Vibhatt²ti–
ManopubbaŖgam± dhamm±, manoseµµh± manomay±;
manas± ce pasannena, bh±sati v± karoti v±;
tato na½ sukhamanveti, ch±y±va anap±yin²ti.
Ta½ na eka½sena samaŗassa v± br±hmaŗassa v± pana hoti. Tassa v± micch±diµµhikassa sakasatthe citta½ pas±deti, tena ca pasannena cittena bh±sati by±karoti na ta½ sukhamanveti na ch±y±va anug±min², dukkhameva ta½ anveti. Yath± vahanta½ cakka½ padamanveti, ida½ ta½ vibhajjaby±karaŗ²ya½. Manas± ce pasannena k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ sukhavedan²yanti samaggate sukhavedan²ya½ micchaggate dukkhavedan²ya½, aya½ vibhatti.
Tattha katamo parivattano h±ro? ManopubbaŖgam± dhamm±ti ya½ manas± paduµµhena bh±sati v± karoti v± dukkhamass±nug±min², et±niyeva dve sutt±ni bh±sit±ni esa eva ca paµipakkho. Vevacananti yadida½ manocitta½ vińń±ŗa½ manindriya½ manovińń±ŗadh±tu.
Pańńatt²ti manopubbaŖgam± dhamm±ti aya½ mano kińci pańńattiy± pańńatta½. Dhamm±ti kusalakammapathapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Manoseµµh±ti visiµµhapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Manojav±ti sahapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Cittanti nekkhammapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Manas± ce pasannen±ti saddhindriyapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Manas± ce pasannen±ti an±vilasaŖkappadutiyajjh±napańńattiy± pańńatta½ Manas± ce pasannen±ti assaddh±na½ paµipakkhapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Bh±sati v±ti samm±v±c±pańńattiy± pańńatta½. Karoti v±ti samm±kammantapańńattiy± pańńatta½. Tato na½ sukhamanvet²ti jh±nasam±dh±na½. Indriyesu manindriya½. Paµiccasamupp±de vińń±ŗa½. ManopubbaŖgam± dhamm±ti mett± ca mudut± ca jh±nesu dutiya½ jh±na½ tatiyańca. Khandhesu saŖkh±rakkhandhapariy±panno. Dh±t³su dhammadh±tu, ±yatanesu dhamm±yatana½. Ya½ kusala½ indriyesu sukhindriyańca somanassindriyańca padaµµh±na½. Imesa½ dhamm±na½ paµiccasamuppann±na½ phassapaccay± sukhavedan²yo phasso sukhavedan± manopavic±resu somanassavic±ro chatti½sesu paµhamapadesu cha somanassanekkhammassit±. Iti aya½ otaraŗo h±ro.
Tattha katamo sodhano h±ro? Ya½ attha½ ±rabbha ida½ sutta½ bh±sita½. So attho niyutto etamattha½ ±rabbha sutta½. Aya½ sodhano h±ro.
85. Tattha katamo adhiµµh±no h±ro? ManopubbaŖgam± dhamm±ti vevacanapańńatti, na ekattapańńatti. Dhamm±ti ekato na vevacanapańńatti. Manas± ce pasannen±ti so pas±do dvidho ajjhattańca aby±p±d±vikkhambhanabahiddh± ca okappanato. So ajjhattapas±do dvidho. Samuggh±tapas±do ca vikkhambhanapas±do ca by±p±dapariyuµµh±na½. Vigh±to na m³lapas±do j±tam³lampi v±. Pas±do saby±p±da½ vigh±tena. Tato na½ sukhamanvet²ti sukha½ k±yikańca cetasikańca appiyavippayogopi piyasampayogopi nekkhammasukhampi puthujjanasukhampi p²tisambojjhaŖgampi cetasika½ sukha½ Yampi passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedeti, tampi k±yika½ sukha½ bojjhaŖg± ca cetasika½ sukha½. Yampi passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedesi, tampi tańca sukhapadaµµh±na½ pańńattiy± yath±vutta½ ta½ apar±maµµha½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½. Anvet²ti appan± sandissati na c±ya½ v± pattabh³to anveti. Tadida½ sutta½ dv²hi ±k±rehi adhiµµh±tabba½. Hetun± ca yo pasannam±naso vip±kena ca yo dukkhavedan²yo.
Parikkh±roti bhagav± pańcasatena bhikkhusaŖghena nagara½ pavisati r±jagaha½. Tattha manusso puggalo bhagavanta½ parivisati, tassa pas±do uppanno kusalam³lapubbayog±vacaropi. So ańńesańca akkh±ti, ida½ v±ca½ bh±sati l±bh± tesa½, yesa½ nivesana½ bhagav± pavisati, amh±kampi yadi bhaveyya mayampi bhagavato sa½pas±da½ lacchamh±ti. Yena bhagav± tenańjali½ paŗ±metv± “namo bhagavato namo bhagavato”ti aby±p±dam±no ekamante aµµh±si. Tadanantare bhagav± ima½ sutta½ abh±sittha “manopubbaŖgam± dhamm±”ti. Sabba½ sutta½ tath± ya½ paresa½ bh±sati ida½ v±c±kamma½. Ya½ ańjali½ paŗ±meti, ida½ k±yakamma½. Yo manopas±do, ida½ manokamma½. Tattha ya½ paresa½ pak±seti bh±sati vaŗŗa½. Yesa½ bhagav± nivesana½ gacchat²ti. Sabba½ tassa alobho kusalam³la½. Ya½ bhagavati mettacitto, tassa adoso kusalam³la½ Ya½ ańjali½ paŗ±meti m±nańca niggaŗh±ti, tatthassa amoho kusalam³la½ p±tubhavati. Ya½ u¼±rapańńa½ paµilabhati, idamassa diµµhivipall±sappah±na½. Ya½ tath±yeva sa½varo hoti, idamassa sańń±vipall±sappah±na½. Ya½ manassa pas±dana½, idamassa cittavipall±sappah±nanti akusalavipall±s±na½ vikkhambhana½ pah±na½ paccayo. T²ŗi kusalam³l±ni yo an±vilacittasaŖkappo, so tassa manasik±roti vuccati. Ya½ kilesehi vikkhambhana½ iti vipall±s± ca ±rammaŗ± sappaccayat±ya paccayo kusalam³l±ni ca sandissayat±ya paccayo, so ca manasik±ro hetun± imin± paccayena citta½ uppanna½. Tattha ya½ sasatth±rammaŗa½ citta½ pavatta½ aya½ buddh±nussati. Yampi bhagavato guŗe manasi karoti, ayamassa dhamm±nussati. Tattha satisampajańńa½ hetu, ayańca paccayo. V±c± pańń± hetu vitakkavic±r± paccayo. K±yasaŖkh±r± kammassa abhisaŖkh±ro n±ma hetu v± appaccayo sukhavedan²yassa kammassa upacayo hetuk± kammassa paccayo.
86. Tattha katamo sam±ropano h±ro? Manas±yeva pasannena satoyevettha pasanno api ca cittavod±n± satt± vimuccant²ti tena satt± cittapubbaŖgam± cittena pasannena cetan±pi tattha cittabh³t± bhavant²ti paµigh± aya½ cetan±na½ pas±dena k±yo cassa pas±do so ca ±rabhati pas±dena pasanno sańń±nanti cassa avipar²t±, so pańcavidho vikkhambhan±, k±yapassambhan±yev± pas±do cittasito citta½ pana pubba½yeva pasanna½. Aya½ sam±ropan±. Eva½ pańcannampi pas±do. Tato na½ sukhamanvet²ti katama½ bhagav± niddisati? Na hi attasacca½ tassa kammassa vip±ko anveti. Tassa up±yo anugacchati yad± sitapaccay± uppajjate somanassa½ avippaµis±ropi anveti. Aya½ sam±ropano h±ro.
Mah±n±ma sakkassa sutta½ [passa sa½. ni. 5.1017]. Tasmi½ ce samaye assato asampaj±no k±la½ kareyya k±me bhavati. Assato abhisam±h±ro yo m± bh±yi, mah±n±ma, ya½ ta½ citta½ d²gharatta½ saddh±paribh±vita½ s²laparibh±vita½ sutac±gaparibh±vitanti vitth±rena k±tabba½. C±gena ca pańń±ya ca ki½ dasseti? Y± saddh±, s± cetaso pas±do. Y± an±vilasaŖkappit±, s± saddh±. Ki½ k±raŗ±? An±vilalakkhaŗ±. An±vilalakkhaŗ± hi saddh±. Apare ±hu guŗaparisuddhiniµµh±gamanalakkhaŗ±, yańca apare v± vacanapaµiggahalakkhaŗ± saddh±. Aparo pariy±yo att±na½ yadi eva½ okappeti “n±ha½ kińci j±n±m²ti es± aha½ tattha anuńńatt± anańńat±”ti. Aya½ saddh±ti. Aparo pariy±yo ekasaµµhiy± diµµhigat±na½ ±d²nav±nupassan± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±ti. Tena ca padiµµha½ bhavati yath± gambh²re udap±ne udaka½ cakkhun± passati na ca k±yena abhisambhun±ti. Evamassa ariy± nijjh±nakkhantiy± diµµhi bhavati, na ca sacchikat±. Aya½ vuccati saddh±. S± ca lokik±. Aparo pariy±yo khamati puthujjanabh³tassa v²sati c±ti ko sakk±y±dh²n± na niveso. Na eta½ ekanti nayasańń± yath±bh³ta½ diµµhiy± tu khalu mud³hi pańcahi indriyehi dassanamaggena pah²n± bhavanti. Diµµhekaµµh± ca kiles±, aya½ saddh±.
Sot±pattaŖgamadukkh±ya½ bh³miya½ paripuŗŗ± vuccati. Tasmi½yeva bh³miya½ sekkhas²la½ ariy± dh±ranti vuccati. Tasmi½yeva bh³miya½ mudupańń± pańńindriyanti vuccati. Tasmi½yeva bh³miya½ khandhehi anatthikat±, aya½ c±go. Tasm± saddh± c±g±dhiµµh±nena niddisitabb±. Yatikena [tena (ka.)] bhiyyo manena s± hissa vipar²t± diµµhik± assaddh±, s± nayana-upadh²su pamatt± sam±dinn±. Tattha saddhindriya½ yo k±ma½ parivissanti iti santap±papaµinissagg± na c±g±dhiµµh±na½ pańńindriyena pańń±dhiµµh±na½, s²lena upasam±dhiµµh±na½. Ime catt±ro dhamm± s²la½ paribh±vayanti saddh± s²la½ c±go ca pańń±ti. Tattha saddh±ya ogha½ tarati. Ya½ s²la½, aya½ appam±do. Yo c±go, ida½ pańń±ya kamma½. Y± pańń±, ida½ pańńindriya½, tattha ya½ saddhindriya½. Ta½ t²su aveccappas±desu. Ya½ s²la½, ta½ saddhindriyesu. Yo c±go, so cat³su jh±nesu. Y± pańń±, s± saccesu, sati sabbatthag±min². Tassa sekkhassa bhaddik± bhati, bhaddiko abhisampar±yo. Tassa sammuµµhassatikassa s²la½ karontassa na k±yasammuµµhassatit±ya t±ni v± indriy±ni ta½ v± kusalam³la½ kammavip±ka½ bhavati. Tassa tikassa atthaniddeso. Tattha saddh± s²la½ c±go pańń± catt±ro dhamm±. Y± saddh± y± ca pańń±, ida½ manosucarita½. Ya½ s²la½, ida½ k±yika½ v±casika½ sucarita½. Yo c±go, ida½ cetasika½ alobho sucarita½. Iti citte gahite pańcakkhandh± gahit± bhavanti. Imehi dhammehi sucarita½ ida½ dukkhańca ariyasacca½ padaµµh±na½ maggassa.
87. Tattha katamo vicayo h±ro? Y± ca saddh± yańca s²la½. Ta½ kissa karoti? Y± saddh± t±ya bhagavanta½ anussarati mattenapi hatthin± sam±gat±, assa bho kukkur± sabba½ s²lena nappaµipajjati k±yena v± v±c±ya v± µh±na½ vis±rado bhavat²ti avippaµis±r² pańń± yassa pańńatta½ upaµµhapeti. Tassa akhaŗ¹assa s²la½ ya½ na pacchi tassa½ mohassa akusalacitta½ uppajjati micch±diµµhisahagata½ v±, aya½ vicayo h±ro. Dhammav±dino bhaddik±r±ti bhavissati atthi es± yutti.
Tattha katamo padaµµh±no h±ro? Yamida½ citta½ d²gharatta½ paribh±vita½ saddh±ya s²lena c±gena pańń±ya sam±dhin± paµhamajjh±nassa padaµµh±na½. Y± saddh± assa an±vilasaŖkappo, ta½ dutiyajjh±nassa padaµµh±na½. T²ŗi ca aveccappas±d± ya½ s²la½, ta½ ariyakanta½, ta½ s²lakkhandhassa padaµµh±na½. Y± pańń±, s± pańń±kkhandhassa padaµµh±na½. Ime ca dhamm± idańca citta½ ekodibh³tasam±dhissa padaµµh±na½. Saddh± saddhindriyassa padaµµh±na½. C±go sam±dhindriyassa padaµµh±na½. Pańń± pańńindriyassa padaµµh±na½. Saddh± ca pańń± ca vipassan± padaµµh±na½. S²lańca c±go ca samathassa padaµµh±na½. Saddh± ca pańń± ca avijj± vir±g±ya pańń±vimuttiy± padaµµh±na½. S²lańca c±go ca r±gavir±g±ya cetovimuttiy± padaµµh±na½.
Tattha katamo lakkhaŗo h±ro? Vińń±ŗe vutte saddh±satibh±vite sabbe pańcakkhandh± vutt± bhavanti. Saddh±ya bhaŗit±ya sabb±ni satta dhan±ni bhaŗit±ni honti saddh±dhana½…pe… s²lakkhandhe vutte sam±dhikkhandho ca pańń±kkhandho ca vutt± bhavanti. Ya½ ta½ citta½ d²gharatta½ paribh±vita½ pacchimake k±le na tadanuparivatti bhavissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Tattha sańń±pi tadanuparivattin² bhavati. Yepi tajj±tik± dhamm±, tepi tadanuparivattino bhavanti. R³pasańń± r³pasańcetan±nupassanamanasik±ro eva½ channa½ ±yatan±na½ vińń±ŗak±ye, aya½ lakkhaŗo h±ro.
Tattha katamo catuby³ho h±ro? Idha sutte bhagavato ko adhipp±yo? Ye bhaddika½ bhati½ ±kaŖkheyya bhaddikańca abhisampar±ya½, te saddha½ s²la½ c±ga½ pańńańca manasi karissanti, aya½ adhipp±yo. Ye cańńepi satt± tath±gatassa sammukha½ na paµiyujjhante, ima½ dhamma½ sot± avippaµis±rato k±la½ karissant²ti, aya½ adhipp±yo.