Nid±nakath±vaººan±

Vacanatthaj±nanena viditappakaraºatthas±maññatthassa pakaraºakath± vuccam±n± sobheyy±ti nettipadatthaparij±nanameva ±dimhi yuttar³panti tadattha½ pucchati “tattha kenaµµhena nett²”ti. Tattha tatth±ti “tass± nettiy± kariss±matthavaººanan”ti yadida½ vutta½, tasmi½; yass± kariss±matthavaººananti paµiññ±ta½, s± netti kenaµµhena nett²ti attho. Tatth±ti v± “nettippakaraºass±”ti etasmi½ vacane y± netti vutt±, s± kenaµµhena nett²ti attho. “Nayanaµµhen±”ti ida½ kattukaraº±dhikaraºas±dhan±na½ s±dh±raºavacananti “ariyadhamma½ nayat²”ti kattus±dhanavasena t±va nettisaddassa attha½ vatv± id±ni karaº±dhikaraºas±dhanavasena vattu½ “nayanti t±y±”ti-±di vutta½.
Tath± hi vuttanti netti-upades±dh²natt± eva sutt±vabodhassa vutta½. Peµake “tasm± nibb±yituk±mena sutamayena atth± pariyesitabb±, tattha pariyesan±ya aya½ anupubb² bhavati so¼asa h±r± pañca nay± aµµh±rasa m³lapad±n²”ti-±di (peµako. 3). H±ranayavic±raº± vinimutto atthasa½vaººan±viseso natth²ti ±ha “suttassa atthasa½vaººan± netti-upades±yatt±”ti. Sv±yamattho parato pakiººakakath±ya½ ±vi bhavissati. Eva½ mah±visay± c±ya½ netti kuto pabhav±ti ±ha “suttappabhav±”ti, etena nettiy± pam±ºabh³tata½ dasseti. Idañca suttassa nettisannissayat±parid²panapara½, na therappabhavat±paµikkhepapara½. Thero hi pañca mah±nik±ye og±hetv± ta½sannissayeneva tesa½ sa½vaººan±bh³ta½ ima½ pakaraºa½ abh±si, tasm± ayameva sa½vaººan±dhammo, yadida½ sa½vaººetabbadhammasannissayat±.
Pakaraºaparicchedatoti pakaraºassa vibh±gato. H±ravic±r±dayo hi tayo nettippakaraºassa vibh±g±, pakaraºabh³taparicchedato v±. T²ºi hi et±ni pakaraº±ni tayo adhik±r±, yadida½ h±ravic±r±dayo. P±¼ivavatth±natoti p±µhasannivesato.
“Sabbo hi pakaraºattho”ti-±din± saªgahav±rassa anvatthasaññata½ dasseti. “Nanu cettha paµµh±na½ asaªgahitan”ti codako byabhic±ram±ha. Itaro yadipi sar³pato asaªgahita½, atthato pana saªgahitanti dassento “nayidameva”ti-±din± pariharati. Puna “tath± h²”ti-±din± tamevattha½ p±¼iy± p±kaµatara½ karoti. Atthanay± nandiy±vaµµ±dayo. Saªkh±rattik± puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dayo, k±yasaªkh±r±dayo ca. Tesu atthanay±na½ aññamaññasaªgaho parato ±vi bhavissati. Itare pana k±m±vacar±, r³p±vacar± ca kusal± cetan± puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, akusal± cetan± apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro, ar³p±vacar± kusal± cetan± ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro. Puññ±bhisaªkh±ro ca apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro ca k±yadv±rappavatto k±yasaªkh±ro, so eva vac²dv±rappavatto vac²saªkh±ro, manodv±rappavatto pana tividhopi cittasaªkh±ro. Iti j±tivasena purimattike vutt± eva dhamm± dv±ravasena dutiyattike vutt±, te eva ca purimattiketi aññamaññasaªgaho veditabbo.
Yatth±ti yasmi½ v±re. Peµaketi peµakopadese. Sampatam±n±ti sa½vaººan±vasena sannipatant±. “Byañjanavidhiputhutt±”ti ida½ ekasmi½ sutte anekesa½ h±r±na½ sannipatanassa k±raºavacana½. Tath± hi “anekas±matthiyanicit± sadd±”ti akkharacintak± vadanti.
“Na sar³pato”ti imin± saªgahav±re viya uddesaniddesav±resupi paµµh±nassa atthato uddhaµata½ dasseti. M³lapadaggahaºeneva gahitatt± uddesav±re t±va eva½ hotu, niddesav±re pana kathanti? Tatth±pi nayaggahaºeneva m³lapad±nipi gahit±n²ti veditabba½. Na hi m³lapadehi vin± k±ci nayayojan± sambhavati. Apare pana “h±ranay± viya paµµh±na½ na suttassa sa½vaººan±viseso, atha kho tasmi½ tasmi½ sutte sa½kilesabh±giyat±dilabbham±navisesamattanti na tassa pakaraºassa padatthasaªgaho. Evañca katv± tetti½s±ya nettipadatthesu paµµh±na½ asaªgahita½, uddesaniddesav±resu ca anuddhaµamev±”ti vadanti.
“P±¼ito eva viññ±yat²”ti vuttamattha½ samatthento “tath± hi…pe… ±bhatan”ti ±ha, tena therena bh±sitabh±vo viya bhagavat± anumoditabh±vopi p±¼i-anugato ev±ti dasseti. S±vakabh±sitatt± nid±na½ na vuttanti na sakk± vattunti codento “s±vaka…pe… bh±sitan”ti ±ha. Nayida½ ekantikanti ca s±vakabh±sitabuddhabh±sitabh±vo nid±n±vacanassa, nid±navacanassa ca ak±raºa½ ubhayatth±pi ubhayassa dassanato. Tasm± nid±n±vacanena nettiy± as±vakabh±sitat± na sijjhat²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “na ca t±vat± t±ni appam±ºa½, evamidh±pi daµµhabban”ti.
Yeneva k±raºena nid±n±vacanassa pam±ºabh±vas±dhanat±, teneva k±raºena imassa pakaraºassa pam±ºabh±vasiddh²ti dasseti “nid±nañca n±m±”ti-±din±. Id±ni “atha v±”ti-±din± nettiy± nid±n±vacanena abyabhic±rahetum±ha. Ayañhettha payogo na nettiy± nid±na½ vattabba½ p±¼iy± atthasa½vaººan±bh±vato. Y± hi p±¼iy± atthasa½vaººan± na tass± nid±navacana½ diµµha½ yath± paµisambhid±maggassa, niddes±d²nañc±ti.
“Aya½ vibh±go”ti-±din± ekavidhato paµµh±ya y±va catur±s²tisahassappabhed±, t±va yath±dassitassa pakaraºavibh±gassa puna “±din± nayena pakaraºavibh±go veditabbo”ti ida½ nigamana½. Tattha ±din± nayen±ti ±disaddena abhiññeyyadhammaniddesato paññattipaññapetabbadhammavibhajanato tiyaddhapariy±pannadhammavic±rato caturoghanittharaºatthato pañc±bhinandan±dippah±nato chataºh±k±yupasamanato saªgahav±r±disattav±rasaªgahato aµµhamicchattasamuggh±tad²panatoti evam±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.