1. Saªgahav±ravaººan±

Yanti aniyamattho sabban±masaddo kammas±dhanavasena vutto. Atth±vabodhanattho saddappayogo atthapar±dh²no kevalo atthapadatthako so padatthavipariyesak±rin± iti-saddena parabh³tena saddapadatthako j±yat²ti ±ha “yanti aniyamato upayoganiddeso”ti. Lokoti kattuniddesoti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Eva½ “yan”ti-±d²na½ g±th±pad±na½ kammakattukiriy±kattuvisesan±didassanavasena attha½ vatv± id±ni avayavajotanavasena padattha½ dassetu½ “lokiyanti etth±”ti-±dim±ha. Lokasaddo idha s±matthiyato sattalokavacano daµµhabbo. Ten±ha “p³janakiriy±yogyabh³tat±vasen±”ti. S±sanantaradh±nato para½ p³jan± aññabuddhupp±dena veditabb±, yathetarahi vipass²-±disamm±sambuddh±na½. “D²paªkaro”ti-±din± yadipi buddhava½sadesan±ya½ (bu. va½. 2.75) bhagavat±va vutta½, sumedhapaº¹itattabh±vena pana pavatti½ sandh±ya vuttanti ±ha “yath±ha bhagav± sumedhabh³to”ti.
Pariññ±kkamen±ti ñ±tapariññ±dipaµip±µiy±. Lakkhaº±vabodhappaµipattiy±ti vipassan±ya. Tena vutta½ “suññatamukh±d²h²”ti. Tath± ca vuttanti viññ³hi vedan²yat±ya eva s±sanavarassa vutta½ bhagavat±–
“Etu viññ³ puriso asaµho am±y±v² ujuj±tiko, ahamanus±s±mi, aha½ dhamma½ desemi, yath±nusiµµha½ tath± paµipajjam±no na cirasseva s±maññeva ussati, s±ma½ dakkhit²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.281).
Ya½-saddo s±sanavisayo, lokap±lasaddo satthuvisayopi loka½ pati guº²bh³toti “tass±”ti paµiniddesassa katha½ satthuvisayat±ti codana½ manasikatv± ±ha “salokap±loti cetth±”ti-±di, guº²bh³topi lokap±lasaddo padh±nabh³to viya paµiniddesa½ arahati. Añño hi saddakkamo, añño atthakkamoti.
Dhammag±ravena bhagav± dhamma½ p³jento veneyyabandhave acintetv± sam±pattisam±pajjanadhammapaccavekkhaº±hi sattasatt±ha½ v²tin±mes²ti ±ha “bhagavato…pe… d²petabb±”ti. Tattha ±disaddena s±vakehi dhammassavanassa, tesa½ paccuggaman±d²nañca saªgaho veditabbo.
Iccass±ti iti assa, eva½ bhagavato avipar²ta-anantar±yikaniyy±nikadhammadesan±ya sabbaññut±n±varaºabh±vad²panen±ti attho. Ten±ti catuves±rajjayogena. Tadavin±bh±vin± dasabala…pe… pak±sit± hoti. ¾veºikabuddhadhamm±d²ti ettha ±disaddena t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±º±ni, catusaccañ±º±ni, catupaµisambhid±ñ±º±ni, pañcagatiparicchedakañ±º±ni, cha abhiññ±ñ±º±ni, satta ariyadhan±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, aµµha vijj±, aµµhasu paris±su akampanañ±º±ni, aµµha vimokkh±, nava sam±dhicariy±, nava anupubbavih±r±, dasa n±thakaraº± dhamm±, dasa ariyav±s±, dv±dasa dhammacakk±k±r±, terasa dhutadhamm±, cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni, pannarasa caraºadhamm±, so¼asa ñ±ºacariy±, so¼asa ±n±p±nassat², ek³nav²sati paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni, catuv²sati paccayavibh±vanañ±º±ni, catucatt±r²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni, sattasattati ñ±ºavatth³ni, catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattisañc±rimah±vajirañ±ºa½, anantanayasamantapaµµh±napavicayadesan±k±rappavattañ±º±ni c±ti evam±d²na½ bhagavato guºavises±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Aparo nayo– guºavisiµµhata½ d²peti, s± ca guºavisiµµhat± mah±karuº±mah±paññ±hi veditabb± t±hi satthusampattisiddhito. Tattha mah±karuº±ya pavattibhedo “bahukehi ±k±rehi passant±na½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ sattesu mah±karuº± okkamat²”ti-±din± paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.117) vuttanayena veditabbo. Mah±paññ±ya pana pavattibhedo vutto eva. Tattha karuº±ya bhagavato caraºasampatti, paññ±ya vijj±sampatti. Karuº±ya satt±dhipatit±, paññ±ya dhamm±dhipatit±. Karuº±ya lokan±that±, paññ±ya attan±that±. Karuº±ya pubbak±rit±, paññ±ya kataññut±. Karuº±ya aparantapat±, paññ±ya anattantapat±. Karuº±ya buddhakaradhammasiddhi, paññ±ya buddhabh±vasiddhi. Karuº±ya paresa½ t±raºa½, paññ±ya saya½ t±raºa½. Karuº±ya sabbasattesu anuggahacittat±, paññ±ya sabbadhammesu virattacittat± pak±sit± hot²ti anavasesato parahitapaµipattiy±, attahitasampattiy± ca p±rip³r² veditabb±. T²supi avatth±s³ti hetuphalasatt³pak±r±vatth±su.
Abhisamayo paµivedhas±sanassa, manasikaraºa½ paµipattis±sanassa, savan±d²hi paricayakaraºa½ pariyattis±sanass±ti tiººampi vasena yojetabbo. Ten±ha “yath±rahan”ti. “Sakkacca½ dhammadesanen±”ti imin± idha “s±sanan”ti vuttassa tividhass±pi saddhammassa avisesena desan±p³ja½ vatv± thoman±p³janassa vasena ta½ vibhajitv± dassento “ariya½, vo bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “thomanen±”ti paden±pi “sakkaccan”ti pada½ yojetabba½. P³jan±dvayass±pi v± vasena idh±pi padayojan± veditabb±. Ariyabh±v±dayoti ariyaseµµha-aggabh±v±dayo. Niyy±n±dayoti niyy±nahetudassan±dayo. Sv±kkh±tat±dayoti sv±kkh±tasandiµµhikat±dayo.
Id±ni ariyasaªghaguº±nampi im±ya g±th±ya pak±sitabh±va½ dassetu½ “yasm± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. B±ly±disamatikkamanatoti b±la-abyattabh±v±disamatikkamanato.
ѱºaviseso sutacint±bh±van±mayañ±º±ni. Sotabbamanasik±tabbapaµivijjhitabb±vatth± avatth±bhedo. Ubhayanti byañjanapada½, atthapadañca. Ubhayath±ti karaºakammas±dhanavasena pacceka½ yojetabba½. Paµipajjitabbatt±ti ñ±tabbatt±.
“Ayañca g±th±”ti-±di kesañci v±do. Tath± hi apare “therenev±ya½ g±th± bh±sit±”ti vadanti. Att³pan±yik±pi hi kad±ci dhammadesan± hoti eva yath± “dasabalasamann±gato bhikkhave, tath±gato catuves±rajjavis±rado”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 2.21-22). Evañca katv± “katame so¼asa h±r±”ti-±divacana½ samatthita½ hoti.
Yath±vutta-atthamukhenev±ti m³lapadasaªkh±ta-atthuddh±reneva. Parato ±gamissat²ti niddesav±rassa pariyos±ne ±gamissati “t²ºi ca nay± an³n±”ti-±din± (netti. 4 dv±dasapada).
Vuccat²ti kattari kammaniddesoti ±ha “vadat²”ti. Atha v± vuccat²ti kammakattuniddesoya½. Ayañhettha attho– h±r±, nay± c±ti ubhaya½ pariggahita½ sa½vaººakena sabbath± gahitañce, vuccati sutta½, sayameva sutta½ sa½vaººet²ti etena h±ranayesu vas²bh±vena suttasa½vaººan±ya sukarata½ dasseti.
Pak±rantaren±ti pubbe “s±sanan”ti vuttamattha½ “desan±, desitan”ti tato aññena pak±rena. Niyametv±ti tassa ekantato viññeyyata½ avadh±retv±. Viññeyyat± visiµµhesu desan±desitesu viññeyyapade labbham±n± vij±nanakiriy±.
Desan±desit±ni ca y±vadeva vij±nanatth±n²ti vij±nana½ padh±nanti tameva niddh±rento “tatr±ti tasmi½ vij±nane”ti ±ha.
Etth±h±ti navaªgas±sananavavidhasuttant±ti etasmi½ atthavacane ±ha codako. Tass±ya½ adhipp±yo– navahi aªgehi vavatthitehi aññamaññasaªkararahitehi bhavitabba½, tath± ca sati asuttasabh±v±neva geyyaªg±d²n²ti navavidhasuttantavacana½ virujjheyya. Atha suttasabh±v±ni geyyaªg±d²ni, eva½ sati “suttan”ti visu½ suttaªga½ na siy±, eva½ sante aµµhaªgas±sana½ ±pajjat²ti. Ten±ha “katha½ pan±”ti-±di. Geyyaªg±d²su katipay±nampi suttabh±ve yath±vuttados±nativatti, pageva sabbesanti dasseti “yañc±”ti-±din±. Saªgahes³ti aµµhakath±su. Por±ºaµµhakath±nañhi saªkhepabh³t± id±ni aµµhakath± “saªgah±”ti vutt±. Sutta½ n±ma sag±thaka½ v± siy±, nigg±thaka½ v±ti aªgadvayeneva tadubhayaªga½ katanti visu½ suttaªgassa asambhavo tadubhayavinimuttassa suttassa abh±vato. Tena vutta½ “suttaªgameva na siy±”ti. Ath±pi kathañci. Siy±ti vakkham±na½ s±maññavidhi½ sandh±y±ha. Evampi aya½ dosoti dassento “maªgalasutt±d²nan”ti-±dim±ha.
Tabbh±vanimittanti geyyaªgabh±vanimitta½. Veyy±karaºassa tabbh±vanimittanti sambandho. Codako “g±th±virahe”ti vacana½ aggaºhanto “pucch±vissajjana½ by±karaºan”ti vacanamattameva gahetv± “eva½ sante”ti-±din± codeti. Itaro pana ok±savidhito anok±so vidhi balav±ti ñ±ya½ g±th±virahita½yeva veyy±karaºanti, idh±dhippetanti ca dassento “n±pajjat²”ti-±din± pariharati. Tath± h²ti teneva k±raºena, satipi saññantaranimittayoge anok±sasaññ±na½ balavabh±venev±ti attho.

Saªgahav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.