3. Sutt±dhiµµh±natatiyabh³mi

32. Tattha katama½ sutt±dhiµµh±na½?
Lobh±dhiµµh±na½ dos±dhiµµh±na½ moh±dhiµµh±na½ alobh±dhiµµh±na½ ados±dhiµµh±na½ amoh±dhiµµh±na½ k±yakamm±dhiµµh±na½ v±c±kamm±dhiµµh±na½ manokamm±dhiµµh±na½ saddhindriy±dhiµµh±na½ v²riyindriy±dhiµµh±na½ satindriy±dhiµµh±na½ sam±dhindriy±dhiµµh±na½ pańńindriy±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ lobh±dhiµµh±na½?
Vitakkamathitassa [vitakkanimmathitassa (ka.) dha. pa. 349] jantuno, tibbar±gassa subh±nupassino;
bhiyyo taŗh± pava¹¹hati, esa kho g±¼ha½ karoti bandhana½.
Vitakkamathitass±ti k±mar±go. Subh±nupassinoti k±mar±gavatthu. Bhiyyo taŗh± pava¹¹hat²ti k±mataŗh±. Esa g±¼ha½ karoti bandhananti r±ga½, iti yo yo dhammo m³lanikkhitto, so yevettha dhammo ugg±vahitabbo [ugg±payitabbo (p². ka.)]. Na bhagav± eka½ dhamma½ ±rabbha ańńa½ dhamma½ deseti. Yassa vitakketi k±mavitakko tameva vitakka½ k±mavitakkena niddis²yati. Tibbar±gass±ti tasseva vitakkassa vatthu½ niddisati. Subh±nupassino bhiyyo taŗh± pava¹¹hat²ti tameva r±ga½ k±mataŗh±ti niddisati. Esa g±¼ha½ karoti bandhananti tameva taŗh±sa½yojana½ niddisati. Eva½ g±th±su anuminitabba½. Eva½ saveyy±karaŗesu.
Tattha bhagav± eka½ dhamma½ tividha½ niddisati, nissandato hetuto phalato.
Dada½ piyo [passa sa½yuttanik±ye] hoti bhajanti na½ bah³, kittińca pappoti yaso ca va¹¹hati;
amaŖkubh³to parisa½ vig±hati, vis±rado hoti naro amacchar².
Dadanti ya½ ya½ d±na½, ida½ d±namayika½ puńńakriya½. Tattha hetu. Ya½ ceta½. Bhajanti na½ bah³, kittinti yo ca kaly±ŗo kittisaddo loke abbhuggacchati, ya½ bahukassa janassa piyo bhavati man±po ca. Yańca avippaµis±r² k±laŖkaroti aya½ nissando. Ya½ k±yassa bhed± devesu upapajjat²ti ida½ phala½. Ida½ lobh±dhiµµh±na½.
33. Tattha katama½ dos±dhiµµh±na½?
Yo p±ŗamatip±teti, mus±v±dańca bh±sati;
loke adinna½ ±diyati, parad±rańca gacchati;
sur±merayap±nańca, yo naro anuyuńjati [abhigijjhati (p². ka.) passa a. ni. 5.174].
Appah±ya pańca ver±ni, duss²lo iti vuccati;
k±yassa bhed± duppańńo, niraya½ sopapajjati.
Yo p±ŗamatip±tet²ti duµµho p±ŗamatip±teti. Mus±v±dańca bh±sat²ti dosopagh±t±ya mus±v±dańca bh±sati. Sur±merayap±nańca, yo naro anuyuńjat²ti doso nid±na½. Yo ca sur±merayap±na½ anuyuńjati yath±parad±ravih±r² [yath±pamuditavih±r² (ka.)] amitt± janayanti.
Pańca ver±ni appah±y±ti pańcanna½ bhikkh±pad±na½ samatikkamana½ sabbesa½ dosaj±na½ s± paŗŗatti, teneva dosajanitena kammena duss²lo iti vuccati sopi dhammo hetun± niddisitabbo, nissandena phalena ca.
T²ŗi b±lassa b±lalakkhaŗ±ni– dubbh±sitabh±s² [dubbh±sitabh±sit± (p². ka.) passa a. ni. 3.3] ca hoti, duccintitacint² ca dukkaµakammak±r² ca. Tattha ya½ k±yena ca v±c±ya ca parakkamati, idamassa dukkaµakammak±r². T±ya½ yath± ca mus±v±da½ bh±sati yath± pubbaniddiµµha½ idamassa dubbh±sit±. Yańca saŖkappeti manoduccarita½ by±p±da½, idamassa duccintitacintit±. Ya½ so imehi t²hi b±lalakkhaŗehi samann±gato t²ŗi tajj±ni dukkh±ni domanass±ni anubhavati, so ca hoti sabhaggato v± parisaggato v± tajja½ katha½ kathanti. Yad± bhavati so ca p±ŗ±tip±t±didasa-akusalakammapath±, so tatonid±na½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedet²ti. Puna capara½ yad± passati cora½ r±j±par±dhika½ rańń± gahita½ j²vit± voropeta½, tasseva½ bhavati sace mamampi r±j± j±neyya mamampi r±j± g±h±petv± j²vit± voropeyy±ti, so tatonid±na½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. Puna capara½ b±lo yad± bhavati ±san± sam±r³¼ho y±va y± me gati bhavissati ito pecca para½ maraŗ±ti so tatonid±na½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti iti b±lalakkhaŗa½ hetu. T²ŗi tajj±ni dukkh±ni nissando. K±yassa bhed± nirayesu upapajjati, ida½ phala½. Ida½ dos±dhiµµh±na½.
34. Tattha katama½ moh±dhiµµh±na½?
Satańceva sahass±na½, kapp±na½ sa½sarissati;
athav± pi tato bhiyyo, gabbh± gabbha½ gamissatha.
Anup±d±ya buddhavacana½, saŖkh±re attato up±d±ya;
dukkhassanta½ karissanti, µh±nameta½ na vijjati.
Yo ya½ anamataggasa½s±ra½ sam±panno j±yate ca m²yate ca, aya½ avijj±hetuk±. Y±nipi ca saŖkh±r±na½ payojan±ni, t±nipi avijj±paccay±ni, ya½ adassana½ buddhavacanassa, aya½ avijj±sutteyeva niddiµµha½. Yo ca saŖkh±re attato harati pańcakkhandhe pańca diµµhiyo upagacchati. “Eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti ida½ sutta½ avijj±ya nikkhitta½, avijj±ya nikkhipita½. Eva½ satth± sutte nayena [sutanayena (p².)] dhammena niddisati. As±dh±raŗena ta½yeva tattha niddisitabba½. Na ańńa½.
Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, samaŗ± v± br±hmaŗ± v± “ida½ dukkhan”ti nappaj±nanti catt±ri sacc±ni vitth±rena, ya½ tattha appaj±nan±, ida½ dukkha½, aya½ hetu. Appaj±nanto vividhe saŖkh±re abhisaŖkharoti, aya½ nissando. Yańca diµµhigat±ni par±masati “idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti aya½ nissando. Ya½ punabbhava½ nibbatteti, ida½ phala½. Ayampi dhammo saniddiµµho hetuto ca phalato ca nissandato ca.
Ettha pana keci dhamm± s±dh±raŗ± bhavanti. Hetu khalu ±ditoyeva sutte nikkhipissanti. Yath± ki½ bhave catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, agatigaman±ni. Tattha yańca chand±gati½ gacchati yańca bhay±gati½ gacchati, aya½ lobho akusalam³la½. Ya½ dos±, aya½ dosoyeva Ya½ moh±, aya½ mohoyeva. Eva½ im±ni t²ŗi akusalam³l±ni ±ditoyeva upaparikkhitabb±ni. Yattha eka½ niddisitabba½, tattha eka½ niddis²yati. Tath± dve yath± t²ŗi, na hi ±d²hi anikkhitte hetu v± nissando v± phala½ v± niddisitabba½.
Ayańcettha g±th±–
Chand± dos± bhay± moh±, yo dhamma½ ativattati;
nih²yati [nih²yate (p². ka.) passa a. ni. 4.17] tassa yaso, k±¼apakkheva candim±.
Kattha chand± ca aya½ lobho yath± niddiµµha½ pubbe. Ida½ moh±dhiµµh±na½.
35. Tattha katama½ alobh±dhiµµh±na½?
“Asubh±nupassi½ [asubh±nupass² (p².) passa dha. pa. 8] viharanta½, indriyesu susa½vuta½;
bhojanamhi ca mattańńu½, saddha½ ±raddhav²riya½;
ta½ ve nappasahati m±ro, v±to sela½va pabbatan”ti.
Tattha y± asubh±ya upaparikkh±, aya½ k±mesu ±d²navadassanena paricc±go. Indriyesu susa½vuto tasseva alobhassa p±rip³riya½ mama ±yatanasocita½ anup±d±ya. Bhojanamhi ca mattańńunti rasataŗh±pah±na½. Iti aya½ alobho asubh±nupassit±ya vatthuto dh±rayati, so alobho hetu. Indriyesu guttadv±rat±ya gocarato dh±rayati, bhojanemattańńut±ya parato dh±rayati, aya½ nissando. Ta½ ve nappasahati m±ro, v±to sela½ va pabbatanti, ida½ phala½. Iti yoyeva dhammo ±dimhi nikkhitto, soyeva majjhe ceva avas±ne ca.
N±ha½, bhikkhave, ańńa½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi asamuppannassa k±macchandassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± pah±n±ya, yathayida½ [yadida½ (p². ka.) passa a. ni. 1.17] asubhanimitta½. Tattha asubhanimitta½ manasikarontassa anuppanno ceva k±macchando na uppajjati, uppanno ca k±macchando pah²yati. Ida½ alobhassa vatthu. Ya½ puna anuppanno k±mar±go pariy±diyati r³par±ga½ ar³par±ga½, iti phala½. Iti ayampi ca dhammo niddiµµho hetuto ca nissandato ca phalato ca. Ida½ alobh±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ ados±dhiµµh±na½?
Ekampi ce p±ŗamaduµµhacitto, mett±yati kusalo [kusal² (ka.) passa itivu. 27] tena hoti;
sabbe ca p±ŗe manas±nukampa½ [anukampam±no (p².)], pah³tamariyo pakaroti puńńa½.
Ekampi ce p±ŗamaduµµhacitto mett±yat²ti aya½ adoso. Niggh±tena ass±do, kusalo tena hot²ti tena kusalena dhammena sa½yutto dhammapańńatti½ gacchati. Kusaloti yath± pańń±ya pańńo paŗ¹iccena paŗ¹ito. Pah³tamariyo pakaroti puńńanti tass±yeva vip±ko aya½ lokiyassa, na hi lokuttarassa. Tattha y± mett±yan±, aya½ hetu. Ya½ kusalo bhavati aya½ nissando. Y±va aby±pajjo bh³miya½ bahupuńńa½ pasavati, ida½ phala½. Iti adoso niddiµµho hetuto ca nissandato ca phalato ca.
Ek±das±nisa½s± mett±ya cetovimuttiy±. Tattha y± mett±cetovimutti, aya½ ariyadhammesu r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, lokik±ya bh³mik± hetu, ya½ sukha½ ±yati½ man±po hoti manuss±na½, ime ek±dasa dhamm± nissando. Yańca akat±v² brahmak±ye upapajjati. Ida½ phala½. Ida½ ados±dhiµµh±na½.
36. Tattha katama½ amoh±dhiµµh±na½?
Pańń± hi seµµh± lokasmi½, y±ya½ nibbedhag±min² [nibbedhabh±gin² (p². ka.) passa itivu. 41];
y±ya samm± paj±n±ti, j±timaraŗasaŖkhaya½.
Pańń± hi seµµh±ti vatthu½. Nibbedhag±min²ti nibb±nag±miniya½ yath±bh³ta½ paµivijjhati. Samm± paj±n±ti, j±timaraŗasaŖkhayanti amoho. Pańń±ti hetu. Ya½ paj±n±ti aya½ nissando. Yo j±timaraŗasaŖkhayo, ida½ phala½. Iti amoho niddiµµho hetun± ca nissandena ca phalena ca.
T²ŗim±ni, bhikkhave [itivu. 62 tikanip±te], indriy±ni anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½ ańńindriya½ ańń±t±vindriya½. Tattha katama½ anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anabhisametassa dukkhassa ariyasaccassa abhisamay±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati, v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaŗh±ti padahati. Eva½ catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ k±tabba½. Tattha katama½ ańńindriya½? Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu “ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccan”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, y± ca maggo, ida½ ańńindriya½. ¾savakkhay± an±savo hoti, ida½ vuccati ańń±t±vindriya½. Tath±ya½ pańń±, aya½ hetu. Ya½ chanda½ janeti v±yamati, y± paj±n±ti, aya½ nissando. Yena sabbaso ±sav±na½ khay± hetu, ya½ khaye ń±ŗamuppajjati, anupp±de ń±ŗańca, aya½ nissando. Ya½ arahatta½, ida½ phala½. Tattha kh²ŗ± me j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaŗ²yanti, ida½ khaye ń±ŗa½. N±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±m²ti ida½ anupp±de ń±ŗa½. Iti im±ni indriy±ni amoho niddiµµho hetun± ca nissandena ca phalena ca. Im±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni niddiµµh±ni.
Tattha katam±ni kusalam³l±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni? Kusalańca vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi kusalam³lańceva. Tattha katama½ kusalam³la½? Alobho adoso amoho. Tattha katama½ kusala½? Aµµha sammatt±ni samm±diµµhi y±va samm±sam±dhi. Tattha y±ni kusalam³l±ni, aya½ hetu. Yańca alobho t²ŗi kamm±ni samuµµh±peti saŖkappa½ v±y±ma½ sam±dhińca, aya½ alobhassa nissando. Tattha yo adoso, aya½ hetu. Ya½ tayo dhamme paµµhapeti samm±v±ca½ samm±kammanta½ samm±-±j²vańca, aya½ nissando. Tattha yo amoho hetu, ya½ dve dhamme upaµµhapeti avipar²tadassanampi ca anabhil±pana½, aya½ nissando. Imassa brahmacariyassa ya½ phala½, t± dve vimuttiyo r±gavir±g± cetovimutti avijj± vir±g± ca pańń±vimutti, ida½ phala½. Iti im±ni t²ŗi kusalam³l±ni niddiµµh±ni hetuto ca nissandato ca phalato ca. Eva½ s±dh±raŗ±ni kusal±ni paµivijjhitabb±ni.
Yattha duve yattha t²ŗi. Ayańcettha g±th±.
“Tulamatulańca sambhava½, bhavasaŖkh±ramavassaji muni;
ajjhattarato sam±hito, abhindi kavacamivattasambhavan”ti.
Tulamatulańca sambhavanti tulasaŖkhata½ atulasaŖkhata½. Tattha ye saŖkhat± tula½, te dve dhamm± ass±do ca ±d²navo ca tulit± bhavanti. Ettako k±mesu ass±do. Ettako ±d²navo imassa, ida½ nissaraŗanti iti nibb±na½ paj±n±ti. Dv²hi k±raŗehi atula½ na ca sakk± tulayitu½. Ettaka½ eta½ neta½ paramatth²ti tena atula½. Atha p±puŗ± ratana½ karitv± acchariyabh±vena atula½. Tattha kusalassa ca abhisambhav± j±nan± passan±, aya½ amoho. Ya½ tattha ń±t± osiraŗ± bhavasaŖkh±r±na½, aya½ alobho. Ya½ ajjhattarato sam±hitoti vikkhepapaµisa½haraŗ±, aya½ adoso. Iti im±ni t²ŗi kusalam³l±ni. Tulamatulasambhavanti aya½ amoho. Yo bhavasaŖkh±r±na½ samosaraŗa½ lobho samm±sam±dh²na½ ass±do, aya½ hetu. Ya½ ajjhattarato avijjaŗ¹akosa½ sambhedo, aya½ nissando. S± pavatti im±ni t²ŗi niddiµµh±ni kusalam³l±ni hetuto ca nissandato ca phalato ca.
Ett±vat± es± pavatti ca nivatti ca akusalam³lehi pavattati, kusalam³lehi nivattat²ti imehi ca t²hi sabba½ akusalam³la½ samosaraŗa½ gacchati. So dhamme v± vacanato niddiµµho taŗh±ti v± kodhoti v± asampajańńanti v± anusayoti v± makkhoti v± pa¼±soti v± assat²ti v± iss±ti v± macchariyanti v± ańń±ŗanti v±, tehi ye ca vatth³hi niddisitabba½. Yassim±ni dve vacan±ni dhammapad±ni niddiµµh±ni na so atthi kiles±, yo imesu navasu padesu samodh±na½ samosaraŗa½ gacchati. Aya½ kileso, na ca lobho, na ca doso, na ca moho.
Yath± akusalam³l±ni, eva½ kusal±ni paµikkhepena niddisitabb±ni.

Ida½ amoh±dhiµµh±na½.

37. Tattha katama½ k±yakamm±dhiµµh±na½?
K±yena kusala½ kare, assa k±yena sa½vuto;
k±yaduccarita½ hitv±, k±yena sucarita½ care.
T²ŗim±ni, bhikkhave, sucarit±ni [itivu. 69 sucaritasutte]. P±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ², adinn±d±n± veramaŗ², k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaŗ², ida½ k±yakamm±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ v±c±kamm±dhiµµh±na½?
Subh±sita½ [su. ni. 452 suttanip±te] uttamam±hu santo, dhamma½ bhaŗe n±dhamma½ ta½ dutiya½;
piya½ bhaŗe n±ppiya½ ta½ tatiya½, sacca½ bhaŗe n±lika½ ta½ catuttha½;
catt±rim±ni ca vac²sucarit±ni ida½ v±c±kamm±dhiµµh±na½;
tattha katama½ manokamm±dhiµµh±na½?
Manena kusala½ kamma½, manas± sa½vuto bhave;
manoduccarita½ hitv±, manas± sucarita½ care.
T²ŗim±ni manosucarit±ni, anabhijjh±, aby±p±do, samm±diµµhi, ida½ manokamm±dhiµµh±na½. Im±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni sutt±ni.
Tattha katam±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni sutt±ni?
V±c±nurakkh² manas± susa½vuto, k±yena ca n±kusala½ kayir± [akusala½ na kayir± (p². ka.) passa dha. pa. 281];
ete tayo kammapathe visodhaye, ±r±dhaye maggamisippavedita½.
Tisso im±, bhikkhave, p±risuddhiyo– k±yakammap±risuddhi, v±c±kammap±risuddhi, manokammap±risuddhi.
Tattha katam± k±yakammap±risuddhi? P±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ², adinn±d±n± veramaŗ², k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaŗ². Tattha katam± vac²kammap±risuddhi? Mus±v±d± veramaŗ²…pe… samphappal±p± veramaŗ². Tattha katam± manokammap±risuddhi? Anabhijjh± aby±p±do samm±diµµhi. Ida½ s±dh±raŗasutta½.
Iti s±dh±raŗ±ni ca sutt±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni ca sutt±ni paµivijjhitabb±ni. Paµivijjhitv± v±c±ya k±yena ca suttassa attho niddisitabbo.
38. Tattha katama½ saddhindriy±dhiµµh±na½?
Yassa saddh± [sa½. ni. 1.260; therag±. 507 aµµhakanip±te ca passitabba½] tath±gate, acal± suppatiµµhit±;
s²lańca yassa kaly±ŗa½, ariyakanta½ pasa½sita½.
SaŖghe pas±do yassatthi, ujubh³tańca dassana½;
adaliddoti ta½ ±hu, amogha½ tassa j²vita½.
Saddh± ve nandik± ±r±dhiko, no tassa saddhoti;
sabba½ siy±ti bhagavanta½, tath±r³po dhammasampas±do.

Ida½ saddhindriy±dhiµµh±na½.

Tattha katama½ v²riy±dhiµµh±na½?
¾rambhatha [±rabhatha (p².) passa sa½. ni. 1.185] nikkamatha, yuńjatha buddhas±sane;
dhun±tha maccuno sena½, na¼±g±ra½va kuńjaro.
Catt±rome, bhikkhave, sammappadh±n±, ida½ v²riy±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ satindriy±dhiµµh±na½?
Sat²mato sad± bhadda½, bhaddamatthu sat²mato;
sat²mato sad± [suve (sa½. ni. 1.238)] seyyo, sat²m± sukhamedhati.
Catt±ro satipaµµh±n± vitth±rena k±tabb±, ida½ satindriy±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ sam±dhindriy±dhiµµh±na½?
¾kaŖkhato te naradammas±rathi, dev± manuss± manas± vicintita½;
sabbena jańń± kasiŗ±pi p±ŗino, santa½ sam±dhi½ araŗa½ nisevato.
Tayome bhikkhave, sam±dh²– savitakko savic±ro, avitakko vic±ramatto, avitakko avic±ro. Ida½ sam±dhindriy±dhiµµh±na½.
Tattha katama½ pańńindriy±dhiµµh±na½?
Pańń± hi seµµh± lokasminti vitth±rena.
Tisso im±, bhikkhave, pańń±– sutamay², cint±may², bh±van±may², ida½ pańńindriy±dhiµµh±na½ sutta½, im±ni indriy±dhiµµh±n±ni as±dh±raŗ±ni sutt±ni.
39. Tattha katam±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni indriy±dhiµµh±n±ni sutt±ni?
Av²tar±go [a. ni. 6.54] k±mesu, yassa pańcindriy± mud³;
saddh± sati ca v²riya½, samatho ca vipassan±;
t±disa½ bhikkhum±sajja, pubbeva upahańńati.
Pańcim±ni indriy±ni. Saddhindriy±di-indriya½ daµµhabba½. T²su aveccappas±de vitth±rena sutta½ k±tabba½. Im±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni indriy±dhiµµh±n±ni sutt±ni. Ya½ yassa sambandha½ kusalassa v± akusalassa v± tena tena adhiµµh±nena ta½ sutta½ niddisitabba½, natthańńo dhammo niddisitabbo. Tattha s±dh±raŗa½ kusala½ n±pi kusala½ akusala½ yath± s±dh±raŗ±ni ca kusalam³l±ni s±dh±raŗ±ni ca akusalam³l±ni uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ pajahati…pe… catt±ro sammappadh±n± kusala½ akusalańca.