4. Paµiniddesav±ravaººan±

1. Desan±h±ravibhaªgavaººan±

5. Anvatthasaññatanti atth±nugatasaññabh±va½, “desan±h±ro”ti aya½ saññ± anvatth± atth±nugat±ti attho.
Avuttamev±ti pubbe asa½vaººitapadameva. “Dhamma½ vo”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.420) vacanassa sambandha½ dassetu½ “kattha pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tepiµakassa hi buddhavacanassa sa½vaººan±lakkhaºa½ nettippakaraºa½, tañca pariyattidhammasaªg±hake suttapade sa½vaººetabbabh±vena gahite gahitameva hoti. Ten±ha “desan±h±rena…pe… dasset²”ti.
Yesa½ ass±d±d²na½ vibhajanalakkhaºo desan±h±ro, te g±th±ya, idh±pi ca ±gate “ass±da½ ±d²navan”ti-±din± ud±haraºavasena vibhajitu½ “tattha katamo ass±do”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti g±th±ya½ vutto katamo ass±do. Atha v± “ass±da½ ±d²navan”ti-±din± yo idha ass±d±d²na½ uddeso, tattha katamo ass±doti ceti attho. Esa nayo sesesupi. Kammakaraºatthabhinnassa visayavisayit±lakkhaºassa ass±dadvayassa nidassanattha½ g±th±dvayud±haraºa½, tath± k±mavipariº±malakkhaºassa, vaµµadukkhalakkhaºassa c±ti duvidhass±pi ±d²navassa nidassanattha½ “ariyamaggo nibb±nan”ti duvidhass±pi nissaraºassa nidassananidassanatthañca dve dve g±th± ud±haµ±.
Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±rinti (j±. 1.10.102-103; netti. 5, 26, 31; peµako. 22) ettha dhammac±rino maggaphalanibb±nehi s±tisay±rakkh± sambhavati, sampattibhavass±pi vipariº±masaªkh±radukkhat±hi duggatibh±vo icchitov±ti adhipp±yen±ha “nissaraºa½ an±masitv±”ti. Tath± hi vakkhati “nibb±na½ v± upanidh±ya sabb± upapattiyo duggat²”ti.
Avekkhass³ti vidh±na½. Tass± pana avekkh±ya pavatti-±k±ro, visayo, katt± ca “suññato, loka½, moghar±j±”ti padattayena vutt±ti ±ha– “suññato…pe… ±ºatt²”ti. Tattha saªkh±r±na½ suññat± anattasabh±vat±ya, attasuññat±ya ca siy±. Yato te na vasavattino, attas±ravirahit± ca, yato te anatt±, ritt±, tucch± ca attan±, tadubhaya½ dasseti “avasavattit±”ti-±din±. Eva½ maccutaro siy±ti eva½ paµipattiy± maccutaro bhaveyy±ti attho. Parikappetv± vidhiyam±nassa maccutaraºassa pubbabh±gapaµipad± desan±ya paccakkhato sijjham±na½ s±tisaya½ phalanti ±ha “tassa ya½…pe… phalan”ti.
6. Ud±haraºavasen±ti nidassanavasena. Tattha “puggalavibh±gen±”ti imin± ugghaµitaññu-±dipuggalapayojito ass±d±d²su bhagavato desan±visesoti dasseti.
Ghaµitamattanti sotadv±r±nus±rena manodv±rikaviññ±ºasant±nena ±lambitamatta½. Sassat±di-±k±rass±ti sassatucched±k±rassa. Idañhi dvaya½ dhammadesan±ya c±letabba½, na anulomikakhanti, yath±bh³tañ±ºa½ v±. Etasmiñhi catukke ±sayas±maññat±. Vuttañheta½–
“Sassatucchedadiµµh² ca, khanti cev±nulomik±;
yath±bh³tañca ya½ ñ±ºa½, eta½ ±sayasaññitan”ti. (Visuddhi. mah±µ². 1.136; d². ni. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±; s±rattha. µ². 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±vaººan±, verañjakaº¹avaººan±; vi. vi. µ². 1.verañjakaº¹avaººan±).
Calan±y±ti vikkhambhan±ya. Par±nuvattiy±ti samucchedan±ya. Ugghaµite j±n±t²ti ugghaµitaññ³ti m³lavibhuj±dipakkhepena saddasiddhi veditabb±. Vipañcitanti “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.70) viya bh±vanapu½sakaniddesoti ±ha “manda½ saºikan”ti. Nissaraºa-±d²navanissaraºa-ass±d±d²navanissaraº±na½ vibh±van± veneyyattayavinayanasamatth±.
Catt±roti ass±do ca ±d²navo ca ass±do ±d²navo ca ass±do nissaraºañc±ti ete catt±ro. Yadi nissaraºavibh±van± veneyyavinayanasamatth±, kasm± pañcamo na gahitoti ±ha “±d²nav±vacanato”ti. Yadi hi ugghaµitaññu½ sandh±ya aya½ nayo vuccati, nissaraºamattena siddha½ siy±. Atha vipañcitaññu½, neyya½ v±, ±d²navo ca nissaraºañca ass±do ca ±d²navo nissaraºañca vattabbo siy±? Tath± appavattatt± na gahito. Ten±ha “±d²nav±vacanato”ti-±di. Desananti s±maññato gahita½ “suttekadesa½ g±tha½ v±”ti viseseti. Padaparama-aggahaºañcettha sa-up±yassa nissaraºassa an±maµµhatt±.
“Kaly±ºan”ti imin± iµµhavip±ko, “p±pakan”ti aniµµhavip±ko adhippetoti ±ha “aya½ ass±do, aya½ ±d²navo”ti. L±bh±d²na½ puññaphalatt± tadanurodha½ v± sandh±ya “aya½ ass±do”ti vutta½. Tabbipariy±yena al±bh±d²na½ ±d²navat± veditabb±.
K±m±ti kilesak±masahit± vatthuk±m±. Vir³par³pen±ti appatir³p±k±rena. Mathent²ti maddanti. Pabbajitomh²ti pabbajja½ upagato amhi. Apaººakanti avirajjhanaka½. S±maññanti samaºabh±vo. Samitap±pabh±voyeva seyyo sundarataro.
Tattha “k±m± hi citr± madhur± manoram±”ti aya½ ass±do, “vir³par³pena mathenti cittan”ti aya½ ±d²navo, “apaººaka½ s±maññan”ti ida½ nissaraºanti ±ha “aya½…pe… nissaraºañc±”ti.
Phal±d²na½ ekakavasena ca tikavasena ca p±¼iya½ ud±haµatt± vutta½ “dukavasenap²”ti.
Sukh± paµipad±, dukkh± paµipad±ti y± dve paµipad±, t±su ekek± dandhakhipp±bhiññat±ya dve dve hont²ti ±ha “paµipad±bhiññ±kato vibh±go paµipad±kato hot²”ti. Katapubbakiccassa pathav²kasiº±d²su sabbapaµhama½ “pathav²”ti-±din± pavattamanasik±ro paµhamasamann±h±ro. Upac±ranti upac±rajjh±na½. Paµipajjitabbat±ya jh±nampi “paµipad±”ti vuccati. Tadaññ± heµµhimapaññato adhik± paññ±ti katv± “abhiññ±”ti vuccati.
Kileseti n²varaºappak±re, ta½sahagatakilese ca. Aªgap±tubh±vanti vitakk±dijh±naªgapaµil±bha½.
Abhinivisantoti paµµhapento. R³p±r³pa½ pariggaºhantoti r³p±r³padhamme lakkhaº±d²hi paricchinditv± gaºhanto. Pariggahitar³p±r³passa maggap±tubh±vadandhat± ca n±mar³pavavatth±n±d²na½ kicchasiddhiy± siy±ti na r³p±r³papariggahakicchat±ya eva dukkh±paµipadat± vattabb±ti ce? Na, n±mar³pavavatth±pan±d²na½ paccan²kakilesamandat±ya sukhasiddhiyampi tath±siddhavipassan±sahagat±na½ indriy±na½ mandat±ya maggap±tubh±vato. R³p±r³pa½ pariggahetv±ti akicchenapi pariggahetv±, kicchena pariggahite vattabbameva natthi. Eva½ sesesupi. N±mar³pa½ vavatth±pentoti “n±mar³pamattameta½, na añño koci satt±diko”ti vavatth±pana½ karonto. Kataro panettha v±ro yuttar³poti? Yo koci saki½, dvikkhattu½, anekasatakkhattunti evam±d²su hi vikkhambhanav±resu saki½, dvikkhattuñca vikkhambhanav±ro sukh± paµipad± eva, na tato uddha½ sukh± paµipad± hoti, tasm± tikkhattu½ vikkhambhanav±rato paµµh±ya dukkh± paµipad± veditabb±. Apica kal±pasammasan±vas±ne udayabbay±nupassan±ya uppannassa vipassanupakkilesassa tikkhattu½ vikkhambhanena kicchat±v±ro dukkh± paµipad± veditabb±. Ettha dandhatt± paµipad±ya etassa akicchattepi purim±na½ kicchatte dukkh±paµipadat± vuttanay±va. Yassa pana sabbattha akicchat±, tassa paramukka½sagat± sukh± paµipad± veditabb±.
Yath± n±mar³papariggahakicchat±ya maggap±tubh±vadandhat±ya dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhiññ± vutt±, tath± tabbipariy±yena catutth², tadubhayavomissat±vasena dutiy±, tatiy± ca ñ±tabb±ti dassento ±ha “imin±…pe… veditabb±”ti. Vaµµadukkhato niyy±nassa adhippetatt± “vipassan±pakkhik± ev±”ti vutta½.
Hetup±yaphaleh²ti ettha taºh±caritat±, mandapaññat± ca paµham±ya paµipad±ya hetu, taºh±caritat±, udatthapaññat± ca dutiy±ya, diµµhicaritat±, mandapaññat± ca tatiy±ya, diµµhicaritat±, udatthapaññat± ca catutthiy±. Up±yo pana yath±kkama½ satisam±dhiv²riyapaññindriy±ni satipaµµh±najh±nasammappadh±nasacc±ni ca upanissayabh³t±ni. Phala½ vaµµadukkhato niyy±na½.
Sam±dhimukhen±ti sam±dhimukhena bh±van±nuyogena. Tenev±ha “samathapubbaªgam±ya vipassan±y±”ti. Idh±ti imasmi½ nettippakaraºe. Vakkhati “r±gavir±g± cetovimutti sekkhaphalan”ti, “r±gavir±g± cetovimuttik±madh±tusamatikkaman”ti ca. Soti an±g±m².
Ten±ti paµipakkhena. Tatoti paµipakkhato. Sam±n±dhikaraºavasena ca cetovimuttisadd±na½ sam±sa½ katv± bhinn±dhikaraºavasena vattu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Puna “cetaso v±”ti-±din± aññapadatthavasena cetovimuttipad±na½ sam±sa½ dasseti. Viññ±ºapariy±yena ceto-saddena vuttayojan± na sambhavat²ti ±ha “yath±sambhavan”ti.
-saddo gati-attho, gati cettha ñ±ºagati adhippet±ti ±ha “h±tabb±ti gametabb±”ti. Netabb±ti ñ±petabb±.
7. Tanti puggalavibh±ga½. ѱºavibh±gen±ti sutamay±diñ±ºappabhedena. Nibbattananti upp±dana½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ ugghaµitaññut±ti-±dipuggalavibh±gabh³te desan±bh±jane. Desan±yanti sutte. Ta½ dassetunti ta½ puggalavibh±ga½ dassetu½. “Sv±ya½ h±ro katha½ sambhavat²”ti keci paµhanti.
ti vuttappak±radhammatth±na½ v²ma½sanapaññ±. Adhik±ratoti “satth± v± dhamma½ desayat²”ti-±di-adhik±rato. S±matthiyato ugghaµitaññu-±diveneyyavinayanasamatthabh±vato. Pariyattidhammassa upadh±raºanti etth±pi “adhik±rato s±matthiyato v±”ti ±netv± yojetabba½.
“V²ma½s±dipariy±yavat² paµhamavikappavasena, v²ma½s±divibh±gavat² dutiyavikappavasena, cint±ya hetubh³t±ya nibbatt± cint±may²”ti evam±divuttanay±nus±rena sakk± yojetunti ±ha “sesa½ vuttanayamev±”ti.
Sutacint±mayañ±ºes³ti sutamayañ±ºe ca cint±mayañ±ºe ca sutacint±mayañ±ºesu ca sutacint±mayañ±ºes³ti ekadesasar³pekaseso veditabbo. Cint±mayañ±ºeyeva hi patiµµhit± mah±bodhisatt± carimabhave vipassana½ ±rabhanti, itare sutacint±mayañ±ºes³ti. Teh²ti tath± paµhantehi. Vuttanayen±ti “up±d±r³pa½ pariggaºh±ti, ar³pa½ pariggaºh±t²”ti-±din± paµipad±kath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 5) vuttanayena.
8. Parato ghoso paccayabh³to etiss±ti adhipp±yo. “Paccattasamuµµhitena ca yonisomanasik±ren±”ti ida½ ±vuttinayena dutiya½ ±vaµµat²ti veditabba½. Tena s±vak±na½ bh±van±mayañ±ºuppatti saªgahit± hoti. S±vak±nameva v± ñ±ºuppatti idh±dhippet± ugghaµitaññu-±divibh±gakathanato. Etasmi½ pakkhe pubbe vutta-ekasesanayopi paµikkhitto daµµhabbo. “¾sayapayogapabodhassa nipph±ditatt±”ti etena pacchimacakkadvayapariy±pann±ni pubbahetusaªgah±ni sutacint±mayañ±º±ni sandh±ya “im± dve paññ± atth²”ti vuttanti dasseti. Atthibh±vo cet±sa½ paµipakkhena anupaddutat± veditabb±. Aparikkhatatt± anabhisaªkhatatt±. Sutamayañ±ºass±pi purimasiddhassa.
9. Desan±paµipad±ñ±ºavibh±geh²ti nissaraºadesan±didesan±vibh±gehi, dukkh±paµipad±dipaµipad±vibh±gehi, sutamayañ±º±diñ±ºavibh±gehi.
Avasiµµhap±risajjen±ti khattiyagahapatiparisapariy±pannena. Aµµhannanti khattiyaparis± br±hmaºagahapatisamaºac±tumah±r±jikat±vati½sam±rabrahmaparis±ti im±sa½ aµµhanna½.
Samatthet²ti samattha½ sambandhattha½ karoti.
Tameva dv±dasapadabh±va½ d²petv±ti sambandho. Tadatthass±ti chachakkapariy±yatthassa (ma. ni. 3.420 ±dayo). Sabbapariyattidhammasaªg±hakatt± chachakkapariy±yassa, tadatthassa ca dhammacakkappavattena suttena (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13; paµi. ma. 2.30) saªgahitatt± vutta½ “sabbass±pi…pe… vibh±vento”ti. Visayibh±vena byañjanapad±na½, visayabh±vena atthapad±na½ sambandha½ sandh±y±ha “tesa½…pe… sambandhabh±van”ti.
Pad±vayavo akkhar±ni. Padatthoti padatth±vayavo. Padatthaggahaºass±ti padatth±vabodhassa. Vises±dh±na½ visesuppatti. V±kyabhedeti v±kyavisese. Cittaparitosana½ citt±r±dhana½. Buddhinis±na½ paññ±ya tejana½ tikkhabh±vakaraºa½. N±n±v±kyavisayat±pi siddh± hoti pad±d²hipi saªk±sanassa siddhatt± Ekav±kyavisayat±ya hi atthapad±na½ saªk±san±dayo yath±kkama½ akkhar±divisay± ev±ti niyamo siy±. Eten±ti atthapad±na½ n±n±v±kyavisayatthena.
Ugghaµan±di-atth±n²ti ugghaµanavipañcananayanappayojan±ni.
10. Upatiµµhati etth±ti upaµµhitanti upaµµhitasaddassa adhikaraºatthata½ dassetu½ “upatiµµhanaµµh±nan”ti vutta½ yath± “padakkantan”ti. Ten±ha “ida½ nesan”ti-±di. Paµipattidesan±gamaneh²ti paµipattigamanadesan±gamanehi. “Kiccha½ vat±ya½ loko ±panno j±yati ca…pe… jar±maraºass±”ti-±din± jar±maraºato paµµh±ya paµiccasamupp±damukhena vipassana½ abhinivisitv± mah±gahana½ chinditu½ nis±nasil±ya½ pharasu½ nisento viya kilesagahana½ chinditu½ lokan±tho ñ±ºapharasu½ tejento buddhabh±v±ya hetusampattiy± parip±kagatatt± sabbaññutaññ±º±dhigam±ya vipassan±gabbha½ gaºh±pento antarantar± n±n±sam±pattiyo sam±pajjitv± anupadadhammavipassan±vasena anek±k±ravok±rasaªkh±re sammasanto chatti½sakoµisatasahassamukhena ya½ ñ±ºa½ pavattesi, ta½ “mah±vajirañ±ºan”ti vadanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattisañc±rimah±vajirañ±ºan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 3.141) ±gata½, ta½ devasika½ va¼añjanakasam±patt²na½ purecar±nucarañ±ºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ya½ pana vakkhati “ñ±ºavajiramohaj±lapad±lanan”ti, ta½ saha vipassan±ya maggañ±ºa½ veditabba½. Eta½ brahmacariyanti s±sanabrahmacariya½ adhippetanti ta½ dassento “brahmuno”ti-±dim±ha.
Desan±y±ti karaºatthe ida½ karaºavacana½. Niyuttoti ettha hetu-attho anton²toti dassento “niddh±retv± yojito”ti ±ha.

Desan±h±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.