101. Sallubb±hana½ salluddharaºa½.
Visayabhedena, pavatti-±k±rabhedena ca anekabhedatt± k±masaññ±ya vutta½ “y±ya k±yac²”ti.
D±namukhen±ti d±nena mukhabh³tena, d±na½ pamukha½ katv±ti attho.
“Ariyamaggasamp±panavasen±”ti imin± anukamp±nudday±na½ ekant±navajjatameva vibh±veti. “Anukamp±”ti padassatthavivaraºa½ “karuº±yan±”ti, itarassa “mett±yan±”ti.
102. Pakati-±d²ti ±disaddena aºu-issarapaj±patipurisak±l±dhiµµh±yak±ri-±dike saªgaºh±ti.
K±mes³ti k±maguºesu r³p±divisayesu.
Bahalakilesat±y±ti bahulakilesabh±vena. Pubbahetumandat±y±ti vivaµµ³panissayassa kusalassa akatatt±.
Cittav³pasamabh±van±y±ti cittav³pasamakarabh±van±ya samathavipassan±ya.
Parissay± s²l±diparip³raºassa paribandhabh³t± kiles± eva. Anariy± paññ±s²sa½ ukkhipitv± µh±tumeva na sakkont²ti vutta½ “ñ±ºasirena adhosir± hutv±”ti.
103. Bhagavato, bhikkhusaªghassa ca vasanayogyabh±vo, tehi nivutthabh±vo ca tassa s±tisayo vaººoti vutta½ “paµhamag±th±ya jetavanassa vaººa½ kathetv±”ti. Vuttañheta½–
“G±me v± yadi v±raññe, ninne v± yadi v± thale;
yattha arahanto viharanti, ta½ bh³mir±maºeyyakan”ti.(Dha. pa. 98; therag±. 991).
Idha dhammasaddo sam±dhipariy±yo “eva½dhamm± te bhagavanto”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.13; ma. ni. 3.198; sa½. ni. 5.378) viy±ti ±ha “dhammoti sam±dh²”ti sam±dhipakkhik± dhamm± sativ±y±m±.
N±nugaccheyy±ti n±nutaseyya. Anutasanameva hi taºh±diµµh²hi anugamana½. Paµivipasseyy±ti vipassan±sammasanam±ha. Yamakato, hi khaºikato, paµip±µito ca sammasana½ vipassan±yapi sammasanato paµivipassan± n±ma. S± hi vipassan±ya diµµhi-uggh±µanam±nasamuggh±µananikantipariy±d±nahetut±ya visesato paµipakkhena asa½h²ra-asa½kuppanahetubh³t± paribr³han± hoti. “Punappuna½…pe… appento”ti etena nibb±n±rammaºadhamm±nubr³hana½ yath± “br³het± suññ±g±r±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.64) dasseti.
Ya½ kiñci apadisitv± paµiññ±d±na½ saªgaro. So pana attano kiccavisesa½ apadisitv± mittasanthavavasena v± k±l±gamana½ apadisitv± kiñcikkh±nuppad±nena v± paµib±hakaraºa½ apadisitv± balaggabodhavasena v± siy±ti tassa mittakaraº±dipariy±yata½ sandh±y±ha “saªgaroti…pe… n±man”ti. Eva½ paµipannatt±ti eva½ aniccasaññ±mukhena tiyaddhakesu saªkh±resu appam±dappaµipattiy± paµipannatt±.
Dibbacakkhu suvisuddhanti s±vases± desan±ti ±ha “ya½ sacchikarot²”ti. R³p±yatanañhettha adhippeta½.
104. Antanti saªkh±r±na½ p±rimantabh³ta½. Ved±nanti maggañ±ºaved±nameva. Arahatt±dhigamena anta½ pariyos±na½ gatatt±. Kammavip±kavaµµ±na½, kilesavaµµass±pi ca ussadena upacayena ussad±, r±g±dayo.
Sukkobh±sat±ya sukk±, abhivisiµµhaggah±. Sabb±ni v± t±rakar³p±ni sukk±. Vindat²ti upalabhati, paµivijjhat²ti attho.
“Ajjhatta½ vipassan±bhiniveso hot²”ti ida½ “sakesu dhammes³”ti p±ragubh±vassa visesitatt± vutta½, tañca kho abhiniveseneva desita½. “Sabba½ bhikkhave, abhiññeyyan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.46; paµi. ma. 1.3) vutta½. P±ragut± ca tesa½ khandh±na½ pariññ±bhisamayavasena hoti. Tato ca nesa½ hetubh³tasamudaye, tadappavattilakkhaºe nirodhe, nirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ca pah±nasacchikiriy±bh±van±bhisamayap±rip³rivasena itarasaccesupi p±ragubh±vo vutto eva hoti. Sabbaso hi saka-attabh±vabodhenapi catusacc±bhisamayo hotiyeva. Vuttañheta½ “imasmi½yeva by±mamatte ka¼evare sasaññimhi samanake lokañca paññapemi, lokasamudayañc±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45). Atha v± sakesu dhammes³ti attano dhammesu. Attadhamm± n±ma atthak±massa kulaputtassa s²l±didhamm±. S²lasam±dhipaññ±dayo hi vod±nadhamm± ekantahitasukhasamp±danato purisassa sakadhamm± n±ma, na anatth±vah± sa½kilesadhamm± viya paradhamm±. Tesa½ s²l±d²na½ p±rip³riy± p±ra½ pariyanta½ gatoti p±rag³. “Akkula pakkula”iti eva½ vihi½sanakapayoga½. Ajakal±pena (ud±. 7) hi tad± bhagavanta½ bh²s±petuk±mena kata½ yakkhagajjita½ “akkula pakkula” iti imin± ±k±rena satt±na½ sotapatha½ agam±si, tasm± ta½ “akkula½ pakkulakaraºan”ti vutta½.
N±bhinandat²ti “aya½ ma½ daµµhu½ ±gat±”ti na tussati. Yasm± pana “bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.88) viya sampaµicchanatthopi abhinandasaddo hoti, tasm± vutta½ “cittena na sampaµicchat²”ti. Na socat²ti “may± asammodit± gacchat²”ti na cittasant±pa½ ±pajjati. “Saªg± saªg±maji½ muttan”ti ida½ abhinandasocan±na½ abh±vassa k±raºavacana½.
Ten±ti udake nh±nena. Tenev±ha “na udakena suc² hot²”ti. Tassattho– udakummujjan±din± neva satt±na½ suci p±pato suddhi n±ma hot²ti. Udakummujjan±d²ni hi idha uttarapadalopena “udakan”ti vutta½. Udaken±ti v± ummujjan±dikiriy±s±dhanabh³tena udakena satt±na½ suci p±pasuddhi na hot²ti. Atha v± sucitena yath±vuttena udakena p±pamalato suddho n±ma satto na hot²ti. Yadi siy±, sabbesameva macchabandh±na½ p±pasuddhi siy±. Ten±ha “bahvettha nh±yat² jano”ti. M±tugh±t±dip±pakammak±r²na½, aññesañca gomahi½s±d²na½ udaka½ orohant±na½ antamaso macchakacchape up±d±ya sabbesampi p±pasuddhi siy± na paneva½ hoti. Kasm±? Nh±n²yap±pahet³na½ appaµipakkhabh±vato. Yañhi ya½ vin±seti, so tassa paµipakkho. Yath± ±loko andhak±rassa, vijj± avijj±ya, na eva½ nh±na½ p±passa, tasm± niµµhamettha gantabba½ “na udakena suc² hot²”ti. Yena pana suci hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “yamhi saccañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha saccanti vac²saccañca viratisaccañca. Atha v± saccanti ñ±ºasaccañceva paramatthasaccañca. Dhammoti seso ariyadhammo. Saccassa panettha visu½ gahaºa½ tassa bahuk±rat±dassanattha½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.
J±tibalanisedhakanti j±timattabr±hmaº±na½ bhov±dik±na½ paµisedhaka½. J±tiv±dassa v± nisedhaka½, “na jacc± br±hmaºo hot²”ti (su. ni. 655) hi vutta½. Thero hi tath±v±dena te aniggaºhantopi niggaºhanto viya hot²ti katv± vutta½.
105. Vimuttiyanti anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuya½.
Sav±sananti ettha kh²º±savass±pi akh²º±savasadisak±yavac²payogahetubh³t± sant±ne kilesabh±van± v±san± n±ma ±yasmato pilindavacchassa (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.215; dha. pa. aµµha. 2.pilindavacchattheravatthu) vasalavoh±ro viya, saha v±san±y±ti sav±sana½, bh±vanapu½sakañceta½ “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.70) viya. Yath±vuttav±sanampi asesetv±ti attho. Kummaggapariharaºavasena maggasampaµipatt²ti magge kusalo amaggepi kusalo eva hoti. Bhagav± pana sabbaññut±ya sabbattheva kusaloti ±ha “magge ca amagge ca kovido”ti.
106. Tamena yuttoti yath±vuttatamo tassa atth²ti tamo, puggalo. Appak±sabh±vena µhit± khandh±va tamo. ¾lokabh³toti j±tiguº±loko, p±kaµaguºoti attho.
Kilesamaya½ bandhana½ “da¼han”ti vadanti. Yato sacc±ni paµivijjhant± buddh±va na½ chindanti, na aññe.
Ducchedanatthena satipi da¼habh±ve sithilavuttita½ tassa d²petu½ “bandhanabh±vamp²”ti-±dim±ha. Tena “aho sukhumatara½ kho, bhikkhave, m±rabandhanan”ti vutta½.
107. Yadipi cetan± kusal±kusalas±dh±raº±, apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro idh±dhippetoti tassa vasena attha½ dassento “akusalacetan±vasena cetet²”ti ±ha. Cetana½ abhisandahana½, cittassa by±p±r±pattibh±vena pavatt²ti attho. Yasm± pana cetan± yad± viññatti½ samuµµh±peti, tad± diguºuss±h±diguºav±y±m± viya hutv± p±kaµa½ payoga½ nipph±deti, tasm± “pakappet²”ti vutt±. P±kaµappayogakappanañhettha pakappana½ adhippeta½. Ten±ha “tameva pakappet²”ti. Paccayaµµho idha ±rammaºatthoti vutta½ “pavattiy± paccayo hot²”ti.
108. Yath± jalasamuddassa v²cisamuµµh±navasena labbham±no vego “v²cimayo”ti vuccati, eva½ cakkhusamuddass±pi r³p±vabh±sanavasena labbham±no vego “r³pamayo”ti vutto. Eseva nayo sesesupi. ¾viñchanatoti ±ka¹¹hanato, ±ka¹¹hanañcettha sant±nassa tanninnabh±vahetut±ya daµµhabba½.
Samudana½ kilesatemana½, avassavahetut±, kiles±na½ ³mi-±disadisat± sam±vaµµanena satt±na½ anatth±vahat±ya veditabb±. Upar³pariveguppattiy± upagatassa uµµh±tu½ appad±nena, guºas±ravin±sanena ca kodhupan±h±d²na½ ³mi-±disadisat± daµµhabb±.
Abhimukho nandat²ti tad±rammaºa½ sukha½ somanassa½ s±diyanto sampaµicchati. Abhivadat²ti taºh±bhinivesavasena abhinivissa vadati. Tañhissa abhinivesa½ d²petu½ “aho sukhan”ti-±di vutta½. Ajjhos±na½ adhimuccanabh³t±ya taºh±ya taºh±vatthukassa anupavisitv± ±veºikat±karaºanti ±ha “ajjhos±ya tiµµhat²ti gilitv± pariniµµhapetv±”ti.
109. “Kasm±”ti-±din± sant±padukkh±na½ asuppatik±rata½ ±ha “yena v± pak±ren±”ti. Yen±ti yena v± k±majjhos±nadiµµhijjhos±nabh³tena micch±bhinivesappak±rena. Gahaµµhapabbajit± tath±r³pa½ katv± attano va¹¹hiñca maññanti. Ava¹¹hi eva pana hoti tassa pak±rassa va¹¹hiya½ anup±yabh±vato ca up±yabh±vato ca ava¹¹hiya½. Tath±p²ti tattha tattha icch±vigh±ta½ p±puºantopi. Yasm± ito b±hirak± sabbena sabba½ bhavanissaraºa½ appaj±nanto mandakilesa½ d²gh±yuka½ sukhabahula½ ekacca½ bhava½ teneva mandakiles±dibh±vena “nibb±nan”ti samanupassanti, tasm± bhavena bhavavippamokkha½ vadant²ti.
Bhavadiµµhisahagat± taºh± purimapade uttarapadalopena bhavataºh±ti vutt±ti ±ha “bhavataºh±ti-±d²su viy±”ti.
Yatth±ti yasmi½ bhave.
Tato ev±ti bh³taratiy± eva. Aññamaññañhi satt±na½ chandar±go balav± hoti. Anavasesatoti anavasesena, na kiñci sesetv±.
Sa½s±rasotassa anuk³labh±vena gacchat²ti anusotag±m². Tasseva paµikk³lavasena nibbid±nupassan±d²hi pavattat²ti paµisotag±m², acalappas±d±disamann±gamena µhitasabh±voti attho.
110. “Palabbhati, nikhajjat²”ti-±d²su viya upasaggo padava¹¹hanamattanti ±ha “abhij±tikoti j±tiyo”ti. Kaºhadhammasamann±gatatt± v± kaºho. Paµhamavayepi majjhimavayepi p±pasamaªg² hutv± µhito kaºhadhamme abhij±yati, pacch±pi p±pa½ pasavat²ti attho. Sukkoti v± ettha vuttavipariy±yeneva attho veditabbo.
111. Purimasminti purimasmi½ pade. Visaye bhumma½ tattha deyyadhammassa patiµµh±panato. Dutiye adhikaraºe, tadadhikaraºañhi nibb±nanti. Gahaµµhapabbajitakiccesu v± visiµµhadhammadassanattha½ paccayad±n±rahatt±na½ samadhurat±niddeso. Atha v± yena yena pana vatthun±ti r³p±r³panirodh±din± taºh±vatthun±. Amar±vikkhepavatthu-±din±ti ettha ±di-saddena subhasukh±dimicch±bhinivesavatthu½ saªgaºh±ti. Yath± v± taºh±diµµhiduccarit±na½ vasena sa½kilesabh±giyassa suttassa vibh±go, eva½ samathavipassan±sucaritavasena taºh±vod±nabh±giy±disuttavibh±goti dassetu½ p±¼iya½ “taºh±…pe… niddisitabban”ti vutta½.