5. Pańcamabh³mi

43. Tattha katamo h±ravibhaŖgo? Yattha so¼asa h±r± akkharaso bheda½ gacchanti. Tattha ±dimhi desan±h±ro. Tattha aya½ g±th± kusal± v± akusal± v± sacc±ni v± saccekadeso v±. Ki½ desitanti? Sutte v²ma½s± desan±h±ro. Yath± ariyasacc±ni nikkhepo catt±ri sacc±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni ca. Y±ni ca aµµh±rasa pad±ni dukkhato satta pad±ni saŖkhepena k±yikena cetasikena dukkhena, appiyasampayogena piyavippayogena ca t²hi ca saŖkhat±hi. Tattha t²ŗi saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±ni tisso dukkhat± upp±do saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, saŖkh±radukkhat±ya dukkhat± ca saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, vipariŗ±madukkhat±ya dukkhat±ti ańńathattha½ ca saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, dukkhadukkhat±ya ca dukkhat±, imesa½ tiŗŗa½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗ±na½ t²su vedan±bh³m²su adukkhamasukh± vedan± upp±do saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, saŖkh±radukkhat±ya ca dukkhat± tayo saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, sukh± vedan±ya ca vipariŗ±madukkhat±ya ca dukkhat±ti ańńathatta½ saŖkhatalakkhaŗa½, dukkh±vedan± dukkhadukkhat± ca dukkhat± imamhi imesu navapadesu paµhamakesu sattasu padesu so¼asasu padesu dukkh± pariyesitabb±, ek±dasa dukkhat±ya ca lakkhaŗa½ niddese niddiµµha½. P±tubh±valakkhaŗ± j±tiy± ca p±tubh±vacutilakkhaŗo cutoti vitth±rena pannarasapad±ni kattabb±ni, eva½ s±dh±raŗ±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni ca sattasu dasasu padesu sańń±sa tividhe ca s±sanappaµµh±ne aµµh±rasavidhesu ca sutt±dhiµµh±nesu dasavidhesu ca suttavidheyyesu so¼asavidhesu ca h±resu ekav²satividh±ya ca pavicayav²ma½s±y±ti ida½ desita½. Yath±bh³tańca desitanti, aya½ vuccati desan±h±ro.
44. Tattha katamo vicayo h±ro?
Pada½ pańh± ca pucch± ca, ki½ pubba½ kińca pacchima½;
anug²ti s± ca vicayo, h±ro vicayoti niddiµµho.
Padanti paµhama½ pada½. Tassa ko attho? Ya½ bhagav± puµµho ±yasmat± ajitena ta½ gahetabba½, katipad±ni puµµh±ni yath±ki½ kenassu nivuto lokoti g±th±, im±ni katipad±ni catt±ri iti visajjan±ya pucch±. Yattakehi padehi bhagavat± visajjit±ni pad±ni iti pucch±ya ca y± pad±na½ saŖk±san±, ida½ vuccati padanti.
Pańh±ti im±ni catt±ri pad±ni. Kati pańh±? Eko v± dve v± taduttari v± im±ni catt±ri pad±ni eko pańho, atth±nuparivatti byańjana½ hoti, sambahul±nipi pad±ni ekamevattha½ pucchati. Im±ni catt±ri pad±ni anuparivatt²ni ta½ byańjanena eko pańhova hoti. Kenassu nivuto lokoti loka½ sandh±ya pucchati, kenassu nappak±sati kiss±bhilepana½ br³s²ti ta½yeva pucchati. Ki½su tassa mahabbhayanti ta½yeva pucchati. Eva½ atth±nuparivatti byańjana½ eko pańho hoti, so pańho catubbidho eka½saby±karaŗ²yo vibhajjaby±karaŗ²yo paµipucch±by±karaŗ²yo µhapaniyoti. Tattha cakkhu aniccanti eka½saby±karaŗ²yo, ya½ anicca½ ta½ dukkhanti vibhajjaby±karaŗ²yo, siy± anicca½ na cakkhu, y±nipi ±yatan±ni ca na cakkhu, t±nipi aniccanti na cakkhuyeva, aya½ vibhajjaby±karaŗ²yo, ya½ cakkhu ta½ cakkhundriya½ neti paµipucch±by±karaŗ²yo, ta½ cakkhu tath±gatoti µhapaniyo. Ańńatra cakkhun±ti µhapaniyo pańho. Ida½ pańha½ bhagav± ki½ pucchito, lokassa sa½kileso pucchito. Ki½ k±raŗa½? Tividho hi sa½kileso taŗh±sa½kileso ca diµµhisa½kileso ca duccaritasa½kileso ca. Tattha avijj±ya nivutoti avijja½ dasseti, japp±ti taŗha½ dasseti, mahabbhayanti akusalassa kammassa vip±ka½ dasseti, sota½ n±ma sukhavedan²yassa kammassa dukkhavedan²yo vip±ko bhavissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti bhagav± visajjeti, cat³hi yo padehi avijj±ya nivuto lokoti…pe… eva½ vuccati.
45. Taduttari paµipucchati, savanti sabbadhi sot±ti g±th±, catt±ri pad±ni pucchati ta½ bhagav± dv²hi padehi visajjeti.
Y±ni sot±ni lokasmi½, sati tesa½ niv±raŗa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi, pańń±yete pidh²yare.
Im±ni catt±ri pad±ni dv²hi padehi visajjeti. Ida½ padanti pucchito, tassa sa½kiliµµhassa lokassa vod±na½ pucchito, sot±ni cha taŗh±k±y± bahul±dhivacanena niddiµµh± bhavanti sabbehi ±yatanehi. T±ni sot±ni kena niv±riyant²ti pariyuµµh±napah±na½ pucchati, kena sot± pidh²yareti anusayasamuggh±ta½ pucchati. Tattha bhagav± chasu dv±resu satiy± deseti, yo hi sampaj±no viharati satidov±rike ca tassa indriy±ni gutt±ni sambhavanti. Tattha guttesu indriyesu y± y± vipassan±, s± s± tesa½ tesa½ sot±na½ tass± ca avijj±ya yo loko nivuto accantapah±n±ya sa½vattati. Eva½ sot±ni pihit±nipi bhavanti tato uttari pucchati.
Pańń± ca sati ca n±mar³passa kho tassa bhagavanta½ puµµhum±gamma kattheta½ upasammati im±ni catt±ri pad±ni bhagav± ekena padena visajjeti.
Yameta½ pańha½ apucchi [pucchase pańha½ (p². ka.) passa su. ni. 1043], ajita ta½ vad±mi te…pe…;
vińń±ŗassa nirodhena, ettheta½ upasammati.
Imin± pańhena ki½ pucchati? Anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu½ pucchati, ta½ bhagav± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± visajjeti. Tattha paµhamena pańhena sa½kilesa½ pucchati. Dutiyena pańhena vod±na½ pucchati. Tatiyena pańhena sop±disesanibb±nadh±tu½ pucchati. Catutthena pańhena anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu½ paµipucchati tato uttari paµipucchati.
Ye ca saŖkh±tadhamm±se, ye ca sekh± [sekkh± (ka.) passa su. ni. 1044] puth³ idha;
tesa½ me nipako iriya½, puµµho pabr³hi m±risa.
Im±ni catt±ri pad±ni pucchati. Kati ca pana te pańhe saŖkh±tadhamm± ca arahant± sekkh± ca? Ki½ pubba½ kińca pacchimanti ayamattho. Tattha katara½ paµhama½ pucchati, katara½ pacch±? Arahanta½ paµhama½ pucchati. Sekkhadhamme tattha kena padena saŖkh±tadhamm±ti arahanto gahit±, puth³ti sekkh± gahit±. Tesa½ me nipakoti s±dh±raŗa½ pada½ bhagavanta½ pucchati. Tassa s±dh±raŗ±ni ca as±dh±raŗ±ni ca pańhesu pucchitabb±ni. Ta½ bhagav± visajjeti. Na tath± puµµha½, paµhama½ puµµha½, ta½ pacch± visajjeti. Ya½ pacch± pucchita½ paµhama½ visajjeti. Kińca ida½ pucchita½ visuddh±na½ visujjhant±nańca k± iriy±ti ida½ pucchi, ta½ k±mesu n±bhigijjheyya. Manas±n±vilo siy±ti pariyuµµh±n±ni vitakkena ca bhagav± niv±reti, dve pana vitakka-an±vilat±ya pariyuµµh±na½, yath± n²varaŗesu niddiµµha½. Kusal± sabbadhammes³ti arahanta½ visajjeti.
Kenassu tarati oghanti g±th±, im±ni catt±ri pad±ni. Catt±royeva pańh±. Ki½ k±raŗa½, na hi ettha atth±nuparivatti byańjana½ [yath±nuparivatthivajja½ (p². ka.)] yath± paµhama½ ajitapańhesu, tassa na eka½sena bah³ni visajjan±ni, bahuk± pańh±, ekova na c±pi, sabbe pucchati, pubbe visajjito, yath± catuttho ajitopańhe, ya½ ettha yath±bh³ta½ pariyesan±padabandhena visajjan±yo eva½ yath±bh³ta½ pariyesati. Yo puna ettha ya½ eva½ pucchati tattha ayam±k±ro pucchan±ya½ antojaµ± bahijaµ±ti g±th± [sa½. ni. 1.29] pucchitavisajjan±ya maggitabb±. Katha½ visajjit±ti bhagav±ti visajjeti? S²le patiµµh±ya naro sapańńoti g±th±. Tattha cittabh±van±ya samath±, pańń±bh±van±ya vipassan±. Tattha eva½ anum²yati, ye dhamm± samathena ca vipassan±ya ca pah²yanti, te ime antojaµ± bahijaµ±. Tattha visajjana½ samathena r±go pah²yati, vipassan±ya avijj±. Ajjhattavatthuko r±go antojaµ±, b±hiravatthuko r±go bahijaµ±. Ajjhattavatthuk± sakk±yadiµµhi, aya½ antojaµ±. Ekasaµµhi diµµhigat±ni ca b±hiravatthuk±ni bahijaµ±, y± hi ajjhattavatthuk± y± diµµhibh±giyena bhavissati, aya½ jaµ±. Tath± sa½khittena y± k±ci ajjhattavatthuk± taŗh± ca diµµhi ca, aya½ antojaµ±. Y± k±ci b±hiravatthuk± taŗh± ca diµµhi ca, aya½ bahijaµ±.
Yath± devat± bhagavanta½ pucchati “catucakka½ navadv±ran”ti g±th± [sa½yuttanik±ye]. Tattha bhagav± visajjeti “chetv± naddhi½ varatta½ c±”ti g±th±, ida½ bhagav± dukkhanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ visajjeti. Im±ya visajjan±ya bhagav± anum²yati kilese ettha purim±ya g±th±ya niddisitabbena. Ta½ hi catucakkanti catt±ro v± hatthap±d±. Navadv±ranti nava vaŗamukh±ni. Yath± catucakkanti catt±ro up±d±n±, up±d±nappaccay± bhavo, up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodho. Navadv±ranti nava m±navidh±, m±naj±tik±ya hi dukkha½ seyyenamhi paraso t²ŗi tik±ni puŗŗa½. Tikena sa½yutta½ hi pańcak±maguŗiko r±go. Tattha naddh²ti taŗh± visajj²yati. Varattanti m±na½ visajjeti, icch± lobho ca p±pakoti pańcak±maguŗiko r±go. Tattha visamalobho p±pakoti niddisiyati sam³lataŗhanti. Ańń±ŗam³lak± taŗh±ti ańń±ŗam³lak± taŗh±, taŗh±ya ca diµµhiy± ca pah±na½. Ye ca puna ańńepi keci catucakkayogena teneva k±raŗena ca yujjanti, sa½s±rag±mino dhamm± sabbe niddisitabb±. Tatth±ya½ g±th± visajjan± pucch±ya ca visajjan±ya sameti [sama½ti (p².)]. Ya½ yadi sandena atha saha by±karaŗena anug²tiya½ ca so vicayoti bhagav± yattak±ni pad±ni nikkhipati, tattakehi anug±yati.
46. Aµµhahi bhikkhave, aŖgehi samann±gato bhikkhu d³teyya½ gantumarahati [k±tumarahati (p². ka.) passa a. ni. 8.16]. Im±ni aµµha pad±ni nikkhitt±ni. Chahi padehi bhagav± anug±yati.
“Yo ve na byathati [by±thati (ka.)] patv±, parisa½ uggav±dini½;
na ca h±peti vacana½, na ca ch±deti s±sana½.
“Asandiddhi½ ca bhaŗati, pucchito na ca kuppati;
sa ve t±disako bhikkhu, d³teyya½ gantumarahat²”ti.
Tattha pana bhagav± yattak±ni pad±ni nikkhipati, tattakehi anug±yati. Sattahi, bhikkhave, aŖgehi samann±gato kaly±ŗamitto piyo garubh±van²yoti vitth±rena, ida½ bhagav± sattahi padehi anug±yati. Iti bahussutav± anug±yati, appatarakatha½ pada½ v± nikkhepo, bahussutav± nava pad±ni nikkhepo, appatarik± anug²tiy± bahutarik± anug±yati. Aya½ vuccati te anug²ti ca vicayo, aya½ vicayo n±ma h±ro.
Tattha katamo yuttih±ro?
Sabbesa½ h±r±na½, y± bh³m² yo ca gocaro tesa½;
yutt±yutti parikkh±, h±ro yutt²ti niddiµµho.
H±r±na½ so¼asanna½ yath± desan± yath± vicayo yo ca niddisiyati, aya½ niddeso. Aya½ pucch± suttesu na yujjat²ti y± tattha v²ma½s±, aya½ yutti.
Yath± hi sahet³ sappaccay± satt± sa½kilissanti, atthi hetu atthi paccayo satt±na½ sa½kiles±ya, sahet³ sappaccay± satt± visujjhanti, atthi hetu atthi paccayo satt±na½ visuddhiy±. S²lavat±, ±nanda, puggalena na veyy±karaŗiy± kinti me vippaµis±ro upp±deyya…pe… aby±karaŗa½ kattabba½, aya½ visuddhiy± maggo. Tassa hetu ko paccayo, s²lakkhandhassa catt±ri catt±ri hetu ca paccayo ca. Sappurisasa½sevo yo ca patir³padesav±so ca, aya½ up±d±paccayat± sappaccayo. Ya½ por±ŗakamma½ assa vip±ko paccayo, t±ya paccay±ya attasamm±paŗidhi, aya½ hetu. Iti s²lakkhandho sahetu sappaccayoti ida½ lokika½ s²la½.