2. Vicayah±ravibhaªgavaººan±

11. J±tiliªgak±las±dhanavibhattisaªkhy±vises±dito saddato padavicayo k±tabbo. Tattha kariyam±no ca yath±sabh±vaniruttiy± eva kato sukato hot²ti dassento “ida½ n±mapada½ …pe… aya½ saddato padavicayo”ti vatv± “so pan±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Vattabba-atthasa½vaººan±ti ta½ta½padavacan²yassa atthassa bheda½ vatv± pariy±yehi vivaritv± kathana½.
Viciyam±nassa suttapadass±ti pucch±vasena pavattasuttapadassa. “Suttantarapad±nipi pucch±vaseneva pavatt±n²”ti vadanti “na sabbampi suttapadan”ti. Ekasseva padassa sambhavant±na½ anekesa½ atth±na½ uddh±ro atthuddh±ro. Ekasseva pana atthassa sambhavant±na½ anekesa½ pad±na½ uddh±ro paduddh±ro. Sabbe hi sa½vaººiyam±ne sutte labbham±ne sabbe padatthe. Nava suttanteti suttageyy±divasena navappak±re suttasmi½ ±netv± vicinat²ti yojan±. Atha v± “sabbe nava suttante”ti imin± pavicayalakkhaºena h±rena suttageyy±d²ni sabb±nipi navappak±r±ni sutt±ni vicinat²ti attho. Ten±ha “suttageyy±dike”ti-±di.
“Kosal±na½ pur± ramm±”ti-±dik± (su. ni. 982) chapaññ±sa g±th± vatthug±th±. “P±r±yanamanug±yissan”ti (su. ni. 1137 ±dayo) pana ±dik± ek³nav²sati g±th± anug²tig±th±. Ida½ n±ma½ katanti ida½ “p±r±yanan”ti n±ma½ kata½. Ten±ha “p±ra½ gaman²y± ime dhamm±, tasm± imassa dhammapariy±yassa ‘p±r±yanantveva adhivacana”n’ti (su. ni. p±r±yanatthutig±th±; c³¼ani. p±r±yanatthutig±th± 149 ±dayo). Buddhiya½ viparivattam±nanti imassa vicayah±ravibhaªgassa desan±k±le ±yasm± mah±kacc±no attano buddhiya½ vattam±na½ katv± evam±h±ti yojan±.
Eka½saby±karaºassa ayanti eka½saby±karaº²y±, eka½sena v± by±k±tabbatt± eka½saby±karaº²y±, eka½saby±karaºayogg±ti attho. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Ýhapan²y±ti µhapetabbatt± aby±karaº²y±ti attho. Samayantaraparicayena niv±raºadhamma½ pati sa½sayapakkhando pucchat²ti adhipp±yen±ha “vimaticchedanan”ti. Pakatiy± pana niv±raºadhamma½ aj±nanto ñ±tuk±mat±ya pucchat²ti adiµµhajotan±ya pucch±pi siy±. Tath± hi vakkhati “lokassa niv±raº±d²ni aj±nanten±”ti.
Ekavatthupariggah±ti ekassa abhidheyyatthassa gahaºato.
Vimuttiparip±caka-indriy±ni vivaµµapakkhe µhitassa saddh±dayo dhamm±, ki½ panettha ariy±nampi indriyalokena saªgaho hot²ti ±ha “pariy±pannadhammavasen±”ti-±di.
K±¼apakkhac±tuddas²ghanavanasaº¹ameghapaµalacch±dana-a¹¹haratt²na½ vasena caturaªgasamann±gatena. Vivicch±ti vicikicch±ya. Ten±ha “vicikicch±het³”ti. Dukkhamassa mahabbhayanti ettha vutta½ “ass±”ti pada½ “japp±bhilepana½ assa br³m²”ti ±netv± sambandhitabbanti dassento “japp± taºh± assa lokass±”ti ±ha. “Sabbasatt±nan”ti-±din±, “sabbasov±”ti-±din± ca anvayato, byatirekato ca s±tisaya½ avijj±ya n²varaºabh±va½ dasseti. “D³re santo pak±santi (dha. pa. 304; netti. 11), ratto attha½ na j±n±t²”ti (netti. 11, 27) g±th±dvayen±pi anug²tivicaya½ dasset²ti yojetabba½.
R³p±vacar±ti r³p±vacarasatt±. Vipariº±madukkhat±ya muccanassa k±raºavacananti sambandho. Yato vaµµadukkhato muccana½. Ta½ vaµµadukkha½ anavasesapariy±d±navasena saªkh±radukkhat±gahaºena.
Ek±dh±ranti ekavatthu adhiµµh±na½. Niv±raºa½ vikkhambhana½ pidh±na½ samucchedoti atthadvayassa pucchitatt± “anek±dh±ra½ dassetun”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “niv±raºasaªkh±ta½ sa½vara½…pe… pidhiyyanti pacchijjant²”ti (su. ni. aµµha. 2.1041; c³¼ani. aµµha. 3). Tassattho “niv±raºasaªkh±ta½ vikkhambhana½, sa½vara½, pidh±nañca katheh²”ti.
“Vod±nan”ti imin± sot±na½ vikkhambhanavisuddhi, “vuµµh±nan”ti imin± samucchedavisuddhi adhippet±ti ±ha “pucch±ya duvidhatthavisayata½ vivaritu½ ‘evan’ti-±di vuttan”ti. Tath± c±ha “vod±yati…pe… ariyamaggo”ti.
Diµµhim±n±vijj±sot±pi taºh±sot±nug±ti ±ha “yebhuyyena anurodhavasen±”ti. Upac±ravasen±ti nissitupac±ravasena. Sabbasm±ti cakkhuto y±va manatoti sabbasm± dv±rato. Sabbappak±ren±tti taºh±yanamicch±bhinivesana-unnaman±dippak±rena.
Tameva satinti y±ya½ sati pubbabh±ge sot±na½ vikkhambhanavasena vutt±, tameva sati½. Maggakkhaºe sot±na½ sa½vara½ pidh±na½ br³mi. Yasm± pana pidh±yik±pi sati maggakkhaºe paññ±nug±, paññ±kiccamevettha adhika½, tasm± vutta½ “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti.
Sa½varapidh±n±nanti ettha sa½varasaddena niv±raºa½ vutta½.
Yasmi½ yasmi½ ariyamagge anadhigate ya½ ya½ abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºa½ uppajjan±raha½, tasmi½ tasmi½ adhigate ta½ ta½ viññ±ºa½ anupp±danirodhena nirujjhati saddhi½ attan± sampayuttan±mar³pen±ti ±ha “tassa tassa viññ±ºassa nirodhena sahev±”ti. Anupp±danirodho hi ettha “nirodho”ti adhippeto anup±disesanibb±nassa adhippetatt±ti. Anusandh²yati eten±ti anusandhi, idha pucchiyam±no attho.
Saha visayena dassetunti ettha sacc±ni eva visayo. Pah±tabbasabh±va½ samudayasacca½, tassa visayo dukkhasacca½. “Sa½yojaniyesu, bhikkhave, dhammesu ass±d±nupassino viharato taºh± pava¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.53, 57) hi vutta½. Pah±yakasabh±va½ maggasacca½, tassa visayo nirodhasaccanti ±ha “saha visayena…pe… sacces³”ti. K±mañcettha “samudayo dv²su bh³m²su pah²yat²”ti ±raddha½, “dassanena t²ºi sa½yojan±ni pah²yanti, bh±van±ya satta sa½yojan±ni pah²yant²”ti pana vibh±gavacanameva vattanti ±ha “pah±yakavibh±gamukhena pah±tabbavibh±ga½ dassetun”ti.
Niravasesak±mar±gaby±p±d± tatiyamaggena pah²yanti, itare catutthamaggen±ti vutta½ “itarehi pana niravasesan”ti. Tatth±ti kammavip±kavaµµappabhedena tedh±tuke bhavattaye. Sa½yojanavasen±ti sabbad± yojanavasena bandhanavasena.
12. Aggaphalañ±ºat±ya ekampi sam±na½ tannimittassa khay±nupp±d±rammaºassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa vasena phalavoh±rena dve n±m±ni labhati.
Somanassan±mal±bho imin± ±rammaºasaªketen±ti tadattha½ vivaranto “khaye…pe… samaññ±y±”ti ±ha.
13. Taggahaºenev±ti phassapañcamakapañcar³pindriyaggahaºeneva. Sahacaraº±din±ti sahaj±t±di-anantar±dipaccayabh±vena ceva nissay±rammaº±din± ca. “Sampayuttan”ti imin± sahitat± avisiµµhat± idh±dhippet±ti ±ha “avibh±gena gahaº²yabh±va½ sandh±y±”ti.
Katha½ sam±dhindriya½ upp±det²ti ±ha “satiggahaºena cettha pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ idh±dhippetan”ti. Na hi sam±dhin± pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ sambhavati.
Padahati eten±ti padh±na½, v²riya½. Teti v²riyasaªkh±r±. Ekarasen±ti yath± indriy±ni ekaras±ni honti, eva½ ekarasabh±vena saraºato pavattanato. Tath± pavattiy± eva suµµhu vata v²riya½ v±hes²ti yogin± saªkappetabbato tadupagav²riyav±hanaµµhena “sampaha½san±”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “eva½ me…pe… hetubh±vato”ti.
Iddhisaddassa paµhamo kattu-attho, dutiyo karaºattho vutto, p±dasaddassa eko karaºattho eva. Pajjitabb± ca iddh² vutt±, na ca ijjhanti. Pajjitabb± ca iddh² pajjanakaraºena p±dena sam±n±dhikaraº± na hont²ti “paµhamena atthena iddhi eva p±do”ti katha½ sakk± vattu½, tath± iddhikiriy±karaºena s±dhetabb± buddhisaªkh±t± iddhi pajjanakiriy±karaºena pajjitabb±ti dvinna½ karaº±na½ na sam±n±dhikaraºat± sambhavat²ti “dutiyena atthena iddhiy± p±do”ti katha½ sakk± vattunti ce? Sakk±, p±dassa ijjham±nakoµµh±sa ijjhanakaraº³p±yabh±vato. Atha v± “paµhamena atthena iddhiy± p±do, dutiyena atthena iddhi eva p±do iddhip±do”ti eva½ yojanato. Katha½? Anantarattho pacc±sattiñ±yena idha paµhamoti adhippeto, tato purimo dutiyoti.
“Chanda½ ce bhikkhu adhipati½ karitv± labhati sam±dhin”ti-±di (vibha. 432) vacanato chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ iddhip±da½ bh±vet²ti etth±pi chand±dhipati sam±dhi chandasam±dh²ti adhipatisaddalopa½ katv± sam±so vuttoti viññ±yati. Adhipatisaddatthadassanavaseneva pana “chandahetuko, chand±dhiko v± sam±dh²”ti sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 431) vutta½, tasm± idh±pi chand±dhipati sam±dhi chandasam±dh²ti veditabbo. Ta½ pana chanda½ vuttanayena saddh±s²sena dassento “saddh±dhipateyy± cittekaggat±”ti vutta½. “Ida½ padh±nan”ti v± v²riya½ vutta½. V²riyasadd±pekkh±sahita½ ekavacanena vatv± catubbidhassapi v²riyassa adhippetatt± nibbattetabbadhammavibh±gena ca “ime saªkh±r±”ti vutta½. Tena padh±nabh³t± saªkh±r±ti eva½ sam±so veditabbo. Saªkhatasaªkh±r±dinivattanatthañcettha padh±naggahaºa½. Atha v± ta½ ta½ visesa½ saªkharot²ti saªkh±ro, sabbampi v²riya½. Tattha catukiccas±dhakato aññassa nivattanattha½ padh±naggahaºanti padh±nabh³t± seµµhabh³t±ti attho.
V²riyiddhip±daniddese “v²riyasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gatan”ti (vibha. 435) dvikkhattu½ v²riya½ ±gata½. Tattha purima½ sam±dhivisesana½ “v²riy±dhipati sam±dhi v²riyasam±dh²”ti, dutiya½ samann±gamaªgadassanattha½. Dve eva hi sabbattha samann±gamaªg±ni sam±dhi, padh±nasaªkh±ro ca. Chand±dayo sam±dhivisesan±ni. Padh±nasaªkh±ro pana padh±navacaneneva visesito, na chand±d²h²ti na idha v²riy±dhipatit± padh±nasaªkh±rassa vutt± hoti. V²riyañca sam±dhi½ visesetv± µhitameva samann±gamaªgavasena padh±nasaªkh±ravacanena vuttanti n±pi dv²hi v²riyehi samann±gamo vutto hoti. Yasm± pana chand±d²hi visiµµho sam±dhi tath± visiµµheneva tena sampayutto padh±nasaªkh±ro, sesadhamm± ca, tasm± sam±dhivisesan±na½ vasena “catt±ro iddhip±d±”ti vutt±. Visesanabh±vo ca chand±d²na½ ta½ta½apassayanavasena hot²ti chandasam±dhi…pe… iddhip±danti ettha nissayatthepi p±dasaddena up±yatthena chand±d²na½ iddhip±dat± vutt± hoti. Tath± hi abhidhamme uttarac³¼abh±jan²ye “catt±ro iddhip±d± chandiddhip±do”ti-±din± (vibha. 457) chand±d²nameva iddhip±dat± vutt±. Pañh±pucchake ca “catt±ro iddhip±d±– idha bhikkhu chandasam±dh²”ti (vibha. 462) ±rabhitv±pi puna chand±d²na½yeva kusal±dibh±vo vibhatto. Up±yiddhip±dadassanatthameva hi nissayiddhip±dadassana½ kata½. Aññath± catubbidhat±va na hot²ti. Ayamettha p±¼ivasena atthavinicchayo veditabbo.
Tadaªgasamucchedanissaraºavivekanissitatta½ vatv± paµippassaddhivivekanissitassa avacana½ “chandasam±dhi…pe… iddhip±da½ bh±vet²”ti (vibha. 432) bh±vetabb±na½ iddhip±d±na½ vuttatt±. Bh±vitiddhip±dassa hi sacchik±tabb± phalapariy±pann± iddhip±d±ti.
Vossaggasaddo paricc±gattho, pakkhandanattho c±ti vossaggassa duvidhat± vutt±. Yath±vuttena pak±ren±ti tadaªgasamucchedappak±rena, tanninnabh±v±rammaºappak±rena ca. Pariºamanta½ vipassanakkhaºe.
14. Pubbabh±gapaññ±y±ti ek±vajjanan±n±vajjanav²th²su pavatta-upac±rapaññ±ya. Adhigamapaññ±y±ti appan±paññ±ya. Puna pubbabh±gapaññ±y±ti n±n±vajjanupac±rapaññ±ya, paµisandhipaññ±ya v±. Upac±rapaññ±y±ti ek±vajjane, sabbattha v± pavatta-upac±rapaññ±ya.
Pucch±vissajjanavicayop²ti yath±vutt±ya pucch±ya vissajjanavicayopi. Vuttanay±nus±ren±ti adiµµhajotan±, vimaticchedan± c±ti heµµh± vuttanay±nugamanena.
15. Sekhe asekheti sekkhe ariyapuggale, asekkhe ariyapuggale. Vipassan±pubbaªgamappah±neti vipassana½ purec±rika½ katv± pavattakilesappah±ne, pah±n±bhisamayeti attho.
“Ya½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti p±¼i½ dassetv± puna “ya½ anicce dukkhe anattan²”ti vacana½ evampettha paµhant²ti dassetu½.
Sesasa½kilesavod±nadhamm±ti gedhato avasiµµhasa½kilesadhamm± ca sabbavod±nadhamm± ca. Abh±ven±ti abh±vanena abh±vakaraºena.
Payogaparakkamanti bhusa½ yogo payogo, payogova parakkamo payogaparakkamo, citta½. Ukkhipat²ti kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adento kusalapakkhe uddha½ khipento viya pavattati. Padh±nav²riyanti akusal±na½ anupp±danaµµhena uttamav²riya½. Yojetabb±n²ti “±sevam±no v±yamat²”ti-±din± yojetabb±ni. Anuppann±ti avattabbata½ ±pann±nanti bh³miladdh±rammaº±dhiggahit±vikkhambhit±samuggh±µituppann±na½.
16. “Aµµhamakassa indriy±n²”ti vuttatt± “paµhamamagge saddh±dayo”ti-±di vutta½. Indriyaggahaºañca p±¼iya½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½.
Asubh±nupassan± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nanti ±ha “satipaµµh±nabh±van±ya suniggahito k±mavitakko”ti. Sam±dhi uppajjam±no k±mavitakkampi niggahetv± eva uppajjat²ti dassento “anavajjasukhapadaµµh±nen±”ti-±dim±ha. “Kusalesu dhammesu ±raddhav²riyo”ti-±din± dhammacchandato uppajjam±no v²riyacchando khanti½ paribr³het²ti dasseti. Anavajjadhamm±na½ upak±rakadhamm±sevana½ viya anupak±rakadhammaparivajjanampi paññ±nisevaneneva hot²ti ±ha “sam±dhi-±d²nan”ti-±di.
17. Sabbadhamm±dhiµµh±na½ desana½ puggal±dhiµµh±nena vibhajitu½ “loko n±m±”ti-±di vuttanti dassento “sabbadhamm±nanti…pe… dassetun”ti ±ha. Mahaggatadhammesu µh±na½ ta½samp±dan±va. Tath± sesesu. Va¹¹hiyam±nes³ti yath± vimutti½ parip±cayanti, eva½ br³hiyam±nesu.
Dassanapariññ±ti r³p±r³padhamm±na½ salakkhaºato, paccayato ca parij±nan±. Ten±ha “ñ±tapariññ±”ti. Paµipakkhavidhamanena saddhi½ lakkhaºattayavibh±van± idha “bh±van±pariññ±”ti adhippet±ti ±ha “bh±van±…pe… pariññ± c±”ti Dassanatth± pariññ± dassanapariññ±, bh±vanatth± pariññ± bh±van±pariññ±ti eva½ v± ettha attho daµµhabbo.
Kakkha¼aphusan±d²ti kakkha¼±diphusan±di. Abhij±nitv±ti abhiññ±ya paññ±ya j±nitv±, µhitassa abhij±nanahetu v±ti attho. Atthoti phala½. Nayoti vuttanayo.
“Ya½ asaªkhatan”tipi paµhanti. Catunayakovidoti ekattan±natt±dinayacatukke nipuºo. Desan±yuttikusaloti dhamm±na½ desan±vidhimhi kusalo.
Sadis² k±tabb± sa½sandanavasen±ti adhipp±yo. ¾netabb± “aya½ desan± im±ya desan±ya eva½ sa½sandat²”ti. Atthato apetanti ayuttattha½. Asambandhatthanti aññamañña½ asambandhapadattha½. Nanu paµµh±navic±ro nayavic±ro viya h±rehi asammisso vic±raºantaroti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Idha nikkhittoti idha suttavicaye suttatthavic±rabh±vato nikkhitto, etena v± paµµh±nassa h±rantogadhabh±vadassaneneva m³lapad±na½ viya paµµh±nassa padatthantar±bh±vo dassitoti veditabba½.
Imassa suttass±ti sa½vaººiyam±nasutta½ sandh±y±ha. Kasmi½ v± padeti sa½vaººiyam±na½ g±tha½ sandh±y±ha. Tabbicayen±ti pucch±divicayena, ass±d±divicayena ca.

Vicayah±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.