Ida½ eva½ pavattanti yath± ducintit±divasena b±lo hoti puggalo, eva½ tassa ducintitacintit±dibh±van±vasena pavatta½ ida½ sa½kilesabh±giya½ n±ma suttanti pubbe sa½kilesadhammavibh±gena vutta½ id±ni s±maññato saªgahetv± vadati. Ida½ v±san±bh±giya½ suttanti etth±pi imin± nayena attho veditabbo.
Kilesaµµh±neh²ti kiles±na½ pavattiµµh±nehi. Kiles±vatth±h²ti kiles±na½ pavatti-±k±ravisesehi. K±mar±g±d²hi sa½yujjati k±mar±g±dihetu kammavip±k±din±. Satipi tesa½ k±lantaravuttiya½ sa½yutto n±ma hoti, yato k±mar±g±dayo “sa½yojanan”ti vuccanti. Up±diyat²ti da¼ha½ gaºh±ti pavatteti. Sesa½ vuttanayatt±, utt±natt± ca sa½vaººita½.
112. Ud±haraºavasen±ti nidassanavasena, ekadesadassanavasen±ti attho. Sakalassa hi pariyattis±sanassa so¼asahi paµµh±nabh±gehi gahitatt±. Yath± tadekades±na½ so¼asannampi paµµh±nabh±g±na½ gahaºa½ ud±haraºamatta½, tesa½ pana so¼asanna½ ekadesaggahaºa½ ud±haraºanti kimettha vattabba½. Tena vutta½ “ekadesadassanavasen±ti attho”ti. Kasm± panettha p±¼iya½ paµµh±nassa ekadesova ud±haµo, na avasesoti? Nayanidassanattha½. Imin± nayena avasesopi paµµh±nabh±vo veditabboti.
Tattha “appampi ce sa½hita bh±sam±no…pe… sa bh±gav± s±maññassa hot²”ti (dha. pa. 20) ida½ v±san±bh±giyañca asekkhabh±giyañca. Ettha hi “appampi ce sa½hita bh±sam±no”ti ida½ v±san±bh±giya½, “sa bh±gav± s±maññassa hot²”ti ida½ asekkhabh±giya½.
Tath± maghadevasutta½. Tattha hi “bh³tapubba½, ±nanda, imiss±yeva mithil±ya½ maghadevo n±ma r±j± ahosi dhammiko dhammar±j± dhamme µhito mah±dhammar±j±, dhamma½ carati br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamesu ceva janapadesu ca, uposathañca upavasati c±tuddasi½, pañcadasi½, aµµhamiñca pakkhass±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.308), ida½ v±san±bh±giya½. “Ida½ kho pan±nanda, etarahi may± kaly±ºa½ vatta½ n²harita½ ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.189) ida½ asekkhabh±giya½. “Pam±da½ appam±dena, yad± nudati paº¹ito”ti (dha. pa. 28) ida½ nibbedhabh±giya½. “Paññ±p±s±da…pe… avekkhat²”ti (dha. pa. 28) ida½ asekkhabh±giyanti ida½ nibbedhabh±giyañca asekkhabh±giyañca.
Tath± “t²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, indriy±n²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.493) sutta½. Tattha “t²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, indriy±ni. Katam±ni t²º²ti? Anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ aññindriyan”ti ida½ nibbedhabh±giya½, “aññ±t±vindriyan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.493) ida½ asekkhabh±giya½.
Raµµhap±lasutta½ (ma. ni. 2.293 ±dayo) sa½kilesabh±giyañca v±san±bh±giyañca asekkhabh±giyañca. Tattha hi “³no loko atitto taºh±d±so”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 2.306) sa½kileso vibhatto, “eko v³pakaµµho”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 2.299) asekkhadhamm±, itarena v±san±dhamm±ti.
“Dhamme ca ye ariyapavedite rat±, anuttaro te vacas± manas± kammun± ca;
te santisoraccasam±dhisaºµhit±, sutassa paññ±ya ca s±ramajjhag³”ti. (Su. ni. 332).
Ida½ v±san±bh±giyañca nibbedhabh±giyañca asekkhabh±giyañca. Ettha hi “dhamme ca ye ariyapavedite rat±”ti aya½ v±san±, “anuttar±…pe… saºµhit±”ti aya½ nibbedho, “sutassa paññ±ya ca s±ramajjhag³”ti asekkhadhamm±.
Tath± “saddho sutav± niy±madass²”ti g±th± (su. ni. 373). Tattha hi “saddho sutav±”ti v±san±, “niy±madass² vaggagatesu na vaggas±ri dh²ro, lobha½ dosa½ vineyya paµighan”ti nibbedho, “samm± so loke paribbajeyy±”ti asekkhadhamm±.
Sabb±savasa½varo parissay±d²na½ vasena sabbabh±giya½ veditabba½. Tattha hi sa½kilesadhamm±, lokiyasucaritadhamm±, sekkhadhamm±, asekkhadhamm± ca vibhatt±. Asabbabh±giya½ pana “passa½ passat²”ti-±dika½ (ma. ni. 1.203) udak±di-anuv±danavacana½ veditabba½. Evametasmi½ so¼asavidhe s±sanapaµµh±ne ete taºh±divasena tayo sa½kilesabh±g±, vod±n±divasena tayo v±san±bh±g±, sekkh±na½ s²lakkhandh±d²na½ vasena tayo nibbedhabh±g±, asekkh±na½ s²lakkhandh±d²na½ eva vasena tayo asekkhabh±g±, tesa½ vasena m³lapaµµh±n±ni eva dv±dasa honti. T±ni pana vitth±ranayena vibhajiyam±n±ni channavut±dhik±ni catt±ri sahass±ni honti. Yath±dassana½ panet±ni uddharitabb±ni. T±ni pana yasm± saªgahato k±mataºh±divasena tayo taºh±sa½kilesabh±g±, sassatucchedavasena dve diµµhisa½kilesabh±g±, k±yaduccarit±divasena tayo duccaritasa½kilesabh±g±ti aµµha sa½kilesabh±g±. Dhamm±mis±bhayad±navasena tividha½ d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu, k±yasucarit±divasena tividha½ s²lamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu, samathavipassan±vasena duvidha½ bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatth³ti aµµheva v±san±bh±g±.
Saddh±nus±r² saddh±vimutto dhamm±nus±r² diµµhippatto k±yasakkh²ti (pu. pa. m±tik± 7.32-36; pu. pa. 26-30) pañcanna½ sekkh±na½ pacceka½ tayo s²l±dikkhandh±ti pannarasa nibbedhabh±g±, suññat±nimitt±paºihitabhed± paññ±vimutt±na½ tayo aggaphaladhamm±, tesu pacceka½ tayo tayo s²l±dikkhandh±, tath± ubhatobh±gavimutt±nanti aµµh±rasa, sikkhitabb±bh±vas±maññena asaªkhatadh±tu½ pakkhipitv± ek³nav²sati asekkhabh±g±, iti purim±ni ekati½sa, im±ni ek³nav²sat²ti samapaññ±sa sa½kilesabh±giy±didhamm± honti. Tasm± imesa½ samapaññ±s±ya sa½kilesabh±giy±didhamm±na½ vasena samapaññ±sa sutt±ni honti.
Yasm± ca te paññ±vimutt± ubhatobh±gavimuttavibh±ga½ akatv± asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± aggahaºena nippariy±yena asekkhabh±g±bh±vato naveva asekkhabh±g±ti samacatt±l²sa honti, tasm± peµake “catt±r²s±ya ±k±rehi pariyesitabba½, paññ±s±ya ±k±rehi s±sanapaµµh±na½ niddiµµhan”ti (peµako. 21) ca vutta½. Saªgahato eva pana pubbe vuttavitth±ranayena so¼asa honti, puna tividhasa½kilesabh±giy±divasena dv±dasa honti, puna taºh±diµµhiduccaritasa½kilesataºh±diµµhiduccaritavod±nabh±vena cha honti, puna sa½kilesabh±giya½ v±san±bh±giya½ dassanabh±giya½ v±san±bh±giya½ asekkhabh±giyanti pañca honti, puna m³lapaµµh±navasena catt±ri honti, puthujjanabh±giyasekkhabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyabh±vena t²ºi honti, puna sa½kilesabh±giyavod±nabh±giyabh±vena dve eva honti. Paµµh±nabh±vena pana ekavidhameva, iti paµµh±nabh±vena ekavidhampi sa½kilesavod±nabh±giyabh±vena duvidhanti vibh±gato y±va channavut±dhika½ catusahassappabheda½ hoti, t±va netabba½. Evameta½ paµµh±na½ saªgahato, vibh±gato ca veditabba½.
Imass±pi paµµh±navibh±gassa, na purimassev±ti adhipp±yo. Lokika½ assatth²ti, lokikasahacaraºato v± lokiya½, sutta½ padesen±ti ekadesena. Sabbapades³ti ta½ta½tik±na½ tatiyapadesu. Buddh±d²nanti buddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½. Dhammo panettha buddh±diggahaºena veditabbo, ±disaddena v±.
Pariºamat²ti paripaccati. Dharant²ti pabandhavasena pavattanti. Nti p±pakamma½. Teti kusal±bhinibbattakkhandh±. Rakkhanti vip±kad±nato vipaccitu½ ok±sa½ na dent²ti attho. Ayañca attho upapajjavedan²yesu yujjati, itarasmimpi yath±raha½ labbhateva. Ten±ha “dutiye v± tatiye v± attabh±ve”ti.
113. Attano anavajjasukh±vaha½ paµipatti½ paµipajjanto paramatthato attak±mo n±m±ti ±ha “attano sukhak±mo”ti. Sukh±nubandhañhi sukha½ k±mento sukhameva k±met²ti ca sukhak±moti.
Vitthataµµhen±ti suvipph±radiµµh²na½ pavattanaµµh±nat±saªkh±tena vitth±raµµhena.
114. Diµµhe dukkh±didhammeti bh±venabh±valakkhaºe bhumma½, dukkh±didhamme diµµhe ñ±teti attho.
“Uddhan”ti-±di k±lades±na½ anavasesapariy±d±nanti ±ha “uddhanti an±gata½, upari c±”ti-±di. Gamanen±ti cut³pap±tagamanena.
115. Nagaradv±rathirakaraºatthanti nagarassa dv±rab±hathirakaraºattha½. Gambh²ranemat±y±ti “nema½”vuccati nikh±tathambh±d²na½ pathavi½ anupavisitv± µhitappadeso gambh²ra½ nema½ etass±ti gambh²ranemo, tassa bh±vo gambh²ranemat±, t±ya. Kampana½ yath±µhitassa ito cito ca sañcopana½, c±lana½ µhitaµµh±nato c±vana½. Ajjhog±hetv±ti avipar²tasabh±v±bhisamayavasena anupavisitv±, anupaviµµho viya hutv±ti attho.
Sa½yojan±na½ pajahanavasen±ti g±th±ya vacanasesa½ ±netv± dasseti. Atha v± pah±tabbassa pah±nena vin± na bh±van±siddh²ti atthasiddha½ pah±tabbapah±na½ ajjhatta½, bahiddh±ti padadvayena yojetv± dassetu½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh±ti orambh±giya-uddhambh±giyasa½yojan±na½ visa½yogagahitoti imamattha½ p±¼iy± samatthetu½ “ten±ha sabbaloke”ti vutta½.
Alobhas²sen±ti alobhena pubbaªgamena, yato yog±vacaro “nekkhammacchando”ti vuccati. Asubhasaññ± r±gappaµipakkhat±ya “visesato alobhappadh±n±”ti vutt±, das±subhavasena v±. Adhigatajjh±n±d²n²ti ±disaddena vipassan±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Vihi½s±ratir±g±na½ by±p±dahetukato catt±ropi brahmavih±r± aby±p±dapadh±n±ti ±ha “catu…pe… aby±p±do dhammapadan”ti. Adhigat±ni jh±n±d²n²ti yojan±. Das±nussati…pe… adhigat±ni samm±sati dhammapada½ satis²sena tesa½ adhigantabbatt±ti adhipp±yo. ¾n±p±nabh±van±ya½ sam±dhipi padh±no, na sati ev±ti dassanattha½ “dasakasiºa…pe… samm±sam±dhi dhammapadan”ti vutta½. Catudh±tuvavatth±navasena adhigat±nampi ettheva saªgaho daµµhabbo.
116. Upalakkhaºak±raº±n²ti sañj±nananimitt±ni.
P±pameva p±piyoti ±ha “p±pa½ hot²”ti, “p±piyo”ti ca liªgavipall±savasena vutta½. Ekavacane bahuvacananti ekavacane vattabbe bahuvacana½ vutta½.
117. Ol²yanataºh±bhinivesavasen±ti bhavataºh±bhavadiµµhivasena. T± hi bhavesu satte all²y±penti. Atidh±van±bhinivesavasen±ti ucchedadiµµhivasena. S± hi avaµµupacchedameva vaµµupaccheda½ katv± abhinivisanato atidh±van±bhiniveso n±ma. Ol²yant²ti samm±paµipattito saªkoca½ ±pajjanti. Abhidh±vant²ti samm±paµipatti½ atikkamanti.
Tesañc±ti tesa½ ubhinna½ abhinives±na½, tadaññesañca sabbamaññit±na½.
118. Ida½ iµµhavip±ka½ aniµµhavip±kanti ida½ iµµhavip±kasaªkh±ta½ aniµµhavip±kasaªkh±ta½ phala½.
“Akaªkhato na j±neyyun”ti etena “±kaªkhato”ti imin± padena saddhi½ sambandhadassanamukhena “na jaññ±”ti padassa attha½ dasseti.
Na upalabbhat²ti natth²ti attho.
120. T±n²ti kammakammanimittagatinimitt±ni. Pattharaº±k±royeva hesa, yadida½ ch±y±na½ volambana½. Eva½ hot²ti “akata½ vata me kaly±ºan”ti-±dippak±rena vippaµis±ro hoti.
122. Esakeh²ti gavesakehi saparasant±ne samp±dakehi. Dukkhudrayanti dukkhaphala½. T²hi k±raºeh²ti k±yav±c±cittehi. T±ni hi ta½ta½sa½var±na½ dv±rabh±vena k±raº±n²ti vutt±ni. T²hi µh±neh²ti v± t²hi uppattiµµh±nehi. Pihitanti pidh±yaka½.