Nayasamuµµh±nav±ravaººan±

79. “Visayabhedato”ti saªkhepena vuttamattha½ vitth±rato vivaritu½ “yath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha nayatoti nayagg±hato. Na hi paµivedhañ±ºa½ viya vipassan±ñ±ºa½ paccakkhato pavattat²ti. Anubujjhiyam±noti abhisamayañ±ºassa anur³pa½ bujjhiyam±no. Yath± ekapaµivedheneva maggañ±ºa½ pavattati, eva½ tadanucchavika½ vipassan±ñ±ºena gayham±noti attho. Evañca katv± nandiy±vaµµ±d²na½ tiººa½ atthanayabh±vo samatthito hot²ti. Tath± hi atthavisesasar³pat±ya tayo nay± “suttattho”ti vutt±, padatthavic±rabh±vepi pana h±r± “byañjanavicayo”ti. Yadi eva½ katha½ tayoti codana½ sandh±y±ha “paµivijjhant±na½ pan±”ti-±di. Tattha ekameko sa½kilesavod±n±na½ vibh±gato dvisaªgahoti yojan±. Catucha-aµµhadiso c±ti na pacceka½ te nandiy±vaµµ±dayo catucha-aµµhadis±, atha kho yath±kkamanti. “Evan”ti-±di yath±vuttassa atthassa nigamana½.
Tath± c±ti yath±vuttassa atthassa upacayena samatthan±. Pubb± koµi na paññ±yat²ti ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato paµµh±nakath±ya½ ±vi bhavissati. “Andha½ tama½ tad± hoti, ya½ lobho sahate naran”ti-±di (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 128) vacanato k±mataºh±pi paµicch±danasabh±v±, yato k±macchanda½ “n²varaºan”ti vutta½. Avijj±ya pana bhavesu ±d²navappaµicch±dana½ s±tisayanti. Tath± avijj±pi sa½yojanasabh±v±, yato s± bahiddh± sa½yojanabh±vena vutt±. Eva½ santepi taºh±ya bandhanaµµho s±tisayo apekkhitabh±vatoti imamattha½ dassento “tath±pi…pe… vuttan”ti ±ha.
“Sa½yutt±”ti padassa sampayutt±ti atthoti ±ha “missit±”ti. “Avijj±bhibh³t±…pe… abhinivisant±”ti etena avijj±ya ay±th±vagahaºahetuta½ dasseti, tato so avindiya½ vindat²ti avijj±ti vuccati. Kilissana½ upat±pananti ±ha “kilissanappayoga½ attaparit±panapaµipattin”ti. All²yana½ sevana½.
Dukkhanti …pe… j±nant²ti attan± anubh³yam±na½ tath± tath± upaµµhita½ k±yikacetasikadukkha½, itarampi v± ekadesa½ j±nanti. Taºh±yapi eseva nayo. Sabh±gavisabh±gapaµipajjitabb±k±rato tattha tesa½ ñ±ºa½ natthev±tidassento “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±dim±ha. Pavattipavattihetumattamp²ti “pavatti pavattihet³”ti ettakampi. K± pana kath±ti pacurajanas±dh±raºe lokiyepi n±ma atthe yesa½ ñ±ºassa paµigh±to, paramagambh²re ariy±na½ eva visayabh³te lokuttare nivattinivattihetusaªkh±te atthe k± n±ma kath±, chinn± kath±ti attho. Aµµhasam±pattipabhedassa kevalassa samathassa t±dise k±le b±hirak±nañca ijjhanato “vipassan±dhiµµh±nan”ti visesita½. V³pasamo samucchedo, paµippassaddhi ca.
“Sa½s±rassa anupacchedanato”ti ida½ diµµhigat±na½ diµµhigatikamatadassana½. So hi puttamukhadassane asati sa½s±ro ucchijjeyy±ti bh±yati. Yato vutta½–
“Gaº¹upp±do kik² ceva, kunt² br±hmaºadhammiko;
ete abhaya½ bh±yanti, samm³¼h± caturo jan±”ti. (Su. ni. aµµha. 2.293; a. ni. µ². 3.5.192).
Tadabhiññ±ti ta½ yath±vutta-antadvaya½ abhij±nanti guºa½ ±ropetv± j±nant²ti tadabhiññ±. Atthabhañjanato, rogagaº¹asallasadisat±ya attabh±vasa½kiles±nañca rogagaº¹asallat±.
Sakk±yadassaneti ettha diµµhidassana½, sakk±yova dassana½ sakk±yadassananti attho veditabbo. Tesanti diµµhicarit±na½. Att±bhiniveso balav±. Tasm± yath±-upaµµhita½ r³pa½ “att±”icceva gaºhant²ti adhipp±yo. Tath± vedan±di½. Taºh±carito pana yath±-upaµµhita½ r³pa½ taºh±vatthu½ katv± attaniy±bhinivesena abhinivisant± tadaññameva attato samanupassanti. Eva½ vedan±d²su. Ten±ha “taºh±carit±”ti-±di. Vijjam±neti paramatthato upalabbham±ne. K±yeti sam³he. Diµµhiy± parikappito att±di eva paramatthato nupalabbhati, diµµhi pana labbhatev±ti ±ha “sat² v± vijjam±n±”ti.
Sakk±yadassanamukhen±ti sakk±yadiµµhimukhena.
Ucchedasassatanti ta½sahacaraºato ucchedasassatadiµµhi vutt±. “Ucchedasassatav±d±”tipi p±µho.
Kasiº±yatan±n²ti kasiºajjh±n±ni.
Tejetv±ti nis±netv±.
81. Ett±vat± nandiy±vaµµassa bh³miracanavasena sa½kilesapakkho dassitoti ±ha “tattha diµµhicaritoti-±din± vod±napakkha½ dasset²”ti. “Yasm± sallekhe tibbag±ravo”ti imin± tattha tibbag±ravatt± sa½lekh±nusantatavuttin± bhavat²ti dasseti. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Micch±dhimokkho saddh±patir³pako avatthusmi½ pas±do.
Puggal±dhiµµh±nena dhammameva vibhajat²ti ±ha “satt±pi…pe… dasset²”ti.
Ye hi kec²ti ettha hi-saddo nip±tamatta½. “Im±hi eva cat³hi paµipad±h²”tipi p±¼i. Dukkh±paµipad±divibh±gena maggo eva idha vuttoti ±ha “paµipad± hi maggo”ti catuddis±saªkh±ta½ magganti catuddis±saªkh±ta½ pavattanup±ya½. Dve dis± etiss±ti dvidis±. Nandiy±vaµµass±ti nandiy±vaµµanayassa.
82. Vivattati vaµµa½ etth±ti vivatta½, vivatta½ eva vivaµµa½, asaªkhatadh±tu, nibbuti eva v±. Tena vutta½ “nibb±nan”ti.
“Kattha daµµhabban”ti v± p±¼i. Upacayeti upacay±vatth±yanti attho. Dasannanti lobh±dikilesavatth³na½. Vipall±sahetubh±vatoti subhasaññ±divipall±sahetukabh±vato. Vipariyesagg±havasena hi ±d²navesu eva sa½yojaniyesu dhammesu ass±d±nupassit±. Na hi yath±bh³tañ±ºe sati tath± sambhavo. Tena vutta½ “dasanna½…pe… bh±vato”ti. Dasavidhak±raºeti dasavidhe k±raºe, dasavidhassa v± k±raºe. Ayonisomanasik±raparikkhat± dhamm± subh±rammaº±dayo.
Tabbisay± kiles±ti ±h±rapariññ±paribandhabh³t± kiles±. Viññ±ºaµµhit²supi eseva nayo. K±ye pavattam±no paµhamo vipall±so k±yasamud±ye, k±yekadese ca kaba¼²k±re ±h±re pavatto eva hot²ti vutta½ “paµhame ±h±re visayabh³te paµhamo vipall±so pavattat²”ti. Tath± vedan±ya½ pavattam±no dutiyavipall±so tappaccaye phass±h±re, citte pavattam±no tatiyavipall±so tappaccaye manosañcetan±h±re, dhammesu pavattam±no catutthavipall±so tappaccaye viññ±º±h±re pavatto eva hot²ti vutta½ “catutthe ±h±re catuttho vipall±so”ti. Ten±ha “ses±h±resupi eseva nayo”ti. ¾h±ras²sena v± ±h±rapaµibaddho chandar±go gahito. Viññ±ºaµµhit²supi eseva nayo. Tenev±ha “±h±ras²sena tabbisay± kiles± adhippet±”ti. Paµhame ±h±re visayabh³teti ca paµhame ±h±re chandar±gassa visayabh±va½ patte, tabbh±va½ anatikkanteti attho. Appah²nacchandar±gassa hi tattha vipall±s± sambhavanti, na itarassa. Tath± dutiyavipall±s±d²su appah²nesu. Itare up±d±n±ni pavattanteva appah²natt±ti ±ha “sesapadesupi eseva nayo”ti. Yasm± ca up±d±n±d²su appah²nesupi yog±dayo pavattanteva yath±raha½ ta½sabh±vatt±, tadekaµµhasabh±vato ca, tasm± vutta½ p±¼iya½ “paµhame up±d±ne paµhamo yogo”ti-±di. Ten±ha “sesapadesupi eseva nayo”ti.
83. Aparij±nantass±ti ñ±tapariññ±ya, t²raºapariññ±ya, pah±napariññ±y±ti t²hi pariññ±hi paricchinditv± aj±nantassa, tesa½ samudayañca atthaªgamañca ass±dañca ±d²navañca nissaraºañca yath±bh³ta½ anavabujjhantass±ti attho. Tibbo bahalo chandar±go hoti taºh±caritabh±vatoti adhipp±yo. Iti upakkilesassa diµµh±bhinivesassa hetubh±vatoti imamattha½ sandh±y±ha “vuttanayenev±”ti. Subhasukhasaññ±k±mup±d±nak±mabhavayoga-abhijjh±k±yaganthak±mabhav±sava- k±mabhavoghar±gasallachand±gatigaman±ni taºh±pakkhikat±ya, taºh±sabh±vat±ya ca taºh±padh±n±ni. S²labbatup±d±naby±p±dak±yaganthadosasallados±gatigaman±ni pana taºh±bh±ve bh±vato viññ±ºaµµhitiyo taºh±visayato, sabbesa½ v± taºh±visayato taºh±padh±nat± labbhateva. Pacchimak±na½ diµµhipadh±nat± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
84. Kaba¼²k±re ±h±reti kaba¼²k±r±h±ravisaye chandar±ge. “Appah²ne”ti-±dika½ pariy±yakatha½ muñcitv± nippariy±yameva dassento kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa “asubhasabh±vatt±, asubhasamuµµh±natt± c±”ti vutta½. Labbham±ne hi ujuke atthe ki½ pariy±yakath±y±ti. Chandar±go v± tattha atthasiddhoti evampettha attho vutto. Na hi tattha asati chandar±ge vipall±so sambhavati. Dukkhasabh±vatt±ti saªkh±radukkhat±ya dukkhasabh±vatt±. Dukkhapaccayatt±ti tividhadukkhat±lakkhaºassa dukkhassa k±raºato. Viññ±ºe niccasaññino. Tath± hi s±ti n±ma bhikkhu kevaµµaputto “ta½yeva viññ±ºa½ sandh±vati sa½sarat²”ti tattha nicc±bhinivesa½ sa½vedesi. Yebhuyyena saªkh±resu attasaññit± diµµhigatik±na½ “cetan± att±”ti-±didiµµhiparid²panesu veditabb±. “Bhavavisuddh²”ti padassa atthavacana½ “nibbutisukhan”ti. “S²labbatehi…pe… sukhanti da¼ha½ gaºh±t²”ti imin± s²labbatup±d±na½ idha bhavup±d±nanti dasseti. Tath± hi vakkhati “s²labbatup±d±nasaªkh±tena bhavup±d±nen±”ti.
Paccay± honti upanissayapaccay±din±. Paµhame yoge µhitoti paµhame yoge patiµµhito. Appah²n± hi kiles± kammavaµµ±d²na½ k±raºabh³t± ta½samaªgino sattassa patiµµh±ti vuccanti. Parassa abhijjh±yana½ par±bhijjh±yana½. Bhavapatthan±ya bhavadiµµhibhavar±gavasena piy±yitassa vatthuno vipariº±maññath±bh±ve domanassuppatti½ sandh±ya vutta½ “bhavar±ga…pe… pad³sent²”ti.
Ganthitv±ti ganthi½ katv±. Dvidh±bh³ta½ rajju-±dike viya ganthikaraºañhi ganthana½. Citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhant± ±sav±na½ uppattihetu hont²ti sambandho. Pariyuµµh±nappatt± ekacce kiles± visesato ±savuppattihetu hont²ti dassanattha½ aµµhakath±ya½ uppaµip±µivacana½. Tappaµipakkhe visaye patthet²ti yojan±. Tabbisayabahule bhave patthet²ti yath± m±nusakehi k±mehi nibbinnar³p± dev³papatti. Ta½sabh±vatt±ti diµµhisabh±vatt±. Apar±paranti aññamañña½. Ekacc± hi diµµhi ekaccassa diµµh±bhinivesassa k±raºa½ hoti, yath± sakk±yadiµµhi itar±sa½. Abhinivisantass±ti abhinivesanahetu. “Ayonisomanasik±rato…pe… avijj±savo uppajjat²”ti ida½ sacc±bhinivesassa phalabh³ta½ avijj±sava½ dasseti ekantavassimeghavuµµh±nena viya mahoghappavatti. Avijj±savo siddho hoti vuµµhihetukamahoghasiddhiy± uparimeghavuµµh±na½ viya.
“Nand²r±gasahagat±”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 14) viya tabbh±vattho sahagatasaddoti ±ha “anusaya…pe… bh³t± v±”ti. Cittassa abbhantarasaªkh±ta½ hadayanti vip±kacittappavatti½ sandh±ya vadati. Vip±kavaµµepi kilesav±san±hit± atthi k±ci visesamatt±.
Lobhasahagatassa viññ±ºassa. Itarassa dosasahagat±dikassa. Byañjanena viya bhojanassa ±rammaºassa abhisaªkharaºa½ vises±p±dana½ upasecana½, nand² sapp²tikataºh± upasecana½ etass±ti nand³pasecana½ upasecanabh³t±yapi nandiy± r±gasalla-upanisato. Upasitte pana vattabbameva natth²ti dassetu½ p±¼iy± “r±gasallena nand³pasecanena viññ±ºen±”ti vuttanti tamattha½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “kena pana ta½ nand³pasecanan”ti pucchati.