2. Vicayah±rasamp±to

53. Tattha katamo vicayo h±rasamp±to? Tattha taŗh± duvidh± kusal±pi akusal±pi. Akusal± sa½s±rag±min², kusal± apacayag±min² pah±nataŗh±. M±nopi duvidho kusalopi akusalopi. Ya½ m±na½ niss±ya m±na½ pajahati, aya½ m±no kusalo. Yo pana m±no dukkha½ nibbattayati, aya½ m±no akusalo. Tattha ya½ nekkhammasita½ domanassa½ kud±ssun±m±ha½ ta½ ±yatana½ sacchikatv± upasampajja viharissa½ ya½ ariy± santa½ ±yatana½ sacchikatv± upasampajja viharant²ti tassa uppajjati pih±, pih±paccay± domanassa½, aya½ taŗh± kusal± r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, tad±rammaŗ± kusal± avijj±vir±g± pańń±vimutti.
Tass± ko pavicayo? Aµµha maggaŖg±ni samm±diµµhi samm±saŖkappo samm±v±c± samm±kammanto samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dhi. So kattha daµµhabbo? Catutthe jh±ne p±ramit±ya. Catutthe hi jh±ne aµµhaŖgasamann±gata½ citta½ bh±vayati parisuddha½ pariyod±ta½ anaŖgaŗa½ vigat³pakkilesa½ mudu kammaniya½ µhita½ ±neńjappatta½. So tattha aµµhavidha½ adhigacchati cha abhińń± dve ca visese, ta½ citta½ yato parisuddha½, tato pariyod±ta½, yato pariyod±ta½ tato anaŖgaŗa½, yato anaŖgaŗa½, tato vigat³pakkilesa½, yato vigat³pakkilesa½, tato mudu, yato mudu, tato kammaniya½, yato kammaniya½, tato µhita½, yato µhita½, tato ±neńjappatta½. Tattha aŖgaŗ± ca upakkiles± ca tadubhaya½ taŗh±pakkho. Y± ca ińjan± y± ca cittassa aµµhiti, aya½ diµµhipakkho.
Catt±ri indriy±ni dukkhindriya½ domanassindriya½ sukhindriya½ somanassindriyańca catutthajjh±ne nirujjhanti, tassa upekkhindriya½ avasiµµha½ bhavati. So uparima½ sam±patti½ santato manasikaroti, tassa uparima½ sam±patti½ santato manasikaroto catutthajjh±ne o¼±rik± sańń± saŗµhahati ukkaŗµh± ca paµighasańń±, so sabbaso r³pasańń±na½ samatikkam± paµighasańń±na½ atthaŖgam± n±nattasańń±na½ amanasik±r± “ananta½ ±k±san”ti ±k±s±nańc±yatanasam±patti½ sacchikatv± upasampajja viharati. Abhińń±bhin²h±ro r³pasańń± vok±ro n±nattasańń± samatikkamati paµighasańń± cassa abbhattha½ gacchati, eva½ sam±dhi tassa sam±hitassa obh±so antaradh±yati dassanańca r³p±na½, so sam±dhi cha¼aŖgasamann±gato paccavekkhitabbo Anabhijjh±sahagata½ me m±nasa½ sabbaloke, aby±panna½ me citta½ sabbasattesu, ±raddha½ me v²riya½ paggahita½, passaddho me k±yo as±raddho, sam±hita½ me citta½ avikkhitta½, upaµµhit± me sati asammuµµh± [appammuµµh± (s².)], tattha yańca anabhijjh±sahagata½ m±nasa½ sabbaloke yańca aby±panna½ citta½ sabbasattesu yańca ±raddha½ v²riya½ paggahita½ yańca sam±hita½ citta½ avikkhitta½, aya½ samatho. Yo passaddho k±yo as±raddho, aya½ sam±dhiparikkh±ro. Y± upaµµhit± sati asammuµµh± aya½ vipassan±.
54. So sam±dhi pańcavidhena veditabbo. Aya½ sam±dhi “paccuppannasukho”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati, aya½ sam±dhi “±yati½ sukhavip±ko”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati, aya½ sam±dhi “ariyo nir±miso”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati, aya½ sam±dhi “ak±purisasevito”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati, aya½ sam±dhi “santo ceva paŗ²to ca paµippassaddhiladdho ca ekodibh±v±dhigato ca na sasaŖkh±raniggayhav±ritagato [sasaŖkh±raniggayhav±ritavato (s².), sasaŖkh±raniggayhav±riv±vaµo (ka.)] c±”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati. Ta½ kho panima½ sam±dhi½ “sato sam±pajj±mi sato vuµµhah±m²”ti itissa paccattameva ń±ŗadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati. Tattha yo ca sam±dhi paccuppannasukho yo ca sam±dhi ±yati½ sukhavip±ko aya½ samatho. Yo ca sam±dhi ariyo nir±miso, yo ca sam±dhi ak±purisasevito, yo ca sam±dhi santo ceva paŗ²to paµippassaddhiladdho ca ekodibh±v±dhigato ca na sasaŖkh±raniggayhav±ritagato ca yańc±ha½ ta½ kho panima½ sam±dhi½ sato sam±pajj±mi sato vuµµhah±m²ti, aya½ vipassan±.
So sam±dhi pańcavidhena veditabbo p²tipharaŗat± sukhapharaŗat± cetopharaŗat± ±lokapharaŗat± paccavekkhaŗ±nimitta½. Tattha yo ca p²tipharaŗo yo ca sukhapharaŗo yo ca cetopharaŗo, aya½ samatho. Yo ca ±lokapharaŗo yańca paccavekkhaŗ±nimitta½. Aya½ vipassan±.
55. Dasa kasiŗ±yatan±ni pathav²kasiŗa½ ±pokasiŗa½ tejokasiŗa½ v±yokasiŗa½ n²lakasiŗa½ p²takasiŗa½ lohitakasiŗa½ od±takasiŗa½ ±k±sakasiŗa½ vińń±ŗakasiŗa½. Tattha yańca pathav²kasiŗa½ yańca ±pokasiŗa½ eva½ sabba½, yańca od±takasiŗa½. Im±ni aµµha kasiŗ±ni samatho. Yańca ±k±sakasiŗa½ yańca vińń±ŗakasiŗa½, aya½ vipassan±. Eva½ sabbo ariyo maggo yena yena ±k±rena vutto, tena tena samathavipassanena yojayitabbo. Te t²hi dhammehi saŖgahit± aniccat±ya dukkhat±ya anattat±ya. So samathavipassana½ bh±vayam±no t²ŗi vimokkhamukh±ni bh±vayati. T²ŗi vimokkhamukh±ni bh±vayanto tayo khandhe bh±vayati. Tayo khandhe bh±vayanto ariya½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ bh±vayati.
R±gacarito puggalo animittena vimokkhamukhena niyy±ti [n²y±ti (s².)] adhicittasikkh±ya sikkhanto lobha½ akusalam³la½ pajahanto sukhavedan²ya½ phassa½ anupagacchanto sukha½ vedana½ parij±nanto r±gamala½ pav±hento r±garaja½ niddhunanto r±gavisa½ vamento r±gaggi½ nibb±pento r±gasalla½ upp±µento r±gajaµa½ vijaµento. Dosacarito puggalo appaŗihitena vimokkhamukhena niyy±ti adhis²lasikkh±ya sikkhanto dosa½ akusalam³la½ pajahanto dukkhavedan²ya½ phassa½ anupagacchanto dukkhavedana½ parij±nanto dosamala½ pav±hento dosaraja½ niddhunanto dosavisa½ vamento dosaggi½ nibb±pento dosasalla½ upp±µento dosajaµa½ vijaµento. Mohacarito puggalo suńńatavimokkhamukhena niyy±ti adhipańń±sikkh±ya sikkhanto moha½ akusalam³la½ pajahanto adukkhamasukhavedan²ya½ phassa½ anupagacchanto adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ parij±nanto mohamala½ pav±hento moharaja½ niddhunanto mohavisa½ vamento mohaggi½ nibb±pento mohasalla½ upp±µento mohajaµa½ vijaµento.
Tattha suńńatavimokkhamukha½ pańń±kkhandho, animittavimokkhamukha½ sam±dhikkhandho, appaŗihitavimokkhamukha½ s²lakkhandho. So t²ŗi vimokkhamukh±ni bh±vayanto tayo khandhe bh±vayati, tayo khandhe bh±vayanto ariya½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ bh±vayati. Tattha y± ca samm±v±c± yo ca samm±kammanto yo ca samm±-±j²vo, aya½ s²lakkhandho, yo ca samm±v±y±mo y± ca samm±sati yo ca samm±sam±dhi, aya½ sam±dhikkhandho, y± ca samm±diµµhi yo ca samm±saŖkappo, aya½ pańń±kkhandho.
Tattha s²lakkhandho ca sam±dhikkhandho ca samatho, pańń±kkhandho vipassan±. Yo samathavipassana½ bh±veti, tassa dve bhavaŖg±ni bh±vana½ gacchanti k±yo cittańca, bhavanirodhag±min² paµipad± dve pad±ni s²la½ sam±dhi ca. So hoti bhikkhu bh±vitak±yo bh±vitas²lo bh±vitacitto bh±vitapańńo. K±ye bh±viyam±ne dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti samm±kammanto samm±v±y±mo ca, s²le bh±viyam±ne dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti samm±v±c± samm±-±j²vo ca, citte bh±viyam±ne dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti samm±sati samm±sam±dhi ca, pańń±ya bh±viyam±n±ya dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti samm±diµµhi samm±saŖkappo ca.
Tattha yo ca samm±kammanto yo ca samm±v±y±mo siy± k±yiko siy± cetasiko, tattha yo k±yasaŖgaho, so k±ye bh±vite bh±vana½ gacchati, yo cittasaŖgaho, so citte bh±vite bh±vana½ gacchati. So samathavipassana½ bh±vayanto pańcavidha½ adhigama½ gacchati [adhigacchati (s².)] khipp±dhigamo ca hoti, vimutt±dhigamo ca hoti, mah±dhigamo ca hoti, vipul±dhigamo ca hoti, anavases±dhigamo ca hoti. Tattha samathena khipp±dhigamo ca mah±dhigamo ca vipul±dhigamo ca hoti, vipassan±ya vimutt±dhigamo ca anavases±dhigamo ca hoti.
56. Tattha yo desayati, so dasabalasamann±gato satth± ov±dena s±vake na visa½v±dayati. So tividha½ ida½ karotha imin± up±yena karotha ida½ vo kurum±n±na½ hit±ya sukh±ya bhavissati, so tath± ovadito tath±nusiµµho tath±karonto tath±paµipajjanto ta½ bh³mi½ na p±puŗissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. So tath± ovadito tath±nusiµµho s²lakkhandha½ aparip³rayanto ta½ bh³mi½ anup±puŗissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. So tath± ovadito tath±nusiµµho s²lakkhandha½ parip³rayanto ta½ bh³mi½ anup±puŗissat²ti µh±nameta½ vijjati.
Samm±sambuddhassa te sato ime dhamm± anabhisambuddh±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Sabb±savaparikkh²ŗassa te sato ime ±sav± aparikkh²ŗ±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Yassa te atth±ya dhammo desito, so na niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. S±vako kho pana te dhamm±nudhammappaµipanno s±m²cippaµipanno anudhammac±r² so pubbena apara½ u¼±ra½ vises±dhigama½ na sacchikarissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
Ye kho pana dhamm± antar±yik±, te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ye kho pana dhamm± aniyy±nik±, te niyyanti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ye kho pana dhamm± niyy±nik±, te niyyanti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati. S±vako kho pana te sa-up±diseso anup±disesa½ nibb±nadh±tu½ anup±puŗissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
Diµµhisampanno m±tara½ j²vit± voropeyya hatthehi v± p±dehi v± suhata½ kareyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puthujjano m±tara½ j²vit± voropeyya hatthehi v± p±dehi v± suhata½ kareyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati. Eva½ pitara½, arahanta½, bhikkhu½. Diµµhisampanno puggalo saŖgha½ bhindeyya saŖghe v± saŖghar±ji½ janeyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puthujjano saŖgha½ bhindeyya saŖghe v± saŖghar±ji½ janeyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati, diµµhisampanno tath±gatassa duµµhacitto lohita½ upp±deyya, parinibbutassa v± tath±gatassa duµµhacitto th³pa½ bhindeyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Puthujjano tath±gatassa duµµhacitto lohita½ upp±deyya, parinibbutassa v± tath±gatassa duµµhacitto th³pa½ bhindeyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati. Diµµhisampanno ańńa½ satth±ra½ apadiseyya api j²vitahet³ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puthujjano ańńa½ satth±ra½ apadiseyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati. Diµµhisampanno ito bahiddh± ańńa½ dakkhiŗeyya½ pariyeseyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puthujjano ito bahiddh± ańńa½ dakkhiŗeyya½ pariyeseyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati, diµµhisampanno kut³halamaŖgalena suddhi½ pacceyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Puthujjano kut³halamaŖgalena suddhi½ pacceyy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati.
57. Itth² r±j± cakkavatt² siy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puriso r±j± cakkavatt² siy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati; itth² sakko dev±namindo siy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puriso sakko dev±namindo siy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati; itth² m±ro p±pim± siy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puriso m±ro p±pim± siy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati; itth² mah±brahm± siy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puriso mah±brahm± siy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati; itth² tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho siy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati, puriso tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho siy±ti µh±nameta½ vijjati.