3. Yuttih±ravibhaªgavaººan±

18. Evametassa suttassa attho na gahetabbo, eva½ pana gahetabboti aggahetabbagahetabb±na½ atth±na½ vijahanaggahaºatth±ya yutt±yuttivic±raº±ya½ vajjetabbesu t±va paµhama½ paµipatt²ti dassento ±ha “atath±k±rena gayham±n± suttatth± visayo”ti yath± “v±ma½ muñca, dakkhiºa½ gaºh±”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 498; visuddhi. mah±µ². 1.14; sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.213). Vajjetabbabh±vato hi suttapadehi suttatthe vivecite gahetabbabh±vo ca avasiµµho hoti. Tath± hi vakkhati “mett±vih±rassa sato by±p±do citta½ pariy±d±ya µhassat²’ti na yujjati desan±, ‘by±p±do pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchat²’ti yujjati desan±”ti (netti. 21).
Yuttiniddh±raºena ayath±sabh±vato vivecitv± yath±sabh±vato dhammassa gahaºak±raº±ni kathento “mahant± apadisitabb± etesanti mah±pades±”ti imamattham±ha “buddh±dayo”ti-±din±. Patiµµh±n±n²ti patiµµh±nas±dhan±ni. Seses³ti saªgh±pades±d²su. Paµhamattho eva hi idha p±¼i ±gato, vinicchayane k±raºa½ mah±padesoti adhipp±yo. Suttotaraº±d²ti ±disaddena sutt±notaraº±dipi saªgayhati. Suttotaraºavinayasandassan±ni hi kenaci yath±bhatassa ganthassa “dhammo”ti vinicchayane k±raºa½. Sutt±notaraºavinay±sandassan±ni “adhammo”ti. Yadi evanti yadi yath±bhatassa ganthassa suttavinayehi sa½sandana½ “dhammo”ti, asa½sandana½ “adhammo”ti vinicchayak±raºa½, eva½ santeti attho. Sampad²yati ñ±p²yati dhammo eteh²ti sampad±y±, akkh±t±ro.
Vin²yanti r±g±dayo eten±ti vinayo, k±raºa½. Ten±ha “r±g±div³pasamanimittan”ti. Ki½ pana ta½? S±dhiµµh±nasamathavipassan±didhamm±. Ye parato “tecatt±l²sa½ bodhaªgam± dhamm±”ti (netti. 24) vakkhati.
Vinayamah±pades± kappiy±nulomato anulomakappiya½ n±ma, ta½sadisat±ya suttantamah±pades±pi anulomakappiyanti aµµhakath±voh±ro. Tena vutta½ “ya½ anulomakappiyanti vuccat²”ti.
Yadipi tattha tattha pavatt± bhagavato pakiººakadesan± aµµhakath±, s± pana dhammasaªg±hakehi tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ saªg±yitv± tassa atthasa½vaººan±nur³pena v±can±magga½ ±ropitatt± ±cariyav±do n±ma. Tena vutta½ “±cariyav±do n±ma aµµhakath±”ti. Tissopi saªg²tiyo ±ru¼ho eva hi buddhavacanassa atthasa½vaººan±bh³to kath±maggo pacch± tambapaººiyehi mah±therehi s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapito. Attanomati therav±do. Samentameva gahetabbanti yath± p±¼iy± sa½sandati eva½ mah±padesato atth± uddharitabb±ti dasseti. Pam±dap±µhavasena ±cariyav±dassa kad±ci p±¼iy± asa½sandan±pi siy±, so na gahetabboti dassento ±ha– “suttena samento eva gahetabbo”ti.
Cat³hi mah±padesehi yujjat²ti cat³hi mah±padesehi na virujjhati. Id±ni ta½ avirujjhan±k±ra½ dassento “yena yen±”ti-±di vutta½. Suttotaraº±di eva hettha k±raºa½. Tassa ca anek±k±rat±ya “pak±ren±”ti vutto. Sa½vaººiyam±ne sutte sa½vaººan±vasena gahetabbanti sambandho. ¾bhaten±ti ±n²tena. Suttatoti suttantarato. Ayañhettha attho– kenaci pasaªgena suttantarato uddharitv± ±n²tena suttapadena suttotaraº±din±, k±raºappak±rena ca catumah±pades±virodhena sa½vaººiyam±ne sutte sa½vaººan±vasena atthaj±ta½ gahetabbanti. Ten±ha “tena…pe… k±tabb±”ti. Tattha yuttih±rayojan± k±tabb±ti yuttiniddh±raºavasena aya½ yuttih±ro yojetabbo. Atha v± yuttih±rayojan± k±tabb±ti imin± h±rena vakkham±nanayena yuttigavesana½ katv± t±ya yuttiy± sabbah±rayojan± k±tabb±ti attho. Lakkhaºañheta½ yuttigavesan±ya, yadida½ yuttih±ro. Ten±ha “sabbesa½ h±r±na½, y± bh³m², yo ca gocaro tesa½. “Yutt±yuttaparikkh±”ti (netti. 4), “im±ya yuttiy± aññamaññehi k±raºehi gavesitabban”ti (netti. 20) ca.
19. Yadi v± sabb±ni pad±ni eka½ attha½ abhivadant²ti yojan±.
20. Jar±ya½ µhitassa aññathattanti µhitassa ya½ aññathatta½ aññath±bh±vo, aya½ jar± n±ma. Khaºikamaraºa½ khaºikanirodho. Samucchedamaraºa½ kh²º±sav±na½ khandhaparinibb±na½.
Kevalass±ti jar±ya amissassa. Aññ±va jar±, añña½ maraºanti “paµiññ±tassa kevalassa maraºassa diµµhatt±”ti hetu. Yath± ta½ dev±nanti sadis³d±haraºa½, visadis³d±haraºa½ pana iddhip±d±dayo, anvayabyatirek± gahetv± yojetabb±.
Teh²ti jar±maraºehi.
“J²raºabhijjanasabh±v±”ti imin± lesena taºh±jar±maraº±na½ anaññatta½ yojeti. Yadipi “aññ± taºh±, aññ± jar±, añña½ maraºan”ti siddhov±yamattho, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “na idan”ti-±di, tath±pi sakkuºeyyaparih±r±ya½ codan±ti ajjh±ru¼ha½ tattha dosa½ dassetu½ “yadi ca yath± jar±maraºan”ti p±¼ipavatt±ni dassento “yadi…pe… dasset²”ti ±ha. Bh±voti adhipp±yo. Etesanti taºh±jar±maraº±na½.
“Im±ya yuttiy± aññamaññehi k±raºehi gavesitabban”ti ca keci paµhanti, byañjanatopi gavesitabba½, aññattha atthato aññatthamp²ti adhipp±yo. Tameva byañjanato aññattha½ dassetu½ p±¼iya½ “salloti v±”ti-±di vutta½. Imesanti salladh³p±yan±na½. Icch±vipariy±yeti icchit±l±bhe, appaccayasamav±ye v±. Idampi samatthana½ hoti yath±dhippetassa aññatthassa byatirekadassanabh±vato. Jar±maraºavipariy±yeti jar±maraºe asati. Na hi yath±dhippetajar±maraº±bh±ve taºh± na hot²ti.
Dvidh± vutt±ti dvippak±rena vutt±, dvikkhattu½ v± vutt±. Ya½ ida½…pe… ±rammaºakaraºavasena v± abhilapananti eva½ kiriy±par±masana½ yojetabbanti veditabba½. Visesoti aya½ et±sa½ icch±taºh±na½ pakatisaªkh±to viseso. “Dv²hi n±meh²”tipi p±¼i. Yadipi evanti k±ma½ visayavisesesu eva½ yath±vutta-avatth±visesena icch±taºh±na½ atthi k±ci bhedamatt±ti attho. Sabh±vato pana bhedo natth²ti dassento “tath±p²”ti ±ha.
Icchant²ti k±menti. Taºh±yan± p±tuk±mat±. Sant±panaµµhen±ti paridahanabh±vena. ¾ka¹¹hanaµµhen±ti avaharaºaµµhena. Sarit±n²ti r±gavasena all±ni. Ta½sampayuttap²tivasena siniddh±ni sinehit±ni. Visattik±ti vitthat± r³p±d²su tebh³makadhammesu by±panavasena. Visaµ±ti purimavevacanameva ta-k±rassa µa-k±ra½ katv± vutta½. Vis±l±ti vipul±. Visakkat²ti parisakkati sahati. Ratto hi r±gavatthun± p±dena t±¼iyam±nopi sahati. “Osakkana½, vipphandana½ v± visakkanan”ti vadanti. Anicc±dika½ nicc±dito gaºhant² visa½v±dik± hoti. Visa½harat²ti tath± tath± k±mesu ±nisa½sa½ dassent² vividhehi ±k±rehi nekkhamm±bhimukhappavattito citta½ sa½harati sa½khipati. Visa½ v± dukkha½, ta½ harati, vahat²ti attho. Dukkhanibbattakassa kammassa hetubh±vato visam³l±, visa½ v± dukkh±dibhed± vedan± m³la½ et±y±ti visam³l±, dukkhasamudayatt± visa½ phala½ etiss±ti visaphal±. R³p±didukkhasseva paribhogo et±ya, na amatass±ti visaparibhog±. Sabbattha niruttivasena padasiddhi veditabb±. Yo panettha padh±no attho, ta½ dassetu½ puna “visat± v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½.
Sinehana½ pemakaraºa½. Bandhanaµµhen±ti sa½yojanaµµhena. ¾s²sanaµµhen±ti icchanaµµhena. Abhinandanaµµhen±ti ass±danaµµhena, sampaµicchanaµµhena v±.
21. Anabhirat²ti ukkaºµh±. ѱºanibbid±ti nibbid±nupassan±. Yath± ca dukkh³…pe… c±resu yutti vutt±ti yojan±.
Sukh±paµipad±dandh±bhiññ± sukh±paµipad±khipp±bhiññ± sukh±paµipad±dayo. Yo dukkh±ya paµipad±ya visesa½ adhigantu½ bhabbo, tassa sukh±paµipad±yogyassa viya kariyam±n± dhammadesan± vises±vah± na hoti, tasm± s± na yutt±ti imamattha½ dasseti “r±gacarito”ti-±din±. R±gacaritassa tath± tath± k±m±na½ ±d²nava½, ok±ra½, sa½kilesa½, nekkhamme ±nisa½sañca avibh±vetv± ±dito vipassan±kath±va kariyam±n± na vises±vah± hoti ±sayassa asodhitatt±ti etamattha½ dassento p±¼iya½ “vipassan±…pe… desan±”ti ±h±ti veditabba½. Sesapadesup²ti yath± “r±gacaritass±”ti-±din± r±gacaritakoµµh±savasena p±¼iya½ desan±ya ayutti vutt±, imin± nayena sesapadesupi dosacaritakoµµh±s±d²supi “dosacaritassa puggalassa asubha½ deseyy±”ti-±din± p±¼iya½ avuttopi yath±sambhavamattho niddh±retv± vattabbo. Kasm± pana yuttih±re ayuttiniddh±raº± kat±ti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. Sesesupi eseva nayoti sesesupi dosacarit±divasena niddh±ritesu ayuttigavesanesu ayameva up±yo. Anulomappah±nan”tipi p±¼i, so evattho.
“Y±vatik± ñ±ºassa bh³m²”ti etena yuttih±rassa mah±visayata½ dasseti. Kasm± pan±ya½ mah±visayoti? Yuttivic±rabh±vato, sa½vaººetabbassa ca dhammassa n±n±nayanipuº±diguºavisesayogatoti dassento “ta½ kissa het³”ti ±ha.
Aparabh±geti pacch±bh±ge. Mett±vih±ribh±gassa aparih²nat±vacanato ayogo vutto. Ten±ha “sato”ti. Yath±vuttak±raºato ev±ti paµipakkhatt± eva.
Pah±nekaµµhabh±vato diµµhimaññitassa. ¾d²navadassanena vitakka½ jigucchant± dutiyajjh±nassa ±sanna-upac±rajjh±nadhamm±pi vitakk±rammaº± na honti, pageva dutiyajjh±nadhamm±ti adhipp±yen±ha “±rammaºakaraºattho hettha sahagatasaddo”ti.
Eva½ yuttih±ralakkhaºa½ ±gamato yutt±yuttavic±ra½ dassetv± id±ni ±gam±nugat±ya yuttiy±pi ta½ dassetu½ guºamukhena dosavibhajana½ vibhajanto “apicetth±”ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ utt±natthameva.

Yuttih±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.