“Uµµh±naµµh±nasaªkh±tan”ti ida½ p±s±ºabh±vas±mañña½ gahetv± vutta½.
123. Rajamissakanti puppharajamissaka½. Tass±ti tassa sekkh±sekkhamunino. Mahicch±d²na½ viya g±me caraºappaccay± g±mav±s²na½ saddh±h±ni v± bhogah±ni v± na hoti, atha kho upar³pari vuddhiyeva hot²ti dassento “p±katikameva hot²”ti ±ha. Ajjhattikakammaµµh±nanti catusaccakammaµµh±na½.
Ten±ti kusalena k±yavac²kammena. Thirabh±vo th±ma½ n±m±ti tassa attha½ dassento “th±mav±ti µhitim±”ti ±ha.
Attasa½nissaya½ pema½ att±ti gahetv± “attasaman”ti vuttanti ±ha “attapemena sama½ pema½ natth²”ti. Bhagavato vipassan±ñ±ºobh±sappavatti½ sandh±y±ha “paññ± pana…pe… sakkot²”ti. Sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, pana abhiññ±ñ±º±ni ca anant±parim±ºa½ lokadh±tu½ obh±senti.
124. Kissa bh²t±ti kena k±raºena bh²t±.
Ýhapetv±ti pavattetv±. Vacan²yo y±cak±nanti yojan±, y±citabbayuttoti attho. Yañña-upakkharoti yaññopakaraºa½. “Etesu dhammesu µhito cat³s³”ti vutta½ catukka½ vavatthapetu½ “saddhoti eka½ aªgan”ti-±di vutta½.
G±th±ya½ vuttadhamme dve dve eka½ katv± aªgakaraºa½ dukanayo.
J±tidhammanti pavattidhamma½ sandh±ya vadati.
125. Saccekadesato saccasamud±yo anavasesapariy±d±nato visiµµhoti dassento “paramatthasacca½ v± hot³”ti ±ha. Caturo pad±ti catt±ri pad±ni, liªgavipall±sena vutta½, catt±ro dhammakoµµh±s±ti attho. Kevala½ sattavibh±gadassanatthameva catupadaggahaºa½, na adhigatadhamm±nur³pat±ya.
Nimmad±ti na mad±.
“Saccav±d² jino romo”tipi p±µho. Tattha romoti diµµhir±garatt±na½ titthiy±na½, titthakar±nañca adhammav±d²na½ r±gavipar²tadhammadesanato bhayajanako, adhammav±d²na½ v± tattha ±d²navadassanena bh±yitabbo, appah²n±sa½var±na½ v± durupasaªkamanato dur±sadoti attho.
Sacco ca so dhammo c±ti saccadhammo. Ten±ha “ekantanissaraºabh±ven±”ti-±di.
Ek±yanabh±vanti ekamaggabh±va½, aññamaggabh±vanti attho.
Dassanabh±giya½ bh±van±bh±giyanti nibbedhabh±giyameva dvidh± vibhajitv± vuttanti ±ha “sa½kilesabh±giy±d²hi cat³hi padeh²”ti. Sesattik±nanti satt±dhiµµh±nattik±d²na½ aµµhanna½ tik±na½. Sesapad±nañc±ti sa½kilesabh±giyañca v±san±bh±giyañc±ti-±dimissakapad±nañca. Ca-saddena sa½kilesabh±giy±dipad±ni ca saªgaºh±ti. Lokiyattikasseva hi “sesapad±n²”ti vuttehi missakapadehi eva½ sa½sandane nayadassana½, itaresa½ pana tik±na½ sa½kilesabh±giy±dipadehi ceva sesapadehi ca sa½sandane ida½ nayadassananti “vuttanay±nus±rena suviññeyyan”ti vutta½. Samatikkamananti pah±na½. Satipi v±san±bh±giyasa½kilesabh±giyadhamm±na½ lokiyabh±ve purimehi pana pacchim± pah±tabb± tadaªgavasena, vikkhambhanavasena ca. Eva½ pajahanasamatthat±ya pah±nanti vutta½ “v±san±bh±giya½ sutta½ sa½kilesabh±giyassa samatikkam±ya hot²”ti. Sa½kilesadhamm±na½ samatikkamena adhigantabb± vod±nadhamm± viy±ti yojan±. Bh±van± n±ma tividh± jh±nabh±van±, vipassan±bh±van±, maggabh±van±ti. T±su maggabh±van±ya gahit±ya vipassan±bh±van± gahit± eva hot²ti ta½ an±masitv± itar± dve eva gahit±. Tath±pi “bh±van±bh±giyassa suttassa paµinissagg±y±”ti vutte ki½ sabbena sabba½ asekkhassa jh±nabh±van±pi paµinissaµµh±ti codana½ manasi katv± p±¼iya½ “asekkhabh±giya½ sutta½ diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratthan”ti vuttanti dassento “asekkhadhammesu uppannesu maggabh±van±kicca½ n±ma natth²”ti vatv± “jh±nabh±van±pi diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratth± ev±”ti ±ha.
Eka½ eva bhavab²ja½ paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ ekab²ja½, ta½ assa atth²ti ekab²j². Sandh±vitv± sam±gantv±, nibbattanavasena upagantv±ti attho. Sa½saritv±ti tasseva vevacana½. Kula½ kula½ gacchat²ti kola½kolo. Purimapade anun±sikalopa½ akatv± niddeso.
Tesa½ sot±pann±na½. Eta½ pabhedanti ekab²ji-±divibh±ga½. Purimabhavasiddha½ vivaµµ³panissayapuññakamma½ idha pubbahetu n±ma. Yo “katapuññat±”ti vuccati, so paµhamamagge s±dhite caritatthat±ya vipakkavip±ka½ viya kamma½ uparimamagg±na½ upanissayo na siy±ti adhipp±yen±ha “upari…pe… ±pajjat²”ti. Tiººa½ magg±na½ niratthakat± ±pajjati paµhamamaggeneva tehi k±tabbakiccassa s±dhitatt±. Paµhamamagge…pe… ±pajjat²ti anuppannassa atthakiriy±sambhavato. Eva½ tiººa½ v±d±na½ yutti-abh±va½ dassetv± catutthav±do evettha yuttoti dassento ±ha “vipassan±…pe… yujjat²”ti. “Sace h²”ti-±din± ta½ yutti½ vibh±veti. Vimuttiparip±can²y±na½ dhamm±na½ paripakkat±ya indriy±na½ tikkhat±ya ñ±ºassa visadat±ya vipassan±ya balavabh±vo veditabbo. So hi vomissakanayena sa½saraºako idh±dhippeto “deve ceva m±nuse ca sandh±vitv±”ti vuttatt±. Idha k±mabhave µhito idhaµµhako. Manussadevalok³papajjanato ok±rena vokiººo. Ariyas±vakassa ta½ta½sattanik±yupapatti tassa tassa sodhanasadisa½ kilesamal±di-anatth±panayanatoti ±ha “cha devaloke sodhetv±”ti. “Akaniµµhe µhatv±”ti etena heµµh±brahmalokasodhana½ vuttamev±ti veditabba½.
Saddha½ dhura½ katv±ti saddha½ dhura½ jeµµhaka½ pubbaªgama½ katv±. Saddh±ya anussati paµipatti, saddha½ v± pubbabh±giya½ anussati, saddh±ya v± anusaraºas²loti saddh±nus±r². Dhamm±nus±r²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Dhammoti panettha paññ± veditabb±. Saddahanto vimuttoti saddh±vimutto. Yadipi sabbath± avimutto, saddh±mattena pana vimuttoti attho. Saddh±ya v± adhimuttoti saddh±vimutto. Vuttanayen±ti uparimaggavipassan±ya balavamandamandatarabh±vena. Diµµhiy± pattoti diµµhippatto, catusaccadassanasaªkh±t±ya diµµhiy± nirodhappattoti attho. Diµµhanta½ v± pattoti diµµhippatto, dassanasaªkh±tassa sot±pattimaggañ±ºassa anantarappavattoti vutta½ hoti. Paµhamaphalato paµµh±ya hi y±va aggamagg± diµµhippatt±ti. Idanti yath±vuttasot±pann±na½ saddh±vimuttadiµµhippattat±vacana½ Aµµhanna½ vimokkh±nanti catasso r³p±vacarasam±pattiyo, catasso ar³p±vacarasam±pattiyoti aµµha vimokkh±, tesa½.
Phuµµhanta½ sacchikarot²ti k±yasakkh², phuµµh±na½ anto phuµµhanto, phuµµh±na½ ar³pajjh±n±na½ anantaro k±loti adhipp±yo. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½, phuµµh±nantarak±lameva sacchik±tabba½ sacchikarot²ti vutta½ hoti, “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.70) viya v± bh±vanapu½sakanti eta½ daµµhabba½. Yo hi ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato, n±mak±yekadesato ca vikkhambhanavimokkhena vimutto, tena nirodhasaªkh±to vimokkho ±locito pak±sito viya hoti, na k±yena sacchikato, nirodha½ pana ±rammaºa½ katv± ekaccesu ±savesu khepitesu tena so sacchikato hoti. Tasm± so sacchik±tabba½ nirodha½ yath±-±locita½ n±mak±yena sacchikarot²ti “k±yasakkh²”ti vuccati, na tu vimutto ekacc±na½ eva ±sav±na½ aparikkh²ºatt±.
Abheden±ti antar±parinibb±yi-±dibhedena vin±. “Abheden±”ti ca ida½ “saddh±vimuttadiµµhippattak±yasakkhino”ti idh±pi ±netv± yojetabba½. Yatheva hi antar±parinibb±yi-±dibhed±n±masaneneva eko an±g±m² hoti, eva½ yath±vuttabheda-±masaneneva saddh±vimutto, diµµhippatto, k±yasakkh²ti tayo an±g±mino honti. Ayañca an±g±mino t±disamavatth±bheda½ gahetv± gaºan± kat±ti veditabba½. “Avih±d²s³”ti-±di suviññeyyameva.
Paññ±ya eva vimutto, na cetovimuttibh³tena s±tisayena sam±dhin±p²ti paññ±vimutto. Ubhatobh±gavimuttoti ubhohi bh±gehi ubhatobh±gato vimutto. Kiles±na½ vikkhambhanasamucchinnehi r³pak±yan±mak±yato vimuttoti imamattha½ dassento “vikkhambhana…pe… vimutto n±m±”ti ±ha. Ar³pasam±pattiy± r³pak±yato, aggamaggena ar³pak±yato vimutta½. Yath±ha–
“Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo ye te sant± vimokkh± atikkamma r³pe ±rupp±, te k±yena phusitv± viharati, paññ±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²º± honti, aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti (ma. ni. 2.182).
Ya½ pana mah±nid±nasutte “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±dike (d². ni. 2.129) nirodhasam±patti-ante aµµha vimokkhe vatv±–
“Yato kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu ime aµµha vimokkhe anulomampi sam±pajjati…pe… aya½ vuccat±nanda, bhikkhu ubhatobh±gavimutto, im±ya ca, ±nanda, ubhatobh±gavimuttiy± aññ± ubhatobh±gavimutti uttaritar± v± paº²tatar± v± natth²”ti (d². ni. 2.130)–

Vutta½, ta½ ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµhavasena vutta½. Tattha yasm± ±ruppasam±patt²su ek±yapi r³pak±yo vikkhambhito eva n±ma hoti, tasm± catunna½ ±ruppasam±patt²na½, nirodhasam±pattiy± ca l±bh²na½ vasena pañca ubhatobh±gavimutt± veditabb±. Esa nayo k±yasakkhimhipi. Aµµhavimokkhekadesepi hi aµµhavimokkhasamaññ± yath± “loke satt±”ti.

Terasasu s²sesu palibodhas²s±d²ni, pavattas²sañca pariy±diyitabb±ni, adhimokkhas²s±d²ni pariy±dak±ni, gocaras²sa½ pariy±dakaphala½. Tañhi visayajjhatta½ phala½, vimokkho pariy±dakassa maggassa, phalassa ca ±rammaºa½. Saªkh±ras²sa½ saªkh±ravivekabh³to nirodhoti pariy±diyitabb±na½, pariy±dakaphal±nañca saha visayasa½siddhidassanena samas²sibh±va½ dassetu½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.87) terasa s²s±ni vutt±ni. Idha pana “yassa puggalassa apubba½ acarima½ ±savapariy±d±nañca hoti j²vitapariy±d±nañc±”ti (pu. pa. 16) puggalapaññattiya½ ±gatatt± tesu kilesapavattas²s±na½ eva vasena yojana½ karonto “kilesas²san”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pavattas²sampi maggo pavattito vuµµhahanto cutito uddha½ appavattikaraºena yadipi pariy±diyati, y±va pana cuti, t±va pavattisambhavato “pavattas²sa½ j²vitindriya½ cuticitta½ pariy±diyat²”ti ±ha.
Kilesapariy±d±nena attano anantara½ viya nipph±detabb±, paccavekkhaºav±r± ca kilesapariy±d±nasseva v±r±ti vattabbata½ arahanti. “Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.78; sa½. ni. 3.12, 14) hi vacanato paccavekkhaºaparisam±panena kilesapariy±d±na½ sam±pita½ n±ma hoti. Ta½ pana parisam±pana½ yadi cuticittena hoti, teneva j²vitaparisam±panañca hot²ti im±ya v±racutisamat±ya kilesapariy±d±naj²vitapariy±d±n±na½ apubb±carimat± hot²ti ±ha “v±rasamat±y±”ti. Bhavaªga½ otaritv± parinibb±yatoti ettha parinibb±nacittameva bhaªgottaraºabh±vena vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Caritanti carit± k±yavac²manappavatti. Ettha ca yena r±g±dhikabh±vena puggalo “r±gacarito”ti lakkh²yati, tayida½ lakkhaºa½. Ten±ha “r±gajjh±sayo r±g±dhikoti attho”ti, tena appah²nabh±vena sant±ne th±magatassa r±gassa balabh±vo lakkh²yat²ti daµµhabba½. Eseva nayo sesesupi.
S²lavanteh²ti ±disaddassa lopa½ katv± niddeso katoti dassento ±ha “s²lavant±d²h²”ti. ¾disaddena d±yak±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
¾rammaºabh³t± ñeyyanti ±rammaºabh³t±va ñeyya½.
Puthujjanabh³mi-±d²s³ti puthujjanasekkh±sekkhabh³m²su. Tattha puthujjanabh³mivasena sa½varo, sekkhabh³mivasena pah±nabh±van±, asekkhabh³mivasena sacchikiriy±, puthujjanabh³misekkhabh³mivasena v± yath±raha½ sa½varapah±nabh±van±. Pubbabh±giy± hi sa½varapah±nabh±van± puthujjanassa sambhavanti, itar± sekkhassa, asekkhabh³mivasena sacchikiriy±. Nayato dassitanti “ya½, bhikkhave, may± ‘ida½ na kappat²’ti appaµikkhitta½, ta½ ce kappiya½ anulometi, akappiya½ paµib±hati, ta½ vo kappat²”ti-±din± (mah±va. 305) nayadassanavasena pak±sita½. Sar±g±disa½vattananti sar±g±dibh±v±ya sa½vattana½.
Aññamañña½ sa½saggatoti “sa½kilesabh±giyañca v±san±bh±giyañc±”ti-±din± sa½kilesabh±giy±d²na½ pad±na½ aññamaññasa½saggato. Anekavidhoti dv±dasavidho y±va dv±navut±dhikacatusahassavidhopi anekappak±ro. Lokiyasatt±dhiµµh±n±disa½saggatoti ±disaddena lokiya½ ñ±ºa½, lokuttara½ ñ±ºa½, lokiyañca lokuttarañca ñ±ºa½, lokiya½ ñeyya½, lokuttara½ ñeyya½, lokiyañca lokuttarañca ñeyya½, lokiya½ ñ±ºañca ñeyyañca, lokuttara½ ñ±ºañca ñeyyañca, lokiyañca lokuttarañca ñ±ºañca ñeyyañc±ti-±diko sambhavanto paµµh±nabhedo saªgahito. Ubhayatth±ti sa½kilesabh±giy±dike, lokiy±dike ca. Yath±rahanti yo yo sa½saggavasena yojana½ arahati, so so dhammo. Sambhav±virodheneva hi yojan±. Na hi “lokiya½ nibbedhabh±giyan”ti-±din± yojan± sambhavati.
T²su piµakesu labbham±nass±ti tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼he tepiµake buddhavacane upalabbham±nassa vijjam±nassa, etena na kevala½ saªgaho eva yath±vuttabhed±na½ paµµh±nabh±g±na½ niddh±raº±ya k±raºa½, atha kho p±¼iya½ dassanañc±ti vibh±veti. Ten±ha “ya½ dissati t±su t±su bh³m²s³”ti. “Teneva h²”ti-±din± yath±vuttassa atthassa p±µh±nugama½ dasseti.

S±sanapaµµh±nav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.