64. Tattha pańcakkhandh± catt±ri attabh±vavatth³ni bhavanti. Yo r³pakkhandho, so k±yo attabh±vavatthu. Yo vedan±kkhandho, so vedan± attabh±vavatthu. Yo sańń±kkhandho ca saŖkh±rakkhandho ca, te dhamm± attabh±vavatthu. Yo vińń±ŗakkhandho, so citta½ attabh±vavatthu. Iti pańcakkhandh± catt±ri attabh±vavatth³ni. Tattha k±ye “asubhe subhan”ti vipall±so bhavati. Eva½ vedan±su…pe… citte…pe… dhammesu ca attavipall±so bhavati. Tattha catunna½ vipall±s±na½ samuggh±tanattha½ bhagav± catt±ro satipaµµh±ne deseti pańńapeti k±ye k±y±nupass² viharato “asubhe subhan”ti vipall±sa½ samuggh±teti, eva½ vedan±su, citte, dhammesu ca k±tabba½.
Tattha andhak±ratimis± appaµivedhalakkhaŗ± avijj±, tass± vipall±sapadaµµh±na½. Ajjhos±nalakkhaŗ± taŗh±, tass± piyar³pas±tar³pa½ padaµµh±na½. Att±sayavańcan±lakkhaŗo lobho, tassa adinn±d±na½ padaµµh±na½. Idha viv±dalakkhaŗo doso, tassa p±ŗ±tip±to padaµµh±na½. Vatthuvippaµipattilakkhaŗo moho, tassa micch±paµipatti padaµµh±na½. SaŖkhat±na½ dhamm±na½ avin±saggahaŗalakkhaŗ± niccasańń±, tass± sabbasaŖkh±r± padaµµh±na½. S±savaphassopagamanalakkhaŗ± sukhasańń±, tass± mamaŖk±ro padaµµh±na½. Dhammesu upagamanalakkhaŗ± attasańń± tass± ahaŖk±ro padaµµh±na½. VaŗŗasaŖgahaŗalakkhaŗ± subhasańń±, tass± indriya-asa½varo padaµµh±na½. Etehi navahi padehi uddiµµhehi sabbo akusalapakkho niddiµµho bhavati, so ca kho bahussutena sakk± j±nitu½ no appassutena, pańńavat± no duppańńena, yuttena no ayuttena.
Nava pad±ni kusal±ni yattha sabbo kusalapakkho saŖgaho samosaraŗa½ gacchanti. Katam±ni nava pad±ni? Samatho vipassan± alobho adoso amoho aniccasańń± dukkhasańń± anattasańń± asubhasańń± ca.
Tattha katamo samatho? Y± cittassa µhiti saŗµhiti avaµµhiti µh±na½ paµµh±na½ upaµµh±na½ sam±dhi sam±dh±na½ avikkhepo avippaµis±ro v³pasamo m±naso ekagga½ cittassa, aya½ samatho.
Tattha katam± vipassan±? Khandhesu v± dh±t³su v± ±yatanesu v± n±mar³pesu v± paµiccasamupp±desu v± paµiccasamuppannesu v± dhammesu dukkhesu v± samudayesu v± nirodhe v± magge v± kusal±kusalesu v± dhammesu s±vajja-anavajjesu v± kaŗhasukkesu v± sevitabba-asevitabbesu v± so yath±bh³ta½ vicayo pavicayo v²ma½s± parav²ma½s± g±han± agg±han± parigg±han± cittena paricitan± tulan± upaparikkh± ń±ŗa½ vijj± v± cakkhu buddhi medh± pańń± obh±so ±loko ±bh± pabh± khaggo n±r±co [n±rajjo (p². ka.)] dhammavicayasambojjhaŖgo samm±diµµhi maggaŖga½, aya½ vipassan±. Tenes± vipassan± iti vuccati vividh± v± es± vipassan±ti, tasm± es± vipassan±ti vuccati. Dvidh± ces± hi vipassan± dhammavipassan±ti vuccati, dvidh± im±ya passati subhańca asubhańca kaŗhańca sukkańca sevitabbańca asevitabbańca kammańca vip±kańca bandhańca vimokkhańca ±cayańca apacayańca pavattińca nivattińca sa½kilesańca vod±nańca, eva½ vipassan±ti vuccati. Atha v± vi-iti upasaggo passan±ti attho tasm± vipassan±ti vuccate, aya½ vipassan±.
65. Tattha dve rog± satt±na½ avijj± ca bhavataŗh± ca, etesa½ dvinna½ rog±na½ nigh±t±ya bhagavat± dve bhesajj±ni vutt±ni samatho ca vipassan± ca. Im±ni dve bhesajj±ni paµisevento dve aroge sacchikaroti r±gavir±ga½ cetovimutti½ avijj±vir±gańca pańń±vimutti½. Tattha taŗh±rogassa samatho bhesajja½, r±gavir±g± cetovimutti aroga½. Avijj±rogassa vipassan±bhesajja½ avijj±vir±g± pańń±vimutti aroga½. Evańhi bhagav± c±ha, “dve dhamm± parińńeyy± [passa d². ni. 3.352] n±mańca r³pańca, dve dhamm± pah±tabb± avijj± ca bhavataŗh± ca, dve dhamm± bh±vetabb± samatho ca vipassan± ca, dve dhamm± sacchik±tabb± vijj± ca vimutti c±”ti. Tattha samatha½ bh±vento r³pa½ parij±n±ti, r³pa½ parij±nanto taŗha½ pajahati, taŗha½ pajahanto r±gavir±g± cetovimutti½ sacchikaroti, vipassana½ bh±vento n±ma½ parij±n±ti, n±ma½ parij±nanto avijja½ pajahati, avijja½ pajahanto avijj±vir±g± pańń±vimutti½ sacchikaroti. Yad± bhikkhuno dve dhamm± parińń±t± bhavanti n±mańca r³pańca, tath±ssa dve dhamm± pah²n± bhavanti avijj± ca bhavataŗh± ca. Dve dhamm± bh±vit± bhavanti samatho ca vipassan± ca, dve dhamm± sacchik±tabb± bhavanti vijj± ca vimutti ca. Ett±vat± bhikkhu katakicco bhavati. Es± sop±dises± nibb±nadh±tu. Tassa ±yupariy±d±n± j²vitindriyassa uparodh± idańca dukkha½ nirujjhati, ańńańca dukkha½ na uppajjati. Tattha yo imesa½ khandh±na½ dh±tu-±yatan±na½ nirodho v³pasamo ańńesańca khandhadh±tu-±yatan±na½ appaµisandhi ap±tubh±vo, aya½ anup±dises± nibb±nadh±tu.
Tattha katama½ alobho kusalam³la½? Ya½dh±tuko alobho alubbhan± alubbhitatta½ anicch± apatthan± akant± anajjhos±na½. Aya½ alobho kusalam³la½. Kasseta½ m³la½? Alobhajassa kusalassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa ta½sampayutt±nańca cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½. Atha v± ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo kusalanti vuccati, so tiŗŗa½ maggaŖg±na½ m³la½. Katamesa½ tiŗŗa½, samm±saŖkappassa samm±v±y±massa samm±sam±dhissa ca imesa½ m³lanti, tasm± kusalam³lanti vuccati.
Tattha katama½ adoso kusalam³la½? Y± sattesu v± saŖkh±resu v± anagh±to appaµigh±to aby±patti aby±p±do adoso mett± mett±yan± atthak±mat± hitak±mat± cetaso pas±do, aya½ adoso kusalam³la½. Kasseta½ m³la½? Adosajassa kusalassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa ta½sampayutt±nańca cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½. Atha v± tiŗŗa½ maggaŖg±na½ m³la½. Katamesa½ tiŗŗa½? Samm±v±c±ya samm±kammantassa samm±-±j²vassa ca imesa½ tiŗŗa½ maggaŖg±na½ m³la½, tasm± kusalam³lanti vuccati.
Tattha katama½ amoho kusalam³la½? Ya½ cat³su ariyasaccesu yath±bh³ta½ ń±ŗadassana½ abhisamayo samm± ca pacc±gamo paµivedho amoho asammuyhan± asammoho vijj±pak±so ±loko an±varaŗa½ sekkh±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½, aya½ amoho kusalam³la½. Kasseta½ m³la½? Amohajassa kusalassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa ta½sampayutt±nańca cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½. Atha v± dvinna½ maggaŖg±na½ eta½ m³la½. Katamesa½ dvinna½? Samm±diµµhiy± ca samm±satiy± ca imesa½ dvinna½ maggaŖg±na½ m³la½, tasm± kusalam³lanti vuccati. Eva½ imesa½ t²hi kusalam³lehi aµµhaŖgiko maggo yojetabbo.
66. Tattha katam± aniccasańń±? “Sabbe saŖkh±r± upp±davayadhammino”ti ca y± sańń± sańj±nan± vavatthapan± ugg±ho, aya½ aniccasańń±. Tass± ko nissando? Aniccasańń±ya bh±vit±ya bahul²kat±ya aµµhasu lokadhammesu citta½ n±nusandhati na sandhati na saŗµhahati, upekkh± v± paµikk³lat± v± saŗµhahati, ayamass± nissando.
Tattha katam± dukkhasańń±? “Sabbe saŖkh±r± dukkh±”ti y± sańń± sańj±nan± vavatthapan± ugg±ho, aya½ dukkhasańń±. Tass± ko nissando? Dukkhasańń±ya bh±vit±ya bahul²kat±ya ±lasse sa½pam±de vimhaye ca citta½ n±nusandhati na sandhati na saŗµhahati, upekkh± v± paµikk³lat± v± saŗµhahati, ayamass± nissando.
Tattha katam± anattasańń±? “Sabbesu dhammesu anatt±”ti y± sańń± sańj±nan± vavatthapan± ugg±ho, aya½ anattasańń±. Tass± ko nissando, anattasańń±ya bh±vit±ya bahul²kat±ya ahaŖk±ro citta½ n±nusandhati na sandhati, mamaŖk±ro na saŗµhahati, upekkh± v± paµikk³lat± v± saŗµhahati, ayamass± nissando.
Tattha katam± asubhasańń±? “Satta saŖkh±r± asubh±”ti y± sańń± sańj±nan± vavatthapan± ugg±ho, aya½ asubhasańń±. Tass± ko nissando? Asubhasańń±ya bh±vit±ya bahul²kat±ya subhanimitte citta½ n±nusandhati na sandhati na saŗµhahati, upekkh± v± paµikk³lat± v± saŗµhahati, ayamass± nissando.
Tattha pańcanna½ khandh±na½ parińń± bhagavat± desit±, yo tattha asubhasańń± r³pakkhandhassa parińńatta½, dukkhasańń± vedan±kkhandhassa parińńatta½, anattasańń± sańń±kkhandhassa saŖkh±rakkhandhassa parińńatta½, aniccasańń± vińń±ŗakkhandhassa parińńatta½. Tattha samathena taŗha½ samuggh±teti, vipassan± avijja½ samuggh±teti, adosena dosa½ samuggh±teti, amohena moha½ samuggh±teti, aniccasańń±ya niccasańńa½ samuggh±teti, dukkhasańń±ya sukhasańńa½ samuggh±teti, anattasańń±ya attasańńa½ samuggh±teti, asubhasańń±ya subhasańńa½ samuggh±teti.
Cittavikkhepapaµisa½haraŗalakkhaŗo samatho, tassa jh±n±ni padaµµh±na½. Sabbadhamma½ yath±bh³ta½ paµivedhalakkhaŗ± vipassan±, tass± sabbaneyya½ padaµµh±na½. Icch±paµisa½haraŗalakkhaŗo alobho, tassa adinn±d±n± veramaŗ² padaµµh±na½. Aby±p±dalakkhaŗo adoso, tassa p±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ² padaµµh±na½. Vatthu-appaµihatalakkhaŗo amoho, tassa samm±paµipatti padaµµh±na½. SaŖkhat±na½ dhamm±na½ vin±saggahaŗalakkhaŗ± aniccasańń±, tass± udayabbayo padaµµh±na½. S±savaphassasańj±nanalakkhaŗ± dukkhasańń±, tass± vedan± padaµµh±na½. Sabbadhamma-anupagamanalakkhaŗ± anattasańń±, tass± dhammasańń± padaµµh±na½. Vin²lakavipubbaka-uddhum±takasamuggahaŗalakkhaŗ± asubhasańń±, tass± nibbid± padaµµh±na½. Imesu navasu padesu upadiµµhesu sabbo kusalapakkho upadiµµho bhavati, so ca bahussutena sakk± j±nitu½ no appassutena, pańńavat± no duppańńena, yuttena no ayutten±ti.
67. Tattha niccasańń±dhimuttassa apar±para½ citta½ paŗ±mento satimapaccavekkhato aniccasańń± na upaµµh±ti, pańcasu k±maguŗesu sukhass±d±dhimuttassa iriy±pathassa agatimapaccavekkhato dukkhasańń± na upaµµh±ti, khandhadh±tu-±yatanesu att±dhimuttassa n±n±dh±tu-anekadh±tuvinibbhogamapaccavekkhato anattasańń± na upaµµh±ti, vaŗŗasaŗµh±n±bhiratassa k±ye subh±dhimuttassa ca vippaµicchann± asubhasańń± na upaµµh±ti.
Avippaµis±ralakkhaŗ± saddh±, saddahan± paccupaµµh±na½. Tassa catt±ri sot±pattiyaŖg±ni padaµµh±na½. Evańhi vutta½ bhagavat± [passa sa½yuttanik±ye] saddhindriya½ bhikkhave, kuhi½ daµµhabba½, cat³su sot±pattiyaŖgesu kusalesu dhammesu.
S³r±-apaµikkhepanalakkhaŗa½ v²riyindriya½, v²riyindriy±rambho paccupaµµh±na½. Tassa at²t± catt±ro sammappadh±n± padaµµh±na½. Yath± vutta½ bhagavat± [passa sa½yuttanik±ye] v²riyindriya½, bhikkhave, kuhi½ daµµhabba½, cat³su sammappadh±nesu.
Sati saraŗalakkhaŗ±, asammohapaccupaµµh±n±. Tassa at²t± catt±ro satipaµµh±n± padaµµh±na½. Yath± vutta½ bhagavat± satindriya½ bhikkhave, kuhi½ daµµhabba½, cat³su satipaµµh±nesu.
Ekaggalakkhaŗo sam±dhi, avikkhepapaccupaµµh±no, tassa catt±ri ń±ŗ±ni padaµµh±na½. Yath± vutta½ bhagavat± sam±dhindriya½, bhikkhave, kuhi½ daµµhabba½, cat³su jh±nesu.
Paj±nanalakkhaŗ± pańń±, bh³tatthasant²raŗ± paccupaµµh±n±, tassa catt±ri ariyasacc±ni padaµµh±na½. Yath± vutta½ bhagavat± [passa sa½yuttanik±ye] pańńindriya½, bhikkhave, kuhi½ daµµhabba½, cat³su ariyasaccesu.