6. Suttatthasamuccayabh³mi

60. Buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ s±sana½ tividhena saªgaha½ gacchati, khandhesu dh±t³su ±yatanesu ca. Tattha pañcakkhandh± r³pakkhandho y±va viññ±ºakkhandho. Dasa r³pa-±yatan±ni cakkhu r³p± ca y±va k±yo phoµµhabb± ca, aya½ r³pakkhandho. Tattha cha vedan±k±y± vedan±kkhandho cakkhusamphassaj± vedan± y±va manosamphassaj± vedan±, aya½ vedan±kkhandho. Tattha cha saññ±k±y± saññ±kkhandho, r³pasaññ± y±va dhammasaññ± ime cha saññ±k±y±, aya½ saññ±kkhandho. Tattha cha cetan±k±y± saªkh±rakkhandho, r³pasañcetan± y±va dhammasañcetan± ime cha cetan±k±y±, aya½ saªkh±rakkhandho. Tattha cha viññ±ºak±y± viññ±ºakkhandho, cakkhuviññ±ºa½ y±va manoviññ±ºa½ ime cha viññ±ºak±y±, aya½ viññ±ºakkhandho. Ime pañcakkhandh±.
Tesa½ k± pariññ±? Anicca½ dukkha½ saññ± anatt±ti es± etesa½ pariññ±. Tattha katamo khandhattho? Sam³hattho khandhattho, puñjattho khandhattho, r±sattho khandhattho. Ta½ yath± dabbakkhandho vanakkhandho d±rukkhandho aggikkhandho udakakkhandho v±yukkhandho iti eva½ khandhesu sabbasaªgahova eva½ khandhattho.
Tattha aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo cakkhudh±tu r³padh±tu cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu…pe… manodh±tu dhammadh±tu manoviññ±ºadh±tu. Et±yo aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo. T±sa½ pariññ± anicca½ dukkha½ saññ± anatt±ti es± et±sa½ pariññ±. Tattha ko dh±tu-attho? Vuccate avayavattho dh±tu-attho. Avayavoti cakkhu no pas±do cakkhudh±tu. Eva½ pañcasu dh±t³su puna r±gavavacchedattho dh±tu-attho. Vavacchinn± hi cakkhudh±tu. Eva½ pañcasu punar±ha ekantipakatyatthena dh±tu-atthoti vuccate. Ta½ yath±, pakatiy± aya½ puriso pittiko semhiko v±tiko sannip±tikoti eva½ pakaticakkhudh±tu dasanna½ piy± ca sabbesu indriyesu…pe… visabh±gattho dh±tu-attho.
Tattha dv±das±yatan±ni katam±ni? Cha ajjhattik±ni cha b±hir±ni. Cakkh±yatana½ y±va man±yatananti ajjhattika½, r³p±yatana½ y±va dhamm±yatananti b±hira½. Et±ni dv±dasa ±yatan±ni. Etesa½ k± pariññ±? Anicca½ dukkha½ saññ± anatt±ti, es± etesa½ pariññ±. Api ca dvidh± pariññ± ñ±tapariññ± ca pah±napariññ± ca. Tattha ñ±tapariññ± n±ma anicca½ dukkha½ saññ± anatt±ti, es± ñ±tapariññ±. Pah±napariññ± pana chandar±gappah±n±, es± pah±napariññ±. Tattha katamo ±yatanattho? Vuccate ±k±rattho ±yatanattho. Yath± suvaºº±karo dubbaºº±karo, yath± dv²hi tehi ±k±rehi te te g±v± uttiµµhanti. Eva½ etehi cittacetasik± g±v± uttiµµhanti kammakiles± dukkhadhamm± ca. Punar±ha ±yad±nattho ±yatanattho. Yath± rañño ±yad±nehi ±yo bhavati, eva½ ±yad±nattho ±yatanattho.
61. Catt±ri ariyasacc±ni dukkha½ samudayo nirodho maggo ca. Dukkha½ yath± sam±sena dhamm±cariya½ m±nasañca, samudayo sam±sena avijj± ca taºh± ca, nirodho sam±sena vijj± ca vimutti ca, maggo sam±sena samatho ca vipassan± ca.
Tattha sattati½sa bodhipakkhik± dhamm± katame? Catt±ro satipaµµh±n± y±va ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, evamete sattati½sa bodhipakkhik± dhamm±. Ye dhamm± at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ paccekabuddh±na½ s±vak±na½ ca nibb±n±ya sa½vattant²ti, so maggo catt±ro satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro? Idha bhikkhu k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati, sammappadh±na½…pe… iddhip±da½…pe… indriy±ni…pe… bal±ni…pe… tattha ko indriyattho? Indattho indriyattho, ±dhipateyyattho indriyattho, pas±dattho indriyattho, as±dh±raºa½ kassa kiriyattho indriyattho anavapariyattho balattho, th±mattho balattho, up±d±yattho balattho, upatthambhanattho balattho.
Tattha katame satta bojjhaªg±? Satisambojjhaªgo y±va upekkh±sambojjhaªgo. Tattha katamo aµµhaªgiko maggo? Samm±diµµhi y±va samm±sam±dhi. Tattha aµµhaªgiko maggoti khandho s²lakkhandho ca sam±dhikkhandho ca paññ±kkhandho ca. Tattha y± ca samm±v±c± yo ca samm±kammanto yo ca samm±-±j²vo, aya½ s²lakkhandho. Y± ca samm±sati yo ca samm±v±y±mo yo ca samm±sam±dhi, aya½ sam±dhikkhandho. Yo ca samm±saªkappo y± ca samm±diµµhi, aya½ paññ±kkhandho. Eva½ t±yo tisso sikkh±. Eva½ t²h±k±rehi dasa pad±ni…pe….
Tattha yog±vacaro s²lakkhandhe µhito dosa½ akusala½ na up±diyati, dos±nusaya½ sam³hanati, dosasalla½ uddharati, dukkhavedana½ parij±n±ti, k±madh±tu½ samatikkamati. Sam±dhikkhandhe µhito lobha½ akusala½ na up±diyati, r±g±nusaya½ sam³hanati, lobhasalla½ uddharati, sukhavedana½ parij±n±ti, r³padh±tu½ samatikkamati. Paññ±kkhandhe µhito moha½ akusala½ na up±diyati, avijj±nusaya½ sam³hanati, mohasalla½ diµµhisallañca uddharati, adukkhamasukhavedana½ parij±n±ti, ar³padh±tu½ samatikkamati. Iti t²hi khandhehi t²ºi akusalam³l±ni na up±diyati, catt±ri sall±ni uddharati, tisso vedan± parij±n±ti, tedh±tuka½ samatikkamati.
62. Tattha katam± avijj±? Ya½ cat³su ariyasaccesu aññ±ºanti vitth±rena yath± so p±ºasajjesu katha½kath± k±tabba½. Tattha katama½ viññ±ºa½? Cha viññ±ºak±y± vedan± saññ± cetan± phasso manasik±ro, ida½ n±ma½. Tattha katama½ r³pa½? C±tumah±bh³tika½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³passa paññatti½. Iti purimakañca n±ma½ idañca r³pa½ tadubhaya½ n±mar³panti vuccati. Tattha cha¼±yatananti cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni, cakkhu ajjhattika½ ±yatana½ y±va mano ajjhattika½ ±yatana½. Phassoti cha phassak±y± cakkhusamphasso y±va manosamphassoti phasso. Cha vedan±k±y± vedan±. Taºh±ti cha taºh±k±y± taºh±. Up±d±nanti catt±ri up±d±n±ni k±mup±d±na½ diµµhup±d±na½ s²labbatup±d±na½ attav±dup±d±nanti up±d±na½. Bhavoti tayo bhav± k±mabhavo r³pabhavo ar³pabhavo. Tattha katam± j±ti? Y± paµhama½ khandh±na½ paµhama½ dh±t³na½ paµhama½ ±yatan±na½ uppatti j±ti sañj±ti okkanti abhinibbatti khandh±na½ p±tubh±vo, aya½ j±ti. Tattha katam± jar±? Jar± n±ma ya½ ta½ khaº¹icca½ p±licca½ valittacat± pavivitta½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ vivaººata½ bhaggo ta½ jar± h²yan± pah²yan± ±yuno h±ni sa½h±ni indriy±na½ paribhedo upan±ho parip±ko, aya½ jar±. Tattha katama½ maraºa½? Maraºa½ n±ma ya½ tasmi½ tasmi½ sattanik±ye tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ cuti cavanat± maraºa½ k±laªkiriy± uddhum±tak±na½ bhedo k±yassa j²vitindriyassa upacchedo, ida½ maraºa½. Iti purimik± ca jar± idañca maraºa½ tadubhaya½ jar±maraºa½.
Tattha andhak±ratimis± yath±bh³ta½ appaj±nanalakkhaº± avijj± saªkh±r±na½ padaµµh±na½ ha. Abhisaªkharaºalakkhaº± saªkh±r±, upacayapunabbhav±bhiropanapaccupaµµh±n±. Te viññ±ºassa padaµµh±na½. Vatthu saviññattilakkhaºa½ viññ±ºa½, ta½ n±mar³passa padaµµh±na½. Anekasannissayalakkhaºa½ n±mar³pa½, ta½ sa¼±yatanassa padaµµh±na½. Indriyavavatth±panalakkhaºa½ sa¼±yatana½, ta½ phassassa padaµµh±na½ Sannip±talakkhaºo phasso, so vedan±ya padaµµh±na½. Anubhavanalakkhaº± vedan±, s± taºh±ya padaµµh±na½. Ajjhos±nalakkhaº± taºh±, s± up±d±nassa padaµµh±na½. ¾d±naparihananalakkhaºa½ up±d±na½, ta½ bhavassa padaµµh±na½ N±n±gativikkhepalakkhaºo bhavo, so j±tiy± padaµµh±na½. Khandh±na½ p±tubh±valakkhaº± j±ti, s± jar±ya padaµµh±na½. Upanayaparip±kalakkhaº± jar±, s± maraºassa padaµµh±na½. ¾yukkhayaj²vita-uparodhalakkhaºa½ maraºa½, ta½ dukkhassa padaµµh±na½. K±yasamp²¼analakkhaºa½ dukkha½, ta½ domanassassa padaµµh±na½. Cittasamp²¼analakkhaºa½ domanassa½, ta½ sokassa padaµµh±na½. Socanalakkhaºo soko, so paridevassa padaµµh±na½. Vac²nicch±raºalakkhaºo paridevo, so up±y±sassa padaµµh±na½. Ye ±y±s± te up±y±s±.
Nava pad±ni yattha sabbo akusalapakkho saªgaha½ samosaraºa½ gacchati. Katam±ni nava pad±ni? Dve m³lakiles±, t²ºi akusalam³l±ni, catt±ro vipall±s±. Tattha dve m³lakiles± avijj± ca bhavataºh± ca, t²ºi akusalam³l±ni lobho doso moho ca. Catt±ro vipall±s± [a. ni. 4.49]– “anicce niccan”ti saññ±vipall±so cittavipall±so diµµhivipall±so, “dukkhe sukhan”ti saññ±vipall±so cittavipall±so diµµhivipall±so, “anattani att±”ti saññ±vipall±so cittavipall±so diµµhivipall±so, “asubhe subhan”ti saññ±vipall±so cittavipall±so diµµhivipall±so.
63. Tattha avijj± n±ma cat³su ariyasaccesu yath±bh³ta½ aññ±ºa½, aya½ avijj±. Bhavataºh± n±ma yo bhavesu r±go s±r±go icch± mucch± patthan± nand² ajjhos±na½ aparicc±go, aya½ bhavataºh±.
Tattha katamo lobho akusalam³la½?
Lobho n±ma so tesu tesu paravatth³su paradabbesu paraµµh±nesu paras±pateyyesu parapariggahitesu lobho lubbhan± icch± mucch± patthan± nand² ajjhos±na½ aparicc±go, aya½ lobho akusalam³la½. Kasseta½ m³la½? Lobho lobhajassa akusalassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa ca, tath± yath± ta½sampayutt±na½ cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½.
Tattha katamo doso akusalam³la½?
So sattesu ±gh±to akkhanti appaccayo by±p±do padoso anatthak±mat± cetaso paµigh±to, aya½ doso akusalam³la½.
Kasseta½ m³la½?
Dosajassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa sampayutt±nañca cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½.
Tattha katamo moho akusalam³la½?
Ya½ cat³su ariyasaccesu anabhisamayo asampajjagg±ho appaµivedho moho muyhan± sammoho sammuyhan± avijj± tamo andhak±ro ±varaºa½ n²varaºa½ chadana½ acchadana½ [avecchadana½ (p². ka.)] apasacch±gamana½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½, aya½ moho akusalam³la½.
Kasseta½ m³la½?
Mohajassa akusalassa k±yakammassa vac²kammassa manokammassa ca ta½sampayuttak±nañca cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ m³la½.
Tattha vipall±s± j±nitabb±, vipall±s±na½ vatthu j±nitabba½. Ya½ vipall±sa½ siy±, ta½ j±nitabba½. Tattha eko vipall±so t²ºi vipall±s±ni catt±ri vipall±savatth³ni. Katamo eko vipall±so ca, yena paµipakkhena vipall±sita½ gaºh±ti?
“Anicce niccan”ti, “dukkhe sukhan”ti, “anattani att±”ti, “asubhe subhan”ti, aya½ eko vipall±so.
Katam±ni catt±ri vipall±savatth³ni?
K±yo vedan± citta½ dhamm± ca. Im±ni catt±ri vipall±savatth³ni.
Katam±ni t²ºi vipall±s±ni?
Saññ± citta½ diµµhi ca. Im±ni t²ºi vipall±s±ni.
Tattha man±pike vatthumhi indriyavatthe vaºº±yatane v± yo nimittassa ugg±ho, aya½ saññ±vipall±so. Tattha vipar²tacittassa vatthumhi sati viññatti, aya½ cittavipall±so. Tattha vipar²tacittassa tamhi r³pe “asubhe subhan”ti y± khanti ruci upekkhan± nicchayo diµµhi nidassana½ sant²raº±, aya½ diµµhivipall±so. Tattha vatthubhedena k±yesu dv±dasa vipall±s± bhavanti. Tayo k±ye tayo vedan±ya tayo citte tayo dhamme, catt±ro saññ±vipall±s± catt±ro cittavipall±s± catt±ro diµµhivipall±s±, ±yatan³pacayato cakkhuviññ±ºasaññ±samaªgissa r³pesu dv±dasa vipall±s± y±va mano saññ±samaªgissa, dhammesu dv±dasa vipall±s± cha dv±dasak± catt±ri vipall±s± bhavanti. ¾rammaºan±nattato hi aparimitasaªkheyy±na½ satt±na½ [att±na½ (ka.)] aparimitamasaªkheyy± vipall±s± bhavanti h²nukkaµµhamajjhimat±ya.