabh± pańńindriya½ pańń±bala½.
Tattha katam± pańńatti? Ya½ ta½ citta½ b²ja½ pańńattiy± pańńatta½. Paribh±van± v±san± pańńattiy± pańńatti. Saddh± pas±dapańńattiy± pańńatt±. S²la½ sucaritapańńattiy± pańńatta½. C±go puńńakiriyapańńattiy± pańńatto. Pańń± v²ma½sapańńattiy± pańńatt±. Ime tayo dhamm± saddh± s²la½ c±go pańńavato p±risuddhi½ gacchanti.
Tattha katamo otaraŗo? Ya½ citta½, ta½ khandhesu vińń±ŗakkhandho, dh±t³su manovińń±ŗadh±tu, ±yatanesu man±yatana½. Ye catt±ro dhamm±, te khandhesu saŖkh±rakkhandhe pariy±pann±…pe… dh±t³su ±yatanesu.
Tattha katamo sodhano h±ro? Ida½ bhagavato bh±sita½ mah±n±mena sakkena pucchitena sabba½ ta½ niyutta½.
Tattha katamo adhiµµh±no? Ida½ citta½ vemattat±ya pańńatta½ akusalehi cittehi aparibh±vitehi paribh±vitanti y±ni puna paribh±vit±ni ańńesampi tattha up±d±ya pańńatta½ sabbepime catt±ro dhamm± ekattat±ya pańńatt±. Bhaddik± bhat²ti k±mabhogino teva r³padh±tu ar³padh±tu manuss±ti sabb± bhaddik± bhati tadeva kath±ya pańńatta½, aya½ pańńatti.
Tattha katamo parikkh±ro? Cittassa indriy±ni paccayo ±dhipateyyapaccayat±ya manasik±ro. Hetupaccayat±ya paccayo. Saddh±ya lokik± pańń± hetupaccayat±ya paccayo. Yoniso ca manasik±ro paccayo. S²lassa patir³padesav±so paccayo. Attasamm±paŗidh±nańca hetu. C±gassa alobho hetu. Avippaµis±ro ca hetupaccayo. Pańń± parato ca ghoso ajjhattańca yoniso manasik±ro hetupaccayo ca.
Tattha katamo sam±ropano? Ya½ ta½ citta½ d²gharatta½ paribh±vitanti cetasik±pi. Ettha sabbe dhamm± paribh±vit± bhaddik± te bhati bhavissati, bhaddik± upapattiko abhisampar±yo. Iti ye keci manussak± upabhogaparibhog± sabbe bhaddik± bhatiyeva, aya½ sam±ropano.
89. Uddha½ adho sabbadhi v²tar±goti g±th± [passa ud±. 61 ud±ne]. Tattha ki½ uddha½ n±ma? Ya½ ito uddha½ bhavissati an±g±m², ida½ uddha½. Adho n±ma yamatikkantamat²ta½, idamavoca apad±natanti uddha½. Tattha at²tena sassatadiµµhi pubbant±kappik±na½ aparantadiµµhi kesańci, ucchedadiµµhi½ ya½ [ucchedadiµµhiya½ (ka.)] vuttakappik±na½ im± ceva diµµhiyo ucchedadiµµhi ca sassatadiµµhi ca. Tatth±ya½ sassatadiµµhi im±ni pannarasa pad±ni sakk±yadiµµhi sassata½ bhajanti. R³pavanta½ me att±, attani me r³pa½, r³pa½ me att±ti yaduccate pańńa½ paridahanti. Y± ucchedadiµµhi s± pańcasat±ni uccheda½ bhajanti. Te “ta½ j²va½ ta½ sar²ran”ti passanti, r³pa½ me att±ti tath±r³p± catubbidh± sakk±yadiµµhi ucchedena ca sassatena ca. Eva½ pańcasu khandhesu v²sativatthuk±ya diµµhiy± pannarasa pad±ni pubbanta½ bhajanti. Sassatadiµµhiy± pańca pad±ni aparanta½ bhajanti ucchedadiµµhiy±. Tattha “ayamahamasm²”ti passant± r³pa½ attato samanupassati, so ucchedav±d² r³pavantańca att±na½, attani ca r³pa½, r³pasmi½ v± att±ti so passati c±ti iti ucchedadiµµhi ca, attato paµissarati sassatadiµµhi pubbantato ca paµissarati. “Ayamahamasm²”ti na samanupassati. Tassa diµµh±sav± pah±na½ gacchanti. Yo t²su addh±su pubbante ca aparante ca tena tena niddiµµh±nena uddha½ adho sabbadhi v²tar±go “ahamasm²”ti na anupassat²ti imin± dv±rena imin± payogena imin± up±yena ida½ dassanabh³mi ca sot±pattiphalańca so ariyo payogo anabh±va½gatena sa½s±rena apunabbhav±ti yo koci ariyo payogo punabbhav±ya mud³ni v± pańcindriy±ni majjh±ni adhimatt±ni v± sabba½ apunabbhavappah±n±ya sa½vattanti. Ahanti diµµhogho k±mogho bhavogho avijjogho ca odhiso. Tattha desan±h±rena catt±ri sacc±ni pańcahi indriyehi sot±pattiphalena ca dve sacc±ni maggo ca nirodho ca. Sakk±yasamudayena dve sacc±ni dukkhańca samudayo ca, aya½ desan± h±ro.
Tattha katamo vicayo? “Ayamahamasm²”ti asamanupassanto t²ŗi dassanappah±tabb±ni sa½yojan±ni pajahati. Aya½ vicayo.
Tattha katam± yutti? Tividh± puggal± koci ugghaµitańń³ koci vipańcitańń³ koci neyyo. Ugghaµitańń³ tikkhindriyo ca tato vipańcitańń³ mudindriyo tato mudindriyehi neyyo. Tattha ugghaµitańń³ tikkhindriyat±ya dassanabh³mim±gamma sot±pattiphala½ p±puŗ±ti, ekab²jako bhavati. Aya½ paµhamo sot±panno. Vipańcitańń³ mud³hi indriyehi dassanabh³mim±gamma sot±pattiphala½ p±puŗ±ti, kola½kolo ca hoti. Aya½ dutiyo sot±panno. Tattha neyyo dassanabh³mim±gamma sot±pattiphala½ p±puŗ±ti, sattakkhattuparamo ca bhavati. Aya½ tatiyo sot±panno.
Atthi es± yutti mudumajjh±dhimattehi indriyehi mudumajjh±dhimatta½ bh³mi½ sacchikareyya sakk±yadiµµhippah±nena v± diµµhigat±ni pajahati. Aya½ yutti.
Tattha katamo padaµµh±no? Tattha sakk±yadiµµhi sabbamicch±diµµhiy± padaµµh±na½. Sakk±yo n±mar³passa padaµµh±na½. N±mar³pa½ sakk±yadiµµhiy± padaµµh±na½. Pańca indriy±ni r³p²ni r³par±gassa padaµµh±na½. Sa¼±yatana½ aha½k±rassa padaµµh±na½. Tattha katamo lakkhaŗo? Dv²su diµµh²su pah²n±su tattha ek± diµµhi diµµhigat±ni pah±na½ gacchanti. Uddha½ ca adho ca v²tar±go sabbarajan²yesu v²tar±go hoti. Tajj± parabh³miya½, ida½ paccayanti yath±bh³ta½ passati. So sabbapaµiccasamupp±da½ ±masati. Aya½ lakkhaŗo h±ro.
90. Tattha katamo catuby³ho h±ro? Imamhi sutte bhagavato ko adhipp±yo? Ye satt± ye n±bhiramissanti, te diµµhippah±n±ya v±yamissanti. Ayamettha bhagavato adhipp±yo. Aya½ catuby³ho h±ro.
Tattha katamo ±vaµµo h±ro? Y±nim±ni mud³ni pańcindriy±ni t±ni orambh±giy±ni pańcindriy±ni. Sabbena sabba½ sam³hananti abhijjh±by±p±do ca bh±van±k±rena sekkh±ya vimuttiy± bala½ saddh±, uddhambh±giy±ni diµµhivasena bala½ saddh±, v²riyindriya½ ±rabhitatt± satindriya½ paggahitatt± accanta½ niµµha½ gacchanti. Tattha y±ni indriy±ni, aya½ maggo sa½kilesappah±na½. Aya½ nirodho ±yati½ anupp±dadhammo, ida½ dukkha½. Aya½ ±vaµµo h±ro.
Tattha katamo vibhatti h±ro? “Ayamahamasm²”ti yo samanupassati, so ca kho adhimattena lokik± ya½ bh³miya½ na tu ariyena payogena so sakk±yadiµµhi pajahati. Ya½ vuccati tajj±ya bh³miy± adhimatt±ya. Tattha tajj±ya bh³miya½ pańcahi ±k±rehi adhimattata½ paµilabhati s²lena vatena b±hussaccena sam±dhin± nekkhammasukhena. Tattha appatte pattasańń² adhim±na½ gaŗh±ti. Etasmi½yeva vatthuppattiya½ bhagav± ida½ sutta½ bh±sati. S²lav± vatamatten±ti. Tattha yo appatte pattasańń² tassa yo sam±dhi, so s±miso k±purisasevito pana so k±puris± vuccanti puthujjan±. ¾misa½ yańca ariyamaggam±gamma lokik± anariya½ tena sam±dhi hoti anariyo k±purisasevito. Yo pana ariy±k±rena yath±bh³ta½ na j±n±ti na passati [j±n±ti passati (p².)], so adhigamana½ pajahati yo ariyena sam±dhin± ak±purisasevitena nir±misena n²yati, tattha ak±puris± vuccanti ariyapuggal±. Yo tehi sevito sam±dhi, so ak±purisasevito. Tasm± eka½ vibhajjaby±karaŗ²ya½ “ayamahamasm²”ti asamanupassanto tath± p±teti.
Tattha katam± parivattan±? Im±ya dassanabh³miy± kiles± pah±tabb±, tehi pah²yanti aniddiµµh±pi bhagavat± niddisitabb± yo.
Tattha katama½ vevacana½? Y± sakk±yadiµµhiy± attadiµµhiy±. Aya½ bh³mi. Ye kiles± pah±tabb±. Te appah²yanti aniddiµµh±pi bhagavat± sassatadiµµhi ca ucchedadiµµhi ca, s± pariyantadiµµhi ca. Y± apariyantadiµµhi ca, s± sassatadiµµhi ca. Y± ucchedadiµµhi, s± natthik± diµµhi. Y± sassatadiµµhi, s± akiriyadiµµhi. Ida½ vevacana½.
Tattha katam± pańńatti? Taŗh± sa½yojanapańńattiy± pańńatt±. Maggo paµil±bhapańńattiy± pańńatto. Indriy± paµil±bhapańńattiy± pańńatt±ti. Tattha katamo otaraŗo? Sakk±yo dukkha½ dassanappah±tabbo. Samudayo maggo. Indriy±ni t±ni ca niddiµµh±ni khandhadh±tu-±yatanesu.
Tattha katamo sodhano h±ro? Yańhi ±rabbha bhagavat± ida½ sutta½ bh±sita½, so ±rabbha niddiµµho. Tattha katamo parikkh±ro? N±mar³passa hetupaccayopi vińń±ŗa½ hetu b²ja½. Tena avijj± ca saŖkh±r± ca paccayo. Nivattinayo na aparo pariy±yo sabbabhavo, ye ca sabbabhavassa hetu parabhaŗ¹apaccayo iti samm±diµµhi parato ca ghoso yoniso ca manasik±ro paccayo Y± pańń± upp±deti, es± hetu samm±diµµhiy± samm±saŖkappo bhavati, y± samm±sam±dhi [samm±diµµhi (p².)], aya½ parikkh±ro.
Tattha katamo sam±ropano? “Ayamahamasm²”ti asamanupass² dukkhato rogato…pe… pannarasa pad±ni. S²l±ni bhagav± kimatthiy±ni kim±nisa½s±ni. S²l±ni, ±nanda, avippaµis±ratth±ni y±va vimutti. Tattha duvidho attho– purisattho ca vacanattho ca.
91. Tattha katamo purisattho? Y±ya½ na pacch±nut±pit± aya½ avippaµis±ro, aya½ purisattho. Yath± koci br³hayati imattham±sevati so bhaŗeyya, kińci mamettha adh²na½ tassatth±ya ida½ kiriya½ ±rabh±m²ti. Aya½ purisattho.
Tattha katamo vacanattho? S²l±ni k±yika½ v± v±casika½ v± sucarita½ avippaµis±roti. Tattha s²lassa vatassa ca bh±soyeva. Anańń± sugatakammat± sucarita½ aya½ avippaµis±ro. Eva½ y±va vimutt²ti ekamekasmi½ pade dve atth±– purisattho ca vacanattho ca, yath± imamhi sutte eva½ sabbesu suttesu dve dve atth±. Aya½ hi paramattho uttamattho ca. Ya½ nibb±nasacchika½ niss±ya ya½ saka½ sacchik±tabba½ bhavati, so vuccati katassa [satassa (ka.)] katthoti. Aya½ puna vevacana½ sampaj±n±ti. Imin± niyuttatthamabhilabbhanti vacanattho. Tattha ya½ attha½ s±vako abhikaŖkhati. Tassa yo paµil±bho, aya½ purisattho. Ya½ ya½ bhagav± dhamma½ deseti, tassa tassa dhammassa y± atthavińńatti. Aya½ attho, tattha s²l±na½ avippaµis±ro atthopi ±nisa½sopi. Eso ca ±nisa½so ya½ duggati½ na gacchati. Yath± ta½ bhagavat± es±nisa½so dhamme suciŗŗe na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r², aya½ attho.